Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
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Feeding the Five Thousand
Jesus came up from Jerusalem to Galilee.
John 6:1 After these things Jesus went over the Sea of Galilee, which is the Sea of Tiberias.
John 6:2 Then a great multitude followed Him, because they saw His signs which He performed on those who were diseased. [sick]
John 6:3 And Jesus went up on the mountain, and there He sat with His disciples.
John 6:4 Now the Passover, a feast of the Jews, was near.
- This is the second time John documented a Passover.
John 6:5 Then Jesus lifted up His eyes, and seeing a great multitude coming toward Him, He said to Philip, “Where shall we buy bread, that these may eat?”
John 6:6 But this He said to test him, for He Himself knew what He would do.
John 6:7 Philip answered Him, “Two hundred denarii worth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may have a little.”
John 6:8 One of His disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, said to Him,
John 6:9 “There is a lad here who has five barley loaves and two small fish, but what are they among so many?”
John 6:10 Then Jesus said, “Make the people sit down.” Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand.
John 6:11 And Jesus took the loaves, and when He had given thanks He distributed them to the disciples, and the disciples to those sitting down; and likewise of the fish, as much as they wanted.
John 6:12 So when they were filled, He said to His disciples, “Gather up the fragments that remain, so that nothing is lost.”
John 6:13 Therefore they gathered them up, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves which were left over by those who had eaten.
John 6:14 Then those men, when they had seen the sign that Jesus did, said, “This is truly the Prophet who is to come into the world.”
- Below From Bible History Online: 3/23/19
- A Prophet Like Moses
- When Jesus began performing miracles in the sight of all who were watching they said, “This is truly the Prophet who is to come into the world.” What did they mean, “The Prophet who is to come into the world?” They were referring to the prophet that Moses spoke about, and there was an expectation among the people in Israel that this prophet was about to appear. Moses spoke an amazing prophecy about the Messiah in the Book of Deuteronomy where he reminded Israel about all that God had done for them, and encouraged them to be faithful to God. The prophecy goes like this:
Moses said to Israel: “The LORD your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brethren. Him you shall hear.
And then God spoke to Moses regarding the prophecy:
In Deuteronomy 18:18 God said to Moses – “I will raise up for them a Prophet like you from among their brethren, and I will put My words in His mouth, and He shall speak to them all that I command Him. `And it shall be that whoever will not hear My words, which He speaks in My name, I will require it of him.”
God told Moses that the Messiah would be a prophet like him, Moses. The LORD had previously said that when he speaks to the prophets he speaks to them in a vision or in a dream, but that’s not how He spoke to Moses. The LORD said that He spoke to Moses “face to face as a man speaks to his friend.”
If we look more closely at this prophecy:
First, the Messiah would be a prophet like Moses. Second, The Messiah would be from among their brethren. Moses said the Messiah would be a Jew. Third, God said “I will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him.” The LORD basically said that the words coming out of the Messiah’s mouth would be the very word of God. Fourth, whoever will not hear God’s words, which the Messiah will speak in God’s name, God will judge him and hold him accountable, whomever it may be. And the judgement will be because they chose not to hear the words that came out of the Messiah’s mouth.
All this was written way back in the time of Moses
Now if we examine carefully the words of Jesus we will find striking similarities, Jesus said, “For I have not spoken this of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak. And I know that his commandment is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak.”
Jesus also said: “He that rejects me, and receives not my words, has one that judges him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.” – John 12:47-50
Sound familiar? This statement corresponds exactly with the prophecy in Deuteronomy 18:18
When Jesus was in a discussion with the Pharisees He said to them, “I have come in my Father’s name, and you receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him you will receive.” – John 5:43
This also corresponds with the prophecy in Deuteronomy 18:18
The Pharisees made an interesting statement, “we are disciples of Moses. We know that God has spoken to Moses.” John 9:28-29
Jesus summed it all up for the Pharisees. He said, “Don’t think that I will accuse you to the Father. There is already one who accuses you, even Moses, on whom you have set your hope. For if you believed Moses, you would believe me; for he wrote about me. But if you don’t believe his writings, how will you believe my words?” – John 5:45-47
The ancient prophecies spoke about Jesus. All the events in Jesus’s life, His words, the places he went, the people he spoke with, the miracles, and everything about his character, and even his death and resurrection, were all in fulfillment of what was written about him by the prophets.
Jesus Walks on the Sea
John 6:15 Therefore when Jesus perceived that they were about to come and take Him by force to make Him king, He departed again to the mountain by Himself alone.
John 6:16 Now when evening came, His disciples went down to the sea,
John 6:17 got into the boat, and went over the sea toward Capernaum. And it was already dark, and Jesus had not come to them.
John 6:18 Then the sea arose because a great wind (unrest) was blowing.
John 6:19 So when they had rowed about three or four miles (Literally 25 or 30 stadia), they saw Jesus walking on the sea and drawing near the boat; and they were afraid.
- “Water” is symbolic of a sea of people.
- Jesus “stilled” the waters.
- Jesus “walked on” the waters (with authority).
John 6:20 But He said to them, “It is I; do not be afraid.”
John 6:21 Then they willingly received Him into the boat, and immediately the boat was at the land where they were going.
- Note: the boat had been spiritually transported. Isn’t this the way it is in our lives? When we let Jesus into our boat we are immediately on the other side instead of wrestling with the waves of our lives.
The Bread from Heaven
John 6:22 On the following day, when the people who were standing on the other side of the sea saw that there was no other boat there, except that one which His disciples had entered, and that Jesus had not entered the boat with His disciples, but His disciples had gone away alone—
John 6:23 however, other boats came from Tiberias, near the place where they ate bread after the Lord had given thanks—
John 6:24 when the people therefore saw that Jesus was not there, nor His disciples, they also got into boats and came to Capernaum, seeking Jesus.
John 6:25 And when they found Him on the other side of the sea, they said to Him, “Rabbi, when did You come here?”
John 6:26 Jesus answered them and said, “Most assuredly, I say to you, you seek Me, not because you saw the signs, but because you ate of the loaves and were filled.
John 6:27 Do not labor for the food which perishes, but for the food which endures to everlasting life, which the Son of Man will give you, because God the Father has set His seal on Him.”
John 6:28 Then they said to Him, “What shall we do, that we may work the works of God?”
John 6:29 Jesus answered and said to them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He sent.”
John 6:30 Therefore they said to Him, “What sign will You perform then, that we may see it and believe You? What work will You do?
John 6:31 Our fathers ate the manna in the desert; as it is written, ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’ ”
John 6:32 Then Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, Moses did not give you the bread from heaven, but My Father gives you the true bread from heaven.
John 6:33 For the bread of God is He who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.”
John 6:34 Then they said to Him, “Lord, give us this bread always.”
John 6:35 And Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life. He who comes to Me shall never hunger, and he who believes in Me shall never thirst.
John 6:36 But I said to you that you have seen Me and yet do not believe.
John 6:37 All that the Father gives Me will come to Me, and the one who comes to Me I will by no means (certainly not) cast out.
John 6:38 For I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me.
- The world: You only have one life to live.
- Jesus: You only have one life to give.
- The world: I did it my way.
- Jesus: I did it the Father’s way.
- The world: You deserve a break today.
- Jesus: You don’t deserve it but in my mercy I will give it to you free.
John 6:39 This is the will of the Father who sent Me, that of all He has given Me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up at the last day.
John 6:40 And this is the will of Him who sent Me, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in Him may have everlasting life; and I will raise him up at the last day.”
Rejected by His Own
John 6:41 The Jews then [grumbled] complained about Him, because He said, “I am the bread which came down from heaven.”
John 6:42 And they said, “Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How is it then that He says, ‘I have come down from heaven’?”
John 6:43 Jesus therefore answered and said to them, [Stop grumbling]“Do not murmur among yourselves.
John 6:44 No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up at the last day.
John 6:45 It is written in the prophets, ‘And they shall all be taught by God.’ Therefore everyone who [hears and has learned] has heard and learned from the Father comes to Me.
John 6:46 Not that anyone has seen the Father, except He who is from God; He has seen the Father.
John 6:47 Most assuredly, I say to you, he who believes in Me has everlasting life.
John 6:48 I am the bread of life.
John 6:49 Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and are dead.
John 6:50 This is the bread which comes down from heaven, that one may eat of it and not die.
John 6:51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever; and the bread that I shall give is My flesh, which I shall give for the life of the world.”
John 6:52 The Jews therefore quarreled among themselves, saying, “How can this Man give us His flesh to eat?”
John 6:53 Then Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you have no life in you.
John 6:54 Whoever eats My flesh and drinks My blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day.
John 6:55 For My flesh is [true food] food indeed, and My blood is [true drink] drink indeed.
John 6:56 He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood abides in Me, and I in him.
John 6:57 As the living Father sent Me, and I live because of the Father, so he who feeds on Me will live because of Me.
John 6:58 This is the bread which came down from heaven—not as your fathers ate the manna, and are dead. He who eats this bread will live forever.”
John 6:59 These things He said in the synagogue as He taught in Capernaum.
Many Disciples Turn Away