Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
About the Headline: Job is both “Helpless” and getting “Less Help” from his friends.
Job Reproaches His Pitiless Friends
Job 16:1Then Job answered and said:
Job 16:2 “I have heard many such things;
Miserable comforters are you all!
- Job’s friends are no comfort at all. Instead, when he is down they criticize which results in causing his soul to be buffeted as well as his body; adding insult to injury.
Job 16:3 Shall words of wind (Empty words) have an end?
Or what provokes you that you answer?
- They insist he sinned, Job denied he sinned, they deny his denial.
Job 16:4 I also could speak as you do,
If your soul were in my soul’s place.
I could heap up words against you,
And shake my head at you;
- His friends speak as if they themselves are innocent. If Job were stronger and if their roles were reversed Job could point out all their sins.
- Matthew 7:2 For with what judgment you judge, you will be judged; and with the measure you use, it will be measured back to you.
Job 16:5 But (instead) I would strengthen you with my mouth,
And the comfort of my lips would relieve your grief.
- But, Job points out, he would not act as they are; instead he would comfort them and help relieve their grief.
Job 16:6 “Though I speak, my grief is not relieved;
And if I remain silent, how am I eased?
- His friends are worthless to him in relieving his suffering and only add to it.
Job 16:7 But now He has worn me out;
You have made desolate all my company.
Job 16:8 You have shriveled me up, and it is a witness against me;
My leanness rises up against me and bears witness to my face.
Job 16:9 He tears me in His wrath and hates me;
He gnashes at me with His teeth;
My adversary (Satan) sharpens His gaze on me.
- Job does not escape Satan’s wrath who is sharpening his teeth on him.
Job 16:10 They gape at me with their mouth, They strike me reproachfully on the cheek, they gather together against me.
- Prophecy of Jesus on the cross:
Psalm 22:13 They gape at Me with their mouths, Like a raging and roaring lion.
- Psalm 22:1 My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?
Why are You so far from helping Me,
And from the words of My groaning?
2 O My God, I cry in the daytime, but You do not hear;
And in the night season and am not silent.
- John 18:22-23 And when He had said these things, one of the officers who stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, “Do You answer the high priest like that?” Jesus answered him, “If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil; but if well, why do you strike Me?”
Job 16:11 God has delivered me to the ungodly, and turned me over to the hands of the wicked (Satan).
- Mark 15:15 So Pilate, wanting to gratify the crowd, released Barabbas to them; and he delivered Jesus, after he had scourged Him, to be crucified.
Job 16:12 I was at ease, but He has shattered me;
He also has taken me by my neck, and shaken me to pieces;
He has set me up for His target,
Job 16:13 His archers surround me. He pierces my heart (Lit. kidneys) and does not pity;
He pours out my gall on the ground.
- John 19:34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.
Job 16:14 He breaks me with wound upon wound; He runs at me like a warrior (giant).
Job 16:15 “I have sewn sackcloth over my skin, and laid my head (Lit. horn or power) in the dust.
Job 16:16 My face is flushed (Lit. red) from weeping, And on my eyelids is the shadow of death;
- The color red is symbolic for sin and redemption
Job 16:17 Although no violence is in my hands, And my prayer is pure.
Job 16:18 “O earth, do not cover my blood, and let my cry have no resting place!
Job 16:19 Surely even now my witness is in heaven, and my evidence is on high.
- Job speaks as though he is on trial in heaven before the prosecutor, and he may very well be.
- Job is appealing to heaven to speak on his behalf.
Job 16:20 My friends scorn me; My eyes pour out tears to God (‘ĕlôha).
Job 16:21 Oh, that one might plead for a man with God (‘ĕlôha), as a man pleads for his neighbor (friend)!
- Job wants to know “why???” But he gets no answer.
- Note: In verses 20 and 21 the Hebrew word for God is “eloha”, the singular form of “elohim”, addressing not the Godhead, but one singular entity of the Godhead.
- The literal of Job 16:21 in Hebrew is “Oh, that one might plead for a man with Eloha, Son of Adam (Eloha ben Adam), pleads for a neighbor.”
- In the literal it appears Eloha is addressed as a Son of Adam even as Jesus called Himself the “Son of Man” when He came in the flesh.
- “Who is my neighbor?” Luke 10:29 – The one who binds up the wounds (Jesus).
- It appears Job is calling for “the Son” of the Triune Godhead when he calls for “eloha”.
See Pop-Up: Verses with “eloha”
Job 16:22 For when a few years are finished, I shall go the way of no return.
Below: A comparison between Jesus and Job:
|Job is pierced – Job 16:13||Jesus is pierced – John 19:34|
|Job is struck on the cheek – Job 16:19||Jesus is struck on the cheek – John 18:22|
|Job has no family||Jesus has no family (being of God)|
|Job was rejected by his wife||Jesus was rejected by His brothers|
|Job has no possessions||Jesus has no possessions|
|Job is a man of suffering||Jesus is a man of suffering|
|Job was mocked||Jesus was mocked|
|Job was elevated and made low||Jesus was elevated and made low|
|Satan wanted to destroy Job||Satan wanted to destroy Jesus|
|Job spoke the words of God||Jesus spoke the words of the Father|
|Satan tried to incite God against Job||Satan tried to incite Jesus against the Father|
|Job was righteous and blameless||Jesus was righteous and blameless|
|Job’s accusers were legalistic||Jesus’ accusers were legalistic|
|Job saved his friends||Jesus saved men|
|God accepted his friends in the place of Job||God accepted men in the place of Jesus|