BIBLE: Luke Chapter 22 – Headline “high priest meets High Priest”

Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.

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Luke 22

The Plot to Kill Jesus
Luke 22:1 Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread drew near, which is called Passover.

Luke 22:And the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might kill Him, for they feared the people.
Luke 22:Then Satan entered Judas, surnamed Iscariot, who was numbered among the twelve.
Luke 22:So he went his way and conferred with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray Him to them.
  • Judas went HIS WAY, NOT GOD’S WAY. Judas went into the night.
Luke 22:And they were glad, and agreed to give him money.
  • They gave him 30 pieces of silver. False teachers love money, but they hated Jesus more.
Luke 22:So he promised and sought opportunity to betray Him to them in the absence of the multitude.

Jesus and His Disciples Prepare the Passover

Luke 22:Then came the Day of Unleavened Bread, when the Passover must be (sacrificed) killed.
  • See chart at Top of Page: Jesus is killed the same day the Passover lamb is slaughtered. Jesus IS the Passover lamb from before the foundation of the world.
  • The feast of Unleavened Bread represents bread without yeast. Jesus compares yeast to sin (pride) which puffs up.
Luke 22:And He sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat.”

Luke 22:So they said to Him, “Where do You want us to prepare?”
Luke 22:10 And He said to them, “Behold, when you have entered the city, a man will meet you carrying a pitcher of water; follow him into the house which he enters.

Luke 22:11 Then you shall say to the master of the house, ‘The Teacher says to you, “Where is the guest room where I may eat the Passover with My disciples?” ’
Luke 22:12 Then he will show you a large, furnished upper room; there make ready.”
Luke 22:13 So they went and found it just as He had said to them, and they prepared the Passover.

Jesus Institutes the Lord’s Supper

Luke 22:14 When the hour had come, He sat down, and the twelve apostles with Him.
Luke 22:15 Then He said to them, “With fervent desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer;
  • Jesus predicts his death.
Luke 22:16 for I say to you, I will no longer eat of it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.”
Luke 22:17 Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, “Take this and divide it among yourselves;
  • The cup was passed around.
Luke 22:18 for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.”
  • John the Baptist announced the kingdom of heaven. Now Jesus is saying the kingdom of God is yet to come. What is the difference between the kingdom of heaven and the kingdom of God? The kingdom of heaven is when Jesus sets up His Kingdom on earth “Thy Kingdom Come” and rules in Jerusalem. During that time the Jews are priests who serve the nations. It is a physical kingdom on earth. The kingdom of God is in the heavens and is made up of the resurrected dead as well as those raptured. It is a spiritual kingdom.
Luke 22:19 And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.”
Luke 22:20 Likewise He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you.
  • Jesus took the cup last after His disciples.
  • The Cup of Red Wine/Blood
    • Although documented in the New Testament in Greek, Jesus would have been speaking in Hebrew. The word for red blood is the same word for red wine: “dom”. The disciples could have interpreted it as “wine” instead of blood.
    • Side Note: If you add the letter “A” in front of “dom” it is the word for “man”; “Adom/Adam”. The blood is in the man and life is in the blood. If you add “AH” to Adom/Adam, it is the Hebrew word for “earth”; “AdamAH”. Adam was made from the earth.
  • The New Covenant
    • The Old and New Testament were once called the Old and New Covenant.
  • What does it mean to have a New Covenant?
    • According to Jesus, the New Covenant (grace) fulfills the Old Covenant (the law).
Luke 22:21 But behold, the hand of My betrayer is with Me on the table.
  • Reverence Verses
  • John 13:26 Jesus answered, “It is he to whom I shall give a piece of bread when I have dipped it.” And having dipped the bread, He gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.
    • Psalm 41:9 Even my own familiar friend in whom I trusted, Who ate my bread, Has lifted up his heel against me. (Acted as a traitor) Note: Prophecy Fulfilled: The heel is in reference to the prophecy in Genesis 3:15 in which God pronounced that the seed (the Scribes, Pharisees, and traitor) of the Serpent (Satan) would bruise the heel of (betray) the Redeemer (Jesus). The heel is a tool of authority: it is understood in the modern day terms of “putting one’s foot on someone’s head”, “putting my foot down”, or “walking all over me”.
  • Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity (war) between you (Satan) and the woman, And between your (Satan’s) seed and her Seed (Jesus); He (Jesus) shall bruise your head (a terminal wound), And you shall bruise His heel (a non-terminal wound). Note: Judas, the Scribes and the Pharisees were all the “seed of Satan, the serpent”.
    • John 8:44 You are of your father the devil (the seed of the serpent), and the desires of your father you want to do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own resources, for he is a liar and the father of it.
Luke 22:22 And truly the Son of Man goes as it has been determined, but woe to that man by whom He is betrayed!”
Luke 22:23 Then they began to question among themselves, which of them it was who would do this thing.

The Disciples Argue About Greatness

Luke 22:24 Now there was also a dispute among them, as to which of them should be considered the greatest.
Luke 22:25 And He said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them, and those who exercise authority over them are called ‘benefactors.’
Luke 22:26 But not so among you; on the contrary, he who is greatest among you, let him be as the younger, and he who governs as he who serves.
Luke 22:27 For who is greater, he who sits at the table, or he who serves? Is it not he who sits at the table? Yet I am among you as the One who serves.
  • If you’re too big to follow, you’re too little to lead.
Luke 22:28 “But you are those who have continued with Me in My trials.
Luke 22:29 And I bestow upon you a kingdom, just as My Father bestowed one upon Me,
Luke 22:30 that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”
  • Jesus is foretelling His kingdom on earth when He reigns in Jerusalem for one thousand years called the Millennium. It immediately follows His return to earth with the saints for the battle at Armageddon and it is patterned after the feast of Sukkot, also called the feast of Tabernacles when God (Jesus) dwells with man. Jesus mentions this period in the future when He is teaching his disciples to pray: “thy kingdom come, thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.”
  • The twelve disciples will be judging the twelve tribes.

Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial

Luke 22:31 And the Lord said, “Simon, Simon! Indeed, Satan has asked for you, that he may sift you as wheat.
  • Simon, who we know as the apostle “Peter”.
  • Like Job, Satan received permission from God to sift him. However; that which Satan means for evil, God means for good. Peter will rediscover his true self.
  • Have you ever felt sifted?
Luke 22:32 But I have prayed for you, that your faith should not fail; and when you have returned to Me, strengthen your brethren.”
  • Jesus is predicting not only that Peter will be sifted, that he will deny Him (Jesus), but will overcome, return to his faith, and then minister to the Jews which Jesus calls “feed my sheep”.
Luke 22:33 But he said to Him, “Lord, I am ready to go with You, both to prison and to death.”
Luke 22:34 Then He said, “I tell you, Peter, the rooster shall not crow this day before you will deny three times that you know Me.”
  • First Jesus called him Simon, now He is calling him Peter (the Rock). First Jesus used his non-spiritual name and now he uses his spiritual name…The Rock.

Supplies for the Road

Luke 22:35 And He said to them, “When I sent you without money bag, knapsack, and sandals, did you lack anything?”
So they said, “Nothing.”
Luke 22:36 Then He said to them, “But now, he who has a money bag, let him take it, and likewise a knapsack; and he who has no sword, let him sell his garment and buy one.
Luke 22:37 For I say to you that this which is written must still be (fulfilled) accomplished in Me: ‘And He was numbered with the transgressors.’ For the things concerning Me have an end.”
Luke 22:38 So they said, “Lord, look, here are two swords.”
And He said to them, “It is enough.”

The Prayer in the Garden

Luke 22:39 Coming out, He went to the Mount of Olives, as He was accustomed, and His disciples also followed Him.
Luke 22:40 When He came to the place, He said to them, “Pray that you may not enter into temptation.”
  • The first request for prayer.
Luke 22:41 And He was withdrawn from them about a stone’s throw, and He knelt down and prayed,
Luke 22:42 saying, “Father, if it is Your will, take this cup away from Me; nevertheless not My will, but Yours, be done.”
  • “This cup” is the cup of the baptism of death which He was about to endure. It is the absolute giving up of one’s will to surrender to the Father.
  • This is His first prayer
Luke 22:43 Then an angel appeared to Him from heaven, strengthening Him.
Luke 22:44 And being in agony, He prayed more earnestly. Then His sweat became like great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
  • His second prayer.

A. Hematohidrosis

  • Hematohidrosis is a rare condition in which a human being sweats blood. Leonardo Da Vinci described a soldier who sweated blood before battle. Jesus Christ experienced hematohidrosis while praying in the garden of Gethsemane before his crucifixation as mentioned in the Defenders Bible by Physician Luke as “and being in anguish he prayed more earnestly and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.”
  • Acute fear and intense mental contemplation are the most frequent causes, as reported in six cases in men condemned to execution, a case occurring during the London blitz, a case involving fear of being raped, a case of fear of a storm while sailing, etc.

B. Gethsamene

  • Jesus poured out his soul like olives in an olive press:
    • Isaiah 53:12 Therefore I will divide Him a portion with the great, And He shall divide the spoil with the strong, Because He poured out His soul unto death, And He was numbered with the transgressors, And He bore the sin of many, And made intercession for the transgressors.
  • Olive oil is symbolic of the Holy Spirit.
    • 1 Samuel 16:13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward.
    • Acts 10:38 how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power, who went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him.
  • “Gethsamane” means “Olive Press”.
    • Gethsemane is Hebrew (or Aramaic) and consists of two elements. The first part comes from the word גת (gat), meaning press: The second part comes from the root שמן (smn), and may either mean olive oil or eight: probably Eight Presses.
    • Pressing olives produces olive oil, which a picture of the Holy Spirit coming forth under pressure.
  • An olive press is like a mill stone.
Olive Press
  • The root meaning of olive is to be prominent.
    • Olive zayiṯ Root Word (Etymology) Probably from an unused root akin to זִו (H2099) ziv. Zif = “brightness” probably from an unused root meaning to be prominent;
  • Satan is called a sea monster, a “leviathan” reptile who lives in a sea of people, whose heart is as hard as a mill stone.
    • Isaiah 27:1 In that day the Lord with His severe sword, great and strong, Will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, Leviathan that twisted serpent; And He will slay the reptile that is in the sea.
    • Job 41:24 His heart is as hard as stone, Even as hard as the lower millstone.
    • Job 41:33 On earth there is nothing like him, which is made without fear. 34 He beholds every high thing; He is king over all the children of pride.”
  • Summary: A poignant picture of Satan in the Garden of Gethsemane, pressing Jesus like an olive, causing Him to physically bleed out like olive oil.

C. The Tree of Life

There is an argument that the promised land is the Garden of Eden. A rabbi on chabad makes some interesting statements that suggest the four rivers are the Euphrates, the Tigris, the Nile, and the Blue Nile – all of which would be close to the border of the promised land given to Abraham. See Ezekiel 31.

  • Jerusalem is God’s Holy place on earth.
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  • It was a tree in the Garden of Eden that started man’s problems. Now, the “Tree of Life” is praying in the Garden of Gethsemene which may actually be the Garden of Eden from the beginning.
Luke 22:45 When He rose up from prayer, and had come to His disciples, He found them sleeping from sorrow.
  • Does sorrow cause us to sleep? Sometimes it is easier to ignore bad news than it is to pray.
Luke 22:46 Then He said to them, “Why do you sleep? Rise and pray, lest you enter into temptation.”
  • A third request for prayer. Olive Oil is pressed three times. The first pressing is extra virgin olive oil. The second pressing is virgin olive oil. The third pressing is light olive oil. Satan pressed Jesus, then he added a second weight pressing even harder, then a third weight to get every last drop of Jesus’ soul.

Betrayal and Arrest in Gethsemane

Luke 22:47 And while He was still speaking, behold, a multitude; and he who was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them and drew near to Jesus to kiss Him.
Luke 22:48 But Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?”
  • John 18:5 (when He asked ‘Who are you looking for?’) They answered Him , “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, “I AM (the name God used when He spoke to Moses).” And Judas, who betrayed Him, also stood with them. 6 Now when He said to them, “I am,” they drew back and fell to the ground.

THE BETRAYAL
: Luke 22:21-22 But behold, the hand of My betrayer is with Me on the table. And truly the Son of Man goes as it has been determined, but woe to that man by whom He is betrayed!”

  • John 13:26 Jesus answered, “It is he to whom I shall give a piece of bread when I have dipped it.” And having dipped the bread, He gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.
    • Psalm 41:99 Even my own familiar friend in whom I trusted, Who ate my bread, Has lifted up his heel against me. (Acted as a traitor)
      • Note: The heel is a reference to the prophecy in Genesis in which God pronounced that the Serpent (Satan) would bruise the heel of (betray) the Redeemer (Jesus). Satan indwelt Judas to betray Jesus, consequently Jesus heal was bruised with the crucifixion.
    • Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity (war) between you (Satan) and the woman, and between your (Satan’s) seed and her Seed (Jesus); He (Jesus) shall bruise your head (a terminal wound), And you shall bruise His heel (a non-terminal wound.”
  • Judas, the Scribes and the Pharisees were all the “seed of Satan, the serpent” from Genesis 3:15.
    • John 8:44 You are of your father the devil (the seed of the serpent), and the desires of your father you want to do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own resources, for he is a liar and the father of it.
    • Acts 1:16 “Men and brethren, this Scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke before by the mouth of David concerning Judas, who became a guide to those who arrested Jesus;
    • Matthew 26:14 (Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus) Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests
    • Acts 1:16 “Men and brethren, this Scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke before by the mouth of David concerning Judas, who became a guide to those who arrested Jesus;
    • Matthew 26:14 [Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus] Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests
    • Luke 22:48 But Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?”
    • John 18:5 They answered Him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, “I am He.” And Judas, who betrayed Him, also stood with them.
Luke 22:49 When those around Him saw what was going to happen, they said to Him, “Lord, shall we strike with the sword?”
Luke 22:50 And one of them (Simeon Peter) struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his right ear.

If the servant was disfigured in any way he would no longer be able to serve in the temple.

  • Leviticus 21:21 No man of the descendants of Aaron the priest, who has a defect, shall come near to offer the offerings made by fire to the Lord. He has a defect; he shall not come near to offer the bread of his God.

Likewise, the high priest disqualified himself and tore his clothes during Jesus’ inquisition:

  • Leviticus 21:10 He who is the high priest among his brethren, on whose head the anointing oil was poured and who is consecrated to wear the garments, shall not uncover his head nor tear his clothes;
Luke 22:51 But Jesus answered and said, “Permit even this.” And He touched his ear and healed him.
Luke 22:52 Then Jesus said to the chief priests, captains of the temple, and the elders who had come to Him, “Have you come out, as against a robber, with swords and clubs?
Luke 22:53 When I was with you daily in the temple, you did not try to seize Me. But this is your hour, and the power of darkness.”

Peter Denies Jesus, and Weeps Bitterly

Luke 22:54 Having arrested Him, they led Him and brought Him into the high priest’s house. But Peter followed at a distance.
  • Peter’s courage evaporated when events were taken out of his control. He was kept from using his sword. His faith was rooted in his own strength.
  • In God’s eyes, the high priest was no longer the high priest, the Real High Priest was in the pretender high priest’s house.
Luke 22:55 Now when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the courtyard and sat down together, Peter sat among them.
Luke 22:56 And a certain servant girl, seeing him as he sat by the fire, looked intently at him and said, “This man was also with Him.”
Luke 22:57 But he denied Him, saying, “Woman, I do not know Him.”
Luke 22:58 And after a little while another saw him and said, “You also are of them.”
But Peter said, “Man, I am not!”
Luke 22:59 Then after about an hour had passed, another confidently affirmed, saying, “Surely this fellow also was with Him, for he is a Galilean.”
Luke 22:60 But Peter said, “Man, I do not know what you are saying!”
Immediately, while he was still speaking, the rooster crowed.
  • The cry of the rooster signals the moving from one event to the next. The suffering begins. Jesus is beaten, mocked, and blindfolded on his way to the “council”. Jesus steps out of the high priest’s house and sees Peter warming himself by the fire. Their eyes meet …
Luke 22:61 And the Lord turned and looked at Peter. Then Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how He had said to him, “Before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.”
Luke 22:62 So Peter went out and wept bitterly.
  • Peter wept bitterly, but Judas did not. It appears Judas was repentant due to the consequences of his actions, not because he cared for Jesus.

Jesus Mocked and Beaten

Luke 22:63 Now the men who held Jesus mocked Him and beat Him.
  • Matthew 5:22b But whoever says, ‘You fool!’ shall be in danger of hell fire.
Luke 22:64 And having blindfolded Him, they struck Him on the face and asked Him, saying, “Prophesy! Who is the one who struck You?”
Luke 22:65 And many other things they blasphemously spoke against Him.

Jesus Faces the Sanhedrin

Luke 22:66 As soon as it was day, the elders of the people, both chief priests and scribes, came together and led Him into their council, saying,
Luke 22:67 “If You are the Christ, tell us.”
But He said to them, “If I tell you, you will by no means believe.
Luke 22:68 And if I also ask you, you will by no means answer Me or let Me go.
Luke 22:69 Hereafter the Son of Man will sit on the right hand of the power of God.”

The right hand is second in authority only after the Father.

Luke 22:70 Then they all said, “Are You then the Son of God?”
So He said to them, “You rightly say that I AM.”

Jesus told them “I AM” See:

  • Exodus 3:14 And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’ ”
Luke 22:71 And they said, “What further testimony do we need?  For we have heard it ourselves from His own mouth.”

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