Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
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Water Turned to Wine
John 2:1 On the third day there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there.
John 2:2 Now both Jesus and His disciples were invited to the wedding.
- As yet, only Andrew, Simon Peter, Philip and Nathanael are mentioned. They have not yet seen his miracles. They became his disciples based solely on His teachings and His word. In fact, we will see that He had not yet begun his ministry because He tells His mother “My time has not yet come.”
John 2:3 And when they ran out of wine, the mother of Jesus said to Him, “They have no wine.”
John 2:4 Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does your concern have to do with Me? My hour has not yet come.”
John 2:5 His mother said to the servants, “Whatever He says to you, do it.”
John 2:6 Now there were set there six waterpots of stone, according to the manner of purification of the Jews, containing twenty or thirty gallons apiece.
John 2:7 Jesus said to them, “Fill the waterpots with water.” And they filled them up to the brim.
John 2:8 And He said to them, “Draw some out now, and take it to the master of the feast.” And they took it.
John 2:9 When the master of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and did not know where it came from (but the servants who had drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the bridegroom.
John 2:10 And he said to him, “Every man at the beginning sets out the good wine, and when the guests have well drunk, then the inferior. You have kept the good wine until now!”
John 2:11 This beginning of signs Jesus did in Cana of Galilee, and manifested (revealed) His glory; and His disciples believed in Him.
John 2:12 After this He went down to Capernaum, He, His mother, His brothers, and His disciples; and they did not stay there many days.
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
John 2:13 Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
John records a total of three separate Passover celebrations. John mentions the first in John 2, the second Passover in 6:4 and the third one in 11:55; 12:1; 13:1; 18:28, 39; and 19:14. This third Passover was the one the night before Jesus died, and it is the one recorded by all four Gospel writers in conjunction with the Last Supper and the death of Jesus.
John 2:14 And He found in the temple those who sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers doing business (Literally sitting).
John 2:15 When He had made a whip of cords, He drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen, and poured out the changers’ money and overturned the tables.
John 2:16 And He said to those who sold doves, “Take these things away! Do not make My Father’s house a house of merchandise!”
John 2:17 Then His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for Your house has eaten Me up.”
John 2:18 So the Jews answered and said to Him, “What sign do You show to us, since You do these things?”
John 2:19 Jesus answered and said to them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.”
John 2:20 Then the Jews said, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?”
John 2:21 But He was speaking of the temple of His body.
John 2:22 Therefore, when He had risen from the dead, His disciples remembered that He had said this to them; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had said.
Jesus is the High Priest who killed the sacrifice. Jesus is the sacrificial Lamb. He did it all. He sacrificed Himself and He raised Himself from the dead: Jesus answered and said to them, “Destroy this temple (My body), and in three days I will raise it up. John 2:19 Ref Lev 6:25
The Discerner of Hearts
John 2:23 Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name when they saw the signs which He did.
John 2:24 But Jesus did not commit Himself to them, because He knew all men,
John 2:25 and had no need that anyone should testify of man, for He knew what was in man.
- ►We are not sinners because we sin, we sin because we are sinners.
- ►Jesus knows the heart of man, that all men (with the exception of One) are sinners.
- ►Racism is not a skin problem, it is a sin problem. Greed is not a money problem, it is a heart problem. There are no secular answers to spiritual problems.
- ►When it comes to social relationships it is incumbent upon a wise man to understand many things about the other person before getting too close to him or her.
- What are the goals of this person? Everyone wants something different in life.
- What do they value?
- All men are sinners; therefore what is it that causes a stranger to be drawn to you?
- Do they do what they preach?
- Do they talk too much? What are they hiding?
- One thing is for sure…it takes TIME to get to know someone. There are NO shortcuts. Con men want to remove the element of time in order to scam someone.
- “The best predictor of future human behavior is past behavior.” ~Dr. Phil McGraw
- The wise will uncover a person’s past behavior. At the best, if there is a spiritual conversion, it is still wise to wait and study.
- How to know if someone is committed to you?
- Under pressure will they throw you to the wolves?
- How much will they sacrifice for you in money and time?
- Are you at least on equal footing?
- Do you feel free to say “no” or to disagree?
- Are they so weak they will enable your weaknesses?
- Do their words match their actions?
- Do they have a good reputation among their peer group?
- Are you able to peg their weaknesses?
- What personality traits are the most important to you?
- Wisdom is recognizing the personalities of others and interacting with them in an appropriate way:
- Jesus knew that most men came for His food, physical healing, entertainment in signs, but not for their spiritual healing. Jesus was able to say no to the Galileans. Jesus distanced himself from the mobs. He confronted the Scribes, Pharisees, Sadducees, Leaders, Herodians, Money Changers, High Priest, and the Elders.
- Jesus was merciful to the sick, hungry, broken, and dying. Jesus taught the willing.