Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
Jesus Comes to Zacchaeus’ House
Luke 19:1 Then Jesus entered and passed through Jericho.
Luke 19:2 Now behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus who was a chief tax collector, and he was rich.
Matthew the tax collector joined Jesus and the other disciples in Luke 5:27. Both Matthew and Zacchaeus were shunned by the Jewish community. Matthew’s full calling was “Matthew Levi”, probably of the priestly tribe.
- Luke 5:29 Then Levi gave Him a great feast in his own house. And there were a great number of tax collectors and others who sat down with them. 30 And their scribes and the Pharisees complained against His disciples, saying, “Why do You eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?”
Luke 19:3 And he sought to see who Jesus was, but could not because of the crowd, for he was of short stature.
Luke 19:4 So he ran ahead and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see Him, for He was going to pass that way.
Luke 19:5 And when Jesus came to the place, He looked up and saw him, and said to him, “Zacchaeus, (hurry) make haste and come down, for today I must stay at your house.”
Luke 19:6 So he (hurried) made haste and came down, and received Him joyfully.
Luke 19:7 But when they saw it, they all (grumbled) complained, saying, “He has gone to be a guest with a man who is a sinner.”
Luke 19:8 Then Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, “Look, Lord, I give half of my goods to the poor; and if I have taken anything from anyone by false accusation, I restore fourfold.”
Luke 19:9 And Jesus said to him, “Today salvation (Jesus) has come to this house, because he also is a son of Abraham;
Jesus’ name means “salvation” in Greek. His name in Hebrew is Yeshua “Salvation”.
Luke 19:10 for the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”
The Parable of the Minas
Luke 19:11 Now as they heard these things, He spoke another parable, because He was near Jerusalem and because they thought the kingdom of God would appear immediately.
“They thought the kingdom of God would appear immediately.”
Since Jesus was there the kingdom of God was appearing right in front of them.
Luke 19:12 Therefore He said: “A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom and to return.
Luke 19:13 So he called ten of his servants, delivered to them ten minas (Gr. mna, same as Heb. minah, each worth about three months’ salary), and said to them, ‘Do business till I come.’
Luke 19:14 But his citizens hated him, and sent a delegation after him, saying, ‘We will not have this man to reign over us.’
The Pharisees refused to allow Jesus to reign over them.
Luke 19:15 “And so it was that when he returned, having received the kingdom, he then commanded these servants, to whom he had given the money, to be called to him, that he might know how much every man had gained by trading.
Jesus will return and receive the kingdom His Father is giving Him.
Luke 19:16 Then came the first, saying, ‘Master, your mina has earned ten minas.’
Luke 19:17 And he said to him, ‘Well done, good servant; because you were faithful in a very little, have authority over ten cities.’
Luke 19:18 And the second came, saying, ‘Master, your mina has earned five minas.’
Luke 19:19 Likewise he said to him, ‘You also be over five cities.’
Luke 19:20 “Then another came, saying, ‘Master, here is your mina, which I have kept put away in a handkerchief.
Luke 19:21 For I feared you, because you are (a severe) an austere man. You collect what you did not deposit, and reap what you did not sow.’
Luke 19:22 And he said to him, ‘Out of your own mouth I will judge you, you wicked servant. You knew that I was an austere man, collecting what I did not deposit and reaping what I did not sow.
Luke 19:23 Why then did you not put my money in the bank, that at my coming I might have collected it with interest?’
Luke 19:24 “And he said to those who stood by, ‘Take the mina from him, and give it to him who has ten minas.’
Luke 19:25 (But they said to him, ‘Master, he has ten minas.’)
Luke 19:26 ‘For I say to you, that to everyone who has will be given; and from him who does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him.
Luke 19:27 But bring here those enemies of mine, who did not want me to reign over them, and slay them before me.’ ”
The Triumphal Entry
Luke 19:28 When He had said this, He went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem.
Luke 19:29 And it came to pass, when He drew near to (Bethsphage) Bethphage and Bethany, at the mountain called Olivet, that He sent two of His disciples,
Luke 19:30 saying, “Go into the village opposite you, where as you enter you will find a colt tied, on which no one has ever sat. Loose it and bring it here.
“On which no one has ever sat” because there is no other King of kings.
Jesus rode the colt of a donkey (male in its first year) into Jerusalem when He was declared King of the Jews.
Now here is an interesting tidbit that everyone should know because it shows how God arranged the Jewish feasts and the Levitical Laws to foretell the future: the arrival of the Jewish Messiah, Jesus.
First of all “Kosher” animals are allowed to be eaten. They are considered “clean animals”. But “Non-Kosher” animals are not allowed to be eaten since they are “unclean”. SEE Leviticus 11:4. Donkeys are NOT kosher, since they neither chew their cud nor have split hooves. Therefore; donkeys CANNOT be eaten by Jewish law.
However, the donkey is the ONE AND ONLY, SINGLE unclean animal whose firstborn is considered TO BE HOLY (just like the one Jesus rode into Jerusalem).
Now, in the case of a clean kosher animal, such as a sheep or goats, the firstborn was sacrificed in the Holy Temple and then eaten by the priests. Since donkeys are unclean (not kosher) and they cannot be sacrificed in the Temple, what should be done with their firstborn?
Scripture tells us that the firstborn donkey MUST BE *REDEEMED for a lamb.
Exodus 13:13 But every firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb.
Why is the donkey singled out? It is a puzzling Scriptural decree with no reason provided.
But WE who know who Jesus is has the answer to that puzzle: that it takes a lamb (the Lamb of God), to save a holy dumb ass*.
* Holy: Set apart for a special purpose.
* A dumb (mute) ass (donkey).
* Merridian Webster: : dumb ass: a foolish or stupid person.
* Redeem: To buy back from the slave market of sin.
- Titus 2:14 who gave Himself for us, that He might redeem us from every lawless deed and purify for Himself His own special people, zealous for good works.
Luke 19:31 And if anyone asks you, ‘Why are you loosing it?’ thus you shall say to him, ‘Because the Lord has need of it.’ ”
Luke 19:32 So those who were sent went their way and found it just as He had said to them.
Luke 19:33 But as they were loosing the colt, the owners of it said to them, “Why are you loosing the colt?”
Luke 19:34 And they said, “The Lord has need of him.”
Luke 19:35 Then they brought him to Jesus. And they threw their own clothes on the colt, and they set Jesus on him.
Luke 19:36 And as He went, many spread their clothes on the road.
They also spread Palm Leaves and Green Branches in the roadway which has historical significance: When Cyrus conquered Babylon the residents threw greenery in the roadway as he rode into Babylon honoring and accepting him as their king. Cyrus released the Jewish captives and gave them their freedom.
The Pharisees were incensed by the inference to Kingship. Furthermore; the crowds cried out
- John 12:13 took branches of palm trees and went out to meet Him, and cried out: “Hosanna! ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ The King of Israel!”
In the gospels, Had the Jewish leaders accepted Jesus as their King of the Jews, Jesus (like Cyrus) would have released their nation from their captivity from Rome as well as healed their sin.
Luke 19:37 Then, as He was now drawing near the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works they had seen,
Luke 19:38 saying: “ ‘Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord!’
Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”
Luke 19:39 And some of the Pharisees called to Him from the crowd, “Teacher, rebuke Your disciples.”
The Pharisees were incensed!
Luke 19:40 But He answered and said to them, “I tell you that if these should keep silent, the stones would immediately cry out.”
Jesus Weeps over Jerusalem
Luke 19:41 Now as He drew near, He saw the city and wept over it,
Luke 19:42 saying, “If you had known, even you, especially in this your day, the things that make for your peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes.
- Romans 11:25 For I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own opinion, that blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.
Luke 19:43 For days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment around you, surround you and close you in on every side,
Luke 19:44 and level you, and your children within you, to the ground; and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not know the time of your visitation.”
A woman, during her menstrual period knows the time of the visitation of her period. But the Jewish leaders did not know the time of the visitation of their delivery by Jesus. The delivery of Israel and the Jews comes by blood.
- Isaiah 66:9 Shall I bring to the time of birth, and not cause delivery?” says the Lord. “Shall I who cause delivery shut up the womb?” says your God.
The coming seven year tribulation will be a time of bloodshed for the Jews
- Isaiah 13:8 And they will be afraid. Pangs and sorrows will take hold of them; They will be in pain as a woman in childbirth; They will be amazed at one another; Their faces will be like flames.
in the last they will be delivered when every last Jew is a believer, none excluded.
- Zephaniah 3:13 The remnant of Israel shall do no unrighteousness And speak no lies, Nor shall a deceitful tongue be found in their mouth; For they shall feed their flocks and lie down, And no one shall make them afraid.”
- Isaiah 66:8 Who has heard such a thing? Who has seen such things? Shall the earth be made to give birth in one day? Or shall a nation be born at once? For as soon as Zion was in labor (tribulation), She gave birth to her children.
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
Luke 19:45 Then He went into the temple and began to drive out those who (were selling) bought and sold in it,
Luke 19:46 saying to them, “It is written, ‘My house is a house of prayer,’ but you have made it a ‘den of thieves.’ ”
Luke 19:47 And He was teaching daily in the temple. But the chief priests, the scribes, and the leaders of the people sought to destroy Him,
They sought to kill Jesus. When they were confronted by Jesus they accused Him of having a demon even though they knew He was telling the truth. THE TRUTH is Jesus.