Timeline 61 BC – 80 BC Rome Annexes Syria, Spartacus

  1. The following timeline chart is only a segment of the entire BC history of mankind. To view the ENTIRE timeline chart of man’s history click on the DOWNLOAD at the end of this post.
  2. 64 BC Rome annexes Syria: The beginning of the Roman empire in Nebuchadnezzar’s dream of a great statue of all the Gentile kingdoms who will rule over the Jews.
YearEvents and Comments
Prior Timeline 41 BC – 60 BC
61 BC61 BC: Julius Caesar was sent to the province of Further Spain as propraetor.
62 BC62 BC: In 62, Pompey had returned victorious from Asia, but had been unable to get the Senate to ratify his arrangements and to grant land to his veteran soldiers because he had disbanded his army on his return and Crassus was blocking his efforts. Caesar persuaded the two men to work together and promised to support their interests if they helped him get elected to the consulship. Julius Caesar was elected praetor. He divorced Pompeia because of her involvement in a scandal with another man, although the man had been acquitted in the law courts; Caesar is reported to have said, “The wife of Caesar must be above suspicion,” suggesting that he was so exceptional that anyone associated with him had to be free of any hint of scandal.
63 BC63 BC: Julius Caesar spent heavily in a successful effort to get elected pontifex maximus (chief priest).
64 BC64 BC: Rome Annexes Syria:
Prophecy fulfilled: The kingdom of Greece segues into the legs of iron on Nebuchadnezzar’s stature which is Rome.
See Daniel Chapter Two
See Daniel on Timeline

64 BC: Ancient Document “Edicts of Augustus and Decree of the Senate on the Judicial Process in Cyrene, 64 AD:
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/ancient/augustus_001.asp
65 BC65 BC: Caesar was elected curule aedile and spent lavishly on games to win popular favor; large loans from Crassus made these expenditures possible. There were rumors that Caesar was having an affair with Gnaeus Pompey’s wife, Mucia, as well as with the wives of other prominent men.
66 BC66 BC: After 10 years of peace tensions between the two sons of Alexander Jannaeus and Salome Alexandra, Hyrcanus II and Aristobulus II, erupted into civil war.

Hyrcanus II was supported by Antipater the Idumaen (Herod the Great’s father) and the Pharisses, while Aristobulus was supported by the Sadducees.

The civil war ends in 6 BC when Pompey (having annexed Selecid Syria) sided with Hyrcannus II, besieged Aristobulus II in Jerusalem, stormed the city and brought Aristobulus to Rome in Chains. “The Forts of Judaea 168 BC – AD 73 by Samuel Rocca
67 BCSalome Alexandra 141 BC – 67 BC queen of Judea (until civil war erupts)

68-67 BC: Caesar was elected quaestor and obtained a seat in the Senate; he married Pompeia, a granddaughter of Sulla. Caesar supported Gnaeus Pompey and helped him get an extraordinary generalship against the Mediterranean pirates, later extended to command of the war against King Mithridates in Asia Minor.
68 BCSalome Alexandra queen of Judea 141 BC – 67 BC
69 BCSalome Alexandra queen of Judea 141 BC – 67 BC

Salome Alexandra 141 BC – 67 BC queen of Judea.
69 BC: Julius Caesar spoke at the funerals of both his aunt, Julia, and his wife, Cornelia. On both occasions, he emphasized his connections with Marius and the ancient nobility of his family, descended from the first kings on his mother’s side and from the gods on his father’s (revealing a notable talent for self-dramatization and a conception that there was something exceptional about him).

Phraates III becomes the King of Parthia ▲
70 BCSalome Alexandra queen of Judea 141 BC – 67 BC

70 BC: Pompey and Crassus were the consuls for 70 BC.
71 BCSalome Alexandra queen of Judea 141 BC – 67 BC

Third Servile War ends—Slave uprising under leadership of Spartacus is crushed by a Roman army under Marcus Licinius Crassus. Slaves taken prisoner are crucified all naked along the Via Appia. The eventual fate of Spartacus himself is unknown, as his body was never found, but he is accounted by historians to have perished in the last battle along with his men.
72 BCSalome Alexandra queen of Judea 141 BC – 67 BC

72 BC: Caesar was elected military tribune.
73 BCSalome Alexandra queen of Judea 141 BC – 67 BC

73 BC, Spartacus’ escape. The plot was betrayed but about 70 men seized kitchen implements, fought their way free from the school, and seized several wagons of gladiatorial weapons and armor. The escaped slaves defeated a small force sent after them, plundered the region surrounding Capua, recruited many other slaves into their ranks, and eventually retired to a more defensible position on Mount Vesuvius. The response of the Roman authorities was hampered by the absence of the Roman legions, which were already engaged in fighting a revolt in Spain and the Third Mithridatic War. Furthermore, the Romans considered the rebellion more a policing matter rather than a war. Rome dispatched militia under a praetor, which besieged the slaves on the mountain, hoping that starvation would force the slaves to surrender but were surprised when Spartacus had ropes made from vines and with his men, climbed down a cliff on the other side of the volcano, and attacked the unfortified Roman camp in the rear, killing most of them. With these successes, more and more slaves flocked to the Spartacan forces, as did “many of the herdsmen and shepherds of the region”, swelling their ranks to some 70,000.

Alarmed by the apparently unstoppable rebellion, the Senate charged Marcus Licinius Crassus, the wealthiest man in Rome and the only volunteer for the position, with ending the rebellion. The legions of Pompey returned from Spain and were ordered by the Senate to head south to aid Crassus.

73 BC: Traditional date that Lud became King of Britain, according to Geoffrey of Monmouth. ▲

73 BC Asia Minor, Pontus: While Roman legions were engaged in battle near the Black Sea against King Mithridates a huge flaming object fell between the two armies. It was said to have a shape like a wine jar and was the color of molten lead.
74 BCSalome Alexandra queen of Judea 141 BC – 67 BC

74 BC: Birth of Herod the Great
Herod the Great arose from a wealthy, influential Idumaean family. The Idumaeans were the successors to the Edomites, the descendants of Esau according to the Hebrew Bible. When the Hasmonean Jewish ruler John Hyrcanus I conquered Idumea in 130-140 B.C.E., he required all Idumaeans to obey Jewish law or to leave, and thus most Idumaeans converted to Judaism.
75 BCSalome Alexandra 141–67 BC queen of Judea, was one of only two women to rule over Judea (the other being Athaliah).

75 BC: While sailing to Greece for further study, Julius Caesar was kidnapped by Cilician pirates and held for ransom. When informed that they intended to ask for 20 talents, he is supposed to have insisted that he was worth at least 50. He maintained a friendly, joking relationship with the pirates while the money was being raised, but warned them that he would track them down and have them crucified after he was released. He did just that, with the help of volunteers, as a warning to other pirates, but he first cut their throats to lessen their suffering because they had treated him well.
76 BCSalome Alexandra queen of Judea 141 BC – 67 BC
Alexander Jannaeus is king and high priest of Judea 103 BC – 76 BC
77 BCSalome Alexandra queen of Judea 141 BC – 67 BC
Alexander Jannaeus is king and high priest of Judea 103 BC – 76 BC
78 BCSalome Alexandra queen of Judea 141 BC – 67 BC
Alexander Jannaeus is king and high priest of Judea 103 BC – 76 BC
79 BCSalome Alexandra queen of Judea 141 BC – 67 BC
Alexander Jannaeus is king and high priest of Judea 103 BC – 76 BC
~79 BC: Caesar, on the staff of a military legate, was awarded the civic crown (oak leaves) for saving the life of a citizen in battle. His general sent him on an embassy to Nicomedes, the king of Bithynia, to obtain a fleet of ships; Caesar was successful, but subsequently he became the butt of gossip that he had persuaded the king (a homosexual) only by agreeing to sleep with him. When Sulla died in 78, Caesar returned to Rome and began a career as a orator/lawyer (throughout his life he was known as an eloquent speaker) and a life as an elegant man-about-town.
80 BCSalome Alexandra queen of Judea 141 BC – 67 BC
Alexander Jannaeus is king and high priest of Judea 103 BC – 76 BC

80 BC: Sertorius keeps a white fawn as a pet, which he pretends has supernatural powers.
Continued Timeline 81 BC – 90 BC
61 BC – 80 BC

To view ENTIRE Timeline Click Below and Scroll. Does not work with cell phones or tablet browsers.

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