BIBLE: 1 Chronicles Chapter 3 – Headline “David & Sons” [Shadows, Patterns, Symbolism]

Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.

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I Chronicles 3

The Family of David

I Chronicles 3:1 Now these were the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: The firstborn was Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second, Daniel (Chileab, 2 Sam. 3:3), by Abigail the Carmelitess;

I Chronicles 3:the third, Absalom the son of Maacah, the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur; the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith;

I Chronicles 3:the fifth, Shephatiah, by Abital; the sixth, Ithream, by his wife Eglah.

I Chronicles 3:These six were born to him in Hebron. There he reigned seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three years.

  • Like Saul, David reigned 40 years.

I Chronicles 3:And these were born to him in Jerusalem: Shimea (Shammua, 1 Chr. 14:4; 2 Sam. 5:14), Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon—four by Bathshua (Bathsheba, 2 Sam. 11:3)the daughter of Ammiel (Eliam, 2 Sam. 11:3).

I Chronicles 3:Also there were Ibhar, Elishama (Elishua, 1 Chr. 14:5; 2 Sam. 5:15), Eliphelet (Elpelet, 1 Chr. 14:5),

I Chronicles 3:Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia,

I Chronicles 3:Elishama, Eliada (Beeliada, 1 Chr. 14:7), and Eliphelet—nine in all.

I Chronicles 3:These were all the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines, and Tamar their sister.


    • David reigned in Hebron for 7 years and 6 months.
    • See Number Symbolism:
    • 7 is the number meaning it is time to move on, it is completed.
    • 6 months is half a year. The concept of “half” is that it is time to make a choice (just before he met Bathsheba). The number 6 is the number of worldliness in man.

The Family of Solomon

  • Like Saul and like David, Solomon also reigned 40 years.
    • 40 is symbolic of “it is time for a change”
  • These three were a trinity of rulers who ruled over the “United Kingdom” of both Judah and Israel for a total of 120 years.
  • Likewise:
    • Moses born: 40 years in the Pharaoh’s house until he visited his brethren (Acts 7:23)
    • Moses exile: 40 years in his exile until the Exodus
    • Moses’ call: 40 years in the wilderness until his death
    • Moses lived for 120 years.
  • The number 120 (and plus) is a symbolic response to a covenant event.
    • Genesis 23:1
    • Sarah’s Death and Burial
    • Sarah lived one hundred and twenty-seven years; these were the years of the life of Sarah.
      (One hundred and twenty plus seven)
    • Exodus 27:11
    • Likewise along the length of the north side there shall be hangings one hundred cubits long, with its twenty pillars and their twenty sockets of bronze, and the hooks of the pillars and their bands of silver.
    • Exodus 38:11
    • On the north side the hangings were one hundred cubits long, with twenty pillars and their twenty bronze sockets. The hooks of the pillars and their bands were silver.
    • Daniel 6:1
    • The Plot Against Daniel
    • It pleased Darius to set over the kingdom one hundred and twenty satraps, to be over the whole kingdom;
    • Esther 8:9
    • So the king’s scribes were called at that time, in the third month, which is the month of Sivan, on the twenty-third day; and it was written, according to all that Mordecai commanded, to the Jews, the satraps, the governors, and the princes of the provinces from India to Ethiopia, one hundred and twenty-seven provinces in all, to every province in its own script, to every people in their own language, and to the Jews in their own script and language.
      (One hundred and twenty – plus seven)
    • Ezra 2:23
    • the men of Anathoth, one hundred and twenty-eight;
      (One hundred and twenty – plus eight)
    • Genesis 6:3
      And the Lord said, “My Spirit shall not strive with man forever, for he is indeed flesh; yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.”
      (One hundred and twenty – plus zero)
    • Numbers 7:86
    • The twelve gold pans full of incense weighed ten shekels apiece, according to the shekel of the sanctuary; all the gold of the pans weighed one hundred and twenty shekels.
    • (One hundred and twenty – plus zero)
    • Numbers 33:39
    • Aaron was one hundred and twenty-three years old when he died on Mount Hor.
      (One hundred and twenty – plus three)
    • Jonah 4:11
      And should I not pity Nineveh, that great city, in which are more than one hundred and twenty thousand persons who cannot discern between their right hand and their left—and much livestock?”
      (One hundred and twenty-thousand)
    • Esther 9:30
    • And Mordecai sent letters to all the Jews, to the one hundred and twenty-seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with words of peace and truth,
      (One hundred and twenty – plus seven)
    • 2 Chronicles 28:6
    • For Pekah the son of Remaliah killed one hundred and twenty thousand in Judah in one day, all valiant men, because they had forsaken the Lord God of their fathers.
      (One hundred and twenty – thousand)
    • Ezra 2:12
    • the people of Azgad, one thousand two hundred and twenty-two;
      (One hundred and twenty – plus two)
    • Ezra 2:21
      the people of Bethlehem, one hundred and twenty-three;
      (One hundred and twenty – plus three)
    • 2 Samuel 8:4
    • David took from him one thousand chariots, seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand foot soldiers. Also David hamstrung all the chariot horses, except that he spared enough of them for one hundred chariots.
    • 1 Kings 9:14
    • Then Hiram sent the king one hundred and twenty talents of gold.
      (One hundred and twenty – plus zero)
      (For the building of the temple)
    • Deuteronomy 31:2
    • And he said to them: “I am one hundred and twenty years old today. I can no longer go out and come in. Also the Lord has said to me, ‘You shall not cross over this Jordan.’
      (One hundred and twenty – plus zero)
    • 2 Chronicles 3:4
    • And the vestibule that was in front of the sanctuary was twenty cubits long across the width of the house, and the height was one hundred and twenty. He overlaid the inside with pure gold.
      (One hundred and twenty – plus zero)
    • 2 Chronicles 5:12
    • and the Levites who were the singers, all those of Asaph and Heman and Jeduthun, with their sons and their brethren, stood at the east end of the altar, clothed in white linen, having cymbals, stringed instruments and harps, and with them one hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets—
      (One hundred and twenty – plus zero)
    • Deuteronomy 34:7
    • Moses was one hundred and twenty years old when he died. His eyes were not dim nor his natural vigor diminished.
      (One hundred and twenty – plus zero)
    • Judges 8:10
    • Now Zebah and Zalmunna were at Karkor, and their armies with them, about fifteen thousand, all who were left of all the army of the people of the East; for one hundred and twenty thousand men who drew the sword had fallen.
      (One hundred and twenty – thousand)
    • Ezra 2:26 [See Nehemiah 7:30]
    • the people of Ramah and Geba, six hundred and twentyone;
      (six times one hundred and twenty – plus one)
    • 2 Chronicles 7:5
    • King Solomon offered a sacrifice of twenty-two thousand bulls and one hundred and twenty thousand sheep. So the king and all the people dedicated the house of God.
      (One hundred and twenty – thousand)
    • 1 Kings 8:63
    • And Solomon offered a sacrifice of peace offerings, which he offered to the Lord, twenty-two thousand bulls and one hundred and twenty thousand sheep. So the king and all the children of Israel dedicated the house of the Lord.
      (One hundred and twenty – thousand)
    • Ezra 2:27 [See Nehemiah 7:21]
    • the men of Michmas, one hundred and twenty-two;
      (One hundred and twenty – plus two)
    • Ezra 2:41
    • The singers: the sons of Asaph, one hundred and twenty-eight.
      (One hundred and twenty – plus eight)
    • Nehemiah 7:27
    • the men of Anathoth, one hundred and twenty-eight;
      (One hundred and twenty – plus eight)
    • Nehemiah 7:31
      the men of Michmas, one hundred and twenty-two;
      (One hundred and twenty – plus two)
    • Nehemiah 7:32
      the men of Bethel and Ai, one hundred and twenty-three;
      (One hundred and twenty – plus three)
    • Nehemiah 11:14
      and their brethren, mighty men of valor, were one hundred and twenty-eight. Their overseer was Zabdiel the son of one of the great men.
      (One hundred and twenty – plus eight)
    • Esther 1:1
      The King Dethrones Queen Vashti
      Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus (this was the Ahasuerus who reigned over one hundred and twenty-seven provinces, from India to Ethiopia),
      [God’s covenant to protect the Jews who were scattered throughout the Persian providence]
      (One hundred and twenty-plus seven)
    • 1 Kings 10:10
    • Then she gave the king one hundred and twenty talents of gold, spices in great quantity, and precious stones. There never again came such abundance of spices as the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon.
      (One hundred and twenty – plus zero)
    • 2 Chronicles 9:9
    • And she gave the king one hundred and twenty talents of gold, spices in great abundance, and precious stones; there never were any spices such as those the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon.
      (One hundred and twenty – plus zero)

I Chronicles 3:10 Solomon’s son was Rehoboam; Abijah (Abijam, 1 Kin. 15:1) was his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son,

I Chronicles 3:11 Joram (Jehoram, 2 Kin. 1:17; 8:16) his son, Ahaziah (Or Azariah or Jehoahaz) his son, Joash (Jehoash, 2 Kin. 12:1) his son,

I Chronicles 3:12 Amaziah his son, Azariah (Uzziah, Is. 6:1) his son, Jotham his son,

I Chronicles 3:13 Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Manasseh his son,

I Chronicles 3:14 Amon his son, and Josiah his son.

I Chronicles 3:15 The sons of Josiah were Johanan the firstborn, the second Jehoiakim (Eliakim, 2 Kin. 23:34), the third Zedekiah, and the fourth Shallum (Jehoahaz, 2 Kin. 23:31).

I Chronicles 3:16 The sons of Jehoiakim were Jeconiah (Jehoiachin, 2 Kin. 24:8, or Coniah, Jer. 22:24) his son and Zedekiah (Mattaniah, 2 Kin. 24:17) his son.

The Family of Jeconiah

I Chronicles 3:17 And the sons of Jeconiah (Jehoiachin, 2 Kin. 24:8, or Coniah, Jer. 22:24)were Assir, Shealtiel his son (Or the captive were Shealtiel), 18 and Malchiram, Pedaiah, Shenazzar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah.

I Chronicles 3:19 The sons of Pedaiah were Zerubbabel and Shimei. The sons of Zerubbabel were Meshullam, Hananiah, Shelomith their sister,

I Chronicles 3:20 and Hashubah, Ohel, Berechiah, Hasadiah, and Jushab-Hesed—five in all.

I Chronicles 3:21 The sons of Hananiah were Pelatiah and Jeshaiah, the sons of Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, and the sons of Shechaniah.

I Chronicles 3:22 The son of Shechaniah was Shemaiah. The sons of Shemaiah were Hattush, Igal, Bariah, Neariah, and Shaphat—six in all.

I Chronicles 3:23 The sons of Neariah were Elioenai, Hezekiah, and Azrikam—three in all.

I Chronicles 3:24 The sons of Elioenai were Hodaviah, Eliashib, Pelaiah, Akkub, Johanan, Delaiah, and Anani—seven in all.

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