Jonah is portrayed as the nation Israel which despises Gentiles.
Jonah’s Anger and God’s Kindness
Jonah 4:1 But it displeased Jonah exceedingly, and he became angry.
Jonah 4:2 So he prayed to the Lord, and said, “Ah, Lord, was not this what I said when I was still in my country? Therefore I fled previously to Tarshish; for I know that You are a gracious and merciful God, slow to anger and abundant in loving kindness, One who relents from doing harm.
Jonah 4:3 Therefore now, O Lord, please take my life from me, for it is better for me to die than to live!”
Jonah 4:4 Then the Lord said, “Is it right for you to be angry?”
Jonah 4:5 So Jonah went out of the city (of Nineveh) and sat on the east side of the city. There he made himself a shelter and sat under it in the shade, till he might see what would become of the city.
Jonah 4:6 And the Lord God prepared a plant (Heb. kikayon, fast growing) and made it come up over Jonah, that it might be shade for his head to deliver him from his misery. So Jonah was very grateful (Lit. rejoiced with great joy) for the plant.
- Isaiah 53:2 For He shall grow up before Him as a tender plant, And as a root out of dry ground…
- Jeremiah 33:15 ‘In those days and at that time I will cause to grow up to David A Branch of righteousness; He shall execute judgment and righteousness in the earth.
- Revelation 22:16 “I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, the Bright and Morning Star.”
Jonah 4:7 But as morning dawned the next day God prepared a worm, and it so damaged the plant that it withered.
- Psalm 22:6 But I am a worm (hated), and no man; A reproach of men, and despised by the people.
Jonah 4:8 And it happened, when the sun arose, that God prepared a vehement east wind (Breath of Wrath); and the sun beat on Jonah’s head, so that he grew faint. Then he wished death for himself, and said, “It is better for me to die than to live.”
- Jonah 4:6 And the Lord God prepared a plant (Jesus as the life giver and healer) and made it come up over Jonah (as the nation Israel), that it might be shade (a comfort) for his (the nation’s) head to deliver him (the nation) from his misery. So Jonah (the Jewish people) was very grateful for the plant. 7 But as morning dawned the next day God prepared a worm (their hated toward Jesus), and it (the hatred) so damaged (the beating and crucifixion) the (healing) plant that it withered (died) . 8 And it happened, when the sun (Son) arose [the resurrection], that God prepared a vehement east wind (A breath of Wrath); and the sun (Son) beat on Jonah’s (the nation’s) head [2,000 yrs of being scattered], so that he (the nation) grew faint (in affliction) [the Tribulation]. Then he (the Jewish nation) wished death for himself, and said, “It is better for me to die than to live.”
Jonah 4:9 Then God said to Jonah, “Is it right for you to be angry about the plant?”
And he said, “It is right for me to be angry, even to death!”
Jonah 4:10 But the Lord said, “You have had pity on the plant for which you have not labored, nor made it grow, which came up in a night (Lit. was a son of a night) and perished in a night.
Jonah 4:11 And should I not pity Nineveh, that great city, in which are more than one hundred and twenty thousand persons who cannot discern between their right hand and their left—and much livestock?”
They cannot discern between right and wrong because they were never exposed to the law. Only God delivers a correct morality of what is right and what is wrong.