BIBLE: Ezra Chapter 6 – Headline “The Shadow Throws a Passover” [Shadows, Patterns, Symbolism]

Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.

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Ezra 6

The Decree of Darius

Ezra 6:1 Then King Darius issued a decree, and a search was made in the archives (Lit. house of the scrolls), where the treasures were stored in Babylon.
Ezra 6:And at Achmetha (Probably Ecbatana, the ancient capital of Media), in the palace that is in the province of Media, a scroll was found, and in it a record was written thus:
  • Ezra 6:In the first year of King Cyrus (539 BC), King Cyrus issued a decree concerning the house of God (‘ĕlâ) at Jerusalem: “Let the house be rebuilt, the place where they offered sacrifices; and let the foundations of it be firmly laid, its height sixty cubits and its width sixty cubits,
  • Ezra 6:with three rows of heavy stones and one row of new timber. Let the expenses be paid from the king’s treasury.
  • Ezra 6:Also let the gold and silver articles of the house of God (‘ĕlâ), which Nebuchadnezzar took from the temple which is in Jerusalem and brought to Babylon, be restored and taken back to the temple which is in Jerusalem, each to its place; and deposit them in the house of God (‘ĕlâ)”—
    • Note: ‘ĕlâ is the Arabic version of “el” or “‘ĕlōhîm
  • Ezra 6:Now therefore, Tattenai, governor of the region beyond the River, and Shethar-Boznai, and your companions the Persians who are beyond the River, keep yourselves far from there.
  • Ezra 6:Let the work of this house of God (‘ĕlâ) alone; let the governor of the Jews and the elders of the Jews build this house of God (‘ĕlâ) on its site.
  • Ezra 6:Moreover I issue a decree as to what you shall do for the elders of these Jews, for the building of this house of God (‘ĕlâ) (the Temple): Let the cost be paid at the king’s expense from taxes on the region beyond the River; this is to be given immediately to these men, so that they are not hindered.
  • Ezra 6:And whatever they need—young bulls, rams, and lambs for the burnt offerings of the God (‘ĕlâ) of heaven, wheat, salt, wine, and oil, according to the request of the priests who are in Jerusalem—let it be given them day by day without fail,
  • Ezra 6:10 that they may offer sacrifices of sweet aroma to the God (‘ĕlâ) of heaven, and pray for the life of the king and his sons (Cambyses II and Smerdis).
Ezra 6:11 Also I issue a decree that whoever alters this edict, let a timber be pulled from his house and erected, and let him be hanged on it; and let his house be made a refuse heap because of this.
Ezra 6:12 And may the God (‘ĕlâ) who causes His name to dwell there destroy any king or people who put their hand to alter it, or to destroy this house of God (‘ĕlâ)(Temple) which is in Jerusalem. I Darius issue a decree; let it be done diligently.

    The Temple Completed and Dedicated

    Ezra 6:13 Then Tattenai, governor of the region beyond the River, Shethar-Boznai, and their companions diligently did according to what King Darius had sent.
    Ezra 6:14 So the elders of the Jews built, and they prospered through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo. And they built and finished it, according to the commandment of the God (‘ĕlâ) of Israel, and according to the comman“d (decree) of Cyrus, Darius, and Artaxerxes (Darius’ father) king of Persia. (See Ezra Chapter 6: “Stay Away So They Can Pray”: History)
    Ezra 6:15 Now the temple was finished on the third day of the month of Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign of King Darius.
    Ezra 6:16 Then the children of Israel, the priests and the Levites and the rest of the descendants of the captivity, celebrated the dedication of this house of God (‘ĕlâ) (Temple) with joy.
    Ezra 6:17 And they offered sacrifices at the dedication of this house of God (‘ĕlâ), one hundred bulls, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs, and as a sin offering for all Israel twelve male goats, according to the number of the tribes of Israel.
    Ezra 6:18 They assigned the priests to their divisions and the Levites to their divisions, over the service of God (‘ĕlâ) in Jerusalem, as it is written in the Book of Moses.

    The Passover Celebrated

    The Hebrew Language Resumes Here Through Ezra 7:11

    • The temple was finished Adar 3 516 BC. Adar is the last month of a Jewish year. Nisan 1 begins the Jewish New Year. The Passover was a God-given command to the Jews Nisan 14 to slaughter the lamb.
    Ezra 6:19 And the descendants of the captivity kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the first month (Nisan).
    • Leviticus 23:5 On the fourteenth day of the first month at twilight is the Lord’s Passover.
    Ezra 6:20 For the priests and the Levites had purified themselves; all of them were ritually clean. And they slaughtered the Passover lambs for all the descendants of the captivity, for their brethren the priests, and for themselves.
    Ezra 6:21 Then the children of Israel who had returned from the captivity ate together with all who had separated themselves from the filth (uncleanness) of the nations of the land in order to seek the Lord God (Yᵊhōvâ ‘ĕlōhîm) of Israel.
    Ezra 6:22 And they kept the Feast of Unleavened Bread seven days with joy; for the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) made them joyful, and turned the heart of (Darius) the king of Assyria toward them, to strengthen their hands in the work of the house of God (‘ĕlōhîm), the God (ĕlōhîm) of Israel.
    • Leviticus 23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; seven days you must eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no customary work on it. But you shall offer an offering made by fire to the Lord for seven days. The seventh day shall be a holy convocation; you shall do no customary work on it.’ ”
      • Because they are prophetic of God’s Plan for the redemption of mankind, thus the gospel.
      • Jesus was slaughtered on Passover as the Passover Lamb of God.
    • The two calendars below give the dates of Jesus’ crucifixion week. The first shows the calendar with the Roman days. The second shows the calendar according to the Jewish days where twilight (evening) begins a new day.

      Roman Calendar:

    • Jewish and Roman Days where twilight begins a new day: The white columns are daylight, the grey columns are nighttime, together they are one day.

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