BIBLE: Jeremiah Chapter 9 – Headline “Chaff Among the Nations”

Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.

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Jeremiah 9

Disobedience Brings God’s Judgment

Jeremiah 9:1 Oh, that my head were waters,
And my eyes a fountain of tears,
That I might weep day and night
For the slain of the daughter of my people!
Jeremiah 9:Oh, that I had in the wilderness
A lodging place for travelers;
That I might leave my people,
And go from them!
For they are all adulterers,
An assembly of treacherous men.
Jeremiah 9:“And like their bow they have bent their tongues for lies.
They are not valiant for the truth on the earth.
For they proceed from evil to evil,
And they do not know Me,” says the Lord.
  • A bow is symbolic of an oath ie a covenant. Remember the covenant God made with Noah when He put a “Rain” “Bow” in the sky. “Rain” is used for a teacher and faithful rain is the Messiah. Therefore Noah’s Rainbow is the Messiah’s covenant.
Jeremiah 9:“Everyone take heed to his neighbor (friend),
And do not trust any brother;
For every brother will utterly supplant,
And every neighbor will walk with slanderers.
  • To “supplant” is the name for Jacob. He was a manipulative supplanter of Esau prior to his encounter with God who changed his name to Israel. He stole his brother’s blessing and purchased his birthright (salvation) with a bowl of soup.
Jeremiah 9:Everyone will deceive his neighbor,
And will not speak the truth;
They have taught their tongue to speak lies;
They weary themselves to commit iniquity.
Jeremiah 9:Your dwelling place is in the midst of deceit;
Through deceit they refuse to know Me,” says the Lord.
Jeremiah 9:Therefore thus says the Lord of hosts:
“Behold, I will refine them and try (test) them;
For how shall I deal with the daughter of My people?
Jeremiah 9:Their tongue is an arrow shot out; It speaks deceit;
One speaks peaceably to his neighbor with his mouth,
But in his heart he (Inwardly he) lies in wait (sets his ambush).
  • An arrow is a messenger.
Jeremiah 9:Shall I not punish them for these things?” says the Lord.
“Shall I not avenge Myself on such a nation as this?”
Jeremiah 9:10 I will take up a weeping and wailing for the mountains, and for the dwelling places (Or pastures) of the wilderness a lamentation, because they are burned up,
So that no one can pass through; Nor can men hear the voice of the cattle. Both the birds of the heavens and the beasts have fled;
They are gone.
Jeremiah 9:11 “I will make Jerusalem a heap of ruins, a den of jackals (desert lizard/dragons). I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant.”
Jeremiah 9:12 Who is the wise man who may understand this? And who is he to whom the mouth of the Lord has spoken, that he may declare it? Why does the land perish and burn up like a wilderness, so that no one can pass through?
Jeremiah 9:13 And the Lord said, “Because they have forsaken My law which I set before them, and have not obeyed My voice, nor walked according to it,
Jeremiah 9:14 but they have walked according to the dictates (stubbornness or imagination) of their own hearts and after the Baals, which their fathers taught them,”
Jeremiah 9:15 therefore thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: “Behold, I will feed them, this people, with wormwood, and give them water of gall (Bitter or poisonous water) to drink.
Jeremiah 9:16 I will scatter them also among the Gentiles, whom neither they nor their fathers have known. And I will send a sword after them until I have consumed them.”


Psalm 44:11 You have given us up like sheep intended for food, And have scattered us among the nations.

Ezekiel 6:8 “Yet I will leave a remnant, so that you may have some who escape the sword among the nations, when you are scattered through the countries.

Ezekiel 36:19 So I scattered them among the nations, and they were dispersed throughout the countries; I judged them according to their ways and their deeds.

Ezekiel 20:23 “Also I raised My hand in an oath to those in the wilderness, that I would scatter them among the Gentiles and disperse them throughout the countries”

 Nehemiah 1:8 NIV “Remember the instruction you gave your servant Moses, saying, ‘If you are unfaithful, I will scatter you among the nations.

Jeremiah 9:7 Therefore thus says the LORD of hosts: “Behold, I will refine them and try them; For how shall I deal with the daughter of My people?

Zechariah 7:14 “But I scattered them with a whirlwind among all the nations which they had not known. Thus the land became desolate after them, so that no one passed through or returned; for they made the pleasant land desolate.”

Hosea 9:17 My God will cast them away, Because they did not obey Him; And they shall be wanderers among the nations.

 Hosea 8:8 “Israel is swallowed up: now shall they be among the Gentiles as a vessel in which is no pleasure.”

Ezekiel 36:19 NIV “I dispersed them among the nations, and they were scattered through the countries; I judged them according to their conduct and their actions.”

Deuteronomy 4:27 NIV “The LORD will scatter you among the peoples, and only a few of you will survive among the nations to which the LORD will drive you.”

Deuteronomy 28:64 NIV Then the LORD will scatter you among all nations, from one end of the earth to the other. There you will worship other gods — gods of wood and stone, which neither you nor your fathers have known.”  

Jeremiah 6:30 “Reprobate silver shall men call them, because the LORD hath rejected them.”

Hosea 13:9 NASB It is your destruction, O Israel, That you are against Me, against your help.

Jeremiah 2:19 “Your own wickedness will correct you, And your backslidings will rebuke you. Know therefore and see that it is an evil and bitter thing That you have forsaken the LORD your God, And the fear of Me is not in you,” Says the Lord GOD of hosts.

Ester 8:9 [paraphrased] historical According to all that Mordecai commanded, to the Jews… of the provinces which are from India to Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, to every province according to the writing … to every people after their language. These are letters of Mordecai to the “Jews” to every people after their language.

Ester 9:30 KJV historical And he sent the letters to all the Jews to the hundred twenty and seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus…”

Luke 21:6 “These things which you see—the days will come in which not one stone shall be left upon another that shall not be thrown down.”

See Topic: Jews in the Diaspora and Aliyah

The People Mourn in Judgment

Jeremiah 9:17 Thus says the Lord of hosts:
“Consider and call for the mourning women,
That they may come;
And send for skillful wailing women,
That they may come.
Jeremiah 9:18 Let them make haste
And take up a wailing for us,
That our eyes may run with tears,
And our eyelids gush with water.
Jeremiah 9:19 For a voice of wailing is heard from Zion:
‘How we are plundered!
We are greatly ashamed,
Because we have forsaken the land,
Because we have been cast out of our dwellings.’ ”
Jeremiah 9:20 Yet hear the word of the Lord, O women,
And let your ear receive the word of His mouth;
Teach your daughters wailing,
And everyone her neighbor a lamentation.

Jeremiah 9:21 For death has come through our windows,
Has entered our palaces,
To kill off the children—no longer to be outside! (Lit. from outside)
And the young men—no longer on the streets! (Lit. from the square)
Jeremiah 9:22 Speak, “Thus says the Lord:
‘Even the carcasses of men shall fall as refuse on the open field,
Like cuttings after the harvester,
And no one shall gather them.’ ”
Jeremiah 9:23 Thus says the Lord:
“Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom,
Let not the mighty man glory in his might,
Nor let the rich man glory in his riches,

Jeremiah 9:24 But let him who glories glory in this,
That he understands and knows Me,
That I am the Lord, exercising lovingkindness, judgment (justice), and righteousness in the earth.
For in these I delight,” says the Lord.
Jeremiah 9:25 “Behold, the days are coming,” says the Lord, “that I will punish all who are circumcised with the uncircumcised—
Jeremiah 9:26 Egypt, Judah, Edom, the people of Ammon, Moab, and all who are in the farthest corners, who dwell in the wilderness. For all these nations are uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel are uncircumcised in the heart.”

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