Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
- The father of the last kings of Judah was Josiah, a good king who tore down the idols of Judah. He fulfilled the prophecy made at the beginning of the split of the kingdoms to Jeroboam, King of Israel:
- 1 Kings 13:2 Then he cried out against the altar by the word of the Lord, and said, “O altar, altar! Thus says the Lord: ‘Behold, a child, Josiah by name, shall be born to the house of David; and on you he shall sacrifice the priests of the high places who burn incense on you, and men’s bones shall be burned on you.’ ”
- A strange turn takes place when Pharaoh Necho is on his way to take sides in the war between Assyria and Babylon. Josiah intercedes Necho’s army for reasons unknown of which Necho tells Josiah that this event is basically, none of his business, and that Josiah’s God has told Necho that Josiah was not to interfere.
Josiah ignores the warning and is killed by Necho’s army leaving Judah without a king. Necho takes Judah as Egypt’s possession and puts off going North to Assyria in order to install Jehoahaz, his son on Judah’s throne but as the Pharaoh’s vassal.
Prophecies Against the Kings of Judah
Jeremiah 22:1 Thus says the Lord: “Go down to the house of the king of Judah, and there speak this word,
Jeremiah 22:2 and say, ‘Hear the word of the Lord, O king of Judah, you who sit on the throne of David, you and your servants and your people who enter these gates!
Jeremiah 22:3 Thus says the Lord: “Execute (Dispense justice) judgment and righteousness, and deliver the plundered out of the hand of the oppressor. Do no wrong and do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, or the widow, nor shed innocent blood in this place.
Jeremiah 22:4 For if you indeed do this thing, then shall enter the gates of this house, riding on horses and in chariots, accompanied by servants and people, kings who sit on the throne of David.
Jeremiah 22:5 But if you will not hear (Obey) these words, I swear by Myself,” says the Lord, “that this house shall become a desolation.” ’ ”
Jeremiah 22:6 For thus says the Lord to the house of the king of Judah:
“You are Gilead to Me,
The head of Lebanon;
Yet I surely will make you a wilderness,
Cities which are not inhabited.
Jeremiah 22:7 I will prepare destroyers against you,
Everyone with his weapons;
They shall cut down your choice cedars
And cast them into the fire.
Jeremiah 22:8 And many nations will pass by this city; and everyone will say to his neighbor, ‘Why has the Lord done so to this great city?’
Jeremiah 22:9 Then they will answer, ‘Because they have forsaken the covenant of the Lord their God, and worshiped other gods and served them.’ ”
Jeremiah 22:10 Weep not for the dead, nor bemoan him;
Weep bitterly for him who goes away,
For he shall return no more,
Nor see his native country.
Message to the Sons of Josiah
Jeremiah 22:11 For thus says the Lord concerning Shallum (Or Jehoahaz) the son of Josiah, king of Judah, who reigned instead of Josiah his father, who went from this place: “He shall not return here anymore (He only reigned about 3 months – He was taken to Egypt by Pharaoh Necho),
Jeremiah 22:12 but he shall die in the place where they have led him captive, and shall see this land no more.
Jeremiah 22:13 “Woe to him who builds his house by unrighteousness
And his chambers (Lit. roof chambers, upper chambers) by injustice,
Who uses his neighbor’s service without wages
And gives him nothing for his work,
- He has built his house upon the sand.
Jeremiah 22:14 Who says, ‘I will build myself a wide house with spacious chambers (Lit. roof chambers, upper chambers),
And cut out windows for it,
Paneling it with cedar
And painting it with vermilion.’
Jeremiah 22:15 “Shall you reign because you enclose yourself in cedar?
Did not your father (Josiah) eat and drink,
And do justice and righteousness?
Then it was well with him.
Bright Yellow box is the King and Father Josiah
Dotted Lines are unions or marriages
Vertical Lines are offspring
Horizontal Lines are siblings
Names in Italics are female. (or light blue)
Names in parenthesis are the son’s Babylonian Names
Black Arrows are the line of succession
Jeremiah 22:16 He judged (Defended) the cause of the poor and needy; Then it was well. Was not this knowing Me?” says the Lord.
Jeremiah 22:17 “Yet your eyes and your heart are for nothing but your covetousness, For shedding innocent blood, And practicing oppression and violence.”
Jeremiah 22:18 Therefore thus says the Lord concerning Jehoiakim (replaced Jehoahaz) the son of Josiah, king of Judah:
- History of Jehoiakim
- Jehoiakim was installed as the King of Judah as a puppet king under the Egyptian Pharaoh while Judah was still in Egypt’s control. He replaced his brother Jehoahaz who was taken to Egypt.
- Nebuchadnezzar beseiged Judah in Jehoiakim’s third year.
- 2 Kings 23:36 Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Zebudah the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.
- In the fourth year of Jehoiakim Nebuchadnezzar conquered Egypt: Concerning the army of Pharaoh Necho, king of Egypt, which was by the River Euphrates in Carchemish, and which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah: Jeremiah 46:2
- Then Nebuchadnezzar conquered Judah (Egypt had been conquered)
- 2 Kings 24:1 Judah Overrun by Enemies – In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his vassal for three years. Then he (Jehoiakim) turned and rebelled against him.
“They shall not lament for him,
Saying, ‘Alas, my brother!’ or ‘Alas, my sister!’
They shall not lament for him,
Saying, ‘Alas, master!’ or ‘Alas, his glory!’
Jeremiah 22:19 He shall be buried with the burial of a donkey,
Dragged and cast out beyond the gates of Jerusalem. (Nebuchadnezzar had Jehoiakim thrown over the wall for conspiring to rebel)
Jeremiah 22:20 “Go up to Lebanon, and cry out, And lift up your voice in Bashan; Cry from Abarim, For all your lovers are destroyed.
Jeremiah 22:21 I spoke to you in your prosperity,
But you said, ‘I will not hear.’
This has been your manner from your youth,
That you did not obey My voice.
Jeremiah 22:22 The wind shall eat up all your rulers (Lit. shepherds),
And your lovers shall go into captivity;
Surely then you will be ashamed and humiliated
For all your wickedness.
Jeremiah 22:23 O inhabitant of Lebanon,
Making your nest in the cedars,
How gracious will you be when pangs come upon you,
Like the pain of a woman in labor (childbirth)?
- The coming seven year tribulation is preceded by a time of “the beginning of sorrows -ie a woman in labor”
Message to Coniah (aka Jehoiachin ruled 3 months)
- History of Jehoiachin:
- 2 Kings 24:8 The Reign and Captivity of Jehoiachin – Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. His mother’s name was Nehushta the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.
- 2 Kings 24:17 Zedekiah Reigns in Judah -Then the king of Babylon made Mattaniah, Jehoiachin’s uncle, king in his place, and changed his name to Zedekiah.
Jeremiah 22:24 “As I live,” says the Lord, “though Coniah (Or Jeconiah or Jehoiachin) the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, were the signet (signet ring) on My right hand, yet I would pluck you off;
Jeremiah 22:25 and I will give you into the hand of those who seek your life, and into the hand of those whose face you fear—the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and the hand of the Chaldeans (Or Babylonians).
Jeremiah 22:26 So I will cast you out, and your mother who bore you, into another country where you were not born; and there you shall die.
Jeremiah 22:27 But to the land to which they desire to return, there they shall not return.
Jeremiah 22:28 “Is this man Coniah (Or Jeconiah or Jehoiachin) a despised, broken idol—
A vessel in which is no pleasure?
Why are they cast out, he and his descendants,
And cast into a land which they do not know?
Jeremiah 22:29 O earth, earth, earth,
Hear the word of the Lord!
Jeremiah 22:30 Thus says the Lord:
‘Write this man down as childless,
A man who shall not prosper in his days;
For none of his descendants shall prosper,
Sitting on the throne of David,
And ruling anymore in Judah.’ ”
- Jehoiachin is cursed by God.
- 2 Kings 25:27 Jehoiachin was released from Prison in Babylon after 37 years of captivity. He was released by Nebuchadnezzar’s Son in Law Evil-Merodach who succeeded Nebuchadnezzar at his death. Jehoiachin was released in the month of Adar on the 27th.