Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
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What should I learn from this chapter?
- Psalm 109 is Prophetic of Jesus: accused, betrayed, and crucified
- King David is a metaphor for Jesus, … as David also Jesus.
Plea for Judgment of False Accusers
To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.
Psalm 109:1 Do not keep silent,
O God (‘ĕlōhîm) of my praise!
Psalm 109:2 For the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of the deceitful
Have opened against me;
- “The summer was hot with the rumors, And tongues fanned the hot rumor ‘round. Like a fire it spread through the valley, but smoldered on Main Street, downtown.” ~The Ballad of Lorilee Belle
They have spoken against me with a lying tongue.
- Liars, when they don’t get what they want through lies – will turn to manipulating.
- Lying and manipulating are two sides to the same coin.
“A man offered commissions to his friend if his friend would come and work for him. The deal was made over the phone and a couple of weeks later they met for lunch from a sizable distance to sign the contract.
When the man’s friend arrived, his friend was shocked that the terms had changed and that there was no contract. Furthermore; the man was very businesslike instead of friendship-like.
What should this friend do? Should he try to renegotiate back to the original agreement or walk away?
The friend realized that if he had been lied to why would he keep the contract even if it was renegotiated. What would prevent this man who had been his friend to stay honest? He imagined having to hire an attorney and all that that would involve. Then he thought about his time and what it was worth. His time for meeting for lunch was worthless.
He got up and walked away. It was over.
Psalm 109:3 They have also surrounded me with words of hatred,
And fought against me without a cause.
Psalm 109:4 In return for my love they are my accusers,
But I give myself to prayer.
- Matthew 26:36 Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane, and said to the disciples, “Sit here while I go and pray over there.” 37 And He took with Him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and He began to be sorrowful and deeply distressed.
Psalm 109:5 Thus they have rewarded me evil for good,
And hatred for my love.
- To render evil for evil is brutish, but to render evil for good is devilish.” (Trapp)
Psalm 109:6 Set a wicked man over him,
And let an accuser (Heb. Satan) stand at his right hand.
- Just as Judas is the wicked man, Satan stands as his accuser.
Psalm 109:7 When he is judged, let him be found guilty,
And let his prayer become sin.
- Matthew 26:14 Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests 15 and said, “What are you willing to give me if I deliver Him to you?” And they counted out to him thirty pieces of silver. 16 So from that time he sought opportunity to betray Him.
Psalm 109:8 Let his days be few,
And let another take his office.
- Matthew 26:23 He answered and said, “He who dipped his hand with Me in the dish will betray Me. 24 The Son of Man indeed goes just as it is written of Him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been good for that man if he had not been born.”
- Judas hung himself and his bowels spilled out.
- Acts 1:24 “You, O Lord, who know the hearts of all, show which of these two You have chosen 25 to take part in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.” 26 And they cast their lots, and the lot fell on Matthias. And he was numbered with the eleven apostles.
Psalm 109:9 Let his children be fatherless,
And his wife a widow.
Psalm 109:10 Let his children continually be vagabonds (wander continuously), and beg;
Let them seek their bread also from their desolate places (be cast out).
Psalm 109:11 Let the creditor seize all that he has,
And let strangers plunder his labor.
* Time to pay the piper…”Once I took the money, but the devil had his way; he was at my throat with the bills he wrote and I had hell to pay”
- Mark 14:21 The Son of Man indeed goes just as it is written of Him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been good for that man if he had never been born.”
Psalm 109:12 Let there be none to extend mercy to him,
Nor let there be any to favor his fatherless children.
Psalm 109:13 Let his posterity (descendants be destroyed) be cut off,
And in the generation following let their name be blotted out (of the Book of Life).
Psalm 109:14 Let the iniquity of his fathers be remembered before the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ),
And let not the sin of his mother be blotted out.
Psalm 109:15 Let them be continually before the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ),
That He may cut off the memory of them from the earth;
Psalm 109:16 Because he did not remember to show mercy,
But persecuted the poor and needy man,
That he might even slay the broken in heart.
Psalm 109:17 As he loved cursing, so let it come to him;
As he did not delight in blessing, so let it be far from him.
Psalm 109:18 As he clothed himself with cursing as with his garment,
So let it enter his body like water,
And like oil into his bones.
Psalm 109:19 Let it be to him like the garment which covers him,
And for a belt with which he girds himself continually.
Psalm 109:20 Let this be the Lord’s (Yᵊhōvâ) reward to my accusers,
And to those who speak evil against my person.
Psalm 109:21 But You, O God the Lord (yᵊhōvâ) (‘ăḏōnāy),
Deal with me for Your name’s sake;
Because Your mercy is good, deliver me.
- A rare instance where God is not translated elomin and Lord is not translated Yehova. Instead God is Yehova and Lord is adonay.
Psalm 109:22 For I am poor and needy,
And my heart is wounded within me.
- John 19:34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.
Psalm 109:23 I am gone like a shadow (death) when it lengthens;
I am shaken off like a locust.
Psalm 109:24 My knees are weak through fasting,
And my flesh is feeble from lack of fatness.
Psalm 109:25 I also have become a reproach to them;
When they look at me, they shake their heads.
- Matthew 26:67 Then they spat in His face and beat Him; and others struck Him with [n]the palms of their hands, 68 saying, “Prophesy to us, Christ! Who is the one who struck You?”
- Matthew 26:27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole garrison around Him. 28 And they stripped Him and put a scarlet robe on Him. 29 When they had twisted a crown of thorns, they put it on His head, and a reed in His right hand. And they bowed the knee before Him and mocked Him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” 30 Then they spat on Him, and took the reed and struck Him on the head. 31 And when they had mocked Him, they took the robe off Him, put His own clothes on Him, and led Him away to be crucified.
- Matthew 27:39 And those who passed by blasphemed Him, wagging their heads 40 and saying, “You who destroy the temple and build it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross.”
41 Likewise the chief priests also, mocking with the scribes and elders, said, 42 “He saved others; Himself He cannot save. [l]If He is the King of Israel, let Him now come down from the cross, and we will believe Him. 43 He trusted in God; let Him deliver Him now if He will have Him; for He said, ‘I am the Son of God.’ ”
44 Even the robbers who were crucified with Him reviled Him with the same thing.