A Seven Star Chapter
Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
Abraham Justified by Faith
Romans 4:1 What then shall we say that Abraham our (fore) father has found according to the flesh?
Romans 4:2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God.
Romans 4:3 For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted (imputed, credited, reckoned, counted) to him for righteousness.”
- Note: In this verse it does not say Abraham was righteous but rather that believing was credited to him as righteousness.
- NOTE: John 6:28-29: Then they said to Him, “What shall we do, that we may work the works of God?”
- Jesus answered and said to them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He sent.” (faith)
Romans 4:4 Now to him who works, the wages are not counted as [according to] grace but as debt.
- Works are self-righteousness. Therefore; they become a debt. Works are man worshiping himself.
David Celebrates the Same Truth
Romans 4:5 But to him who does not work but believes on Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness,
- The only thing man can do without working for it is to believe.
Romans 4:6 just as David also describes the blessedness of the man to whom God imputes righteousness apart from works:
Romans 4:7 “Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven, and whose sins are covered;
- The law cannot forgive a single sin, it can only instruct and condemn.
Romans 4:8 Blessed is the man to whom the Lord shall not impute sin.”
Abraham Justified Before Circumcision
Romans 4:9 Does this blessedness then come upon the circumcised only, or upon the uncircumcised also? For we say that faith was accounted to Abraham for righteousness.
- Genesis 17:9 And God said to Abraham: “As for you, you shall keep My covenant, you and your descendants after you throughout their generations. 10 This is My covenant which you shall keep, between Me and you and your descendants after you: Every male child among you shall be circumcised; 11 and you shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between Me and you.
Romans 4:10 How then was it accounted? While he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? Not while circumcised, but while uncircumcised.
- To be uncircumcised is to be encumbered with worldliness (or of the world).
Romans 4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while still uncircumcised, that he might be the father of all those who believe, though they are uncircumcised, that righteousness might be imputed to them also,
- While Abraham was a sinner he believed God. The application being that when a sinner believes God, he becomes righteous.
Romans 4:12 and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of the faith which our father Abraham had while still uncircumcised.
- He wasn’t circumcised in order to believe. He believed before he was circumcised.
The Promise Granted Through Faith
Romans 4:13 For the promise that he would be the heir of the world was not to Abraham or to his seed through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.
Romans 4:14 For if those who are of the law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise made of no effect,
Romans 4:15 because the law brings about wrath; for where there is no law there is no transgression.
Romans 4:16 Therefore it is of faith that it might be according to grace, so that the promise might be sure (certain) to all the seed, not only to those who are of the law, but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all
Romans 4:17 (as it is written, “I have made you a father of many nations”) in the presence of Him whom he believed—God, who gives life to the dead and calls those things which do not exist as though they did;
Romans 4:18 who, contrary to hope, in hope believed, so that he became the father of many nations, according to what was spoken, “So shall your descendants be.”
Romans 4:19 And not being weak in faith, he did not consider his own body, already dead (since he was about a hundred years old), and the deadness of Sarah’s womb.
- Sarah’s womb was a tomb, and the Messiah came out of it.
Romans 4:20 He did not waver at the promise of God through unbelief, but was strengthened in faith, giving glory to God,
Romans 4:21 and being fully convinced that what He had promised He was also able to perform.
Romans 4:22 And therefore “it was accounted to him for righteousness.”
Romans 4:23 Now it was not written for his sake alone that it was imputed to him,
Romans 4:24 but also for us. It shall be imputed to us who believe in Him who raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead,
- From Abraham to the resurrection. Abraham, when he offered up Isaac understood the resurrection of the dead because he told his men “we will return”. Furthermore; he offered Isaac on the day of the Passover not yet instituted because it was 430 years on THE SAME DAY the Hebrews left Egypt, which was Passover.
- See Genesis 22:1-19
- Furthermore; Isaac was offered on Mt. Moriah, the place the original temple was built.
- Furthermore; Abraham and Isaac left 3 days earlier, the day God told the Hebrews to select a lamb for the Passover. The next 3 days they were to inspect the lamb for spot or blemish.
- Abraham did not know that this event would be the first Passover in scripture even though God told him in a terrible dream they would go into Egypt, a furnace, and then be brought out after a time purifying.
- Isaac was the miraculous son of promise of his father in the same way Jesus was the miraculous son of promise of His Father.