Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
The High Holy Days:
The Sabbath of the Seventh Year
Leviticus 25:1 And the Lord spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying,
- Note: This is happening while Moses is on Mount Sinai.
Leviticus 25:2 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘When you come into the land which I give you, then the land shall keep a sabbath to the Lord.
- A sabbath is a rest. God is instructing the Hebrews about the horticulture of letting the land rest in order to keep it productive.
- Men also need rest to keep them productive.
- God’s clock is set at the number seven for rest and restoration.
- Creation took seven days.
- The last day God rested as a model for men.
- According to Jewish sages the years of man’s existence is 7,000 years.
- The last 1,000 years are the millennium, a time of rest and restoration.
- The Week lasts seven days.
- The last day men are to rest for restoration.
- The land produces for six years
- On the seventh year it rests for restoration.
- Creation took seven days.
Leviticus 25:3 Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard, and gather its fruit;
Leviticus 25:4 but in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a sabbath to the Lord. You shall neither sow your field nor prune your vineyard.
Leviticus 25:5 What grows of its own accord of your harvest you shall not reap, nor gather the grapes of your untended vine, for it is a year of rest for the land.
Leviticus 25:6 And the sabbath produce of the land shall be food for you: for you, your male and female servants, your hired man, and the stranger who dwells with you,
Leviticus 25:7 for your livestock and the beasts that are in your land—all its produce shall be for food.
The Year of Jubilee
Leviticus 25:8 ‘And you shall count seven sabbaths of years for yourself, seven times seven years; and the time of the seven sabbaths of years shall be to you forty-nine years.
- After seven sevens something special happens; add one more day for a new beginning: Fifty!
- On Jubilee, every loss is atoned for; slaves are released and properties restored to their original owners.
- The Patterns of Prophecies include the Jubilee:
Leviticus 25:9 Then you shall cause the trumpet of the Jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement you shall make the trumpet to sound throughout all your land.
- You are invited to God’s Party. (Remember, this can be either symbolic or literal. It is up to the researcher to decide.) (Note: this is also metaphorically creative) Those who attend His party can choose Tishri 1-2 and Tishri 10, but those who choose Tishri 10 cannot attend Tishri 1-2.
- If you choose Tishri 10 it will be held on earth with a small gathering of the remnant but all the more special after the Yomin Noraim, the Seven Year Tribulation. The Hopeless Meet their Hope in tears as they reappear from hiding! There is a resurrection of those who have been martyred during the tribulation. The Saints under the Altar meet the Remnant. God has prepared a banqueting table for them in the presence of their enemies who can only look on in regret. The saints and angels who have returned with Jesus join in. There is laughter, dancing, singing, a presentation of linen robes; flags, and banners.
Leviticus 25:10 And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a Jubilee for you; and each of you shall return to his possession, and each of you shall return to his family.
- Fifty is a number of Liberty. A release from captivity.
Leviticus 25:11 That fiftieth year shall be a Jubilee to you; in it you shall neither sow nor reap what grows of its own accord, nor gather the grapes of your untended vine.
Leviticus 25:12 For it is the Jubilee; it shall be holy to you; you shall eat its produce from the field.
- Holy means to be separated or set apart.
Leviticus 25:13 ‘In this Year of Jubilee, each of you shall return to his possession.
Leviticus 25:14 And if you sell anything to your neighbor or buy from your neighbor’s hand, you shall not oppress (take advantage of) one another.
Leviticus 25:15 According to the number of years after the Jubilee you shall buy from your neighbor, and according to the number of years of crops he shall sell to you.
- They are to only pay for the number of years left until the Jubilee.
Leviticus 25:16 According to the multitude of years you shall increase its price, and according to the fewer number of years you shall diminish its price; for he sells to you according to the number of the years of the crops.
Leviticus 25:17 Therefore you shall not oppress (take advantage of) one another, but you shall fear your God; for I am the Lord your God.
Provisions for the Seventh Year
Leviticus 25:18 ‘So you shall observe My statutes and keep My judgments, and perform them; and you will dwell in the land in safety.
Leviticus 25:19 Then the land will yield its fruit, and you will eat your fill, and dwell there in safety.
Leviticus 25:20 ‘And if you say, “What shall we eat in the seventh year, since we shall not sow nor gather in our produce?”
Leviticus 25:21 Then I will command My blessing on you in the sixth year, and it will bring forth produce enough for three years.
- Enough to eat throughout the year.
- Enough to reseed.
- Enough to wait for the next crop.
Leviticus 25:22 And you shall sow in the eighth year, and eat old produce until the ninth year; until its produce comes in, you shall eat of the old harvest.
- The first/eight year in a seven year cycle is to eat the bounty from the storage of the previous year.
- The second/ninth year is to sow and to eat the bounty from the previous storage.
- The third year is to wait for a crop and to eat the bounty from the previous storage.
- The forth year is to enjoy the produce from the land
- The fifth year is to enjoy the produce from the land.
- The sixth year will be such a bountiful produce there will be enough to last for three years.
- The seventh year the land will rest. There will be no picking, reaping, or sowing.
Redemption of Property
Leviticus 25:23 ‘The land shall not be sold permanently, for the land is Mine; for you are strangers and sojourners with Me.
Leviticus 25:24 And in all the land of your possession you shall grant redemption of the land.
Leviticus 25:25 ‘If one of your brethren becomes poor, and has sold some of his possession, and if his redeeming relative comes to redeem it, then he may redeem what his brother sold.
- This is the role of the Kinsman Redeemer.
- Jesus is man’s Kinsman Redeemer becoming a man Himself.
Leviticus 25:26 Or if the man has no one to redeem it, but he himself becomes able to redeem it,
- He buys himself time to recover his situation.
Leviticus 25:27 then let him count the years since its sale, and restore the remainder to the man to whom he sold it, that he may return to his possession.
Leviticus 25:28 But if he is not able to have it restored to himself, then what was sold shall remain in the hand of him who bought it until the Year of Jubilee; and in the Jubilee it shall be released, and he shall return to his possession.
- If the man has not recovered and unable to buy it back, then he must wait until the Year of Jubilee (the 50th year). Then the land returns to him or his family.
Leviticus 25:29 ‘If a man sells a house in a walled city, then he may redeem it within a whole year after it is sold; within a full year he may redeem it.
Leviticus 25:30 But if it is not redeemed within the space of a full year, then the house in the walled city shall belong permanently to him who bought it, throughout his generations (unless they are Levites). It shall not be released in the Jubilee.
- Do not take the home from another family and leave them oppressed because their income does not come from fields.
Leviticus 25:31 However the houses of villages which have no wall around them shall be counted as the fields of the country. They may be redeemed, and they shall be released in the Jubilee.
- The houses of those without walls would be know how to grow produce.
Leviticus 25:32 Nevertheless the cities of the Levites, and the houses in the cities of their possession, the Levites may redeem at any time.
- The priests (Levites) have the exemption.
Leviticus 25:33 And if a man purchases a house from the Levites, then the house that was sold in the city of his possession shall be released in the Jubilee; for the houses in the cities of the Levites are their possession among the children of Israel.
Leviticus 25:34 But the field of the common-land of their cities may not be sold, for it is their perpetual possession.
- The common-land cannot be sold. It belongs to the priests.
Lending to the Poor
Leviticus 25:35 ‘If one of your brethren becomes poor, and falls into poverty among you, then you shall help him, like a stranger or a sojourner, that he may live with you.
Leviticus 25:36 Take no usury or interest from him; but fear your God, that your brother may live with you.
Leviticus 25:37 You shall not lend him your money for usury, nor lend him your food at a profit.
Leviticus 25:38 I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, to give you the land of Canaan and to be your God.
The Law Concerning Slavery
Leviticus 25:39 ‘And if one of your brethren who dwells by you becomes poor, and sells himself to you, you shall not compel him to serve as a slave.
Leviticus 25:40 As a hired servant and a sojourner he shall be with you, and shall serve you until the Year of Jubilee.
- The price for purchasing him is equal to the number of years until the Jubilee.
Leviticus 25:41 And then he shall depart from you—he and his children with him—and shall return to his own family. He shall return to the possession of his fathers.
- A “Return” institutes “hope”. The Jubilee is the hope of the afflicted and oppressed. The return of Jesus fulfills the hope of the afflicted Jews.
Leviticus 25:42 For they are My servants, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt; they shall not be sold as slaves.
- Jesus proves the Jews will not be in perpetual tribulation when He returns to earth.
Leviticus 25:43 You shall not rule over him with rigor (harshness), but you shall fear your God.
Leviticus 25:44 And as for your male and female slaves whom you may have—from the (gentile) nations that are around you, from them you may buy male and female slaves.
- God is betrothed to the Jews. The consummation comes at the feast of booths when a marriage feast is held under the chuppah (wedding tent/booth).
Leviticus 25:45 Moreover you may buy the children of the strangers who dwell among you, and their families who are with you, which they beget in your land; and they shall become your property.
Leviticus 25:46 And you may take them as an inheritance for your children after you, to inherit them as a possession; they shall be your permanent slaves. But regarding your brethren, the children of Israel, you shall not rule over one another with rigor (harshness).
Leviticus 25:47 ‘Now if a sojourner or stranger close to you becomes rich, and one of your brethren who dwells by him becomes poor, and sells himself to the stranger or sojourner close to you, or to a member of the stranger’s family,
Leviticus 25:48 after he is sold he may be redeemed again. One of his brothers may redeem him;
Leviticus 25:49 or his uncle or his uncle’s son may redeem him; or anyone who is near of kin to him in his family may redeem him; or if he is able he may redeem himself.
Leviticus 25:50 Thus he shall reckon with him who bought him: The price of his release shall be according to the number of years, from the year that he was sold to him until the Year of Jubilee; it shall be according to the time of a hired servant for him.
Leviticus 25:51 If there are still many years remaining, according to them he shall repay the price of his redemption from the money with which he was bought.
Leviticus 25:52 And if there remain but a few years until the Year of Jubilee, then he shall reckon with him, and according to his years he shall repay him the price of his redemption.
Leviticus 25:53 He shall be with him as a yearly hired servant, and he shall not rule with rigor over him in your sight.
Leviticus 25:54 And if he is not redeemed in these years, then he shall be released in the Year of Jubilee—he and his children with him.
Leviticus 25:55 For the children of Israel are servants to Me; they are My servants whom I brought out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.
- The gentiles are people of false gods who are not of the family of God, unless they become (convert) to Judaism.