Timeline 501 BC – 770 BC Jeroboam II (King of Israel) Amaziah and Uzziah (King of Judah) Jonah Daniel Ezekiel (prophets) Nebuchadnezzar conquers Jerusalem Belshazzar (king of Babylon) Gedaliah (Gov of Judah) Cyrus the Great conquers Babylon

Home Page: Quantum Study Bible

Below: The Broad Wall Built: c. 717-688 BC Old City of Jerusalem Defensive fortification

The Broad Wall is located in what is now the Jewish Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. The wall dates back to the 8th century BC and was most likely built by Hezekiah, King of Judah. According to archaeologists, the Broad Wall was part of a fortification of an Israeli wall. The discovery of the Broad Wall revealed that the Old City of Jerusalem at the time was much larger than previously thought.

Archaeologists believe that King Hezekiah built the Broad Wall in anticipation of an invasion of Judea by Sennacherib.

oldest.org

Broad Wall
YearEvents and Comments
See Chart: Kings of Israel and Kings of Judah [ff0004]
See Genealogy: The Medes and Persians


For 70 years the temple is desolate
For 70 years Daniel is in captivity
For 70 years Jerusalem the city is desolate
PriorTimeline 311 BC – 500 BC
501 BC515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC) Persian Throne.
502 BC515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)
503 BC

Isaiah 23:17
End of 70 yrs God’s dealing with Tyre. Isaiah 23:17 And it shall be, at the end of seventy years, that the LORD will deal with Tyre. She will return to her hire, and commit fornication with all the kingdoms of the world on the face of the earth. 18 Her gain and her pay will be set apart for the LORD; it will not be treasured nor laid up, for her gain will be for those who dwell before the LORD, to eat sufficiently, and for fine clothing.

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.
504 BCYear 69 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.
505 BCYear 68 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.
506 BCYear 67 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.
507 BCYear 66 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.
508 BCYear 65 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.
509 BCYear 64 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.
510 BCYear 63 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

Prince’s Palace Found in Volcanic Crater: The residence of Sextus Tarquinius, the prince who sparked the revolt that led to the foundation of the Roman Republic, may have been found.

The remains of what might have been the residence of the Etruscan prince Sextus Tarquinius, son of the last legendary king of Rome Tarquinius Superbus (Tarquin the Proud), have been found on the slopes of an extinct volcanic crater about 12 miles from Rome, Italian archaeologists have announced.

The palace was discovered on the site of the ancient acropolis of Gabii, where, according to legend, Rome’s mythical founders, Romulus and Remus, were educated. The building dates to the sixth century B.C and boasts the highest intact walls from the period ever found in Italy, standing at around 6.56 feet high.

Fabbri and colleagues from Rome’s Archaeological Superintendency believe that the residence was furiously demolished, probably during the Roman revolt in 510 B.C. that ultimately led to the foundation of the Roman Republic. http://news.discovery.com/archaeology/prince-palace-rome.html

515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.
511 BCYear 62 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.
512 BCYear 61 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.
513 BCYear 60 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.
514 BCYear 59 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.
515 BCYear 58 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.
516 BC

516 BC The Temple is Rebuilt 70 yrs after its destruction Jer. 29:10
Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

Year 57 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

◄516BC: The TEMPLE is rebuilt and Finished 70 years after its destruction. Jeremiah 29:10 “For thus saith the Lord, That after seventy years be accomplished at Babylon I will visit you, and perform my good word toward you, in causing you to return to this place. For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the Lord, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give you an ‘expected’ end! I will gather you from all the nations, and from all the places whither I have driven you, saith the Lord; and I will bring you again into the place whence I caused you to be carried away captive.” [Jeremiah lived ~625-580 BC]

516 BC: Year 70 since the Temple had been destroyed. Now the Temple is rebuilt and finished. Note: There were exactly 70 years in Daniel’s exile. There were also 70 years from the time the temple was destroyed until the temple is rebuilt. (not simultaneous)

515-500 BC: A Chinese record documents the number of royal concubines who had abortions in China.
517 BCYear 56 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

517 BC: Year 69 since the Temple has been destroyed.

◄517 BC: The new city Susa “provoked the pride of the Babylonians and in the 5th year of Darius Hystaspes, 517 BC, they (The Babylonians) rose in rebellion and brought upon themselves the full strength of the Persian Empire. Once more the city was taken by stratagem. Darius took away the brass city gates and demolished the walls from 200 cubits to 50 cubits. This was the beginning of its destruction. Now even roving hostile bands could ravage the city. Xerxes, on his return from Greece, plundered the temple of Belus of its great wealth, after that he laid the lofty structure in ruins.”

518 BCYear 55 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

518 BC: Year 68 since the Temple has been destroyed.

519 BCYear 54 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

519 BC: Year 67 since the Temple has been destroyed.
520 BCYear 53 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

520 BC: Year 66 since the Temple has been destroyed.
521 BCYear 52 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

521 BC: Year 65 since the Temple has been destroyed.

Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC)

521 BC: Rebellion of Babylonians against Persian Rule continues
522 BC

Persian king Cambyses is killed. Darius I succeeds him.


Year 51 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

522 BC: Year 64 since the Temple has been destroyed.

522 BC; ▲Darius I the Great Hystaspes (522 – 486 BC) takes the Persian Throne. He rules over the captives from Jerusalem.

522 BC: ▼Cambyses is killed in battle.

522 BC: Rebellion of Babylonians against Persian Rule
523 BCYear 50 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

523 BC: Year 63 since the Temple has been destroyed.
524 BCYear 49 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

524 BC: Year 62 since the Temple has been destroyed.
525 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 48 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

525 BC: Year 61 since the Temple has been destroyed.
526 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 47 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

526 BC: Year 60 since the Temple has been destroyed.
527 BC
Ezekiel 29
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 46 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

527 BC: Year 59 since the Temple has been destroyed.

527 BC: Ezekiel 29 declares this would be the year that the Egyptians returned to the upper Nile. Interesting, this date coincides with the death of Amasis II (?)
528 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 45 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

528 BC: Year 58 since the Temple has been destroyed.
529 BC

Cambyses I takes the Persian throne.

530 BC Persian king Cyrus the Great dies.
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 44 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

529 BC: Year 57 since the Temple has been destroyed.

529 BC: Cambyses becomes the next Persian King.▲

Aug 529 BC: Cyrus the Great, the Mede died. ▼ Seventh year
530 BC

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 43 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

530 BC: Year 56 since the Temple has been destroyed.

530 BC: Sixth year of King Cyrus of Persia
531 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 42 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

531 BC: Year 55 since the Temple has been destroyed.

531 BC: Fifth year of King Cyrus of Persia
532 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 41 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

It is generally believed that Daniel finished his memoirs in 532 BC, shortly before he died. This is based on the use of terms that were not known until this time.

532 BC: Year 54 since the Temple has been destroyed.

532 BC: Fourth year of King Cyrus of Persia
533 BC

Daniel’s final prophetic vision King of the North and the King of the South.
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 BC, and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 40 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

533 BC: Third year of King Cyrus of Persia

533 BC: Year 54 since the Temple has been destroyed.

533 BC: Daniel is given his final prophetic vision after three weeks of mourning. He indicates that he is physically beside the Tigris river (Babylon is on the Euphrates). Daniel would have been approaching 90 years of age.

“King of the North” and “King of the South” leading to the “time of the end”, when Israel will be vindicated and the dead raised, some to everlasting life and some to shame and everlasting contempt.
534 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 39 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

534 BC: Year 53 since the Temple has been destroyed.

534 BC: Second year of King Cyrus of Persia

534 BC: Ancient Document “The Laws of the Kings: Lucius Tarquinius Superbus 5134-510 BC.
To read the translation see
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/medieval/laws_of_thekings.asp
535 BC

End of the 70 year exile from Judah for Daniel
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 38 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

End of the 70 year exile from Judah for Daniel 535 BC: Exile year 70 for Daniel. End of the 70 year exile. Cyrus frees the Jews.

535 BC: First year of Cyrus (Babylonian reckoning)???

535 BC: Year 52 since the Temple has been destroyed.

536 BC: After two years of further conquests, Cyrus becomes king over the entire Chaldean empire, including Palestine. He decrees that the Jews may return to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple (not specifically the city), providing financial incentives to the Jews to return to their land. The Cyrus Cylinder provides documentation of Cyrus’ release of captives.

Cyrus the Persian reigns in Babylon. He will have a scant 7 year reign until his death in 529 BC. YEAR 1
536 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..

Year 37 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

536 BC: Cyrus the Persian reigns in Babylon. He will have a scant 7 year reign until his death in 529 BC.

536 BC: Year 51 since the Temple has been destroyed.

536 BC: Exile year 69 for Daniel
537 BC

Daniel in the lion’s den
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 BC.

Year 36 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

537 BC: Year 50 since the Temple has been destroyed.

537 BC: Zerubbabel returns to Jerusalem for the laying of the foundation for the temple.

537 BC: Darius the Mede orders Daniel into the lions’ den as a result of his decree about worship, 1st yr of Darius’ rule.

537 BC: Exile year 68 for Daniel
538 BC

Ezra 1:1. Daniel reads Jeremiah & discovers 70 yr prophecy. First return led by Sheshbazzer.
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 BC, and control the country until 525 BC.

Year 35 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

538 BC: 1st return. Led by Sheshbazzer. Ezra 1:1 (Zerubbabel led the first band of Jews, numbering 42,360, who returned from the Babylonian Captivity in the first year of Cyrus, King of Persia)

538 BC: Cyrus, made the following proclamation: “Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying, Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, The LORD God of heaven hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth; and he hath charged me to build Him an house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah” (Ezra 1:1-2).

◄538 BC: Daniel reads Jeremiah and discovers that Jerusalem is about to be released from its 70 years of captivity, and is given the vision of the future by the angel Gabriel. Daniel is probably thrilled. Since He is now in his 67th year of exile, he is thinking his people, the Jews, will be released in two years. The Hebrews were first called “Jews” during their time in captivity in Babylon.

538 BC: Some scholars say Darius was most likely Gubaru, whom Cyrus installed as governor over Babylon.

538 BC: First year of Darius the Mede, Viceroy of Babylon

◄538 BC: Probably in his 1st year Cyrus had established a second capital at Susa (Where Daniel lived and Queen Esther would later live), in the province of Elam, about 230 miles east from Babylon, on the banks of the River Choaspes, a branch of the Tigris.

538 BC: Year 49 since the Temple has been destroyed.

538 BC: Exile year 67 for Daniel
539 BC

Belshazzar’s party. Cyrus’ invasion. Darius the Mede receives the kingdom. Darius is 62 yrs old.


Bible: Isaiah Chapter 44
Bible: Isaiah Chapter 45
Bible: Jeremiah Chapter 51
Bible: II Chronicles 36:22-23
Pop Up: Herodotus on Cyrus’ Capture of Babylon

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 BC, and control the country until 525 BC.

Year 34 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Nov 9, 539 BC: Cyrus rode through the Ishtar Gate while the masses of the city layered a pathway of green twigs welcoming him with their sign of peace and honor, acknowledgment and acceptance that he is king. “In the month of Arahsamna, the third day [29 October], Cyrus entered Babylon, green twigs were spread in front of him – the state of peace was imposed upon the city. Cyrus sent greetings to all Babylon. Gobryas, his governor, installed subgovernors in Babylon.”
—”Babylonian Chronicles on the 17th year of the reign of Nabonidus”. http://www.livius.org/ct-cz/cyrus_I/babylon02.html#17.

October 539 BC, Cyrus fought the Battle of Opis

539 BC: Aesop Fables

539 BC: Darius the Mede as Viceroy of Babylonia (age 62)

539 BC: Darius the Mede’s accession year

539 BC: After Belshazzar is killed, Nabonidus surrenders. Cyrus grants him a small territory in eastern Iran. See Babylonian Genealogy

539 BC: Year 48 since the Temple has been destroyed

539 BC: Exile year 66 for Daniel
540 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..

Year 33 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

540 BC: Exile year 65 for Daniel
540 BC: Year 47 since the Temple has been destroyed.
541 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..

Year 32 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

541 BC: Exile year 64 for Daniel
541 BC: Year 46 since the Temple has been destroyed.
542 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 31 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

542 BC: Nabonidus returned to Babylon

542 BC: Year 45 since the Temple has been destroyed.
542 BC: Exile year 63 for Daniel
543 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 30 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

543 BC: Exile year 62 for Daniel
543 BC: Year 44 since the Temple has been destroyed.
544 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 29 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

544 BC: Year 43 since the Temple has been destroyed.
544 BC: Exile year 61 for Daniel
545 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 28 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

545 BC: Year 42 since the Temple has been destroyed.
545 BC: Exile year 60 for Daniel
546 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

546 BC: Cyrus conquers Lydia

Year 27 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

546 BC: Year 41 since the Temple has been destroyed.
546 BC: Exile year 59 for Daniel

Death of Anaximander, 546 BC – 610 BC who created the first world map as the world understood it. See map at bottom of page.
547 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..

Year 26 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

547 BC: Year 40 since the Temple has been destroyed.
547 BC: Exile year 58 for Daniel
548 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 25 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

548 BC: Year 39 since the Temple has been destroyed.
548 BC: Exile year 57 for Daniel
549 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..

Year 24 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

549 BC: Year 38 since the Temple has been destroyed.

549 BC: Exile year 56 for Daniel
550 BC

Daniel sees a vision of the coming Greek empire.
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..

550 BC: Scripture is not specific on whether Daniel was physically in Susa or only saw himself there in the vision. He may have been there on behalf of Nabonidus (not Belshazzar), perhaps related to the king’s support of Cyrus. Daniel 8:1

550 BC: Daniel sees a vision of the coming Greek empire. This vision takes place in the city of Susa, with Daniel standing beside the Ulai Canal. Susa will eventually become the capital of the Persian empire, but at this time is not a significant city.

Year 23 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

550 BC: Year 37 since the Temple has been destroyed.
550 BC: Exile year 55 for Daniel

550 BC: Third year of Belshazzar’s reign

550 BC: Cyrus the Great revolts against Astyges and becomes the king of the Median Empire. Cyrus defeats his uncle (some commentaries say it was his father-in-law), King Astyages of the Median Empire, to assume the throne of the Medo-Persian empire east of Babylon. Apparently he was assisited by Nabonidus in leading his revolt.

The temple of Artemis at Ephesus was a large stone temple constructed around 550 BC.
The temple of Artemis at Ephesus was destroyed on July 21, 356 BC in an act of arson committed by Herostratus. According to the story, his motivation was fame at any cost. The Ephesians, outraged, announced that Herostratus’ name never be recorded. The Greek historian Strabo later noted the name, which is how we know today. The temple was destroyed on the same night that Alexander the Great was born. Alexander, as king, offered to pay to rebuild the temple, but his offer was denied. Later, after Alexander died, the temple was rebuilt in 323 BC.
The new temple was destroyed by the Goths in 262 BC.
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/The_Seven_Wonders_of_the_World/The_Temple_of_Artemis
551 BC

Confucius is born
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Confucius is born in Qufu, China and was raised by his mother in poverty.

Year 22 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

551 BC: Exile year 54 for Daniel
551 BC: Year 36 since the Temple has been destroyed.
552 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 21 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

552 BC: Year 35 since the Temple has been destroyed.
552 BC: Exile year 53 for Daniel
553 BC

553 BC Daniel’s vision of the lion, bear, leopard & beast.
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 20 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

553 BC: Year 34 since the Temple has been destroyed.
553 BC: Exile year 52 for Daniel

553 BC: Belshazzar’s accession year ▲
553 BC: Nabonidus appoints his son (in law) Belshazzar▲as co-regent over Babylon (we don’t know which year Belshazzar began but this seems the most likely date). Sir Robert Anderson puts the date in 551.

553 BC: Daniel’s vision of the lion, bear, leopard and beast.

554 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 19 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

554 BC: Year 33 since the Temple has been destroyed.
554 BC: Exile year 51 for Daniel

554 BC: Nabonidus is spending much of his time in the city of Teima in Northern Arabia.
555 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 18 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

555 BC: Year 32 since the Temple has been destroyed.
555 BC: Exile year 50 for Daniel

555 BC: First year of Nabonidus, who is called Labynetus by Herodotus.
556 BC
A military coup retaking the lineage of Nebuchadnezzar’s Babylon
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

556 BC: Nabonidus takes over the Babylonian kingdom conspiring in tandem with Belshazzar who is in line to the Babylon throne as the grandson of Nebuchadnezzar and rightful heir to the throne.
556 BC: Nabonidus’ accession year▲

556 BC: Neriglissar’s son Labashi-Marduk becomes Babylonian king and succeeds Neriglissar but is murdered after nine months by Nabonidus ▲▼

556 BC: Labashi-Marduk’s accession year

Year 17 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

556 BC: Year 31 since the Temple has been destroyed.
556 BC: Exile year 49 for Daniel
557 BCYear 10 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..

Year 16 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

557 BC: Year 30 since the Temple has been destroyed.
557 BC: Exile year 48 for Daniel

557 BC: General Nergal Shar User undertakes rough Cilician campaign

557 BC: Neriglissar dies. His out-of-control military spending had raised inflation in the empire to ridiculous levels (inflation apparently reached 50%).
558 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..

Year 15 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

558 BC: Exile year 47 for Daniel
558 BC: Year 29 since the Temple has been destroyed.
559 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..

Year 14 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

559 BC: Exile year 46 for Daniel
559 BC: Year 28 since the Temple has been destroyed.
560 BC560 BC: Neriglissar (Nergal-Sharezer), begins his four year reignThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..▲

Year 13 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

560 BC: As a young military man under Nebuchadnezzar, Neriglissar had been one of those sent to release Jeremiah from prison by the Captain of the Guard (see Jer 39:13-14).

560 BC: Neriglissar (Nergal-Sharezer), begins his four year reign
560 BC: Neriglissar (also named Nergal-sharezer; his name means “Nergal, protect the king”) murders his brother-in-law Evil-Merodach and takes over the kingdom.

560 BC: Year 27 since the Temple has been destroyed.
560 BC: Exile year 45 for Daniel
561 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 12 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

561 BC: Exile year 44 for Daniel
561 BC: Year 26 since the Temple has been destroyed.
562 BC

Nebuchadnezzer dies

Succeeded by Evil Merodach

Jehoiachin is released from prison
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 11 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

562 BC: Exile year 43 for Daniel
562 BC: Year 25 since the Temple has been destroyed.

562 BC: 37th year of the exile of Jehoiachin. (He was exiled in 597 BC) He is released by Evil-Merodach but does not return to Palestine.

562 BC: Evil Merodach▲ (Amel-Marduk) becomes king of Babylon. Evil Merodach’s accession year.
562 BC: Nebuchadnezzer dies▼ King of Babylon

562 BC: Nebuchadnezzar dies▼. Evil-Merodach (Akkadian name is “Amel-Marduk”) ▲succeeds Nebuchadnezzar as king of Babylon, releases the exiled king Jechoiachin, though he does not return to Palestine. According to Babylonian tradition, Nebuchadnezzar, towards the end of his life, prophesied the impending ruin of the Chaldean Empire (Berossus and Abydenus in Eusebius, Praeparatio Evangelica, 9.41). Nebuchadnezzar died in Babylon between the second and sixth months of the forty-third year of his reign.
563 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 10 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

563 BC: Exile year 42 for Daniel
563 BC: Year 24 since the Temple has been destroyed.
564 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 9 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

564 BC: Exile year 41 for Daniel
564 BC: Year 23 since the Temple has been destroyed.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

564 BC believed to be Year 7 of madness. Nebuchadnezzar finally turns his eyes towards heaven, acknowledges God’s sovereignty and is restored to sanity.
565 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 8 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

565 BC: Exile year 40 for Daniel
565 BC: Year 22 since the Temple has been destoryed.
566 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 7 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

566 BC: Exile year 39 for Daniel
566 BC: Year 21 since the Temple has been destroyed.
567 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 6 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

567 BC: Exile year 38 for Daniel
567 BC: Year 20 since the Temple has been destroyed.
568 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar turned again to Egypt. A clay tablet, now in the British Museum, states: “In the 37th year of Nebuchadnezzar, king of the country of Babylon, he went to Mitzraim (Egypt) to make war. Amasis, king of Egypt, collected [his army], and marched and spread abroad.” Having completed the subjugation of Phoenicia, and a campaign against Egypt, Nebuchadnezzar set himself to rebuild and adorn the city of Babylon, and constructed canals, aqueducts, temples and reservoirs.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nebuchadnezzar_II

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Year 5 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15
568 BC: 30th year of captivity for Ezekiel (592 – 568 BC)
568 BC: Year 19 since the Temple has been destroyed.
568 BC: Exile year 37 for Daniel
569 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 4 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

569 BC: Exile year 36 for Daniel
569 BC: Year 18 since the Temple has been destroyed.
569 BC: 29th year of captivity for Ezekiel
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)
570 BC

Fulfillment of Jeremiah 44:30 death of Hophra.
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 3 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

570 BC: Year 17 since the Temple has been destroyed.
570 BC: Exile year 35 for Daniel
570 BC: 28th year of captivity for Ezekiel
Ezekiel began 592 BC and was active until about 570 BC

570 BC: Some scholars believe this is the 1st year of Nebuchadnezzar’s seven years of insanity.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

In 570 BC Pharoah Hophra▼ led an army into Libyan territory, in an effort to stop an invasion of Greeks. The Greeks made short work of his army and sent him back to Egypt in disorderly retreat. A mutiny broke out in the ranks, between native Egyptians and foreign mercenaries in the Egyptian army. A bold and respected general named Amasis▲ declared himself Pharaoh (Amasis II). (Ussher stated that Nebuchadnezzar assisted Amasis in return for his vassalage▲.) By most accounts, Hophra fled, gathered an army of mercenaries, and then tried to recapture Egypt. Amasis met him in battle at Memphis, and Hophra was captured, taken to Sais, and afterward executed by strangulation. Fulfillment of Jeremiah 44:30 “Thus says the LORD: ‘Behold, I will give Pharaoh Hophra king of Egypt into the hand of his enemies and into the hand of those who seek his life, as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, his enemy who sought his life.’”
571 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Year 2 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

571 BC: Exile year 34 for Daniel
571 BC: Year 16 since the Temple has been destroyed.
April 571BC: Ezekiel: 7th dated message: judgment on Egypt (the latest date in Ezekiel) Ezekiel 29:17
571 BC: 27th year of captivity for Ezekiel
572 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Year 1 of 70 Tyre forgotten. Isaiah 23: 15

572 BC: Exile year 33 for Daniel
572 BC: Year 15 since the Temple has been destroyed.
572 BC: 26th year of captivity for Ezekiel
573 BC

Ezekiel predictions Ch 40-48. Measuring the visionary temple. Tyre falls.
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 BC, and control the country until 525 BC.

573 BC: Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Tyre ends after 13 years. Year 13 of Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Tyre.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Isaiah 23:5 When the report reaches Egypt, They also will be in agony at the report of Tyre. Isaiah 23: 15 Now it shall come to pass in that day that Tyre will be forgotten seventy years.

April 28, 573BC: Ezekiel: 13th dated message: temple vision. Ezekiel 40:1 (Nisan 10, 573 BC.)

Ezekiel 40:1 In the twenty-fifth year of our captivity.

573 BC: Fourteenth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)

573 BC: Year 14 since the Temple has been destroyed.
573 BC: Exile year 32 for Daniel
574 BC: 25th year of captivity for Ezekiel
574 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 12 of Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Tyre.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

574 BC: Year 13 since the Temple has been destroyed.
574 BC: Exile year 31 for Daniel
574 BC: 24th year of captivity for Ezekiel
575 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 11 of Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Tyre.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

575 BC: Year 12 since the Temple has been destroyed.
575 BC: Exile year 30 for Daniel
575 BC: 23rd year of captivity for Ezekiel
576 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 10 of Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Tyre.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

576 BC: Year 11 since the Temple has been destroyed.
576 BC: Exile year 29 for Daniel
576 BC: 22nd year of captivity for Ezekiel

576 BC: Some scholars believe this was the time Nebuchadnezzar set up the 90-foot idol covered in gold, requiring people to worship the image or be thrown into a furnace. It corresponds to the end of a civil uprising in Babylonia that would make such a proclaimation politically meaningful. It is also meaningful if Nebuchadnezzar believes his kingdom is not just the head of gold in his dream, but that his kingdom will reign forever, being the entire statue of his dream. Satan telling him he will give him ALL the kingdoms of the world if only he will fall down and worship him (Satan), mimicking the same temptation Jesus had in the wilderness.
577 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 9 of Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Tyre.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

577 BC: Year 10 since the Temple has been destroyed.
577 BC: Exile year 28 for Daniel
577 BC: 21st year of captivity for Ezekiel
578 BC

The First Sewer
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 8 of Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Tyre.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

578 BC: Year 9 since the Temple has been destroyed.
578 BC: Exile year 27 for Daniel
578 BC: 20th year of captivity for Ezekiel

578 BC: In Rome: Tarquinius Priscus builds the Cloaca Maxima, the first sewer.

578 BC: Ancient Document “Laws of the Kings: Servius Tullius 578-534 BC” To read translation of this document see: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/medieval/laws_of_thekings.asp
579 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 7 of Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Tyre.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

579 BC: Year 8 since the Temple has been destroyed.
579 BC: Exile year 26 for Daniel
579 BC: 19th year of captivity for Ezekiel

580 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 6 of Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Tyre.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

580 BC: Year 7 since the Temple has been destroyed.
580 BC: Exile year 25 for Daniel
580 BC: 18th year of captivity for Ezekiel
581 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 5 of Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Tyre.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

581 BC: Year 6 since the Temple has been destroyed.
581 BC: Exile year 24 for Daniel
581 BC: 17th year of captivity for Ezekiel

581/580 BC: The Babylonian general Nebuzar-adan took another 745 men and their families into captivity, thus emptying the land of its Jewish inhabitants. Jer. 52:30 (745 men and families taken into captivity emptying Jerusalem)
582 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 4 of Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Tyre.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

582 BC: Year 5 since the Temple has been destroyed.
582 BC: Exile year 23 for Daniel
582 BC: 16th year of captivity for Ezekiel
583 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 3 of Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Tyre.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

583 BC: Year 4 since the Temple has been destroyed.
583 BC: Exile year 22 for Daniel
583 BC: 15th year of captivity for Ezekiel
584 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 2 of Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Tyre.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

584 BC: Year 3 since the Temple has been destroyed.
584 BC: Exile year 21 for Daniel
584 BC: 14th year of captivity for Ezekiel
585 BC

The fall of Tyre. The Battle of Halys
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Year 1 of Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Tyre.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

TYRE: Nebuchadnezzar engaged in a thirteen year siege of Tyre (585–572 BC), with the Tyrians accepting Babylonian authority. Isaiah 23:5

The Battle of Halys ended with an eclipse on May 28, 585 BC. Took place at the Halys River (present-day “Kizilirmak” river in Turkey between the Medes, Cyaxares, and Alyattes II of Lydia. The earliest historical event of which the date is known with such precision.

Herodotus, the father of history, who lived in the 5th century BC, cited that Thales (ca. 624-547 BC), the Greek philosopher, predicted a solar eclipse that put an end to the conflict between the Lydians and the Medes. Herodotus wrote:… day was all of sudden changed into night. This event had been foretold by Thales, the Milesian, who forewarned the Ionians of it, fixing for it the very year in which it took place. The Medes and the Lydians when they observed the change, ceased fighting, and were alike anxious to have terms of peace agreed on. Exactly which eclipse was involved has remained uncertain, although the issue has been studied by hundreds of ancient and modern authorities. One likely candidate took place on May 28, 585 BC, probably near the Halys river in the middle of modern Turkey.

585 BC: Year 2 since the Temple has been destroyed.
585 BC: Exile year 20 for Daniel
585 BC: 13th year of captivity for Ezekiel
586 BC

Gedaliah becomes Governor of Judea.




Nebuchadnezzar’s sets up siege against Tyre.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Jan/Dec, 586/585 BC: Ezekiel: 12th dated message: news of Jerusalem’s fall. Ezekiel 33:21 And it came to pass in the twelfth year of our captivity, in the tenth month, on the fifth day of the month, that one who had escaped from Jerusalem came to me and said, “The city has been captured!”

April 586 BC: Ezekiel: 11th dated message: funeral dirge for Pharaoh & description of Sheol. Ezekiel 32:17

586 BC: Year 1 since the Temple has been destroyed (There will be 70 years decreed before the Temple is rebuilt)
See Daniel 9:2

586 BC: 12th year of captivity for Ezekiel
586 BC: Exile Year 19 for Daniel

586 BC: 18th year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)

586 BC: No king remains in Judah, as the nation is now part of the Babylonian empire. Gedaliah is installed as Governor.

March 3, 586 BC: Ezekiel: 10th dated message: lament over Pharaoh. Ezekiel 32:1
See Ezekiel 32:1

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..
587 BC

587 BC Jerusalem is destroyed by the Babylonians Ezra 5:12
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)
“The date was January 7th, 587 BC when the siege of Jerusalem had been going on for about on year already. Hophra had been Pharaoh in Egypt since 589 BC, and had expansionist plans in Palestine. His intentions and activities seem to have given hope to the people of Jerusalem (and doubtless to the exiles in Babylon also, as they heard the news) that they could yet be saved from the hand of Nebuchadnezzar by the help of Egypt. Back in Jerusalem, Jeremiah had to disillusion the people of any such hope, and in exile, Ezekiel set about the same task.” The Bible Speaks Today

June 21, 587 BC: Ezekiel: 9th dated message: news of Pharaoh’s final defeat.
April 587 BC: Ezekiel: 8th dated message: news of Pharaoh’s defeat. Ezekiel 30:20
April 587/586 BC: 5th dated message: judgment on Tyre. Ezekiel 26:1

In the eleventh year, on the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 2 “Son of man, because Tyre has said against Jerusalem, ‘Aha! She is broken who was the gateway of the peoples; now she is turned over to me; I shall be filled; she is laid waste.’ Beginning of Tyre’s 70 yrs. Isaiah 23:17

Jeremiah 39:11 Jeremiah Goes Free: 11 Now Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon gave charge concerning Jeremiah to Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, saying, 12 “Take him and look after him, and do him no harm. They sent someone to take Jeremiah from the court of the prison, and committed him to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, that he should take him home. So he dwelt among the people.

Jeremiah 34:2 “Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel: ‘Go and speak to Zedekiah king of Judah and tell him, “Thus says the LORD: ‘Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire. 3 And you shall not escape from his hand, but shall surely be taken and delivered into his hand; your eyes shall see the eyes of the king of Babylon, he shall speak with you face to face, and you shall go to Babylon.’”’ 4 Yet hear the word of the LORD, O Zedekiah king of Judah! Thus says the LORD concerning you: ‘You shall not die by the sword. 5 You shall die in peace

Jer 33:1 1 Moreover the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah a second time, while he was still shut up in the court of the prison, saying, 2 “Thus says the LORD who made it, the LORD who formed it to establish it (the LORD is His name): 3 ‘Call to Me, and I will answer you, and show you great and mighty things, which you do not know.’ 19 And the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah, saying, 20 “Thus says the LORD: ‘If you can break My covenant with the day and My covenant with the night, so that there will not be day and night in their season (which will never happen), 21 then My covenant may also be broken with David My servant, so that he shall not have a son to reign on his throne, and with the Levites, the priests, My ministers.

Jer 32:24 ‘Look, the siege mounds! They have come to the city to take it; and the city has been given into the hand of the Chaldeans who fight against it, because of the sword and famine and pestilence. What You have spoken has happened; there You see it! 25 And You have said to me, O Lord GOD, “Buy the field for money, and take witnesses”!—yet the city has been given into the hand of the Chaldeans.’”

Jan 587 BC: Nebuchadnezzar came to Jerusalem and encircled it with his army. Jer 39:1

587 BC: Zedekiah, King of Judah 587-596 ▼ tries to escape Jerusalem but is captured. At Riblah, Nebuchadnezzar kills all his sons before his eyes then gouges out Zedekiah’s eyes and takes him to Babylon in bronze chains.

587 BC: Zedekiah’s 11th year, and the end of his reign; the 19th year of Nebuchadnezzar (by Jewish reckoning)

In the eleventh year of Zedekiah (587 BC), in the fourth month (Tammuz), on the ninth day (9th) of the month, the city was penetrated. 3 Then all the princes of the king of Babylon came in and sat in the Middle Gate: Nergal-Sharezer, Samgar-Nebo, Sarsechim, Rabsaris, (A title, probably Chief Officer) Nergal-Sarezer, Rabmag, (A title, probably Troop Commander) with the rest of the princes of the king of Babylon. Jeremiah 39:2

◄Summer, August 587 BC: Jerusalem and the temple are destroyed on Tisha B’Av (the 9th day of the month of Av). Jer 52:28 These are the people whom Nebuchadnezzar carried away captive: in the seventh year (597 BC? should be 594BC?), three thousand and twenty-three Jews; 29 in the eighteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar (587 BC) he carried away captive from Jerusalem eight hundred and thirty-two persons; 30 in the twenty-third year of Nebuchadnezzar (581 BC should be 580 BC?) , Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive of the Jews seven hundred and forty-five persons. All the persons were four thousand six hundred.



But because our fathers angered the God of heaven, he handed them over to Nebuchadnezzar the Chaldean, king of Babylon, who destroyed this temple and deported the people to Babylon. Ezra 5:12

Pharaoh Hophra arrived with a force of some size, hoping to raise the siege of Jerusalem. Nebuchadnezzar’s forces withdrew from Jerusalem, attacked Hophra’s right flank, and drove him back into Egypt.

Zedikiah, after securing a pledge from Hopra, declares his rebellion against Nebuchadnezzar, who then immediately rushed to Jerusalem and laid siege to it. [This was the 390-day siege that the prophet Ezekiel (ch. 4), who had earlier been deported to Babylon, was told to expect. (note this has to be in 586!!! BUT Psalmmtik II died this year: does’n’t make sense)]

587 BC: Nineteenth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)

587 BC: Exile Year 18 for Daniel
587 BC: 11th year of captivity for Ezekiel


Two silver amulets discovered in burial chambers confirmed date of 486/587 BC in 1979 AD. The date immediately prior to the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians. the scrolls “preserve the earliest known citations of texts also found in the Hebrew Bible and … the earliest examples of confessional statements concerning Yahweh.” The reference to Yahweh as “Rebuker of Evil,” found in later incantations and amulets associated with Israel, is evidence that these artifacts were also amulets. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ketef_Hinnom
588 BC

Zedekiah puts Jeremiah in prison, but he is eventually rescued. The Babylonians abandon their siege in order to deal with Hophra at the border of Judah.
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Dec/Jan 588/587BC: Ezekiel: 6th dated message: judgment on Egypt. Ezekiel 29:1
588 BC: 10th year of captivity for Ezekiel
588 BC: Exile Year 17 for Daniel

588 BC: Zedekiah puts Jeremiah in prison to shut him up.
588 BC: 10th year of Zedekiah, 18th year of Nebuchadnezzar (by Jewish reckoning)

◄Jeremiah urged them to submit to King Nebuchadnezzar and serve him seventy years, and that if they did God would preserve the city of Jerusalem and the temple. Then God would put an end to their servitude and return them to Jerusalem.

The chief authorities of Jerusalem were so angry with Jeremiah (for his prophecies), they first tortured him and then tried to kill him: “But for the king (Zedekiah) himself …that he might not be engaged in a quarrel with those rulers at such a time, by opposing what they intended, he let them do with the prophet whatsoever they would; whereupon, when the king had granted them such a permission, they presently came into the prison, and took him, and let him down with a cord into a pit full of mire, that he might be suffocated, and die of himself.

So he stood up to the neck in the mire which was all about him, and so continued; but there was one of the king’s servants, who was in esteem with him, an Ethiopian by descent, who told the king what a state the prophet was in, and said that his friends and his rulers had done evil in putting the prophet into the mire, and by that means contriving against him that he should suffer a death more bitter than that by his bonds only.

When the king heard this, he repented of his having delivered up the prophet to the rulers, and bid the Ethiopian take thirty men of the king’s guards, and cords with them, and whatsoever else they understood to be necessary for the prophet’s preservation, and to draw him up immediately. So the Ethiopian took the men he was ordered to take, and drew up the prophet out of the mire, and left him at liberty (in the prison).” Antiquities of the Jews Book X Ch 7:5

588 BC: Eighteenth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning) Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

By Jay Bushinksy THE WASHINGTON TIMES
It is the most remarkable find since excavations in the heart of this 3,000-year-old capital of ancient Israel began 140 years ago: a tiny clay seal impression also known as a bulla or stamp, discovered near the ruins of what has been identified as King David’s palace and bearing the name of an influential courtier mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.

“It is not very often that archaeologists have surprises that bring them so close to the reality of the biblical text,” said Eilat Mazar, whose pinpoint dig in a relatively small site this summer led her to a clay bulla whose ancient Hebrew script identifies its owner as Gedalyahu ben Pashhur.

Speaking to an enthusiastic audience of 1,500 Israelis who converged on the Palestinian-Arab Silwan quarter, known as Kfar Hashiloah, or Siloam in the Bible, Mrs. Mazar said, “One could not have asked anything more than this.”

Ben Pashhur’s name is cited in the Book of Jeremiah 38:1 together with that of Yehuchal ben Shelemayahu, whose bulla was discovered at the same site two years ago.

The two were ministers in the court of King Zedekiah, the last king from the Davidic dynasty to reign in Jerusalem. His reign, from 597 to 586 BC, ended with the Babylonians’ destruction of the First Temple on nearby Mount Moriah.

Because both bullae were perfectly intact and their inscriptions easily legible by anyone familiar with the ancient Hebrew script, Gabriel Barkay, one of Mrs. Mazar’s veteran colleagues, surmised they were attached to documents that were burned, possibly during the Babylonian siege, but that they survived because they were made of clay.

“They were baked and thereby preserved in mud and silt, which could be dissolved in water,” he said. The two bullae resemble each other except for the names they bear.

Mrs. Mazar said the two courtiers opposed the prophet Jeremiah’s pleas to Zedekiah that Judea surrender to the Babylonians.

“They wanted him executed,” she said, “but the king refused.” Jeremiah was imprisoned twice and confined to a pit. Ultimately, they asked him to pray for the kingdom.

It is the first time in the annals of Israeli archaeology that two 2,600-year-old clay bullae with two biblical names that appear in the same biblical verse have been unearthed in the same location, she said.

The first one was discovered two years ago above the ruins of King David’s palace, which Mrs. Mazar uncovered during an earlier phase of her work at the City of David. Mrs. Mazar’s latest find occurred in what are thought to be the remains of a tower that was part of the city wall dating back to the 50th century BC. days of Nehemiah, the governor of Judea appointed by the Persians after they defeated the Babylonians in 538 BC., when they allowed the Jewish exiles to return from Babylon.
Excavations at the City of David, a hillside site just outside the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem’s Dung Gate, were resumed in 1978 under the direction of Yigal Shiloh, a pioneer archaeologist who found 50 similar seal impressions at the site.

“In Jerusalem, you don’t look for anything you may want,” said Mr. Barkay. “You just find whatever you find.”

He said that the entire city, whose “structures include an abundance of mosques, churches and synagogues actually covers countless items that I would like to find.” Indeed, Israel’s unique antiquity law precludes construction of buildings without the permission of the government’s Antiquities Authority, “but a lot of structures are illicitly built,” he said, implying that as a result, it is impossible to investigate what may lie beneath them.

Mr. Barkay has been sifting through the rubble collected at a dump outside the city where it was discarded by Palestinian contractors authorized by the Muslim religious commission, known in Arabic as the “Waqf,” to build the subterranean Marwan Mosque near the area known as Solomon’s stables.
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2008/oct/01/clay-seal-connects-to-bible/

Jeremiah 37:11 And it happened, when the army of the Chaldeans (Babylonians) left the siege of Jerusalem for fear of Pharaoh’s army, 12 that Jeremiah went out of Jerusalem to go into the land of Benjamin to claim his property there among the people. 13 And when he was in the Gate of Benjamin, a captain of the guard was there whose name was Irijah the son of Shelemiah, the son of Hananiah; and he seized Jeremiah the prophet, saying, “You are defecting to the Chaldeans!”
14 Then Jeremiah said, “False! I am not defecting to the Chaldeans.” But he did not listen to him.
So Irijah seized Jeremiah and brought him to the princes. 15 Therefore the princes were angry with Jeremiah, and they struck him and put him in prison in the house of Jonathan the scribe. For they had made that the prison.
589 BC

589 BC Jeremiah 21 & Ezek 28:25-29:21
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..

589 BC: 9th year of captivity for Ezekiel
589 BC: Exile Year 16 for Daniel

589 BC: 9th year of Zedekiah’s reign (by Jewish reckoning). 1 In the ninth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the tenth month, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army came against Jerusalem, and besieged it.

589 BC: Seventeenth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning) Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Dec/Jan 589/588 BC: Ezekiel: 4th dated message: Jerusalem’s judgment. Ezekiel 24:1

589 BC: Zedekiah rebels against his oath of loyalty to Nebuchadnezzar, who then comes up against Jerusalem and besieges the city for two and a half years. This may also be the year Zedekiah sends for Jeremiah: Jeremiah 21
Jerusalem’s Doom Is Sealed
1 The word which came to Jeremiah from the LORD when King Zedekiah sent to him Pashhur the son of Melchiah, and Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah, the priest, saying, 2 “Please inquire of the LORD for us, for Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon makes war against us. Perhaps the LORD will deal with us according to all His wonderful works, that the king may go away from us.”
3 Then Jeremiah said to them, “Thus you shall say to Zedekiah, 4 ‘Thus says the LORD God of Israel: “Behold, I will turn back the weapons of war that are in your hands, with which you fight against the king of Babylon and the Chaldeans who besiege you outside the walls; and I will assemble them in the midst of this city. 5 I Myself will fight against you with an outstretched hand and with a strong arm, even in anger and fury and great wrath. 6 I will strike the inhabitants of this city, both man and beast; they shall die of a great pestilence.7 And afterward,” says the LORD, “I will deliver Zedekiah king of Judah, his servants and the people, and such as are left in this city from the pestilence and the sword and the famine, into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of those who seek their life; and he shall strike them with the edge of the sword. He shall not spare them, or have pity or mercy.”’ 8 “Now you shall say to this people, ‘Thus says the LORD: “Behold, I set before you the way of life and the way of death. 9 He who remains in this city shall die by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence; but he who goes out and defects to the Chaldeans who besiege you, he shall live, and his life shall be as a prize to him. 10 For I have set My face against this city for adversity and not for good,” says the LORD. “It shall be given into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire.”’

Pharaoh Psammtike II dies. ▼ (Pharaoh Hophra (Apries) reigns ▲ in Egypt from 589 to 570 BC. He is compared to Leviathan (crocodile, sea monster, the devil, Satan). Ezekiel 28:25-29:21. Judah relies on Egypt to help them against Babylon, but Egypt will be a false hope.

589 BC: 9th year of Zedekiah’s reign (by Jewish reckoning). 1 In the ninth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the tenth month, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army came against Jerusalem, and besieged it.

Mattanyahu (Zedekiah) Last King of the Southern Kingdom Judea 597-586 BC.

Sometime during Zedekiah’s reign: 1 Now Pashhur the son of Immer, the priest who was also chief governor in the house of the LORD, heard that Jeremiah prophesied these things. 2 Then Pashhur struck Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the high gate of Benjamin, which was by the house of the LORD.3 And it happened on the next day that Pashhur brought Jeremiah out of the stocks. Then Jeremiah said to him, “The LORD has not called your name Pashhur, but Magor-Missabib. 4 For thus says the LORD: ‘Behold, I will make you a terror to yourself and to all your friends; and they shall fall by the sword of their enemies, and your eyes shall see it. I will give all Judah into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall carry them captive to Babylon and slay them with the sword. 5 Moreover I will deliver all the wealth of this city, all its produce, and all its precious things; all the treasures of the kings of Judah I will give into the hand of their enemies, who will plunder them, seize them, and carry them to Babylon. 6 And you, Pashhur, and all who dwell in your house, shall go into captivity. You shall go to Babylon, and there you shall die, and be buried there, you and all your friends, to whom you have prophesied lies.”
590 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Mattanyahu (Zedekiah) Last King of the Southern Kingdom Judea 597-586 BC. 590 BC: 8th year of Zedekiah’s reign (by Jewish reckoning).

590 BC: 8th year of captivity for Ezekiel

590 BC: Sixteenth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)
590 BC: Exile Year 15 for Daniel
591 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Mattanyahu (Zedekiah) Last King of the Southern Kingdom Judea 597-586 BC.

591 BC: Fifteenth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)

July/Aug, 591 BC: 3rd dated message: Ezekiel: response to the elders’ inquiry. Ezekiel 20:1

591 BC: Exile Year 14 for Daniel
591 BC: 7th year of Zedekiah’s reign (by Jewish reckoning).
591 BC: 7th year of captivity for Ezekiel
592 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Mattanyahu (Zedekiah) Last King of the Southern Kingdom Judea 597-586 BC.

Aug/Sept, 592 BC: 2nd dated message: Ezekiel: the vision of temple abomination. Ezekiel 8:1

592 BC: 6th year of captivity for Ezekiel
592 BC: Exile Year 13 for Daniel
592 BC: 6th year of Zedekiah’s reign (by Jewish reckoning).
592 BC: Forteenth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)
593 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

June/July, 593BC: 1st dated message: Ezekiel: Call to prophetic ministry. Ezekiel is 30 yrs of age (Ezekiel 1:1). Ezekiel would have been eligible for priesthood (see Number 4:3). He begins his prophetic ministry “In the 5th of the month in the fifth year of King Jehoiachin’s exile.” Ezekiel 1:1-3 [He was taken into captivity soon after June 22, 597 BC]

Mattanyahu (Zedekiah) Last King of the Southern Kingdom Judea 597-586 BC.

593 BC: Exile Year 12 for Daniel
593 BC: Thirteenth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)
593 BC: 5th year of Jehoiachin’s exile
593 BC: 5th year of captivity for Ezekiel

593 BC: 5th year of Zedekiah’s reign (by Jewish reckoning).

May-Aug 593AD: Zedekiah received ambassadors from neighboring lands to plot rebellion against Nebuchadnezzar. Jer. 27-28. (When King Zedekiah of Judah fell in with a coalition of Lebanese kings, including those of Tyre, Edom, Moab, and Ammon, who were planning rebellion against King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia, they approached (Pharaoh) Psammtik▲, who had just inherited the throne from his father, and found him uninterested. Zedekiah quickly had to rush to Babylon to renew his pledge of fidelity to Nebuchadnezzar)

Pharoah Psammtik ▲
Pharoah Necho II died in 593 BC▼
594 BC

Tishri
594 BC Hananiah’s death for being a false prophet.

Tishri is the month for the High Holy Days.
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Mattanyahu (Zedekiah) Last King of the Southern Kingdom Judea 597-586 BC.

594 BC: Exile Year 11 for Daniel


594 BC: Twelth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)

594 BC: 4th year of Zedekiah’s reign (by Jewish reckoning).

Jeremiah 28- Hananiah’s Falsehood and Doom – 1 And it happened in the same year, at the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the fourth year and in the fifth month (Av month 5). Jeremiah 28: 17 So Hananiah the prophet died the same year in the seventh month (Tishri month 7)

594 BC: 4th year of captivity for Ezekiel

594 BC: 4th year of the reign of Zedekiah

594 BC: Jeremiah 29: Jeremiah sends a letter to the Jews in Babylon with a number of officials (all who are left in the land are bad figs to be destroyed.) King Zedekiah is summoned there by Nebuchadnezzar. It is possible that the king of Babylon was unsure of Zedekiah’s support for him.
595 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Mattanyahu (Zedekiah) Last King of the Southern Kingdom Judea 597-586 BC.

595 BC: 3th year of captivity for Ezekiel
595 BC: Eleventh year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)
595 BC: Exile Year 10 for Daniel
596 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Mattanyahu (Zedekiah) Last King of the Southern Kingdom Judea 597-586 BC.

596 BC: 2nd year of captivity for Ezekiel
596 BC: Exile Year 9 for Daniel
596 BC: Tenth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)

1 Now King Zedekiah the son of Josiah reigned instead of Coniah the son of Jehoiakim, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon made king in the land of Judah. 2 But neither he nor his servants nor the people of the land gave heed to the words of the LORD which He spoke by the prophet Jeremiah.
597 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

SECOND HARBINGER: SEVEN years after the first event, Ezekiel, Kish and others are taken captive.

March 16 597: Nebuchadnezzar captured Jerusalem, evidently without a battle.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Mattanyahu (Zedekiah) Last King of the Southern Kingdom Judea 597-586 BC.
597 BC

Ezekiel and 10,000-11,000 are taken captive.

See BIBLE: Esther Chapter Two
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Jeremiah 24-The Sign of Two Baskets of Figs-1 The LORD showed me, and there were two baskets of figs set before the temple of the LORD, after Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had carried away captive Jeconiah (Jehoiachin/Coniah) the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, and the princes of Judah with the craftsmen and smiths, from Jerusalem, and had brought them to Babylon… as the bad figs which cannot be eaten, they are so bad’—surely thus says the LORD—‘so will I give up Zedekiah the king of Judah, his princes, the residue of Jerusalem who remain in this land, and those who dwell in the land of Egypt. 9 I will deliver them to trouble into all the kingdoms of the earth, for their harm, to be a reproach and a byword, a taunt and a curse, in all places where I shall drive them. 10 And I will send the sword, the famine, and the pestilence among them, till they are consumed from the land that I gave to them and their fathers.’”

Mattanyahu (Zedekiah) Last King of the Southern Kingdom Judea 597-586 BC. [arrow up]

Soon after June 22, 597 BC: Ezekiel & 10,000 are taken.Nebuchadnezzar came to Jerusalem and Jehoiachin surrendered. Nebuchadnezzer then led into exile the king, the king’s family, and all the most able citizens of the realm. The men number 3,023. All the captives, families included, numbered about 10,000. Among them was Ezekiel. Nebuchadnezzar removed more treasure from the temple and placed Zedekiah on the throne. [2 Kings 24:11-17, 2 Chronicles 36:9, Jer. 52:28, Ezek. 1:2] [originally named Mattaniah] (reigned 11 years, age 21-32) (Jehoiachin’s uncle is Zedekiah who Nebuchadnezar installed as a vassal king, making him swear an oath of loyalty.)

597 BC: Jehoiachin, King of Judah, reigned 3 months 10 days, at age 18. He surrenders and is taken to Babylon. Fulfillment of Jeremiah 22:24. Scholars found ration records of the army of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon (606 to 562 B.C.) that state, “ten sila of oil to Jehoiachin, king of Judah. . . .” ▼ Kish had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captives who had been captured with Jeconiah (Esther 2) Kish was the father of Shimei who was the father of Jair, the father of Mordecai, (an older cousin Of Esther)

May-June 597BC: Jehoiachin resisted, provoking the Babylonians to besiege Jerusalem. 2 Kings 24:10

Coniniah ie Jeconiah (Jehoiachin) puppet King of Judah 598-597 BC

May-June 597BC: Jehoiachin resisted, provoking the Babylonians to besiege Jerusalem. 2 Kings 24:10

King Jehoiachin 597-597 BC King of Judah▲

Soon after March 16th 597 BC: Nebuchadnezzar appoints Jehoiachin king (son of Jehoiakim),



Soon after April 597BC: After the coming of the new year, Nebuchadnezzar, for reasons unknown, sent forces to take Jehoiachin and bring him to Babylon.

597 BC: Ninth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)

2 Kings 25:1 Now it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, on the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army came against Jerusalem and encamped against it; and they built a siege wall against it all around. 2 So the city was besieged until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah. 3 By the ninth day of the fourth month the famine had become so severe in the city that there was no food for the people of the land.

Jeremiah 22: 24 “As I live,” says the LORD, “though Coniah (Jehoiachin) the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, were the signet on My right hand, yet I would pluck you off; 25 and I will give you into the hand of those who seek your life, and into the hand of those whose face you fear—the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and the hand of the Chaldeans. 26 So I will cast you out, and your mother who bore you, into another country where you were not born; and there you shall die. 27 But to the land to which they desire to return, there they shall not return. 28 “ Is this man Coniah a despised, broken idol— A vessel in which is no pleasure? Why are they cast out, he and his descendants, And cast into a land which they do not know? 29 O earth, earth, earth, Hear the word of the LORD! 30 Thus says the LORD: ‘ Write this man down as childless, A man who shall not prosper in his days; For none of his descendants shall prosper, Sitting on the throne of David, And ruling anymore in Judah.’”

597 BC: Exile Year 8 for Daniel

597BC: April 13 Nebuchadnezzar arrives in time for the New Year’s celebration on April 13th.

Jan 597: Nebuchadnezzar undertook a new campaign in the west. Babylonian Chronicles
598 BC600-598: While Nebuchadnezzar rebuilt his military machine, the Babylonians and their allies sent raiding parties to harass Judah. Bab. Chron. 2 Kings 24:2

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)
598 BC: Eighth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)

598 BC: Exile Year 7 for Daniel

Coniniah ie Jeconiah (Jehoiachin) puppet King of Judah under Nebuchadnezzar 598-597 BC▲

598 BC: 11th year of Jehoiakim’s entire reign (7th year after reinstatement) Jehoiakim 609-598 BC, King of Judah, killed and his body thrown over the wall to be left unburied. 598 BC: Jehoiakim dies after 11 years as king. Eliakim (Jehoiakim) puppet King of Judah 609-598 BC▼

Prophecy fulfilled of Jeremiah 22:18 (Jer 52:28) in the seventh year, three thousand and twenty-three Jews (were taken captive)

In 598 BC: Nebuchadnezzar bound Jehoiakim in chains to take him to Babylon, but, perhaps in reaction to some word of defiance, slew him instead and cast his body outside the city walls to lie there unburied. After appointing Jehoiachin to rule over Judah, Nebuchadnezzar carried spoil back to Babylon, arriving in time for the New Year’s celebration on April 13.
599 BC600-598: While Nebuchadnezzar rebuilt his military machine, the Babylonians and their allies sent raiding parties to harass Judah. Bab. Chron. 2 Kings 24:2

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Eliakim (Jehoiakim) puppet King of Judah 609-598 BC

Kedar: Son of Ishmael. Known to the Hebrews as the Qedar, and the Assyrians as the Qidri, his descendants became the tribe of Arabs who settled in the northwest Arabian peninsula, and whose black tents were to become proverbial in the ancient world. We are informed in Babylonian sources that the armies of Nebuchadnezzar confronted the tribe of Kedar in a major skirmish of the year 599 BC, an incident that was foretold by Jeremiah (49:28 and 29). The tribe of Kedar is also mentioned in the annals of Ashurbanipal, with whom they clashed, and in various other Assyrian documents. In these, the men of Kedar are mentioned in close association with the men of Nebaioth. The founder of Islam, Mohammed, was to trace his own direct descent from Kedar.

599 BC: Exile Year 6 for Daniel

599 BC: Seventh year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)
600 BC600-598: While Nebuchadnezzar rebuilt his military machine, the Babylonians and their allies sent raiding parties to harass Judah. Bab. Chron. 2 Kings 24:2

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Eliakim (Jehoiakim) puppet King of Judah 609-598 BC

600 BC – The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are the third interesting things about Babylon City. The Hanging Gardens are considered to be one of the original Seven Wonders of the World. The Hanging Gardens were built by the Chaldean King Nebuchadnezzar around 600 BC.

◄600 BC: Jehoiakim rebels against Nebuchadnezzar in hopes of forming an alliance with Egypt. Nebuchadnezzar returns and lays siege to Jerusalem.

600 BC: Sixth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)

600 BC: Exile Year 5 for Daniel
601 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Eliakim (Jehoiakim) puppet King of Judah 609-598 BC

601 Nov.-Dec: Nebuchadnezzar attacked Egypt. After the two armies had collided in fierce combat, both withdrew with heavy losses. Judah renewed its alliance with Egypt. Babylonian Chronicles

601 BC: Jehoiakim rebelled against Nebuchadnezzar.

601 BC: Fifth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)

601 BC: Exile Year 4 for Daniel


YEAR 3 AS A VASSAL TO NEBUCHADNEZZAR
2 Kings 24:1 In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his vassal for three years. Then he turned and rebelled against him.
602 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Eliakim (Jehoiakim) puppet King of Judah 609-598 BC

602 BC: Jehoiakim is a Babylonian vassal king. YEAR 2 AS A VASSAL TO NEBUCHADNEZZAR

602 BC: Forth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)

602 BC: Exile Year 3 for Daniel

602 BC: King Nebuchadnezar’s younger brother, Nabu-suma-lisir rebels in Babylon. In Nebuchadnezzar’s biography he states: “My brother Nir-gil sat on the throne of my father.” One of the princes of the king who sat in the middle gate in Jerusalem after its destruction (Jeremiah 39:2) was Nergal-Sharezer. , the person who murders the recipient of Nebuchadnezzar’s throne, Evil Merodach.
603 BC

See Daniel 2:1
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)

Eliakim (Jehoiakim) puppet King of Judah 609-598 BC

See Notes in Daniel Chapter Two

603 BC: Daniel and his friends’ official training program probably ends this year.

603 BC: Nebuchadnezzar has the dream about the statue of many metals which Daniel helps to interpret for him. This takes place sometime between April 603 and March 602.

603 BC: Jehoiakim is a Babylonian vassal king. YEAR 1 AS A VASSAL TO NEBUCHADNEZZAR

603 BC: Third year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)

603 BC: Exile Year 2 for Daniel
604 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (605-562 BC)
604 BC: Nebuchadnezzar returns to Babylon to deal with the aftermath of his father’s death.
604 BC: Second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)

604 BC: Jehoiakim is reinstated and this is the first year of his new reign (year 5 of his 11 years). Jehoiakim was fettered but then reinstated as king.

604 BC: Daniel and his friends are in the middle of their official training program.
Eliakim (Jehoiakim) puppet King of Judah 609-598 BC

604 BC: Exile Year 1 for Daniel

604 BC: Daniel and his friends are in the middle of their official training program.
604 BC: Nebuchadnezzar returns to Babylon to deal with the aftermath of his father’s death.
604 BC: Jehoiakim is fettered but then reinstated as king.
604 BC: Jehoiakim is reinstated and this is the first year of his new reign (year 5 of his 11 years).
604 BC: Exile Year 1 for Daniel
605 BC

Jeremiah’s prophecy of Judah serving Babylon 70 years.

Daniel is taken hostage

Nebuchadnezzarbecomes king of Babylon
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Eliakim (Jehoiakim) puppet King of Judah 609-598 BC

605 BC: Fourth year of Jehoiakim by Jewish reckoning. The Babylonian approach would call this his third year. This was Nebuchadnezzar’s accession year.

Jeremiah 25:1-3, 9-11: Seventy Years of Desolation-1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah (which was the first year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon), 2 which Jeremiah the prophet spoke to all the people of Judah and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying: 3 “From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, even to this day, this is the twenty-third year in which the word of the LORD has come to me; and I have spoken to you, rising early and speaking, but you have not listened. ‘and Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, My servant, and (I) will bring them against this land, against its inhabitants, and against these nations all around, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, a hissing, and perpetual desolations. 10 Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones and the light of the lamp.

11 And this whole land shall be a desolation and an astonishment, and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.

605 BC Jeremiah 45-Assurance to Baruch-1 The word that Jeremiah the prophet spoke to Baruch the son of Neriah, when he had written these words in a book at the instruction of Jeremiah, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, saying, 2 “Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, to you, O Baruch: 3 ‘You said, “Woe is me now! For the LORD has added grief to my sorrow. I fainted in my sighing, and I find no rest.”’
4 “Thus you shall say to him, ‘Thus says the LORD: “Behold, what I have built I will break down, and what I have planted I will pluck up, that is, this whole land. 5 And do you seek great things for yourself? Do not seek them; for behold, I will bring adversity on all flesh,” says the LORD. “But I will give your life to you as a prize in all places, wherever you go.”’”:


605 BC: Nebuchadnezzar defeats Jerusalem, takes prizes from the temple and nobles from Judah as hostages to keep the country in line. Daniel is included in this group of exiles. About this time, Nebuchadnezzar hears that his father has died.

605 BC: Nebuchadnezzar defeats Pharoah Neco and the Assyrians at Carchemish. Begins a short siege of Jerusalem. Jeremiah 25:17-18, 17 Then I took the cup from the LORD’s hand, and made all the nations drink, to whom the LORD had sent me: 18 Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, its kings and its princes, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, a hissing, and a curse, as it is this day; Jeremiah 25:19-25 19 Pharaoh king of Egypt, his servants, his princes, and all his people; 20 all the mixed multitude, all the kings of the land of Uz, all the kings of the land of the Philistines (namely, Ashkelon, Gaza, Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod); 21 Edom, Moab, and the people of Ammon; 22 all the kings of Tymre, all the kings of Sidon, and the kings of the coastlands which are across the sea; 23 Dedan, Tema, Buz, and all who are in the farthest corners; 24 all the kings of Arabia and all the kings of the mixed multitude who dwell in the desert; 25 all the kings of Zimri, all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes; 26 all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another; and all the kingdoms of the world which are on the face of the earth.

Also the king of Sheshach [Babylon] shall drink after them. (When the Babylonians are conquered by the Medes and the Persians: Jeremiah 25:12 ‘Then it will come to pass, when seventy years are completed, that I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation, the land of the Chaldeans, for their iniquity,’ says the LORD; ‘and I will make it a perpetual desolation. )

◄605 BC: Daniel is taken hostage with Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah (Shadrack, Meshack and Abed Nego.) Daniel is ~15 yrs of age. They are taken to Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar. He is not yet king. On the voyage back Nebuchadnezzar is told his father’s death. He then chooses to take a small group of his men and travel by shortcut straight to Babylonia.

605 BC: First year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)

605 BC: Nebuchadnezzar becomes king of Babylon▲ (605-562 BC)

605 BC: Nebuchadnezzar receives word of his father’s death (Nabopollaser) and leaves the captives to his soldiers to be taken to Babylon. He takes off across the desert with a small envoy.

FIRST HARBINGER of God’s judgment: Nebuchadnezzar takes captives to Babylon.

605 BC: Daniel and his three friends begin their three-year training program.



605 BC Jeremiah 45-Assurance to Baruch-1 The word that Jeremiah the prophet spoke to Baruch the son of Neriah, when he had written these words in a book at the instruction of Jeremiah, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, saying, 2 “Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, to you, O Baruch: 3 ‘You said, “Woe is me now! For the LORD has added grief to my sorrow. I fainted in my sighing, and I find no rest.”’
4 “Thus you shall say to him, ‘Thus says the LORD: “Behold, what I have built I will break down, and what I have planted I will pluck up, that is, this whole land. 5 And do you seek great things for yourself? Do not seek them; for behold, I will bring adversity on all flesh,” says the LORD. “But I will give your life to you as a prize in all places, wherever you go.”’”:
605 BC: Daniel and his three friends begin their three-year training program.
605 BC: Nebuchadnezzar defeats Jerusalem, takes prizes from the temple and nobles from Judah as hostages to keep the country in line. Daniel is included in this group of exiles. About this time, Nebuchadnezzar hears that his father has died.
605 BC: Nebuchadnezzar defeats Pharoah Neco and the Assyrians at Carchemish. Begins a short siege of Jerusalem. Jeremiah 25:17-18, 17 Then I took the cup from the LORD’s hand, and made all the nations drink, to whom the LORD had sent me: 18 Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, its kings and its princes, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, a hissing, and a curse, as it is this day; Jeremiah 25:19-25 19 Pharaoh king of Egypt, his servants, his princes, and all his people; 20 all the mixed multitude, all the kings of the land of Uz, all the kings of the land of the Philistines (namely, Ashkelon, Gaza, Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod); 21 Edom, Moab, and the people of Ammon; 22 all the kings of Tymre, all the kings of Sidon, and the kings of the coastlands which are across the sea; 23 Dedan, Tema, Buz, and all who are in the farthest corners; 24 all the kings of Arabia and all the kings of the mixed multitude who dwell in the desert; 25 all the kings of Zimri, all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes; 26 all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another; and all the kingdoms of the world which are on the face of the earth.
Also the king of Sheshach [Babylon] shall drink after them. (When the Babylonians are conquered by the Medes and the Persians: Jeremiah 25:12 ‘Then it will come to pass, when seventy years are completed, that I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation, the land of the Chaldeans, for their iniquity,’ says the LORD; ‘and I will make it a perpetual desolation. )
605 BC: Fourth year of Jehoiakim by Jewish reckoning. The Babylonian approach would call this his third year. This was Nebuchadnezzar’s accession year.
Jeremiah 25:1-3, 9-11:Seventy Years of Desolation-1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah (which was the first year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon), 2 which Jeremiah the prophet spoke to all the people of Judah and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying: 3 “From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, even to this day, this is the twenty-third year in which the word of the LORD has come to me; and I have spoken to you, rising early and speaking, but you have not listened. ‘and Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, My servant, and (I) will bring them against this land, against its inhabitants, and against these nations all around, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, a hissing, and perpetual desolations. 10 Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones and the light of the lamp. 11 And this whole land shall be a desolation and an astonishment, and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.
605 BC: First year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar (Babylonian reckoning)
605 BC: Nebuchadnezzar becomes king of Babylon▲
605 BC: Nebuchadnezzar receives word of his father’s death (Nabopollaser) and leaves the captives to his soldiers to be taken to Babylon. He takes off across the desert with a small envoy.
FIRST HARBINGER of God’s judgment: Nebuchadnezzar takes captives to Babylon.
◄605 BC: Daniel is taken hostage with Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah (Shadrack, Meshack and Abed Nego.) Daniel is ~15 yrs of age. They are taken to Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar. He is not yet king. On the voyage back Nebuchadnezzar is told his father’s death. He then chooses to take a small group of his men and travel by shortcut straight to Babylonia.
606 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

606 BC: First year of Jehoiakim by Babylonian reckoning?

606 BC: Sir Robert Anderson believes Nebuchadnezzar’s first invasion of Jerusalem took place in 606 rather than 605, based on the reign of Jehoiakim being counted from 1 Nisan 608. This would make his third year run from 1 Nisan (April) 606 to the same time period in 605.

Jeremiah 36: The Scroll Read in the Temple. King Jehoiakim destroys the scroll. Jeremiah re-writes it.

606 BC: Second battle of Carchemish between Egypt and Babylon begins

Eliakim (Jehoiakim) King of Judah 609-598 BC

—–

606 BC: Sir Robert Anderson believes Nebuchadnezzar’s first invasion of Jerusalem took place in 606 rather than 605, based on the reign of Jehoiakim being counted from 1 Nisan 608. This would make his third year run from 1 Nisan (April) 606 to the same time period in 605.
Jeremiah 36: The Scroll Read in the Temple. King Jehoiakim destroys the scroll. Jeremiah re-writes it.
606 BC: Second battle of Carchemish between Egypt and Babylon begins
606 BC: First year of Jehoiakim by Babylonian reckoning?
607 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

607 BC: First year of the reign of Jehoiakim by Jewish reckoning? Babylonians would have referred to this as Jehoiakim’s accession year.

Eliakim (Jehoiakim) King of Judah 609-598 BC

—–

607 BC: First year of the reign of Jehoiakim by Jewish reckoning? Babylonians would have referred to this as Jehoiakim’s accession year.
608 BC

Jeremiah saved from death
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Eliakim (Jehoiakim) King of Judah 609-598 BC ▲
608 BC: Eliakim [name changed to Jehoiakim] (reigned 11 years, age 25-36)

Jeremiah 26- Jeremiah Saved from Death- 1 In the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, this word came from the LORD, saying, 2 “Thus says the LORD: ‘Stand in the court of the LORD’s house, and speak to all the cities of Judah, which come to worship in the LORD’s house, all the words that I command you to speak to them. Do not diminish a word. 3 Perhaps everyone will listen and turn from his evil way, that I may relent concerning the calamity which I purpose to bring on them because of the evil of their doings.’

Jeremiah 26: 10 When the princes of Judah heard these things, they came up from the king’s house to the house of the LORD and sat down in the entry of the New Gate of the LORD’s house. 11 And the priests and the prophets spoke to the princes and all the people, saying, “This man deserves to die! For he has prophesied against this city, as you have heard with your ears.”

Jeremiah 26: 24 Nevertheless the hand of Ahikam the son of Shaphan was with Jeremiah, so that they should not give him into the hand of the people to put him to death.

Jeremiah 26:20 Now there was also a man who prophesied in the name of the LORD, Urijah the son of Shemaiah of Kirjath Jearim, who prophesied against this city and against this land according to all the words of Jeremiah. 21 And when Jehoiakim the king, with all his mighty men and all the princes, heard his words, the king sought to put him to death; but when Urijah heard it, he was afraid and fled, and went to Egypt. 22 Then Jehoiakim the king sent men to Egypt: Elnathan the son of Achbor, and other men who went with him to Egypt. 23 And they brought Urijah from Egypt and brought him to Jehoiakim the king, who killed him with the sword and cast his dead body into the graves of the common people.

Jeremiah 22: 18 Therefore thus says the LORD concerning Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah: “ They shall not lament for him, Saying, ‘Alas, my brother!’ or ‘Alas, my sister!’ They shall not lament for him, Saying, ‘Alas, master!’ or ‘Alas, his glory!’ 19 He shall be buried with the burial of a donkey, Dragged and cast out beyond the gates of Jerusalem. 20 “ Go up to Lebanon, and cry out, And lift up your voice in Bashan; Cry from Abarim, For all your lovers are destroyed. 21 I spoke to you in your prosperity, But you said, ‘I will not hear.’ This has been your manner from your youth, That you did not obey My voice. 22 The wind shall eat up all your rulers, And your lovers shall go into captivity; Surely then you will be ashamed and humiliated For all your wickedness. 23 O inhabitant of Lebanon, Making your nest in the cedars, How gracious will you be when pangs come upon you, Like the pain of a woman in labor?

——

Jeremiah 26- Jeremiah Saved from Death- 1 In the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, this word came from the LORD, saying, 2 “Thus says the LORD: ‘Stand in the court of the LORD’s house, and speak to all the cities of Judah, which come to worship in the LORD’s house, all the words that I command you to speak to them. Do not diminish a word. 3 Perhaps everyone will listen and turn from his evil way, that I may relent concerning the calamity which I purpose to bring on them because of the evil of their doings.’
Jeremiah 26: 10 When the princes of Judah heard these things, they came up from the king’s house to the house of the LORD and sat down in the entry of the New Gate of the LORD’s house. 11 And the priests and the prophets spoke to the princes and all the people, saying, “This man deserves to die! For he has prophesied against this city, as you have heard with your ears.”
Jeremiah 26: 24 Nevertheless the hand of Ahikam the son of Shaphan was with Jeremiah, so that they should not give him into the hand of the people to put him to death.
Jeremiah 26:20 Now there was also a man who prophesied in the name of the LORD, Urijah the son of Shemaiah of Kirjath Jearim, who prophesied against this city and against this land according to all the words of Jeremiah. 21 And when Jehoiakim the king, with all his mighty men and all the princes, heard his words, the king sought to put him to death; but when Urijah heard it, he was afraid and fled, and went to Egypt. 22 Then Jehoiakim the king sent men to Egypt: Elnathan the son of Achbor, and other men who went with him to Egypt. 23 And they brought Urijah from Egypt and brought him to Jehoiakim the king, who killed him with the sword and cast his dead body into the graves of the common people.
Jeremiah 22: 18 Therefore thus says the LORD concerning Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah: “ They shall not lament for him, Saying, ‘Alas, my brother!’ or ‘Alas, my sister!’ They shall not lament for him, Saying, ‘Alas, master!’ or ‘Alas, his glory!’ 19 He shall be buried with the burial of a donkey, Dragged and cast out beyond the gates of Jerusalem. 20 “ Go up to Lebanon, and cry out, And lift up your voice in Bashan; Cry from Abarim, For all your lovers are destroyed. 21 I spoke to you in your prosperity, But you said, ‘I will not hear.’ This has been your manner from your youth, That you did not obey My voice. 22 The wind shall eat up all your rulers, And your lovers shall go into captivity; Surely then you will be ashamed and humiliated For all your wickedness. 23 O inhabitant of Lebanon, Making your nest in the cedars, How gracious will you be when pangs come upon you, Like the pain of a woman in labor?
Jehoiakim (608?) 609-598 BC King of Judah▲
608 BC: Eliakim [name changed to Jehoiakim]
(reigned 11 years, age 25-36)
609 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

609 BC: Nabopolassar is King of Babylon and Jehoahaz is King of Judah. Jehoahaz reigned for 3 months at the age of 23.

609 BC: Jewish reckoning for years begins with the month of Nisan (approx Apr-Mar). This means some years shown here (reflecting Jan-Dec patterns) may differ slightly from other published timelines.

Eliakim (Jehoiakim) King of Judah 609-598 BC
Shallum (Jehoahaz) 609 BC ▲ ▼: died in exile in Egypt. 609 BC: After Josiah is killed in the battle with Neco against Assyria, Jehoahaz (though he is the younger brother of Jehoiachin) becomes king. He reigns for only three months. Replaced by Jehoiakim.

609 BC: Pharoah Neco removes Jehoahaz because of his anti-Egyptian views and takes him captive to Egypt. He appoints Eliakim his older brother as king, renaming him Jehoiakim.

Jeremiah 22:11 For thus says the LORD concerning Shallum (Jehoahaz) the son of Josiah, king of Judah, who reigned instead of Josiah his father, who went from this place: “He shall not return here anymore, 12 but he shall die in the place where they have led him captive, and shall see this land no more. 13 “ Woe to him who builds his house by unrighteousness And his chambers by injustice, Who houses his neighbor’s service without wages And gives him nothing for his work, 14 Who says, ‘I will build myself a wide house with spacious chambers, And cut out windows for it, Paneling it with cedar And painting it with vermilion.’ 15 “ Shall you reign because you enclose yourself in cedar? Did not your father eat and drink, And do justice and righteousness? Then it was well with him. 16 He judged the cause of the poor and needy; Then it was well. Was not this knowing Me?” says the LORD. 17 “ Yet your eyes and your heart are for nothing but your covetousness, For shedding innocent blood, And practicing oppression and violence.”

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC ▼ End of Josiah’s reign. Replaced by Jehoahaz.

——

609 BC: Pharoah Neco removes Jehoahaz because of his anti-Egyptian views and takes him captive to Egypt. He appoints Eliakim his older brother as king, renaming him Jehoiakim.
Johoahaz 609 BC King of Judah▼(aka Shallum)
Jeremiah 22:11 For thus says the LORD concerning Shallum (Jehoahaz) the son of Josiah, king of Judah, who reigned instead of Josiah his father, who went from this place: “He shall not return here anymore, 12 but he shall die in the place where they have led him captive, and shall see this land no more. 13 “ Woe to him who builds his house by unrighteousness And his chambers by injustice, Who houses his neighbor’s service without wages And gives him nothing for his work, 14 Who says, ‘I will build myself a wide house with spacious chambers, And cut out windows for it, Paneling it with cedar And painting it with vermilion.’ 15 “ Shall you reign because you enclose yourself in cedar? Did not your father eat and drink, And do justice and righteousness? Then it was well with him. 16 He judged the cause of the poor and needy; Then it was well. Was not this knowing Me?” says the LORD. 17 “ Yet your eyes and your heart are for nothing but your covetousness, For shedding innocent blood, And practicing oppression and violence.”
Johoahaz 609 BC King of Judah▲ (aka Shallum)
Josiah 641-609 BC King of Judah▼
609 BC: After Josiah is killed in the battle with Neco against Assyria, Jehoahaz (though he is the younger brother of Jehoiachin) becomes king. He reigns for only three months.
609 BC: Jewish reckoning for years begins with the month of Nisan (approx Apr-Mar). This means some years shown here (reflecting Jan-Dec patterns) may differ slightly from other published timelines.
609 BC: Nabopolassar is King of Babylon and Jehoahaz is King of Judah. Jehoahaz reigned for 3 months at the age of 23.
610 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

▲ Birth of Anaximander, (born 610 BC, Miletus [now in Turkey]—died 546 BC), a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher who made the first known world map. (See map at bottom of page). (Note: a person’s world grows as his/her understanding grows.)

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

—–

611 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

611 BC – Under the protection and with the assistance of the King of Egypt in the year 611 BC, Phoenician sailors set out upon the perilous undertaking of the circumnavigation of Africa; they were successful. Under the auspices of Pharaoh Necho, of Egypt, with which country they had such close maritime relations, the Tyrians in 611 BC sent out an expedition that circumnavigated Africa, occupying about six years in this greatest achievement of ancient seamanship

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

—–

611 BC – Under the protection and with the assistance of the King of Egypt in the year 611 BC, Phoenician sailors set out upon the perilous undertaking of the circumnavigation of Africa; they were successful. Under the auspices of Pharaoh Necho, of Egypt, with which country they had such close maritime relations, the Tyrians in 611 BC sent out an expedition that circumnavigated Africa, occupying about six years in this greatest achievement of ancient seamanship
612 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

613 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC
614 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC
615 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC
616 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

616 BC: Ancient Document “Laws of the Kings: Lucius Tarquinius Priscus 616-578 BC: To read a transaltion of the documents see:
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/medieval/laws_of_thekings.asp

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.

617 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
618 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
619 BC

Ninevah is conquered as Nahum had prophecied Ch 2&3
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

“The shield of [the] mighty men is made red, the valiant men are in scarlet; the chariots are fire of steel. . . . The chariots rush madly in the streets, they jostle one against another in the broad places; the appearance of them is like torches, they run to and fro like the lightnings. . . . Hark! the whip, and hark! the rattling of wheels; and prancing horses, and bounding chariots; the horsemen charging, and the flashing sword, and the glittering spear; and a multitude of slain, and a heap of carcasses . . . and they stumble upon their corpses. . . . Nineveh is laid waste; who will bemoan her?” Nahum ch 2, ch3 The Assyrian king Sin-shar-ishkun perished in the flames of his own palace. His brother Ashuruballit succeeded in escaping and with Egyptian assistance resisted Nabopolassar for a few more years.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.

—–

Nabopolassar, the Chaldean, was allied with Cyaxares, the king of the Medes and the prince of Damascus; Assurbanipal and after him Sin-shar-ishkun of Assyria were aided by Pharaoh Seti and for some time by the king of the Scythians. Egyptian troops are mentioned for the first time in Napopolassar’s year 10 (-616). For many years the fortunes of war changed camps. Then Nabopolassar and Cyaxares, the Mede, brought the Scythians over to their side. Their armies advanced from three sides against Nineveh. In August of the year -612 The dam on the Tigris was breached, and Nineveh was stormed. In a single night the city that was the splendor of its epoch went up in flames, and the centuries-old empire that ceaselessly carried sword and fire to the four quarters of the ancient world—as far as Elam and Lydia, Sarmatia and Ethiopia—ceased to exist forever.
“The shield of [the] mighty men is made red, the valiant men are in scarlet; the chariots are fire of steel. . . . The chariots rush madly in the streets, they jostle one against another in the broad places; the appearance of them is like torches, they run to and fro like the lightnings. . . . Hark! the whip, and hark! the rattling of wheels; and prancing horses, and bounding chariots; the horsemen charging, and the flashing sword, and the glittering spear; and a multitude of slain, and a heap of carcasses . . . and they stumble upon their corpses. . . . Nineveh is laid waste; who will bemoan her?” Nahum ch 2, ch3 The Assyrian king Sin-shar-ishkun perished in the flames of his own palace. His brother Ashuruballit succeeded in escaping and with Egyptian assistance resisted Nabopolassar for a few more years.
620 BC

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Approximate year of Daniel’s birth

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
621 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
622 BC

~622 BC: Josiah exhumed and burnt the bones of the priests on the altar of the golden calves.
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

~622 BC: Josiah exhumed and burnt the bones of the priests on the altar of the golden calves.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
623 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
624 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
625 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Nabopolassar (625 – 605 B.C.) of Babylon gets rid of the Assyrians and then strikes against the Assyrians in a coalition with Medes in campaigns from 615 – 609.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
626 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
627 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria.▼

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
628 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria


Jeremiah 1: 1 The words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests who were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin, 2 to whom the word of the LORD came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his reign. 3 It came also in the days of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, until the end of the eleventh year of Zedekiah the son of Josiah, king of Judah, until the carrying away of Jerusalem captive in the fifth month.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
629 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
630 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
631 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
632 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
633 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
634 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
635 BCThe Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
636 BCAshurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
637 BCAshurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
638 BCAshurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
639 BCAshurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 to 616 BC: Mamertine prison is built in Rome where Paul of Tsarus reputedly was held before his execution. The traditional derivation of “Tullianum” is from the name of one of the Roman kings Tullus Hostilius or Servius Tullius (the latter is found in Livy, Varro, and also Sallust); there is an alternative theory that it is from the archaic Latin tullius “a jet of water”, in reference to the cistern. The name “Mamertine” is medieval in origin, and may be a reference to a nearby temple of Mars.According to tradition, the prison was constructed around 640-616 BC, by Ancus Marcius. It was originally created as a cistern for a spring in the floor of the second lower level. Prisoners were lowered through an opening into the lower dungeon.
640 BC

ccc
Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC

640 BC: Ancient Document “The Laws of the Kings: Ancus Marcius 640-616 BC) To read a transaltion of the documents see:
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/medieval/laws_of_thekings.asp
641 BCAshurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

King Josiah of Judah 641-609 BC ▲
King Amon of Judah 643-641 BC ▼
642 BCAshurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

King Amon of Judah 643-641 BC Amon was 22 years old when he became king, and he reigned 2 years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Meshullemeth the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah.

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..
643 BCKing Amon of Judah 643-641 BC ▲ Amon was 22 years old when he became king, and he reigned 2 years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Meshullemeth the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah.

King Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC ▼

55th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

644 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC

54th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.
645 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC

53rd yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.
646 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC

52nd yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.
647 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC

51st yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.
648 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
50th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria▼
The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
649 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
49th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
650 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
48th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
651 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
47th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
652 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
46th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah

Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
653 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
45th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
654 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
44th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
655 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
43rd yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
656 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
42nd yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
657 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
41st yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
658 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
40th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
659 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
39th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
660 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
38th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.

660 BC: Traditional founding of Japan by Emperor Jimmu Tenno
661 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
37th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
662 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
36th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
663 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
35th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
664 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
34th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C..

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
665 BC King Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
33rd yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
666 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
32nd yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.
667 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
31st yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) King of Assyria (brother of Shamash-shum-ukin.

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.

Shamash-shum-ukin King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC. Brother of Ashurbanipal.
668 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
30th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


668 BC: Shamash-shum-ukin▲, son of Esarhaddon, becomes King of Babylon. 668 BC – 648 BC.

668 BC: Ashurbanipal ▲starts his rule (668-627 BC). He succeeds his father Esarhaddon ▼as king of Assyria
“I, Ashurbanipal, within the palace, understood the wisdom of Nabu [the god of learning]. All the art of writing of every kind. I made myself the master of them all. I read the cunning tablets of Sumer and the dark Akkadian language which is difficult to rightly use; I took my pleasure in reading stones inscribed before the flood. The best of the scribal art, such works as none of the kings who went before me had ever learnt, remedies from the top of the head to the toenails, non-canonical selections, clever teachings, whatever pertains to the medical mastery of [the gods] Ninurta and Gala, I wrote on tablets, checked and collated, and deposited within my palace for perusing and reading.” Ashurbanipal was a popular king who ruled his citizens fairly but was marked for his cruelty toward those whom he defeated, the best-known example being a relief depicting the defeated king with a dog chain through his jaw, being forced to live in a kennel after capture.

668 BC: Egypt rebels against Assyria.

Estimation: Nineveh, capital of Assyria becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Thebes in Egypt

The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C.
669 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
29th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


The Assyrians conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and control the country until 525 B.C

Esarhaddon ▼ Assyrian king (680 – 669 B.C.) rebuilds Babylon.
670 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
28th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Esarhaddon Assyrian king (680 – 669 B.C.) rebuilds Babylon.
671 BC671 BC: Assyrians attack Egypt. The Assyrians came from Mesopotamia. They conquered Egypt in 669 B.C., and controlled the country until 525 B.C.

King Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
27th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Esarhaddon Assyrian king (680 – 669 B.C.) rebuilds Babylon.
672 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
26th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Esarhaddon Assyrian king (680 – 669 B.C.) rebuilds Babylon.
673 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
25th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


673 BC: Ancient Document “The Laws of the Kings: Tullus Hostilius 673-640 BC”
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/medieval/laws_of_thekings.asp

Esarhaddon Assyrian king (680 – 669 B.C.) rebuilds Babylon.
674 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
24th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Esarhaddon Assyrian king (680 – 669 B.C.) rebuilds Babylon.
675 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
23rd yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Esarhaddon Assyrian king (680 – 669 B.C.) rebuilds Babylon.
676 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
22nd yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Esarhaddon Assyrian king (680 – 669 B.C.) rebuilds Babylon.
677 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
21st yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Esarhaddon Assyrian king (680 – 669 B.C.) rebuilds Babylon.
678 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
20th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Esarhaddon Assyrian king (680 – 669 B.C.) rebuilds Babylon.
679 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
19th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Esarhaddon Assyrian king (680 – 669 B.C.) rebuilds Babylon.
680 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
18th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Sennacherib’s son Esarhaddon ▲ (680 – 669 B.C.) rebuilds Babylon.
681 BCAssyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.) ▼

17th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah
King Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
682 BCAssyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)

16th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah
King Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
683 BCAssyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)

15th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah
King Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
684 BCAssyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)

14th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah
King Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
685 BCAssyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)

13th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah
King Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
686 BCAssyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)

King Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC
12th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah
687 BCKing Manasseh of Judah (alone) Kings of Judah 687-643 BC▲
11th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah

King Hezekiiah 697-687 BC of Judah▼ with Manasseh


Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
688 BCKing Hezekiiah 697-687 BC of Judah with Manasseh

10th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
689 BCKing Hezekiiah 697-687 BC of Judah with Manasseh

9th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)

Assyrian Sack of Babylon, 689 BC; (Babylon is rebuilt by Esarhaddon of Assyria in the 670s BC)
690 BCKing Hezekiiah 697-687 BC of Judah with Manasseh

8th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
691 BCKing Hezekiiah 697-687 BC of Judah with Manaesseh

7th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
692 BCKing Hezekiiah 697-687 BC of Judah with Manaesseh

6th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
693 BCKing Hezekiiah 697-687 BC of Judah with Manaesseh

5th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
694 BCKing Hezekiiah 697-687 BC of Judah with Manaesseh

4th yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
695 BCKing Hezekiiah 697-687 BC of Judah with Manaesseh

3rd yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
696 BCKing Hezekiiah 697-687 BC of Judah with Manaesseh

2nd yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
697 BCHezekiah and Manesseh 697-687 BC Kings of Judah▲ Jeremiah 15:3 “And I will appoint over them four forms of destruction,” says the LORD: “the sword to slay, the dogs to drag, the birds of the heavens and the beasts of the earth to devour and destroy. 4 I will hand them over to trouble, to all kingdoms of the earth, because of Manasseh the son of Hezekiah, king of Judah, for what he did in Jerusalem.”

King Hezekiiah 697-687 BC of Judah▲ with Manaesseh
1st yr reign of Manasseh, King of Judah


2 Kings 21:1 [Manasseh Reigns in Judah ] Manasseh was twelve years old when he became king, and he reigned fifty-five years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Hephzibah.

King Hezekiiah 716-697 BC of Judah▼

Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
698 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah

Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
699 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah

Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
700 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah

Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
701 BC

Sennacherib & Hezekiah (II Chron 32:2-5 and Isaiah 22:10)
701 BC: The Assyrian army (Sennacherib) attacked. King Hezekiah built the walls of Jerusalem to resist the Assyrian armies. “And when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib was come, and that he was purposed to fight against Jerusalem, He took counsel with his princes . . . they did help him. Also he strengthened himself, and built up all the wall that was broken, and raised it up to the towers, and another wall without” (2 Chronicles 32:2-5). The archeologists found that portions of the wall actually cut through walls of recently built houses, indicating the urgency of the defensive actions and the authority of the king. This is confirmed in the Bible’s own account, “And ye have numbered the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses have ye broken down to fortify the wall” (Isaiah 22:10).

King Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah

Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
702 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah

Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
703 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah

Assyrian king Sennacherib (704 – 681 B.C.)
704 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah

Assyrian king Sennacherib ▲ (704 – 681 B.C.)
705 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah
706 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah
707 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah
708 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah
709 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah
710 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah
711 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah

The Assyrian capture of Ashdod in 711 BC by Sargon II. Isaiah 20:1
712 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah
713 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah
714 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah
715 BCKing Hezekiiah 716-687 BC of Judah
716 BC The year King Ahaz died.
Isaiah 14:28 This is the burden (oracle, prophecy) which came in the year that King Ahaz died.

King Hezekiiah and Ahaz 716-687 BC Kings of Judah▲
King Ahaz (alone) 735-716 BC Kings of Judah ▼


716 BC: Ancient Document “Laws of the Kings Numa Pompilius” 716-673 BC A portion of the document is as follows:

“Numa added fifty days, … so that the year was extended to 354 days, within which he believed that the moon’s twelve courses were completed. And to these fifty added by him he annexed six others, drawn from those six months that had thirty days, … and the fifty-six days thus created he divided in an equal way into two new months: and .. . the former he named January and willed it to be the first of the year, … the latter he dedicated to the god Februus. … A little later Numa added a day, which he gave to January … in honor of an unequal number. Therefore, January, April, June, Sextilis, September, November, December were reckoned with twenty-nine days; … but March, May, Quintilis, and October had thirty days each, but February retained twenty-eight days.”
717 BCKing Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC Kings of Judah
718 BCKing Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC Kings of Judah
719 BCKing Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC Kings of Judah
720 BCKing Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC Kings of Judah
721 BCKing Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC Kings of Judah

The first eclipse on record, a lunar one, was accurately observed at Babylon, March 19th, 721 B.C. http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/B/Babel/
722 BC

Israel (Northern Kingdom) falls.

There is no further king of Israel
King Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC King of Judah

◄722 BC: Northern Kingdom taken captive by the Assyrians. Israel fell to Assyrian king Sargon II and ceased to exist.

Isaiah 20:1-5 In the year that Tartan came to Ashdod, when Sargon the king of Assyria sent him, and he fought against Ashdod and took it, at the same time the Lord spoke by Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, “Go, and remove the sackcloth from your body, and take your sandals off your feet.” And he did so, walking naked and barefoot.

Then the Lord said, “Just as My servant Isaiah has walked naked and barefoot three years for a sign and a wonder against Egypt and Ethiopia, so shall the king of Assyria lead away the Egyptians as prisoners and the Ethiopians as captives, young and old, naked and barefoot, with their buttocks uncovered, to the shame of Egypt. Then they shall be afraid and ashamed of Ethiopia their expectation and Egypt their glory. And the inhabitant of this territory will say in that day, ‘Surely such is our expectation, wherever we flee for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria; and how shall we escape?’” Hoshea relied on Egypt which brought about Israel’s destruction.

The Third and final Harbinger of Judgement TEN years after the second harbinger.

Shalmaneser V ▼ king of Assyria and Babylon from 727 to 722 BC.

Hoshea 732-722 BC King of Israel▼ Last king of the Northern Kingdom: conquered and taken into captivity by Sargon II in 722 BC
723 BCKing Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC Kings of Judah

Hoshea 732-722 BC King of Israel


Shalmaneser V king of Assyria and Babylon from 727 to 722 BC.
724 BCKing Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC Kings of Judah

Hoshea 732-722 BC Kings of Israel


Shalmaneser V king of Assyria and Babylon from 727 to 722 BC.
725 BCKing Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC Kings of Judah

Hoshea 732-722 BC Kings of Israel


Shalmaneser V king of Assyria and Babylon from 727 to 722 BC.
726 BCKing Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC Kings of Judah

Hoshea 732-722 BC Kings of Israel


Shalmaneser V king of Assyria and Babylon from 727 to 722 BC.
727 BCKing Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC Kings of Judah

Hoshea 732-722 BC Kings of Israel


Shalmaneser V ▲king of Assyria and Babylon from 727 to 722 BC.

Tiglath-pileser III▼(745-727) King of Assyria
728 BCKing Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC Kings of Judah

Hoshea 732-722 BC Kings of Israel


Tiglath-pileser III (745-727)

728 BC: Nubian king Piy conquered Egypt
729 BCKing Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC

Tiglath-pileser III (729-727) becomes King of Babylon in October capturing the Babylonian king Nabu-mukin-zeri (1 Col.1:21) and having himself crowned as “King Pulu of Babylon”. Spelled as “Tiglath-Pileser” in the Book of Kings (2 Kings 15:29) and as “Tilgath-Pilneser” in the Book of Chronicles (2 Chronicles 28:20).

Hoshea 732-722 BC Kings of Israel
730 BCKing Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC Kings of Judah

Hoshea 732-722 BC Kings of Israel


Tiglath-pileser III (745-727)
731 BCKing Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC Kings of Judah

Hoshea 732-722 BC Kings of Israel


Tiglath-pileser III (745-727)
732 BCKing Ahaz (alone) 732-716 BC Kings of Judah▲
King Jotham and Ahaz 735-732 BC Kings of Judah▼


Tiglath-pileser III (745-727) Tiglath-Pileser III installs Hoshea as King over Israel. Tiglath-Pileser III executed Rezin the king of Damascus.

Hoshea replacing Pekah as King is confirmed in the annals of the king of Assyria himself, Tiglath-Pileser III (fig. 11), whose writings state the following concerning Hoshea:

“They had overthrown their king Pekah, Hoshea I placed as ruler over them. From him I received a tribute of 10 talents of gold and 1,000 talents of silver.”

“In the days of Pekah king of Israel, Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria came and captured Ijon and Abel-beth-maacah and Janoah and Kedesh and Hazor and Gilead and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali; and he carried them captive to Assyria.

And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and struck him and put him to death and became king in his place, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.” 2 Kings 15:29-30 (NASB)

Hoshea 732-722 BC King of Israel▲ (replacing Pekah as King over Israel. )

Judah had rendered allegiance to Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria, when the Northern Kingdom under Pekah, in league with Rezin of Aram-Damascus, had attempted to coerce the Judean king into joint action against Assyria. Hoshea, a captain in Pekah’s own army, placed himself at the head of the Assyrian party in Samaria; he then removed Pekah by assassination. Tiglath-Pileser III rewarded Hoshea by installing him as king.

20 yrs reign of Pekah 752 – 732 BC▼ Pekah King of Israel: reigned 20 years. II Kings 15:27


SECOND HARBINGER: The Attack SEVEN YEARS after the prophecy.
733 BCTiglath-pileser III (745-727) King of Assyria

19th yr reign of Pekah
Pekah 751-732 BC King of Israel

King Jotham and Ahaz 735-732 BC Kings of Judah


Tiglath-pileser III complied to Ahaz’a request by conducting his campaigns of 734-732. He first moved down the Mediterranean coast as far as Philistia and conquered cities there, espe­cially Gaza. Later he marched into Israel destroying cities all across Gali­lee and taking many people captive (2 Kings 15:29). In 732 he moved against Damascus, capturing the capital city, and executing Rezin the king. Tiglath-pileser III himself did not kill Pekah, because Hoshea, who succeeded Pekah, did it for him. All of these conquests are listed on various inscriptions left by Tiglath-pileser III.
734 BC
2 Chron 28:5-8, Isa 7:1-2
Tiglath-pileser III (745-727) King of Assyria

In Pekah’s sixth year of sole rule, 734 BC, Tiglath-pileser III returned to the west to put down this rebellious alli­ance. He had come at the request of Ahaz, king of Judah, who had been besieged in Jerusalem by Pekah and Rezin (2 Chron. 28:5-8; Isa. 7:1-2). The two allies, Pekah and Rezin, had hoped to force Ahaz to join their rebellion. Instead, Ahaz asked for aid from the Assyrian ruler.

Now it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin king of Syria and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up to Jerusalem to make war against it, but could not prevail against it. Isaiah 7:1

King Jotham and Ahaz 735-732 BC Kings of Judah

18th yr reign of Pekah
Pekah 751-732 BC King of Israel
735 BCKing Jotham and 735-732 BC Kings of Judah▲ (See #10 and #11 on the Kings of Judah and Israel)
King Jotham 750 – 732 BC, (alone) 740-735 BC King of Judah ▼

17th yr reign of Pekah
Pekah 751-732 BC King of Israel

Pekah (alone ) 740-735 BC King of Israel▼


Tiglath-pileser III (745-727) King of Assyria
736 BC

King Jotham 750 – 732 BC, (alone) 740-735 BC King of Judah

16th yr reign of Pekah BC King of Israel▼


Tiglath-pileser III (745-727) King of Assyria
737 BCKing Jotham 750 – 732 BC. (alone) 740-735 BC King of Judah

15th yr reign of Pekah BC King of Israel▼


Tiglath-pileser III (745-727) King of Assyria
738 BCKing Jotham (alone) BC King of Judah 750 – 732 BC

14th yr reign of Pekah (King of Israel)


Tiglath-pileser III (745-727) King of Assyria
739 BCKing Jotham (alone) BC King of Judah 750 – 732 BC

13th yr reign of Pekah King of Israel


Tiglath-pileser III (745-727) King of Assyria
740 BC
King Uzziah the leper dies.
740 BC: Isaiah 6:1 In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the LORD sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple.

Pekah (alone) 740-735 BC King of Israel ▲
Pekah & Pekahiah 742-740 BC King of Israel▼
12th yr reign of Pekah

King Jotham 750 – 732 BC, (alone) 740-735 BC King of Judah▲
Uzziah (the leper) and Jotham 750-740 BC Kings of Judah ▼


Tiglath-pileser III (745-727) King of Assyria

THE HARBINGER OF JUDGEMENT
Isaiah 9:8-11,37-38 ISAIAH’S PROPHECY
The Lord has sent a message against Jacob; it will fall on Israel.
All the people will know it— Ephraim and the inhabitants of Samaria—who say with pride and arrogance of heart,
“The bricks have fallen down, but we will rebuild with dressed stone; the fig trees have been felled, but we will replace them with cedars.”
But the Lord has strengthened Rezin’s foes against them and has spurred their enemies on.

In those days the Lord began to send Rezin king of Syria and Pekah the son of Remaliah against Judah. So Jotham rested with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the City of David his father. Then Ahaz his son reigned in his place.
741 BC11th yr reign of Pekah
Pekah & Pekahiah 742-740 BC King of Israel▲

Uzziah (the leper) and Jotham 750-740 BC Kings of Judah


Tiglath-pileser III (745-727) King of Assyria
742 BC10th yr reign of Pekah
Pekah & Pekahiah 742-740 BC King of Israel▲
Pekah and Mehahem 752-742 BC Kings of Israel▼


Uzziah (the leper) and Jotham 750-740 BC Kings of Judah

Tiglath-pileser III (745-727) King of Assyria
743 BC9th yr reign of Pekah
Pekah and Mehahem 752-742 BC Kings of Israel

Uzziah (the leper) and Jotham 750-740 BC Kings of Judah


Tiglath-pileser III (745-727) King of Assyria. Tiglath-pileser III’s campaign of 743 BC reached all the way to Israel and involved Menahem. Tiglath-pileser III was not yet able to incorporate the area as a prov­ince, but he did exact tribute from Menahem. In doing so Menahem became a vassal to the Assyrian ruler (2 Kings 15:19-20).
744 BC8th yr reign of Pekah
Pekah and Mehahem 752-742 BC Kings of Israel

Uzziah (the leper) and Jotham 750-740 BC Kings of Judah


Tiglath-pileser III (745-727) King of Assyria
745 BCTiglath-pileser III ▲(745-727) had now come to the throne and restored Assyria’s empire. He had achieved success first to the south (in Babylonia) and also the north (against the Urartu) before crossing the Euphrates and coming west. Tiglath-pileser III was successful and instituted policies that differed from those of previous rulers. Former kings had been satisfied merely with nominal control and a reception of tribute, but this approach had resulted in constant revolt. Tiglath-pileser III incor­porated conquered land as Assyrian provinces and deported native leaders who might instigate revolution.

Uzziah (the leper) and Jotham 750-740 BC Kings of Judah

Pekah and Mehahem 752-742 BC Kings of Israel
7th yr reign of Pekah


Ashur-nirari V ▼ (also Assurnirari) King of Assyria from 755 to 745 BC.
746 BCUzziah (the leper) and Jotham 750-740 BC Kings of Judah

Pekah and Mehahem 752-742 BC Kings of Israel
6th yr reign of Pekah


Ashur-nirari V (also Assurnirari) King of Assyria from 755 to 745 BC.
747 BCUzziah (the leper) and Jotham 750-740 BC Kings of Judah

Pekah and Mehahem 752-742 BC Kings of Israel
5th yr reign of Pekah


Ashur-nirari V (also Assurnirari) King of Assyria from 755 to 745 BC.
748 BCUzziah (the leper) and Jotham 750-740 BC Kings of Judah

Pekah and Mehahem 752-742 BC Kings of Israel
4th yr reign of Pekah


Ashur-nirari V (also Assurnirari) King of Assyria from 755 to 745 BC.
749 BCUzziah (the leper) and Jotham 750-740 BC Kings of Judah

Pekah and Mehahem 752-742 BC Kings of Israel
3rd yr reign of Pekah


Ashur-nirari V (also Assurnirari) King of Assyria from 755 to 745 BC.
750 BC
King Uzziah is sticken with leprosy from God because he defiled the temple by acting as a priest.
Uzziah (the leper) and Jotham 750-740 BC Kings of Judah▲

750 BC: Since this is the year Uzziah’s son Jotham co-reigned with Uzziah, this is probably the year king Uzziah was stricken with leprosy.

2nd yr reign of Pekah

Uzziah enters the temple of the LORD to burn incense on the altar of incense. (He broke God’s laws dictating that only the Levis were to be priests in the temple. Uzziah thought that as king, he could supersede other spheres of authority that had been instituted by God). Azariah the priest with eighty other courageous priests of the LORD followed him in. They confronted him and said “It is not right for you, Uzziah, to burn incense to the LORD. That is for the priests, the descendants of Aaron, who have been consecrated to burn incense. Leave the sanctuary, for you have been unfaithful; and you will not be honored by the LORD God.” Uzziah, who had a censer in his hand ready to burn incense, became angry.

While he was raging at the priests in their presence before the incense altar in the LORD’s temple, leprosy broke out on his forehead. When Azariah the chief priest and all the other priests looked at him, they saw that he had leprosy on his forehead, so they hurried him out. Indeed, he himself was eager to leave, because the LORD had afflicted him. I Chronicles 26.

Uzziah King of Judah (792-740 BC), reigned alone (before being a leper) 767-750 BC ▼
Pekah and Mehahem 752-742 BC Kings of Israel


Ashur-nirari V (also Assurnirari) King of Assyria from 755 to 745 BC.
751 BC1st yr reign of Pekah
Pekah and Mehahem 752-742 BC Kings of Israel

Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC


Ashur-nirari V (also Assurnirari) King of Assyria from 755 to 745 BC.
752 BC
Rape of the Sabine Women. Romulus, king of Rome.
The strange one month reign of Shallum.
Pekah reigns 20 years altogether 752 – 732 BC Pekah King of Israel: reigned 20 years. II Kings 15:27

Pekah and Mehahem 752-742 BC Kings of Israel▲ Menahem’s ten year reign is told in 2 Kings 15:14-22. [In the fifty-second year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekah the son of Remaliah became king over Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years. 2 Kings 15:27]

Shallum 752 BC ▲ ▼ Ruled one year. King of Israel (Shallum killed Zechariah and set himself up as ruler, thus instituting Israel’s sixth ruling family. He reigned only one month, however, when Mena­hem, possibly as military leader under Zechariah, retaliated by killing him. Nothing further is recorded regarding Shallum.) 2 Kings 15:13-15


752 BC—Romulus, first king of Rome▲, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women.

Ashur-nirari V (also Assurnirari) King of Assyria from 755 to 745 BC.

Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC
753 BCAncient Document “Laws of the Kings” Romulus 753-510 BC: To read a translation of the documents see: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/medieval/laws_of_thekings.asp

Shallum 752 BC King of Israel ▲
Zechariah (507-586) King of Israel ▲▼: Ruled one year.
Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel▼
41st year of Jeroboam II


753 BC—Alcmaeon, King of Athens, dies▼ after a reign of 2 years. He is replaced by Harops ▲, elected Archon for a ten-year term.

Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC

Ashur-nirari V (also Assurnirari) King of Assyria from 755 to 745 BC.
754 BCAshur-nirari V (also Assurnirari) King of Assyria from 755 to 745 BC.

Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC

Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
40th year of Jeroboam II
755 BCAshur-nirari V ▲ (also Assurnirari) King of Assyria from 755 to 745 BC. Ashur-nirari V ▲ succeeds Ashur-Dan III ▼as king of Assyria

Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
39th year of Jeroboam II
Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC


Ashur-dan III ▼was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.

755 BC—Aeschylus, King of Athens, dies ▼after a reign of 23 years and is succeeded by Alcmaeon.▲
756 BCAshur-dan III was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.

Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC
Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
38th year of Jeroboam II
757 BCAshur-dan III was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.

Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC
Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
37th year of Jeroboam II
758 BCAshur-dan III was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.

Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC
Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
36th year of Jeroboam II
759 BC759 BC Alexander king of Corinth killed ▼ by his successor Telestes.▲

Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
35th year of Jeroboam II
Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC


759 BC Assyria was hit by a second plague (see 765 AD)
Ashur-dan III was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.
760 BCJonah sent to Nineveh Jonah 1-4 (Biblios)

Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
34th year of Jeroboam II
Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC


Ashur-dan III was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.
761 BCAshur-dan III was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.

Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC
Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
33rd year of Jeroboam II
762 BCAshur-dan III was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.

Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC
Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
32nd year of Jeroboam II
763 BC763 BC—June 15— An eclipse in 763 BC which anchors the Assyrian list of imperial officials. A solar eclipse at this date (in month Sivan) is used to fix the chronology of the Ancient Near East. However, it should be noted that it requires Nisan 1 to fall on March 20, 763 BC, which was 8 to 9 days before the vernal equinox (March 28/29 at that time) and Babylonians never started their calendar year before the spring equinox. Three famous solar eclipse records were made in Mesopotamia; one was that of the eclipse of 3 May 1375 BC, which was visible in the city of Ugarit (located in present Syrian Arab Republic), a total eclipse “that turned day into night” was found to be the eclipse of 31 July 1036 BC, and an Assyrian record of the solar eclipse of 15 June 763 BC that was observed in the city of Nineva.

Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
31st year of Jeroboam II
Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC


Ashur-dan III was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.
764 BCAshur-dan III was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.

Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC
Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
30th year of Jeroboam II
765 BC765 BC Assyria was hit by a plague
Ashur-dan III was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.

Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC
Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
29th year of Jeroboam II


Alara, King of Kush, r. 795 – c.765 BC▼
766 BC
II Kings 15:1
Azariah (Uzziah) (Son of Amaziah, king of Judah) became king of Judah when he was 16 yrs old (he reigned 52 years) ▲ II Kings 15:1
Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC

Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
28th year of Jeroboam II


Ashur-dan III was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.

Alara, King of Kush, r. 795 – c.765 BC
767 BC1 The word of the LORD that came to Hosea the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel. (~767-722 BC or 45 years)

Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
27th year of Jeroboam IId

Uzziah King of Judah (792-740), (alone-before being a leper) 767-750 BC ▲ Uzziah was sixteen 16 years old when he became king, and he reigned fifty-two 52 years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Jecholiah of Jerusalem. 2 Chron 26:3

Amaziah and Uzziah 792-767 BC Kings of Judah▼


Ashur-dan III was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.

Alara, King of Kush, r. 795 – c.765 BC
Osorkon III, Pharaoh of Egypt ▼(Twenty-Third Dynasty), r. 795–767 BC
768 BCAshur-dan III was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.

Amaziah and Uzziah 792-767 BC Kings of Judah
Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
26th year of Jeroboam II


Alara, King of Kush, r. 795 – c.765 BC
Osorkon III, Pharaoh of Egypt (Twenty-Third Dynasty), r. 795–767 BC
769 BCAshur-dan III was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.

Amaziah and Uzziah 792-767 BC Kings of Judah
Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
25th year of Jeroboam II


Alara, King of Kush, r. 795 – c.765 BC
Osorkon III, Pharaoh of Egypt (Twenty-Third Dynasty), r. 795–767 BC
770 BCAshur-dan III was King of Assyria from 773 to 755 BC.

Amaziah and Uzziah 792-767 BC Kings of Judah
Jereboam II (alone) 782-753 BC King of Israel
24th year of Jeroboam II


Alara, King of Kush, r. 795 – c.765 BC
Osorkon III, Pharaoh of Egypt (Twenty-Third Dynasty), r. 795–767 BC
Cont.See Timeline 771 BC – 1000 BC
501 BC – 770 BC

Below: recreated: first known world map believed to have been made on an etched rounded metal surface approximately c.610 to 546 BC. The recreation shows how the scholars understood the world to look during this era. The three “continents” are separated by three divisions of waters: The Mediterrianean Sea, The Nile River, and the Phasis River (modern-day Rioni River) in western Georgia, all of which are encompassed by the waters of an ocean.

Anaximander's Map

The creator is Pre-Socratic Greek philosopher Anaximander in ancient Greek city of Miletus (area in modern-day Turkey).

In addition to his map of the world, Anaximander is credited with building the first celestial globe and was one of the first people to note that the Earth floated freely in the “center of the infinite.”

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: