Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
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A New City, a New Temple
13th Dated Message
Ezekiel 40:1 In the twenty-fifth year of our captivity, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth day of the month, in the fourteenth year after the city was captured (Lit. struck), on the very same day the hand of the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) was upon me; and He took me there.
|The dated vision: the message of the vision. The chapter of Ezekiel of the vision.||Year of the vision||Location of the vision||Month and Day of the vision||Events occurring in the same year as the vision.|
|1st dated vision: Called to be a prophet. Ezekiel chapter 1.||593 BC||30 yrs old||River Chebar||4th month 5th day||* Ezekiel’s 5th yr of captivity|
* Zedekiah’s 5th yr of Rule (Jewish reckoning)
* Nebuchadnezzar’s 13th yr of Rule over Judah (Babylonian reckoning)
* Daniel’s 12 yr of captivity
|2nd dated vision: The temple of abomination. The image of jealousy. Ezekiel chapter 8.||592 BC||31 yrs old||Ezekiel’s house in captivity||6th month 5th day|
|3rd dated vision: The sins of Israel and the Redemption of the Lord. Ezekiel chapter 20||591 BC||5th month 10th day||Ezekiel’s 7th yr of captivity|
|4th dated vision: The Boiling Pot. Ezekiel chapter 24||589 BC||10th month 10th day||In the 9th year of Zedekiah’s reign, king of Judah (by Jewish reckoning) in the 10th month, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army came against Jerusalem, and besieged it.|
|6th dated vision: Egypt as Leviathan. Ezekiel chapter 29||588 BC||10th month 12th day||* Ezekiel’s 10th yr of captivity. |
* Exile year 17 for Daniel.
* In Jerusalem: Jeremiah put in prison, Zedekiah reigns for 10 yrs.
|5th dated vision: Tyre scraped clean. Ezekiel chapter 26||587 BC||1st month 1st day||* Nebuchadnezzar came to Jerusalem and encircled it with his army. Jer 39:1 |
* Ezekiel’s 11th yr of captivity.
|8th dated vision: Babylon strengthened, Egypt broken. Ezekiel chapter 30||587 BC||1st month 7th day||Jerusalem is destroyed until yr 517 when the temple is rebuilt which is 70 years. Tyre also given 70 years.|
|9th dated vision: Egypt cut down like a tree. Ezekiel chapter 31||587 BC||3rd month 1st day||Nebuchadnezzar lets Jeremiah Go Free.|
|10th dated vision: Destruction of Pharaoh and his armies. Ezekiel chapter 32||586 BC||12th month 1st day||* No king remains in Judah, the nation is now part of the Babylonian empire. Gedaliah is installed as Governor. |
* Ezekiel’s 12th year of captivity
|11th dated vision: Other nations in hell with Egypt. Ezekiel chapter 32||586 BC||12th month 15th day||* Exile Year 19 for Daniel. |
* Year 1 since Jerusalem and the temple was destroyed.
|12th dated vision: Judah hears but does not do. Ezekiel chapter 33||586 BC||10th month 5th day||Ezekiel’s 12th year of captivity|
|13th and last dated vision: temple vision. Ezekiel chapter 40||573 BC||1st month 10th day||* Ezekiel’s 25th year of captivity. |
* 14th year after Jerusalem was captured.
* Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Tyre ends after 13 years. Isaiah 23:5 When the report reaches Egypt, they also will be in agony at the report of Tyre. Isaiah 23: 15 Now it shall come to pass in that day that Tyre will be forgotten 70 years
Ezekiel 40:2 In the visions of God (‘ĕlōhîm) He took me into the land of Israel and set me on a very high mountain; on it toward the south was something like the structure of a city.
Ezekiel 40:3 He took me there, and behold, there was a man whose appearance was like the appearance of bronze. He had a line of flax and a measuring rod in his hand, and he stood in the gateway.
Ezekiel 40:4 And the man said to me, “Son of man, look with your eyes and hear with your ears, and fix your mind (Lit. set your heart) on everything I show you; for you were brought here so that I might show them to you. Declare to the house of Israel everything you see.”
Ezekiel 40:5 Now there was a wall all around the outside of the temple (Lit. house). In the man’s hand was a measuring rod six cubits (A royal cubit of about 21 inches) long, each being a cubit and a handbreadth; and he measured the width of the wall structure, one rod; and the height, one rod.
The Eastern Gateway of the Temple
Ezekiel 40:6 Then he went to the gateway which faced east; and he went up its stairs and measured the threshold of the gateway, which was one rod wide, and the other threshold was one rod wide.
Ezekiel 40:7 Each gate chamber was one rod long and one rod wide; between the gate chambers was a space of five cubits; and the threshold of the gateway by the vestibule of the inside gate was one rod.
Ezekiel 40:8 He also measured the vestibule of the inside gate, one rod.
Ezekiel 40:9 Then he measured the vestibule of the gateway, eight cubits; and the gateposts, two cubits. The vestibule of the gate was on the inside. 10 In the eastern gateway were three gate chambers on one side and three on the other; the three were all the same size; also the gateposts were of the same size on this side and that side.
Ezekiel 40:11 He measured the width of the entrance to the gateway, ten cubits; and the length of the gate, thirteen cubits.
Ezekiel 40:12 There was a space (Lit. border) in front of the gate chambers, one cubit on this side and one cubit on that side; the gate chambers were six cubits on this side and six cubits on that side.
Ezekiel 40:13 Then he measured the gateway from the roof of one gate chamber to the roof of the other; the width was twenty-five cubits, as door faces door.
Ezekiel 40:14 He measured the gateposts, sixty cubits high, and the court all around the gateway extended to the gatepost.
Ezekiel 40:15 From the front of the entrance gate to the front of the vestibule of the inner gate was fifty cubits.
Ezekiel 40:16 There were beveled window frames in the gate chambers and in their intervening archways on the inside of the gateway all around, and likewise in the vestibules. There were windows all around on the inside. And on each gatepost were palm trees.
The Outer Court
Ezekiel 40:17 Then he brought me into the outer court; and there were chambers and a pavement made all around the court; thirty chambers faced the pavement.
Ezekiel 40:18 The pavement was by the side of the gateways, corresponding to the length of the gateways; this was the lower pavement.
Ezekiel 40:19 Then he measured the width from the front of the lower gateway to the front of the inner court exterior, one hundred cubits toward the east and the north.
The Northern Gateway
Ezekiel 40:20 On the outer court was also a gateway facing north, and he measured its length and its width.
Ezekiel 40:21 Its gate chambers, three on this side and three on that side, its gateposts and its archways, had the same measurements as the first gate; its length was fifty cubits and its width twenty-five cubits.
Ezekiel 40:22 Its windows and those of its archways, and also its palm trees, had the same measurements as the gateway facing east; it was ascended by seven steps, and its archway was in front of it.
Ezekiel 40:23 A gate of the inner court was opposite the northern gateway, just as the eastern gateway; and he measured from gateway to gateway, one hundred cubits.
The Southern Gateway
Ezekiel 40:24 After that he brought me toward the south, and there a gateway was facing south; and he measured its gateposts and archways according to these same measurements.
Ezekiel 40:25 There were windows in it and in its archways all around like those windows; its length was fifty cubits and its width twenty-five cubits.
Ezekiel 40:26 Seven steps led up to it, and its archway was in front of them; and it had palm trees on its gateposts, one on this side and one on that side.
Ezekiel 40:27 There was also a gateway on the inner court, facing south; and he measured from gateway to gateway toward the south, one hundred cubits.
Gateways of the Inner Court
Ezekiel 40:28 Then he brought me to the inner court through the southern gateway; he measured the southern gateway according to these same measurements.
Ezekiel 40:29 Also its gate chambers, its gateposts, and its archways were according to these same measurements; there were windows in it and in its archways all around; it was fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide.
Ezekiel 40:30 There were archways all around, twenty-five cubits long and five cubits wide.
Ezekiel 40:31 Its archways faced the outer court, palm trees were on its gateposts, and going up to it were eight steps.
Ezekiel 40:32 And he brought me into the inner court facing east; he measured the gateway according to these same measurements.
Ezekiel 40:33 Also its gate chambers, its gateposts, and its archways were according to these same measurements; and there were windows in it and in its archways all around; it was fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide.
Ezekiel 40:34 Its archways faced the outer court, and palm trees were on its gateposts on this side and on that side; and going up to it were eight steps.
Ezekiel 40:35 Then he brought me to the north gateway and measured it according to these same measurements—
Ezekiel 40:36 also its gate chambers, its gateposts, and its archways. It had windows all around; its length was fifty cubits and its width twenty-five cubits.
Ezekiel 40:37 Its gateposts faced the outer court, palm trees were on its gateposts on this side and on that side, and going up to it were eight steps.
Where Sacrifices Were Prepared
Ezekiel 40:38 There was a chamber and its entrance by the gateposts of the gateway, where they washed the burnt offering.
Ezekiel 40:39 In the vestibule of the gateway were two tables on this side and two tables on that side, on which to slay the burnt offering, the sin offering, and the trespass offering.
Ezekiel 40:40 At the outer side of the vestibule, as one goes up to the entrance of the northern gateway, were two tables; and on the other side of the vestibule of the gateway were two tables.
Ezekiel 40:41 Four tables were on this side and four tables on that side, by the side of the gateway, eight tables on which they slaughtered the sacrifices.
Ezekiel 40:42 There were also four tables of hewn stone for the burnt offering, one cubit and a half long, one cubit and a half wide, and one cubit high; on these they laid the instruments with which they slaughtered the burnt offering and the sacrifice.
Ezekiel 40:43 Inside were hooks, a handbreadth wide, fastened all around; and the flesh of the sacrifices was on the tables.
Chambers for Singers and Priests
Ezekiel 40:44 Outside the inner gate were the chambers for the singers in the inner court, one facing south at the side of the northern gateway, and the other facing north at the side of the southern (Other translations: eastern) gateway.
Ezekiel 40:45 Then he said to me, “This chamber which faces south is for the priests who have charge of the temple.
Ezekiel 40:46 The chamber which faces north is for the priests who have charge of the altar; these are the sons of Zadok, from the sons of Levi, who come near the Lord to minister to Him.”
Dimensions of the Inner Court and Vestibule