BIBLE: II Samuel Chapter 23 – Headline “The House of the Rising Son”

Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.

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II Samuel 23

David’s Last Words

II Samuel 23:1 Now these are the last words of David.
Thus says David the son of Jesse;
Thus says the man raised up on high,
The anointed of the God of Jacob,
And the sweet psalmist of Israel:
II Samuel 23:“The Spirit of the Lord spoke by me,
And His word was on my tongue.
II Samuel 23:The God of Israel said,
The Rock of Israel spoke to me:
‘He who rules over men must be just,
Ruling in the fear of God.
II Samuel 23:And he shall be like the light of the morning when the sun rises,
A morning without clouds,
Like the tender grass springing out of the earth,
By clear shining after rain.’
  • Revelation 22:16 “I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, the Bright and Morning Star.”
II Samuel 23:“Although my house is not so with God,
Yet He has made with me an everlasting covenant,
Ordered in all things and secure.
For this is all my salvation and all my desire;
Will He not make it increase?
II Samuel 23:But the sons of rebellion shall all be as thorns thrust away,
Because they cannot be taken with hands.
II Samuel 23:But the man who touches them
Must be armed (Lit. filled) with iron and the shaft of a spear,
And they shall be utterly burned with fire in their place.”

David’s Mighty Men

MIGHTY MEN OF DAVID
1 Josheb-Basshebeth the Tachmonite (Lit. One Who Sits in the Seat – 1 Chr. 11:11), chief among the captains (the three). He was called Adino the Eznite [one of the three]II Samuel 23:8 
2Eleazar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite (Dodai, 1 Chr. 27:4) [one of the three]II Samuel 23:
3Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite [one of the three]II Samuel 23:11 
4Now Abishai the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief of another threeII Samuel 23:18
5Benaiah was the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man from Kabzeel, who had done many deeds (Lit. great of acts)II Samuel 23:22 
6Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirtyII Samuel 23:24 
7Elhanan the son of Dodo of BethlehemII Samuel 23:24 
8Shammah the HaroditeII Samuel 23:25
9Elika the HaroditeII Samuel 23:25
10Helez the PaltiteII Samuel 23:26 
11Ira the son of Ikkesh the TekoiteII Samuel 23:26 
12Abiezer the AnathothiteII Samuel 23:27
13Mebunnai the HushathiteII Samuel 23:27
14Zalmon the AhohiteII Samuel 23:28
15Maharai the NetophathiteII Samuel 23:28
16Heleb the son of Baanah (the Netophathite)II Samuel 23:29 
17Ittai the son of Ribai from Gibeah of the children of BenjaminII Samuel 23:29 
18Benaiah a PirathoniteII Samuel 23:30 
19Hiddai from the brooks of GaashII Samuel 23:30 
20Abi-Albon the ArbathiteII Samuel 23:31  
21Azmaveth the BarhumiteII Samuel 23:31  
22Eliahba the Shaalbonite II Samuel 23:32
23JonathanII Samuel 23:32
24Shammah the Hararite (Or Ararite)II Samuel 23:33
25Ahiam the son of Sharar the HarariteII Samuel 23:33
26Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the MaachathiteII Samuel 23:34
27Eliam the son of Ahithophel the GiloniteII Samuel 23:34
28Hezrai the Carmelite (Hezro, 1 Chr. 11:37)II Samuel 23:35
29Paarai the ArbiteII Samuel 23:35
30Igal the son of Nathan of ZobahII Samuel 23:36
31Bani the GaditeII Samuel 23:36
32Zelek the AmmoniteII Samuel 23:37
33Naharai the Beerothite (armorbearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah), II Samuel 23:37
34Joab the son of ZeruiahII Samuel 23:37
35Ira the IthriteII Samuel 23:38 
36Gareb the IthriteII Samuel 23:38 
37Uriah the HittiteII Samuel 23:39
David’s Mighty Men
II Samuel 23:These are the names of the mighty men whom David had: Josheb-Basshebeth the Tachmonite (Lit. One Who Sits in the Seat – 1 Chr. 11:11), chief among the captains (the three). He was called Adino the Eznite, because he had killed eight hundred men at one time.
II Samuel 23:And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite (Dodai, 1 Chr. 27:4), one of the three mighty men with David when they defied the Philistines who were gathered there for battle, and the men of Israel had retreated.
II Samuel 23:10 He arose and attacked the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand stuck to the sword. The Lord brought about a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to plunder.
II Samuel 23:11 And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. The Philistines had gathered together into a troop where there was a piece of ground full of lentils. So the people fled from the Philistines.
II Samuel 23:12 But he stationed himself in the middle of the field, defended it, and killed the Philistines. So the Lord brought about a great victory.
II Samuel 23:13 Then three of the thirty chief men went down at harvest time and came to David at the cave of Adullam. And the troop of Philistines encamped in the Valley of Rephaim.
II Samuel 23:14 David was then in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.
II Samuel 23:15 And David said with longing, “Oh, that someone would give me a drink of the water from the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!”
II Samuel 23:16 So the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines, drew water from the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate, and took it and brought it to David. Nevertheless he would not drink it, but poured it out to the Lord.
II Samuel 23:17 And he said, “Far be it from me, O Lord, that I should do this! Is this not the blood of the men who went in jeopardy of their lives?” Therefore he would not drink it.
These things were done by the three mighty men.
II Samuel 23:18 Now Abishai the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief of another three (Syr. thirty; Tg. the mighty men). He lifted his spear against three hundred men, killed them, and won a name among these three.
II Samuel 23:19 Was he not the most honored of three? Therefore he became their captain. However, he did not attain to the first three.
II Samuel 23:20 Benaiah was the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man from Kabzeel, who had done many deeds (Lit. great of acts). He had killed two lion-like heroes of Moab. He also had gone down and killed a lion in the midst of a pit on a snowy day.
II Samuel 23:21 And he killed an Egyptian, a spectacular man (Lit. a man of appearance). The Egyptian had a spear in his hand; so he went down to him with a staff, wrested the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand, and killed him with his own spear.
II Samuel 23:22 These things Benaiah the son of Jehoiada did, and won a name among three mighty men.
II Samuel 23:23 He was more honored than the thirty, but he did not attain to the first three. And David appointed him over his guard.
II Samuel 23:24 Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,
II Samuel 23:25 Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,
II Samuel 23:26 Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,
II Samuel 23:27 Abiezer the Anathothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite,
II Samuel 23:28 Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite,
II Samuel 23:29 Heleb the son of Baanah (the Netophathite), Ittai the son of Ribai from Gibeah of the children of Benjamin,
II Samuel 23:30 Benaiah a Pirathonite, Hiddai from the brooks of Gaash,
II Samuel 23:31  Abi-Albon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite,
II Samuel 23:32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite (of the sons of Jashen), Jonathan,
II Samuel 23:33 Shammah the Hararite (Or Ararite), Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,
II Samuel 23:34 Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maachathite, Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,
II Samuel 23:35 Hezrai the Carmelite (Hezro, 1 Chr. 11:37), Paarai the Arbite,
II Samuel 23:36 Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite,
II Samuel 23:37 Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Beerothite (armorbearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah),
II Samuel 23:38 Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite,
II Samuel 23:39 and Uriah the Hittite: thirty-seven in all.
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