Jesus will return to earth and to Jerusalem like the pattern of Yom Kippur, the Day of Return (see verse 3).
The Jewish Feast give a timeline of future events: First the Rapture and Resurrections of the Saints (Believers), then immediately afterwards, the Seven Year Tribulation, followed immediately by Jesus’ return to earth coming with the Saints to fight the enemies of the Jews, to save them from extinction, to judge the nations who fought against them, and to set up his 1,000 year kingdom in which He reigns on earth from Jerusalem.
For verses on each event see the rest of the Chart of the High Holy Days
Jerusalem, Holy City of the Future
Zechariah 8:1 Again the word of the Lord of hosts came, saying, 2 “Thus says the Lord of hosts:
‘I am zealous (Or jealous) for Zion with great zeal (Or jealousy);
With great fervor (Lit. heat or rage) I am zealous for her.’
Jesus returns with the Saints after the seven day tribulation to save the remnant of Jews who have survived the attempted annihilation of the Jewish race by the reigning Antichrist.
Anti not only means “against” but “in place of”. The Antichrist mimics Jesus but with an unholy twist.
- Jesus is the good Shepherd, the Antichrist is the worthless Shepherd.
- Jesus is the branch, the Antichrist is the abominable branch.
Jesus returns to fight the nations who are against Jerusalem and to set up his kingdom on earth.
This is symbolized by Daniel’s interpretation of Nebuchadnezzar’s statue when the rock smashes the feet of the statue (all the nations); the nations are blown like chaff into the wind. The rock (symbolizing Jesus) grows into a mountain (kingdom) and covers the earth.
Zechariah 8:3 “Thus says the Lord:
‘I will return to Zion,
And dwell in the midst of Jerusalem.
Jerusalem shall be called the City of Truth,
The Mountain of the Lord of hosts,
The Holy Mountain.’
Zechariah 8:4 “Thus says the Lord of hosts:
‘Old men and old women shall again sit
In the streets of Jerusalem,
Each one with his staff in his hand
Because of great age (Lit. many days).
Zechariah 8:5 The streets of the city
Shall be full of boys and girls
Playing in its streets.’
Zechariah 8:6 “Thus says the Lord of hosts:
‘If it is marvelous (Or wonderful) in the eyes of the remnant of this people in these days,
Will it also be marvelous in My eyes?’
Says the Lord of hosts.
Zechariah 8:7 “Thus says the Lord of hosts:
‘Behold, I will save My people from the land of the east (Lit. rising sun) and from the land of the west (Lit. setting sun);
Zechariah 8:8 I will bring them back,
And they shall dwell in the midst of Jerusalem.
They shall be My people
And I will be their God,
In truth and righteousness.’
Zechariah 8:9 “Thus says the Lord of hosts:
‘Let your hands be strong,
You who have been hearing in these days
These words by the mouth of the prophets,
Who spoke in the day the foundation was laid
For the house of the Lord of hosts,
That the temple might be built.
Zechariah 8:10 For before these days
There were no wages for man nor any hire for beast;
There was no peace from the enemy for whoever went out or came in;
For I set all men, everyone, against his neighbor.
Zechariah 8:11 But now I will not treat the remnant of this people as in the former days,’ says the Lord of hosts.
Zechariah 8:12 ‘For the seed (Lit. seed of peace) shall be prosperous,
The vine shall give its fruit,
The ground shall give her increase,
And the heavens shall give their dew—
I will cause the remnant of this people
To possess all these.
Zechariah 8:13 And it shall come to pass
That just as you were a curse among the nations,
O house of Judah and house of Israel,
So I will save you, and you shall be a blessing.
Do not fear,
Let your hands be strong.’
Zechariah 8:14 “For thus says the Lord of hosts:
‘Just as I determined to punish (Lit. bring calamity to you) you
When your fathers provoked Me to wrath,’
Says the Lord of hosts,
‘And I would not relent,
Zechariah 8:15 So again in these days
I am determined to do good
To Jerusalem and to the house of Judah.
Do not fear.
Zechariah 8:16 These are the things you shall do:
Speak each man the truth to his neighbor;
Give judgment in your gates for truth, justice, and peace;
Zechariah 8:17 Let none of you think evil in your heart (Lit. his) against your neighbor;
And do not love a false oath.
For all these are things that I hate,’
Says the Lord.”
Zechariah 8:18 Then the word of the Lord of hosts came to me, saying,
Zechariah 8:19 “Thus says the Lord of hosts:
‘The fast of the fourth month,
The fast of the fifth,
The fast of the seventh,
And the fast of the tenth,
A fast is for an event which has stricken the Jews and Jerusalem.
Adam Clarke Commentary:
- The fast of the fourth month – To commemorate the taking of Jerusalem; 2 Kings 25:3; Jeremiah 39:2; Jeremiah 52:6-7.
- The fast of the fifth — In memory of the ruin of the temple, 2 Kings 25:8; Jeremiah 52:12-13.
- The fast of the seventh — For the murder of Gedaliah, Jeremiah 41:1-17.
- The fast of the tenth — In commemoration of the siege of Jerusalem, which began on the tenth day of the tenth month; 2 Kings 25:1; Jeremiah 52:4; Ezekiel 24:1-2; and see on Zechariah 7:3; Zechariah 7:5.
Sadness is turning to joy:
Shall be joy and gladness and cheerful feasts
For the house of Judah.
Therefore love truth and peace.’
Adam Clarke Commentary:
Cheerful feasts — Ye shall find all your evils so completely redressed, that these mournful fasts shall be turned into joyful feasts.