Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
The Model Prayer
Luke 11:1 Now it came to pass, as He was praying in a certain place, when He ceased, that one of His disciples said to Him, “Lord, teach us to pray, as John also taught his disciples.”
Luke 11:2 So He said to them, “When you pray, say:
Our Father in heaven,
Hallowed be Your name.
Your kingdom come. Your will be done
On earth as it is in heaven.
“Hallowed” has the same meaning as “Holy”. Hallow. … To hallow is “to make holy or sacred, to sanctify or consecrate, to venerate”. The adjective form hallowed, as used in The Lord’s Prayer, means holy, consecrated, sacred, or revered. Holy means “Set Apart for a Specified Purpose”.
Luke 11:3 Give us day by day our daily bread.
In the same way as the Israelis were in the wilderness receiving manna (bread) from heaven, being instructed to gather only what was needed for one day, we likewise live in our own wilderness of life depending on God for all our necessary resources day by day. This reliance on God is the substance of our faith.
Luke 11:4 And forgive us our sins,
A Poem: “Sin poisons the soul with cross bones and skull, it rents the spirit asunder. A slimy pool of guilt to ooze, a wound, a tomb, down under. ”
For we also forgive everyone who is indebted to us.
Forgiveness is the antitoxin to the poison. Without it, the poison continues.
Forgiveness is not stoning someone for their sins.
And do not lead us into temptation,
Temptation: Bait on Satan’s hook when hooked leads to disastrous consequences.
But deliver us from the evil one.”
Every morning ask the Lord above to deliver you from the evil one. It keeps the waters still and calms the chaos.
A Friend Comes at Midnight
Luke 11:5 And He said to them, “Which of you shall have a friend, and go to him at midnight and say to him, ‘Friend, lend me three loaves;
Luke 11:6 for a friend of mine has come to me on his journey, and I have nothing to set before him’;
Luke 11:77 and he will answer from within and say, ‘Do not trouble me; the door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed; I cannot rise and give to you’?
Luke 11:8 I say to you, though he will not rise and give to him because he is his friend, yet because of his persistence he will rise and give him as many as he needs.
Keep Asking, Seeking, Knocking
Luke 11:9 “So I say to you, ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you.
NOTE: Notice the acronym: (A)sk, (S)eed, (K)nock. The first letter of each verb spells the message of the verse.
Luke 11:10 For everyone who asks receives, and he who seeks finds, and to him who knocks it will be opened.
Luke 11:11 If a son asks for bread from any father among you, will he give him a stone?
Or if he asks for a fish, will he give him a serpent instead of a fish?
NOTE: Fish is the symbol for Christ. The serpent is the symbol for Satan. God will not give us Satan when we desire Christ.
Luke 11:12 Or if he asks for an egg, will he offer him a scorpion?
Luke 11:13 If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him!”
A House Divided Cannot Stand
Luke 11:14 And He was casting out a demon, and it was mute. So it was, when the demon had gone out, that the mute spoke; and the multitudes marveled.
Luke 11:15 But some of them said, “He casts out demons by Beelzebub (Beelzebul), the ruler of the demons.”
NOTE: Beelzebub Strong’s G954
- Beelzebub = “lord of the house”
- A name of Satan, the prince of evil spirits
Dung-god; Beelzebul, a name of Satan: – Beelzebub
Composed of זְבוּל (rabbinical Hebrew for זֶבֶל dung) and בַּעַל, lord of dung or of filth, i. e. of idolatry; cf. Lightfoot on Matthew 12:21. The few who follow Jerome in preferring the form Βεελζεβούβ derive the name from זְבוּב בַּעַל, Lord of flies, a false god of the Ekronites (2 Kings 1:2)
AKA: “He who pisses against the wall” (attracting flies)
Luke 11:16 Others, testing Him, sought from Him a sign from heaven.
Luke 11:17 But He, knowing their thoughts, said to them: “Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation, and a house divided against a house falls.
Luke 11:18 If Satan also is divided against himself, how will his kingdom stand? Because you say I cast out demons by Beelzebub.
Luke 11:19 And if I cast out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they will be your judges.
Luke 11:20 But if I cast out demons with the finger of God, surely the kingdom of God has come upon you.
Luke 11:21 When a strong man, fully armed, guards his own palace, his goods are in peace.
Luke 11:22 But when a stronger than he comes upon him and overcomes him, he takes from him all his armor in which he trusted, and divides his (plunder) spoils.
Luke 11:23 He who is not with Me is against Me, and he who does not gather with Me scatters.
There is no neutral with God. God is binary: there is either light or darkness, there is either a “I (one)” or a “0 (zero)”. There is either hitting the mark or missing the mark (no in-between). No man lives in a vacuum. If he rejects God he gets Satan.
Missing the mark is called sin. All men have sinned and come short (missed the mark) of the glory of God.
- Romans 3:23 For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.
An Unclean Spirit Returns
Luke 11:24 “When an unclean spirit goes out of a man, he goes through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he says, ‘I will return to my house from which I came.’
NOTE: Unclean or evil spirits are the same as demons.
- Luke 9:42 And as he was still coming, the demon threw him down and convulsed him. Then Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, healed the child, and gave him back to his father.
- Matthew 8:16 When evening had come, they brought to Him many who were demon-possessed. And He cast out the spirits with a word, and healed all who were sick,
Luke 11:25 And when he comes, he finds it swept and put in order.
Luke 11:26 Then he goes and takes with him seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter and dwell there; and the last state of that man is worse than the first.”
- There is no vacuum. He was clean but did not fill that vacuum with God, therefore he got more Satan.
Keeping the Word
Luke 11:27 And it happened, as He spoke these things, that a certain woman from the crowd raised her voice and said to Him, “Blessed is the womb that bore You, and the breasts which nursed You!”
Luke 11:28 But He said, “More than that, blessed are those who hear the word of God and keep it!”
Blessings come from obedience to God’s Word.
Seeking a Sign
Luke 11:29 And while the crowds were thickly gathered together, He began to say, “This is an evil generation. It seeks a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah the prophet.
Luke 11:30 For as Jonah became a sign to the Ninevites (Gentiles), so also the Son of Man will be to this generation.
The Pharisees, the revered teachers of the Jews, told Nicodemus, also a Pharisee and highly esteemed, “Search and look, for no prophet has arisen out of Galilee” (Jesus was known as Jesus of Nazareth which is in Galilee.) But the great teachers forgot about Jonah. Gath-hepher is the birthplace of Jonah, a town of Lower Galilee, about 5 miles from Nazareth; (2 Kings 14:25) He (Jesus) answered and said to them (the Pharisees), “An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. For as Jonah was 3 days and 3 nights in the belly of the sea monster, so will the Son of Man be 3 days and 3 nights in the heart of the earth.”
Luke 11:31 The queen of the South will rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation and condemn them, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and indeed a greater than Solomon is here.
Luke 11:32 The men of Nineveh will rise up in the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and indeed a greater than Jonah is here.
The Lamp of the Body
Luke 11:33 “No one, when he has lit a lamp, puts it in a secret place or under a basket, but on a lampstand, that those who come in may see the light.
Darkness cannot invade light, but light can invade the darkness. Darkness hides behind objects as nothing more than shadows.
- Reference Ps 23:4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil;
A shadow is nothing more than a threat without the substance to carry it through.
Darkness is that which cannot be seen by men. When the Light is added, Reality is revealed.
Luke 11:34 The lamp of the body is the eye. Therefore, when your eye is good (clear, healthy), your whole body also is full of light. But when your eye is bad (evil, unhealthy), your body also is full of darkness.
- When a person can’t see they are blind. Sin keeps men from seeing that they are sinners.
Luke 11:35 Therefore take heed that the light which is in you is not darkness.
Luke 11:36 If then your whole body is full of light, having no part dark, the whole body will be full of light, as when the bright shining of a lamp gives you light.”
Woe to the Pharisees and Lawyers
Luke 11:37 And as He spoke, a certain Pharisee asked Him to dine with him. So He went in and sat down to eat.
Luke 11:38 When the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that He had not first washed before dinner.
Luke 11:39 Then the Lord said to him, “Now you Pharisees make the outside of the cup and dish clean, but your inward part is full of (eager grasping or robbery) greed and wickedness.
Luke 11:40 Foolish ones! Did not He who made the outside make the inside also?
Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as you have (what is inside); then indeed all things are clean to you.
Luke 11:42 “But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and all manner of herbs, and pass by justice and the love of God. These you ought to have done, without leaving the others undone.
Luke 11:43 Woe to you Pharisees! For you love the best seats (places of honor) in the synagogues and greetings in the marketplaces.
Luke 11:44 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like graves which are not seen, and the men who walk over them are not aware of them.”
Luke 11:45 Then one of the lawyers answered and said to Him, “Teacher, by saying these things You reproach us also.”
Luke 11:46 And He said, “Woe to you also, lawyers! For you load men with burdens hard to bear, and you yourselves do not touch the burdens with one of your fingers.
Luke 11:47 Woe to you! For you build the tombs of the prophets, and your fathers killed them.
Luke 11:48 In fact, you bear witness that you approve the deeds of your fathers; for they indeed killed them, and you build their tombs.
Luke 11:49 Therefore the wisdom of God also said, ‘I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they will kill and persecute,’
Luke 11:50 that the blood of all the prophets which was shed from the foundation of the world may be required of this generation,
Luke 11:51 from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah who perished between the altar and the temple. Yes, I say to you, it shall be required of this generation.
The location of “between the altar and the temple” is between the sanctuary (the word is the same as in Matthew 26:61; John 2:19)—the Holy of Holies—and the altar of burnt offerings that stood outside it.
There are many conjectures on who this Zechariah is, including Zechariah, the father of John the baptizer. One of the Apocryphal Gospels (The Protevangelion of James, chap. 16) records the death of Zacharias, the father of the Baptist, as slain by Herod in the Temple, and near the altar, and that some have supposed that he was the son of the referenced Barachias.
Luke 11:52 “Woe to you lawyers! For you have taken away the key of knowledge. You did not enter in yourselves, and those who were entering in you hindered.”
Luke 11:53 And (when He left there) as He said these things to them, the scribes and the Pharisees began to assail Him vehemently, and to cross-examine Him about many things,
Luke 11:54 lying in wait for Him, and seeking to catch Him in something He might say, that they might accuse Him.
The scribes and Pharisees are examining Jesus, the Lamb of God, for spot or blemish in His teachings. They cannot find any and must resort to false accusations. The spotless Lamb of God is killed on the same day that the Passover Lamb is killed which was also examined for spot or blemish.