Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
Qualifications for becoming a Kinsman Redeemer:
Boaz Redeems Ruth
Ruth 4:1 Now Boaz went up to the gate and sat down there; and behold, the close relative of whom Boaz had spoken came by. So Boaz said, “Come aside, friend (Heb. peloni almoni, lit. so and so), sit down here.” So he came aside and sat down.
Peloni Almoni (So and So), was legally required to step up to the plate but refused. His name isn’t even mentioned. An unnamed male represents the presence of the Holy Spirit.
Ruth 4:2 And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, “Sit down here.” So they sat down.
Ruth 4:3 Then he said to the close relative, “Naomi, who has come back from the country of Moab, sold the piece of land which belonged to our brother Elimelech.
Ruth 4:4 And I thought to inform (Lit. uncover your ear) you, saying, ‘Buy it back in the presence of the inhabitants and the elders of my people. If you will redeem it, redeem it; but if you (he) will not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know; for there is no one but you to redeem it, and I am next after you.’ ”
And he said, “I will redeem it.”
Ruth 4:5 Then Boaz said, “On the day you buy the field from the hand of Naomi, you must also buy it from Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to perpetuate (Lit. raise up) the name of the dead through his inheritance.”
Ruth 4:6 And the close relative said, “I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I ruin my own inheritance. You redeem my right of redemption for yourself, for I cannot redeem it.”
Ruth 4:7 Now this was the custom in former times in Israel concerning redeeming and exchanging, to confirm anything: one man took off his sandal and gave it to the other, and this was a confirmation in Israel.
Ruth 4:8 Therefore the close relative said to Boaz, “Buy it for yourself.” So he took off his sandal.
- A sandal is symbolic of authority.
- Sandals were also used to slap another in the face to shame him.
Ruth 4:9 And Boaz said to the elders and all the people, “You are witnesses this day that I have bought all that was Elimelech’s, and all that was Chilion’s and Mahlon’s, from the hand of Naomi.
Ruth 4:10 Moreover, Ruth the Moabitess, the widow of Mahlon, I have acquired as my wife, to perpetuate the name of the dead through his inheritance, that the name of the dead may not be cut off from among his brethren and from his position at the gate (Probably his civic office). You are witnesses this day.”
@Prophecy Fulfillment Alert: Eph 1:3-7 (Christ, our kinsman, has redeemed us) (Old Testament prophecy fulfilled by Jesus)
Ruth 4:11 And all the people who were at the gate, and the elders, said, “We are witnesses. The Lord make the woman who is coming to your house like Rachel and Leah, the two who built the house of Israel; and may you prosper in Ephrathah and be famous in Bethlehem.
Bethlehem is the place in which mankind’s Kinsman Redeemer was born, Jesus, the son of man. If Jesus had not become a man He would not be a Kinsman to men. A Kinsman Redeemer provides for the “right of redemption” by paying off the debt and avenging a wrong.
The role of the Kinsman Redeemer is as follows:
|1||To rescue the land owned by a family member that was in danger of being lost||The Kinsman Redeemer pays off the debt incurred.||The land remains in the hands of the original owner. Per the law, the Kinsman Redeemer was to receive no personal benefit from his LEGALLY REQUIRED acts of kindness.|
|2||To rescue the person who was in danger of being lost ie: sold into slavery.||The Kinsman Redeemer pays off the debt incurred.||It was the rescued family member who received all the benefits and got his land or his freedom back.|
|3||The Kinsman Redeemer was to step in and marry a female family member whose husband had died if she had not yet given birth to a son for her now-deceased husband to ensure the family name continued.|
|4||If a family member was “killed”, it was the duty of the kinsman redeemer to hunt down the killer and avenge his death.||Satan, aka the sea monster (Leviathan) in the sea of people was a murderer from the beginning. John 8:44||In that day the Lord with His severe sword, great and strong, will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, Leviathan that twisted serpent; And He will slay the reptile that is in the sea. Isaiah 27:1|
Boaz is a type of Jesus, both acting the part of Kinsman Redeemer, both are known for their role in Bethlehem.
Jesus is born from the lineage of Boaz and Ruth.
Note the reference to Rachel and Leah. Rachel is representative of the Jews while Leah is a representative of the Gentiles. In the book of Ruth, Naomi is a Jew and Ruth is a Gentile. See Jacob’s Two Wives for a lengthy expose of this topic.
Ruth 4:12 May your house be like the house of Perez, whom Tamar bore to Judah, because of the offspring which the Lord will give you from this young woman.”
From the lineage of Perez also comes the redeemer, Jesus the Christ.
Descendants of Boaz and Ruth
Ruth 4:13 So Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife; and when he went in to her, the Lord gave her conception, and she bore a son.
- Our children are from the Lord.
Ruth 4:14 Then the women said to Naomi, “Blessed be the Lord, who has not left you this day without a close relative (redeemer, Heb. Goel); and may his name be famous in Israel!
- And it is! Boaz as the ancestor of Jesus is known throughout Judaism and Christianity.
Ruth 4:15 And may he be to you a restorer of life and a nourisher (sustainer) of your old age; for your daughter-in-law, who loves you, who is better to you than seven sons, has borne him.”
- From the springs of bitterness springs amazing joy!
Ruth 4:16 Then Naomi took the child (Obed) and laid him on her bosom, and became a nurse to him.
- Obed as a boys’ name is of Hebrew origin, and the meaning of Obed is “servant of God; worshiper, follower”. Obed is an alternate spelling of Obadiah (Hebrew). Obed is also a variation of Oved (Hebrew).
Ruth 4:17 Also the neighbor women gave him a name, saying, “There is a son born to Naomi.” And they called his name Obed. He is the father of Jesse, the father of David.
- Note: the neighbor women named Obed.