Topic: Covenants

Before the beginning, a Covenant was made by the Trinity: The Son of God made a covenant with the Father and the Spirit to sacrifice Himself as a Redeemer for mankind even before creation:

Revelation 13:8 All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

  • The story below is taken from the fictional book “One Angel’s Opinion: Auroran’s Declaration volume 1” Barbara Grover  ©2013 expressing how this covenant might be expressed provided by the verses below:
  • Isaiah 46:10, Job 36:5, Nu 23:19, Psalm 33:11, Jonah 2:9, Luke 4:43, John 12:27,  Acts 2:23, Romans 9:11, Eph 1:5, Eph 1:11, Eph 3:11, Phil 2:13, II Tim 1:9, Heb 6:13 –
  • “In the days of old, before the beginning, God met in the holy of holies in the heavens to make a Pact. This Pact was written by the Holy Spirit, for it is He who will engrave it upon the hearts of men. It was signed in blood by the Son of God, destined to become the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world, and authorized by the Father, the divine Judge over all who upholds the Laws and Ordinances of Heaven.

    This Pact became God’s covenant with man whom He had not yet created. The Son of God spoke saying, ‘With a song of thanksgiving I will sacrifice myself. What I have vowed I will make good.’

    Thunder and Lightning shook the heavens as the Father and the Spirit witnessed the Son of God morph into a Lamb. Lightning struck the Lamb splitting it violently in half, covering it in blood and laid out. The Father and the Spirit walked between the pieces of the splayed Lamb to seal the Pact all had agreed to–a covenant of death never to be broken.

    The blood of the Lamb ran down into a gully, pooling and hardening, forming a cornerstone upon which the laws and ordinances of heaven will be laid, stones of fire to become the foundations of the heavens and the earth.

    The Pact was then sealed with seven seals, such that none of God’s creatures could open it; not even Lucifer, who came to walk among the stones of fire.”

(“One Angel’s Opinion Vol I is available on Amazon)

  1. THE OLD OR FIRST COVENANTS
  • Edenic Covenant, Gen 1:26-28 — The conditional covenant between God and Adam, governing man’s creation and life in Eden’s innocence. It regulated man’s dominion and subjugation of the earth, and presented a simple test of obedience and a death penalty. It ended shortly after it was made when Adam and Eve ate of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil.
  • Adamic Covenant, Gen 3:14-19 — The unconditional covenant between God and all fallen humans. Satan’s tool (the serpent) was cursed (Gen 3:14); the first promise of the Redeemer was given (3:15); the man’s and women’s status was altered (3:16); the earth was cursed (3:17-19); physical and spiritual death resulted (3:19). It remains in effect as long as sin is present on earth.
  • Noahic Covenant, Gen 8:20-9:6 — The unconditional covenant for all human government. Man is to govern his fellowmen for God, indicated by the institution of capital punishment as the supreme judicial power of the state (Gen 9:5-6). Other features included the promise of redemption through the line of Shem (9:26). It remains in effect as long as there are rainbows.
  • Abrahamic Covenant, Gen 12:1-3; 13:14-17; 15:1-7; 17:1-8 — The unconditional covenant of promise for all Abraham’s spiritual children. Abraham’s posterity is promised to be a great nation. In him (through Christ) all the families of the earth were to be blessed (Gal 3:16, 28-29). Benefactors of the covenant receive the real Promised Land, a home not on earth (Heb 11:13-16).
  • Mosaic Covenant, Ex 20:1-31:18 — The legal conditional covenant, given solely to the Nation of Israel. It consisted of the Ten Commandments (Ex 20:1-26), social judgments (Ex 21:1; 24:11) and religious ordinances (Ex 24:12-31:18). Because of its prominence in Jewish civil prudence, it is frequently referred to as “the Law”. Spiritually, it was a conditional covenant of works, and due to its impossible requirements, it is a ministry of ‘condemnation’ and ‘death’ (2 Cor 3:7-9), designed to lead the transgressor to redemption in Christ. It ended with the death of Christ in ~33 AD.
  • Davidic Covenant, 2 Sam 7:4-17, 1 Chr 17:4-15 — The unconditional kingdom covenant regulating the temporal and eternal rule of David’s Posterity. It secures in perpetuity a Davidic dynasty and kingdom. It was confirmed by divine oath in Ps 89:30-37, renewed to Mary in Lk 1:31-33, and fulfilled in Christ as the Savior and Israel’s coming King (Acts 1:6; Rev 19:16; 20:4-6).
  • New Covenant, Mt 26:28; Mk 14:24; Lk 22:20; Heb 8:8-12 — The covenant of unconditional blessing based upon the finished redemption of Christ. The new covenant introduces the concept known as the “Bride of Christ.”
  • The Covenant for the Jews living in the Millennium, Jer 31:31-33; Jer 32:37-41 – Returning the Jews to their homeland where they serve as priests for the reigning Christ in an everlasting kingdom.

In summary of the five biblical covenants, Jesus is a better Noah who brings judgment of sin, salvation by grace to the family of God, and a new world free of sin and its effects. Jesus is a better Abraham, the blessing to the nations of the earth. Jesus is a better Moses as God’s prophet who fulfilled the law for us, allows God’s wrath to pass over us because of his shed blood, conquered our pharaoh of Satan, redeemed us from sin, and journeys with us toward home despite our sin and grumbling. And Jesus is a better David who is seated on a throne ruling as the King of kings and is coming again to establish his eternal and global kingdom of peace and prosperity.

2. THE CUTTING OF A COVENANT

  • Circumcision includes the cutting of the foreskin from males which represents how men are to cut away fleshly, worldly pleasures in order to produce spiritual fruit. While it is written to men, it also applies to women in the spiritual realm.
  • There are also acts of making a covenant between people in the Bible: Some examples are …
    • Genesis 21:27 So Abraham took sheep and oxen and gave them to Abimelech, and the two of them made a covenant.
    • Genesis 31:44 Now therefore, come, let us make a covenant, you (Jacob) and I (Laban), and let it be a witness between you and me.”
    • 1 Samuel 18:3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.

3. THE NEW COVENANT

In the Bible, all of the covenants lead up to the New Covenant relationship believers enjoy with Jesus Christ forever.

Hunter and Wellum explain in Christ from Beginning to End that “the Old Testament is the story of God’s promises and the New Testament is God’s fulfillment of all he has promised”
In their book, Hunter and Wellum make plain “the Law-covenant has not been abolished…” However, in Christ “it has been fulfilled in the sense that it has reached its God-intended end” (147). So it isn’t that the law is irrelevant; it is fulfilled.
https://zondervanacademic.com/blog/new-covenant

  • Hebrews 8:7 – A New Covenant – For if that first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second.
  • Hebrews 8:13 In that He says, “A new covenant,” He has made the first obsolete. Now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away.

Matthew 26:28 For this is My (Jesus’) blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.


THE COMMANDMENTS OF THE NEW COVENANT

  • John 14:15 Jesus Promises Another Helper – “If you love Me, keep My commandments.”
  • John 14:21 He who has My commandments and keeps them, it is he who loves Me. And he who loves Me will be loved by My Father, and I will love him and manifest Myself to him.”
  • John 15:10 If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love, just as I have kept My Father’s commandments and abide in His love.

Matthew 5:19 Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

Matthew 11:11 “Assuredly, I say to you, among those born of women there has not risen one greater than John the Baptist; but he who is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.

  • John the Baptist died before the New Covenant; therefore he was subject to the Old Covenant.
  • Why would one who is least in the kingdom of heaven be greater than John the Baptist? The apostle Paul was least in the kingdom of heaven (the Old Covenant) but will be the greatest in the kingdom of God (the New Covenant).
  • The Law was never made to supersede LOVE.
  • There are not enough laws that could be written to stop men from sinning.
  • Evil men do not obey laws.
  • Only Jesus can fully follow all laws being sinless.
  • Love covers a multitude of sins. 1 Peter 4:8

Mark 12:30 And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.’ This is the first commandment.31 And the second commandment is this: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.”

  • Love doesn’t need laws.
  • What breaks your heart, breaks my heart.

%d bloggers like this: