BIBLE: Jonah Chapter 1 – Headline “Sea Monster Feasts on ‘Jonah Stew’ “

Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.

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Jonah 1

Jonah’s Disobedience

Jonah 1:Now the word of the Lord came to Jonah the son of Amittai, saying,
  • The meaning of the name “Amittai” is “My Truth”.
Jonah 1:“Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry out against it; for their wickedness has come up before Me.”
  • Ninevah was a fierce gentile city where Jonah could have been killed. Jonah feared the Lord’s instruction.
  • The meaning of the name Ninevah is “handsome, agreeable”.
Jonah 1:But Jonah arose to flee to Tarshish from the presence of the Lord. He went down to Joppa, and found a ship going to Tarshish; so he paid the fare, and went down into it, to go with them to Tarshish from the presence of the Lord.
  • The meaning of the name Tarshish is “Contemplation, Examination”.
  • “But…” means “the flipside is…”
  • Personal Application: If I am not doing what God wants me to do then I am doing the same as “running away” from God just as Jonah did.
    Count the consequences before you decide to reject God.
    What were the consequences for Jonah? He wasn’t just swallowed by a “whale”. He was swallowed by a reptilian sea monster that put him into hell for three days and three nights.

The Storm at Sea

Jonah 1:But the Lord sent out (Lit. hurled) a great wind (storm) on the sea, and there was a mighty tempest on the sea, so that the ship was about to be broken up.
  • During Jesus’ time there had been a storm brewing in Israel against the Romans. The tempest among the people was so severe that Israel was about to be broken up.
  • Satan is the sea monster who causes the sea of people to storm.
Jonah 1:Then the mariners were afraid; and every man cried out to his god, and threw the cargo that was in the ship into the sea, to lighten the load (Lit. from upon them). But Jonah had gone down into the lowest parts of the ship, had lain down, and was fast asleep.
  • The Hebrew word here for the “lowest” parts of the ship is yᵉrêkâh, H3409; properly, the flank; but used only figuratively, the rear or recess:
  • Compare Jonah with Jesus’ experience in the ship during the storm on the sea of Galilee. Repeatedly the stories parallel one another through the chapters.
  • Mark 4:37 And a great windstorm arose, and the waves beat into the boat, so that it was already filling. 38 But He (Jesus) was in the stern, asleep on a pillow. And they awoke Him and said to Him, “Teacher, do You not care that we are perishing?”
  • The stern of the boat:
    prýmna G4403 the stern or hinder part of the ship
Jonah 1:So the captain came to him, and said to him, “What do you mean, sleeper? Arise, call on your God; perhaps your God will consider us, so that we may not perish.”
  • “Do You not care that we are perishing?” Mark 4:38
  • Compare verse 5 with verse 6, this is a story of “their god” verses Jonah’s “God” YHWH (Yahweh)
Jonah 1:And they said to one another, “Come, let us cast lots that we may know for whose cause this trouble has come upon us.” So they cast lots, and the lot fell on Jonah.
  • The Jewish High Priests, Pharisees, Scribes and leaders decided the trouble that came upon them was “Jesus”.
Jonah 1:Then they said to him, “Please tell us! For whose cause is this trouble upon us? What is your occupation? And where do you come from? What is your country? And of what people are you?”
  • John 10:24 Then the Jews surrounded Him and said to Him, “How long do You keep us in doubt? If You are the Christ, tell us plainly.”
  • John 18:36 Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world.
Jonah 1:So he said to them, “I am a Hebrew; and I fear the Lord (YHWH), the God of heaven, who made the sea and the dry land.

Jonah Thrown into the Sea

Jonah 1:10 Then the men were exceedingly afraid, and said to him, “Why have you done this?” For the men knew that he fled from the presence of the Lord, because he had told them.
  • Likewise; The leaders of the Jews and others bombard Jesus with accusations:
    • “Why do the disciples of John and of the Pharisees fast, but Your disciples do not fast?”
    • “Why are you doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath?”
    • “Why do Your disciples not walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread with unwashed hands?”
    • “Why was this fragrant oil wasted?
      “Why?” Jesus might say as he told his disciples, “Luke 19:31 And if anyone asks you, ‘Why are you loosing it (the donkey the disciples took for Jesus to ride into Jerusalem)?’ thus you shall say to him, ‘Because the Lord has need of it.’

      “Why? You ask,” Because Jesus must fulfill the vow He made before the foundation of the earth.
Jonah 1:11 Then they said to him, “What shall we do to you that the sea may be calm for us?”—for the sea was growing more tempestuous.
  • John 11:47 Then the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered a council and said, “What shall we do? For this Man works many signs.” He’s creating a storm of followers causing the crowds to grow more tempestuous against the chief priests and Pharisees.
Jonah 1:12 And he said to them, “Pick me up and throw (Lit. hurl) me into the sea; then the sea will become calm for you. For I know that this great tempest is because of me.”
  • Jesus voluntarily was “thrown overboard” when He was betrayed.
Jonah 1:13 Nevertheless the men rowed hard to return to land, but they could not, for the sea continued to grow more tempestuous against them.
Jonah 1:14 Therefore they cried out to the Lord and said, “We pray, O Lord, please do not let us perish for this man’s life, and do not charge us with innocent blood; for You, O Lord (Jonah’s God), have done as it pleased You.”
  • Matthew 27:24 When Pilate saw that he could not prevail at all, but rather that a tumult was rising, he took water and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, “I am innocent of the blood of this just Person. You see to it.
  • Matthew 26:39 He went a little farther and fell on His face, and prayed, saying, “O My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as You will.
Jonah 1:15 So they picked up Jonah and threw him into the sea, and the sea ceased from its raging.
  • John 11:49 – 50 And one of them, Caiaphas, being high priest that year, said to them, “You know nothing at all,  nor do you consider that it is expedient for us that one man should die for the people, and not that the whole nation (or the people in the ship) should perish.”
Jonah 1:16 Then the men feared the Lord exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice to the Lord and took vows.
  • Jonah makes a vow echoing a vow Jesus made before the foundations of the earth!
Jonah 3:But I will sacrifice to You
With the song of thanksgiving;
I will pay what I have vowed.
Salvation is of the Lord.
  • Revelation 13:8 All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.
    • If Jesus was slain from the foundation of the world that can only mean He made a vow to be the sacrificial Lamb even before He made man.
    • The vow is found in Jonah 3:9
    • Both Jonah and Jesus made this vow and fulfilled it. Jonah 3:9 and Rev 13:8

Jonah’s Prayer and Deliverance

Jonah 1:17 Now the Lord had prepared a sea monster to swallow Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the sea monster three days and three nights.

  • This sea monster, symbolically, is the same beast in Daniel and the dragon/beast in Revelation.The sea monster is Satan aka Leviathan.
  • The Scribes and Pharisees of Jesus’ time were demonically influenced by Satan the sea monster. Following the spirit of Satan they were a monster in the sea of their people who “swallowed up” Jesus.
  • Jesus, like Jonah was swallowed by Satan in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights.
  • Psalm 18 describes experiences for both Jonah and Jesus:
    Psalm 18:5 The sorrows of Sheol (the underworld, Hades, Hell) surrounded me; The snares of death confronted me.
  • Jesus describes his death as being swallowed up by this sea monster (Satan). He notes He will be in the heart of the earth (Satan’s belly: Hell) in the same way Jonah was swallowed by a sea monster for three days and three nights.
  • If the parallel remains true then prior to Jesus being in the heart of the earth (Sea Monster’ Belly) for 3 days and 3 nights, then:
  • Jesus was voluntarily crucified (thrown overboard), thrown into Hades, the heart of the earth, on Passover. Like Jonah he spent three days and three nights in the heart of the earth ie the sea monster.

Jonah was thrown over on Passover!

However; they will both be resurrected. Jonah will be puked up on the shore of the gentiles and Jesus will be resurrected with the gospel going to the shores of the gentiles.

  • Matthew 12:39 But He answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the leviathan, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 41 The men of Nineveh will rise up in the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and indeed a greater than Jonah is here.
  • Matthew 16:4 A wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign shall be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah.” And He left them and departed.
  • Luke 11:29 [Seeking a Sign] And while the crowds were thickly gathered together, He began to say, “This is an evil generation. It seeks a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah the prophet.

►Note: The parallels between Jonah and Jesus

Like Jesus….

  1. Jonah was”thrown over” on Passover
  2. Jonah was swallowed by the sea monster, the Leviathan (symbolic of Satan)
    The Hebrew word is “dag”, translated as great fish, but it is also translated sea monster. Throughout scripture Satan is called a reptile: a dragon, a serpent, a crocodile, Leviathan, sea monster.

The Leviathan, the sea monster, is identified in the book of Job 41 as the one who causes the sea of people to boil with troubles.

  • Society boils and men stew because of Satan. The Hebrew term used in the story for a fish, daga, can also be translated as anxiety, states the Zohar. When men feel anxiety it is because Satan is causing the sea of people to boil. The book of Job calls the Leviathan “king over the children of pride. The root meaning of the word “stew” is “pride”.

3. Jonah slept during the tempest in the bottom of a boat.
4. Jonah spent three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster.
5. Jonah was puked up (resurrected) on the shores of a gentile nation, who repented.

► Note: Throughout scripture ALL reptiles have a reptilian and demonic reference to Satan. These include the Crocodile (in the Nile), Beast, Dragon, Serpent, Snake, Leviathan, Sea Monster and Rahab (which is translated “Leviathan”.

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Humor:

The little boy told his teacher that Jonah was swallowed by a monster and stayed in its belly for three days and three nights before the monster puked him up.

That’s impossible, said the teacher, that’s just a story.

“Oh yes!” the lad replied, nodding his head up and down, insisting that it’s true.

“And how can you be so sure?” said the teacher.

The boy thought about it then answered, “When I get to heaven, I’ll ask him.” He smiled.

“And what if he’s not in heaven?” the teacher lowered her eyes.

He was silent for a moment and then replied, “Then YOU can ask him!”

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