There are seven God given Jewish feasts; they are:
- 1) Passover
- 2) First Fruits (First of the first Resurrections) (Jesus) [fulfilled]
- 3) Wave Offering (Next order of the first Resurrection) (The tombs of the saints) [fulfilled]
- 4) Pentecost (Law to Grace)(New Covenant) [fulfilled]
- 5) Feast of Trumpets (Rapture and the Next first Resurrections) (Main Harvest) [unfulfilled]
- interlude: The Tribulation: Daniel’s 70th week
- 6) Day of Atonement (Jesus’ Returns to Earth with His Saints and Angels) [unfulfilled]
- 7) Feast of Booths (When God Dwells with Man) (1,000 Millennium) (gleanings) [unfulfilled]
Why would God give the Jews these particular feasts?
- Connected to a harvest:
- The theme of harvest is woven though-out scripture.
- A harvest is a time of “fruitfulness”.
- A harvest is the time of separating the wheat from the chaff.
- A harvest is used for the concept of “resurrections”.
- A harvest is a celebration of God’s bounty.
- Connected to a historical event. For example:
- Passover is connected to a release from captivity in Egypt.
- Pentecost is connected to the receiving of the law on Mount Sinai.
- The Spring Feasts and the Autumn Feasts are divided into Jesus’ first coming and His second coming. The Spring Feasts were all fulfilled prophetically. None of the Autumn Feasts’ prophecies have been fulfilled.
I would venture to say that all Jewish feasts are prophetic – for both the Jew and the Gentile. It behooves the church to study the Jewish Feasts to learn about God’s plan for man.
THE SPRING JEWISH FEASTS
PASSOVER-FIRST FRUITS-AND PENTECOST
PASSOVER: REDEMPTION BY THE BLOOD OF AN INNOCENT LAMB
Passover was instituted when the Hebrews left Egypt. A lamb was sacrificed (like Jesus), its blood was smeared on the doorpost of the Hebrew houses (like the mercy seat on the Ark of the Covenant), and the angel of death “passed over” the houses of those who were covered by the blood of an innocent lamb (like Jesus) foretelling the story of the Good News (the Gospel) that by covering oneself in Jesus’ blood (by believing in His identity) each person can be assured that the angel of the second death will pass over them.
FIRST FRUITS: THE FIRST OF THE HARVEST DEDICATED TO THE KINGDOM OF GOD
First Fruits is thanking God for His unending gift of providing a priceless bounty to men by giving back a portion in gratitude to be used for another harvest. God shares Himself with man teaching men to share in gratitude, not by duty but by love. Jesus is God’s priceless bounty of life bringing about a harvest of resurrections “never to die again”! Jesus rose from the ground in a harvest for men’s souls. He is the “first fruit” of all men who will never die again.
PENTECOST: THE TRANSITION FROM A HEART OF STONE TO A HEART OF FLESH
On the 50th day of taking the captives out of Egypt Moses was given the Law; Ten Commandments written on tablets of stone. Each law had a specific purpose for keeping men inside the boundaries of love for God and man. On the 50th day after the resurrection of Jesus the law was powered up with the addition of the Holy Spirit. Instead of resting on one day of the week rest everyday knowing God is doing your work for you called FAITH! Instead of loving your neighbor as yourself why not love EVERY man as yourself. Instead of just not murdering, why not get all those murderous nasty thoughts out of your head, Instead of not cursing God with your mouth, don’t curse Him with your head or your heart, etc. Love and Grace is God’s law on STEROIDS! You simply cannot hurt someone if you truly love them. Instead you always have their best interests at heart.
- Romans 13:10 Love does no harm to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.
- Christ Fulfills the Law: Matthew 5:17 “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. 18 For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled. 19 Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20 For I say to you, that unless your righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven.
JESUS’ CRUCIFIXION WEEK ILLUSTRATING JESUS FULFILLING EACH SPRING FEAST
BELOW: A CHART OF JESUS’ CRUCIFIXION WEEK DETAILING EACH SPRING FEAST FULFILLED BY JESUS ON THE EXACT SAME DAY.
- On the same day the annual Passover lamb was selected for sacrifice to take away the sins of the people Jesus rode into Jerusalem as God’s Passover Lamb to take away the sins of the world.
- For three days the annual Passover lamb was examined for spot or blemish Jesus taught in the temple where his teachings were examined for spot or blemish by the Jewish Leaders and Priests.
- Passover: Jesus, God’s Firstborn Son, was crucified on the same day the annual Passover lamb was slaughtered in order to pacify the demands of the law.
- On the same day as the yesteryear, Pharaoh’s firstborn son was also killed (in the plague by God’s curse) even as Jesus, God’s Firstborn Son, was killed by God’s curse on men (the crown of thorns where thorns mean ‘curse’).
- Jesus was taken down from the cross before twilight when the Passover Holy Convocation was to take place, called a Passover Sabbath.
- Jesus’ body was placed in a tomb, on a bed. The tomb is called a coffin, also translated “Ark”. He is fulfilling the oath He took from the creation of the earth to be sacrificed in order to redeem man (Rev 13:8). His tomb is an Ark of the Covenant (oath).
- The tomb is sealed. Those who believe in His death, burial, and resurrection are sealed by the Spirit.
- For three days and three nights Jesus is in Sheol. Sheol is divided by a chasm. On one side is Paradise also called Abraham’s Bosom, on the other side is a place of torment. One thief crucified with Jesus is in Paradise while the other is in Torments. Jesus takes those in Paradise to His Father in heaven. (Isaiah 61:1, Psalm 68:18) On those same days of yesteryear Moses is leading the Jewish captives of Egypt out of captivity, taking them to the “promised land”.
- The tomb is open on the first day of the week by angels. Just as Jonah was in the heart of the sea monster for three days and three nights, Jesus likewise was in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights.
- Two angels are in Jesus’ tomb, one at the head of His bed and the other at the foot. Their presence complete the picture of the two cherubim on the Ark of the Covenant. The parallel continues knowing the same day the High Priest of Jesus’ day applied the blood of the Passover Lamb on the mercy seat of the Ark of the Covenant is the same day Jesus’ blood was applied to His bed in the tomb (coffin) for the atonement of sins as John the Baptist had proclaimed:
- The Lamb of God-The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! (John 1:29)
- And I looked, and behold, in the midst of the throne and of the four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as though it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent out into all the earth. (Rev. 5:6)
- Moses was the prophet for Passover. Jonah was the prophet for First Fruits. Jesus is the prophet for Pentecost-the giving of Law and Grace.
- These are the Spring Feasts.
For those who are familiar with the differences between Roman dates and Jewish dates, the following chart below shows both, explaining seemingly differences in scripture: The white areas signify daylight hours while the blue areas signify nighttime.
Jesus also fulfilled Pentecost. Moses received the Ten Commandments on Pentecost on Mount Sinai. After Jesus was raised from the dead the gift of tongues (as given by the Holy Spirit) indicate the movement from Law to Grace which Jesus called “the New Covenant”
- Inside the Ark of the Covenant the Ten Commandments and Aaron’s Almond Branch were placed. The first is the Law while the second is a branch which blooms once a year on Passover signifying the miraculous resurrection and the age of Grace.
The Ten Commandments (above) is illustrated by a caricature of Moses (below). The right arm tells us how to love our Creator (which includes your parents) and is inclusive of the laws which say “You SHALL”. The left arm is How to love your neighbors by knowing what NOT to do, “You SHALL NOT”.
(The two most important laws: to love God with all your heart and to love your neighbor as yourself is excepted from the “Shall Nots”).
The Right arm illustrates the spiritual arena while the left arm illustrates the natural, or physical arena. The “Right Arm” in history, as well as in scripture, the Prince/oldest Son of the King. In this case the Right Arm of God is Jesus. The most powerful position next to the “Head” is the “Right Arm”.
That which the old broken Law (pun intended ie Moses broke the tablets) could not do, the Holy Spirit can. The law has never been voided, just perfected and superseded by the Spirit. One must ask what the purpose of each law is and hit the target of its purpose which ends up in two succinct commands: Love the Lord your God with all your heart and love your neighbor as yourself.
This completes the Spring Feasts.
THE JEWISH AUTUMN FEASTS
FEAST OF TRUMPETS-DAY OF ATONEMENT-FEAST OF BOOTHS
How does one approach the study of the Autumn Feasts concerning the Prophecies yet to come? Consider the Jewish Menorah for “sensical” interpretations if one is to connect the dots in a logical pattern: See the proposed illustration below: How do these line up with every bit of scripture?
The Feast of Trumpets and the Day of Atonement are part of the “High Holy Days” and seem to be “tied together” in that both have to do with the return of Jesus before and after the seven year tribulation. However; the rapture isn’t the actual return of Jesus but rather meeting Jesus in the air. Seven years later Jesus returns with His saints and angels, including those who were resurrected and/or raptured seven year earlier.
THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS
The High Holy Days begin with two days of celebration for the Feast of Trumpets, then seven days of affliction, and finally the Day of Atonement: These ten days contain verses which appear to verify our scenario of the meaning of the prophecies of autumn feasts:
Are we declaring that the Return of Jesus will happen exactly on Yom Kippur? No. The Spring Feasts were exact so the best we do is come to our own conclusions. We never know what God means until it happens. However: when it comes to the rapture remember Paul’s words: “But you, brethren, are not in darkness, so that this Day should overtake you as a thief. 1 Thess 5:4”
- THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS
- There are three orders of the first resurrection: 1) Jesus and the Saints whose tombs were opened called “First Fruits and the Wave Offering”, 2) The resurrection of the faithful dead called “The Main Harvest” and 3) The the last chance believers called “The Gleanings” which are appropriate for both The Day of Atonement and The Feast of Tabernacles.
- The Feast of Trumpets is the “Main Harvest”.
- All three orders are for believers only called the first resurrection. The second resurrection is for non-believers only. The first resurrections have their names written in the Book of Life while the second resurrections do not.
- There are only three events that call for the blowing of trumpets:
- 1) To move the camp
- 2) A warning for war
- 3) A celebration for special occasions
- These fit into the pattern of the the rapture=moving of the camp
- A warning for war=Armageddon
- A celebration for special occasions = The return of Jesus with the Saints and the Angels to set up His kingdom on earth.
- Therefore; Rosh Hashana is set apart for moving of the camp.
- The Blowing of the Trumpets begin on the first day of the previous month. The trumpets are blown 3 times a day for 30 days totaling 90 trumpet blasts before reaching Tishri 1 and 2 when the last of another 10 trumpet blasts are blown.
- 1 Corinthians 15:52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
- I Thessalonians 5:4 But you, brethren, are not in darkness, so that this Day should overtake you as a thief.
- I Thessalonians 5:9 For God did not appoint us to wrath (the “Day of Wrath” ie the “Tribulation), but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ,
- The rapture is called “The Day of Christ” while the return of Jesus is called “The Day of the Lord”.
THE INTERLUDE BETWEEN THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS AND THE DAY OF ATONEMENT:
THE YOMIN NORAIM.
The Seven Days of Yomin Noraim are a time when Jews afflict their souls in repentance preparing for the Day of Atonement.
Here is where we learn why Daniel’s 70 weeks are called “weeks” (seventy sevens) instead of years. It is because the Tribulation lasts 7 years but those 7 years are symbolized by the 7 days of affliction (one “week”).
The Yomin Noraim represent the Seven Year Tribulation which is known as: “The Day of Wrath” or “The Day of the Lord’s Wrath”, The Time of Sorrows, Daniel’s 70th week, The time of Jacob’s trouble, The Kingdom of the Antichrist, and The Days of Affliction.
- The Time of Sorrows alludes to A Woman in Childbirth.
- The Day of the Lords’ Wrath is the Day reserved for man’s Kinsman Redeemer who returns to take vengeance on the enemies of believers.
- Daniel’s 70th week is the time of rule for the Antichrist.
- The Time of Jacob’s Trouble is the seven year famine for Joseph’s family.
- The book of Revelation breaks the seven years down into 3-1/2 years and 3-1/2 years. From the middle of the Seven Year Tribulation to Hanukah is 1,335 days as spoken of in Daniel proving that the Jewish Feasts are tied together with prophecy and the Feasts’ interpretations as proposed.
- Jacob’s two wives represent God’s relationship with Gentile Believers and Jewish Believers. Leah is symbolic of the Gentile believers while Rachel is symbolic of Jewish Believers. Read Revelation 12 for a full and detailed study.
- Leah is the bride at the marriage feast in heaven during the seven year tribulation. Laban told Joseph “to finish her wedding ‘week’” and then Laban would give Joseph Rachel also (for another 7 day wedding celebration called the Feast of Tabernacles).
- This is another use/hint for using “weeks” instead of years in Daniel 12.
THE JEWISH FEAST OF BOOTHS/TABERNACLES
The Seventh and Last God Ordained Jewish Feast
The Feast of Tabernacles is the last of the seven God ordained Jewish Feasts.
It appears to represent the last of man’s history on earth where God dwells on earth with man for 1,000 years called the Millennium. Jesus sets up His Kingdom and rules from Jerusalem bringing justice and peace on earth. After all, man is a sojourner on earth simply living in tents/booths until he dies and then he must give up his earthly body/tent/tabernacle.
THE RULER OF THE WORLD FROM JERUSALEM
He who is ruling the world from Jerusalem is called the Kings of kings (A Lion), the son of man (A Man), the Son of God (An Eagle), and High Priest (An Ox/Bull).
Jesus is the King of kings and Lord of Lords, the Lion of Judah; He is man’s Kinsman Redeemer as a man; He is the Son of God who oversees the heavens (An Eagle) and He is man’s High Priest (An Ox/Bull) (like the “Bulls of Bashan” the High Priests, Ananias and Caiaphas, who put Jesus to death).
These four faces are found in Ezekiel and in Revelation. These are also illustrated in the four Gospels.
Historically, Sukkot it is celebrated as remembering how the Hebrews had to dwell in the wilderness for forty years after leaving Egypt and before entering the promised land. They were literally sojourners in the land.
SUKKOT AS A WEDDING
The Feast of Booths is more than Jesus’ rule on earth. It is also a wedding, specifically, a Jewish wedding.
A booth is a “chupah”, a place where marital vows are performed.
“Think of Sukkot as a joyous wedding under the chuppah (canopy).”
Rabbi Judah DardikJ Weekly.com Friday, October 6, 2006
The Laws on Mount Sinai were God’s wedding contract with the Hebrews: ie: If you do this, I will do that. A typical wedding contract. The wedding contract is only a betrothal, just like Joseph and Mary were betrothed. There is no consummation until the wedding feast. During Jesus’ reign on earth there will be a wedding feast where God “consummates” His oaths to the Jews.
The first wedding feast took place in heaven after the rapture and during the tribulation on earth with the Bride of Christ consisting of Gentiles only with Jewish Exceptions because the Jews were blinded in part.
The second wedding feast takes place on earth during the millennium in Jerusalem with God’s wife of the Old Covenant (Testament) consisting of Jews only with Gentile Exceptions.
The Old Testament illustrates this concept through Jacob’s two wives; Leah representing the Gentiles and Rachel representing the Jews. Jacob “woke” (awaking from a sleep-like a resurrection) he expected to find Rachel but instead had Leah. Laban instructed Jacob to finish Leah’s wedding “WEEK” (during the seven year tribulation) and Jacob could have Rachel also, a second wedding.) Leah was fruitful, Rachel was barren – until the end.
AN OVERVIEW OF ALL SEVEN JEWISH FEASTS
BELOW: A CHART OF THE SPRING FEASTS (PROPHETICALLY FULFILLED) AND THE AUTUMN FEASTS (PROPHETICALLY UNFULFILLED)
On the left of the chart are the Spring Feasts: Passover, First Fruits, Wave Offering, and Pentecost. On the right are the Autumn Feasts: Feast of Trumpets, Day of Atonement, and Feast of Booths. Each one signifying something great.
See: Topic Chart – Jewish Feasts