Biblical Comparisons: Law and Grace – A Higher Kind of Law …

Read Matthew Five for Jesus’ explanation of the New Covenant

LAW (reveals sin, brings a curse)GRACE (overcomes sin, brings a blessing)
Jewish (with Gentile Exceptions)Gentile (with Jewish Exceptions)
BondageRedemption: Freedom
Egypt (root meaning:A Narrow Place, Captivity)Yeshua (root meaning: Salvation, An open place, freedom)
Rich ManLazarus
Sacrifice of AnimalsSacrifice of Self
Old Wine skinNew Wine skin
Old Covenant (Testament)New Covenant (Testament)
Mount Sinai: Giving of the Ten CommandmentsPentecost: Giving of Tongues (Spirit)
Covered by Sacrifices of Animals looking to the futureCovered by THE Sacrifice of Jesus looking to the past and the future
Ark (Lit: coffin/tomb) of the Covenant with the LawCoffin/tomb of the Covenant with the body of Jesus
BondwomanFree woman
Accuses (Satan)Redeems (Jesus)
A TutorA Son
Separated with a veilNearness
Temple made of StoneTemple made of Flesh
Works of DutyWorks of Love
Law is PerfectGrace is Loving
Oldness of the LetterNewness of Spirit
Law and Grace

The whole old covenant law can be summed up by “Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind” and “Love your neighbor as yourself” (Matt. 22:37-40). Paul put it this way: “the entire law is fulfilled in keeping this one command: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself’” (Gal. 5:14), and “love is the fulfillment of the law” (Rom. 13:8-10).

Paul’s Words Concerning the Law (In Process)

  • Galatians 2:19
    For I through the law died to the law that I might live to God.
  • Galatians 2:11
    No Return to the Law: Now when Peter had come to Antioch, I withstood him to his face, because he was to be blamed (Peter returned to the law because of peer pressure)
  • Galatians 2:16
    knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law but by faith in Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, that we might be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the law; for by the works of the law no flesh shall be justified.
  • Galatians 2:19
    For I through the law died to the law that I might live to God.
  • Galatians 2:21
    I do not set aside the grace of God; for if righteousness comes through the law, then Christ died in vain.”
  • Galatians 3:2
    This only I want to learn from you: Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
  • Galatians 3:5
    Therefore He who supplies the Spirit to you and works miracles among you, does He do it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?—
  • Galatians 3:10-11 The Law Brings a Curse
    For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse; for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who does not continue in all things which are written in the book of the law, to do them.”
    But that no one is justified by the law in the sight of God is evident, for “the just shall live by faith.”
  • Galatians 3:12-13
    Yet the law is not of faith, but “the man who does them shall live by them.”
    Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”),
  • Galatians 3:17-19 And this I say, that the law, which was four hundred and thirty years later, cannot annul the covenant that was confirmed before by God in Christ, that it should make the promise of no effect.
    For if the inheritance is of the law, it is no longer of promise; but God gave it to Abraham by promise.
    What purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was appointed through angels by the hand of a mediator.
  • Galatians 3:21
    Is the law then against the promises of God? Certainly not! For if there had been a law given which could have given life, truly righteousness would have been by the law.
  • Galatians 3:23-24
    But before faith came, we were kept under guard by the law, kept for the faith which would afterward be revealed.
    Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
  • Galatians 4:4-5
    But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.
  • Galatians 4:21 Two Covenants
    Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not hear the law?
  • Galatians 5:3-4
    And I testify again to every man who becomes circumcised that he is a debtor to keep the whole law.
    You have become estranged from Christ, you who attempt to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace.
  • Galatians 5:7 Love Fulfills the Law
    You ran well. Who hindered you from obeying the truth?
  • Galatians 5:14
    For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.”
  • Galatians 5:18
    But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law.
  • Galatians 5:23
    gentleness, self-control. Against such there is no law.
  • Ephesians 2:15
    having abolished in His flesh the enmity, that is, the law of commandments contained in ordinances, so as to create in Himself one new man from the two, thus making peace,

The Trinity of Grace:

  • Faith, Jesus, Love

The Trinity of Law:

  • The civil law, the ceremonial law, and the moral law.

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