Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
What should I learn from this chapter?
- Psalm 45 is written describing a Royal marriage as a “A Song of Love”.
- Metaphorically, Like the King, also Jesus, the King of kings.
- Revelation 19:16 And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.
The Glories of the Messiah and His Bride
To the Chief Musician. Set to “The Lilies.” (Heb. Shoshannim)
A Contemplation (Heb. Maschil) of the sons of Korah. A Song of Love.
Psalm 45:1 My heart is overflowing with a good theme;
I recite my composition concerning the King;
My tongue is the pen of a ready (skillful) writer.
- A beautiful poetic description of the writer’s mood and artistry describing not only a literal marriage of royalty, but a description of a marriage to come as Jesus, the bridegroom and His body, the bride.
- Isaiah 61:10 I will greatly rejoice in the Lord, My soul shall be joyful in my God; For He has clothed me with the garments of salvation, He has covered me with the robe of righteousness, As a bridegroom decks himself with ornaments, And as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.
- Isaiah 62:5 For as a young man marries a virgin, So shall your sons marry you; And as the bridegroom rejoices over the bride, So shall your God rejoice over you.
- Jesus described Himself as the bridegroom.
- John 3:29 He who has the bride is the bridegroom; but the friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly because of the bridegroom’s voice. Therefore this joy of mine is fulfilled.
Psalm 45:2 You are fairer than the sons of men;
Grace is poured upon Your lips;
Therefore God has blessed You (Jesus) forever.
- Psalm 2:6 “Yet I (God the Father) have set (installed) My King (Jesus) on My holy hill of Zion.”
Psalm 45:3 Gird (Belt on) Your sword upon Your thigh, O Mighty One,
With Your glory and Your majesty.
- Jesus is dressed in royal attire, befitting His title as Prince of the King and Son of God.
Psalm 45:4 And in Your majesty ride prosperously because of truth, humility, and righteousness;
And Your right hand shall teach You awesome things.
- He is pictured as riding, perhaps a steed.
- John 1:14 The Word Becomes Flesh – And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.
- 2 Timothy 2:25 in humility correcting those who are in opposition, if God perhaps will grant them repentance, so that they may know the truth,
- Luke 1:75 In holiness and righteousness before Him all the days of our life.
Psalm 45:5 Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the King’s enemies;
The peoples fall under You.
- When Jesus returns to earth, He comes as a warrior to fight the enemies of the Godhead.
Psalm 45:6 Your throne, O God, is forever and ever;
A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom.
- A description of the millennium.
Psalm 45:7 You love righteousness and hate wickedness;
Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You
With the oil of gladness more than Your companions.
Psalm 45:8 All Your garments are scented with myrrh and aloes and cassia,
Out of the ivory palaces, by which they have made You glad.
Psalm 45:9 Kings’ daughters are among Your honorable women;
At Your right hand stands the queen in gold from Ophir.
- The queen in gold from Ophir may represent the church through the ages of the faithful.
- Isaiah 13:12 I will make a mortal more rare than fine gold, a man more than the golden wedge of Ophir.
Psalm 45:10 Listen, O daughter,
Consider and incline your ear;
Forget your own people also, and your father’s house;
Psalm 45:11 So the King will greatly desire your beauty;
Because He is your Lord, worship Him.
- Worship = Bow low to Him.
Psalm 45:12 And the daughter of Tyre will come with a gift;
The rich among the people will seek your favor.
Psalm 45:13 The royal daughter is all glorious within the palace;
Her clothing is woven with gold.
Psalm 45:14 She shall be brought to the King in robes of many colors;
- A robe (coat) of many colors infers something of great value. Jacob gave his son Joseph a coat of many colors.
- Genesis 37:3 Now Israel (Jacob) loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age. Also he made him a tunic of many colors.
- 2 Samuel 13:18 Now she (Tamar-King David’s daughter and Absolom’s sister) had on a robe of many colors, for the king’s virgin daughters wore such apparel. And his (Amon, her half brother’s) servant put her out and bolted the door behind her. 19 Then Tamar put ashes on her head, and tore her robe of many colors that was on her, and laid her hand on her head and went away crying bitterly.
- The rainbow is God’s coat of many colors, based on God’s covenant with mankind. The King’s daughter is being brought in a coat of many colors as a fulfillment of God’s promises coming to their fruition.
The virgins, her companions who follow her, shall be brought to You.
- Matthew 25:1 The Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins – “Then the kingdom of heaven shall be likened to ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom.