BIBLE: John Chapter 19 – Headline: “Jewish Leaders Blackmail Roman Legate Pilate Forcing Execution of Innocent Man”

John 19

Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.


Jesus rode into Jerusalem on the same day the chief priests were selecting a Passover lamb to sacrifice for the sins of the nation. Today, this is called His “Triumphal Entry”.

For three days the lamb was examined for a spot or a blemish to be an acceptable sacrifice. For three days Jesus was examined by the chief priests and the elders for a spot or blemish in His teachings (for they sought to trap Him with His words) but they could not.

Jesus was arrested and cross examined by the Sanhedrin in the middle of the night.

He told them He was the Son of God, claiming to be equal with God. Although it was Truth with a capital “T”, it was all they needed to deliver Him over for death for blasphemy. The capital “T” was the Cross.

When the rooster crowed three times in the early morning they took him to Pilate.

Pilate wanted to release him but the crowd chooses Barabbas, a murderer.

The Soldiers Mock Jesus

John 19:1 So then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him.
John 19:2 And the soldiers twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and they put on Him a purple robe.

The crown of thorns is related the leviathan (Strongs H3882 livyathan) A sea monster who symbolically lives in a sea of people:

  • Strongs H3882 “sea monster, sea serpent, wreath” sometimes regarded as a form of Satan, from Late Latin leviathan, from Hebrew livyathan “dragon, serpent, huge sea animal (reptile),” of unknown origin, perhaps from root l-w-h- “to wind, turn, twist,” on the notion of a serpent’s coils, a “wreath” TO COIL INTO A WREATH.

Isaiah describes this monster as a “serpent”, “reptile” and being “twisted”: Leviathan is any reptile and represents Satan.

  • In that day the LORD (Yĕhovah) with His severe sword (the Word of God: Jesus), great and strong, will punish Leviathan the fleeing (Escaping) serpent, Leviathan that twisted serpent (Satan); and He will slay (kill the head, destroy the power of) the reptile that is in the sea (of people).

Picture the crown of thorns as Satan the serpent coiled around Jesus’ head, burying his fangs into His forehead, injecting all his venom into his enemy, the Son of God.

  • The crown of thorns is a mark on Jesus’ head. Perhaps resembling a piercing of the mark of the beast in the book of Revelation.
  • A purple robe represents royalty. It was meant to mock Jesus but little did they know He was more than a king.
  • Purple and scarlet are reds. Red is the color of sin and redemption.
  • Red is the color of Esau who sold his birthright. Red is also the color of Jesus’ blood able to redeem man’s birthright to God. Red is the color of the cup of wine at the last supper.

Click here to study more on the color Red.
Click here to study more on the Leviathan.

Click here to study Jesus’ crucifixion week: 1) events 2) insights 3) types and shadows 4) verification of the dates.

John 19:3 Then (they came up to Him and) they said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they struck Him with their hands.
John 19:4 Pilate then went out again, and said to them, “Behold, I am bringing Him out to you, that you may know that I find no fault in Him.”

This is a problem. It was necessary to place on a placard the man’s name with his crime. If Pilate found no crime in him, what would he put on the board to announce Jesus’ name and His crime?

Pilate’s Decision

John 19:5 Then Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, “Behold the Man!”
John 19:6 Therefore, when the chief priests and officers saw Him, they cried out, saying, “Crucify Him, crucify Him!
Pilate said to them, “You take Him and crucify Him, for I find no fault in Him.”

Again, the Passover Lamb is found to be without spot or blemish.

John 19:7 The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to our law He ought to die, because He made Himself the Son of God.”

Was this the first time Pilate heard Jesus claimed to be the Son of God?

John 19:8 Therefore, when Pilate heard that saying, he was the more afraid,

Note: Pilate feared the fact and believed that Jesus was the son of a god.

John 19:9 and went again into the Praetorium, and said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But Jesus gave him no answer.

The Praetorium:
The Greek word (praitorion) rendered in Mark 15:16 is “common hall” (Matthew 27:27 , marg., “governor’s house”), “judgment hall,” ( John 18:28 John 18:33 , marg., “Pilate’s house”, 19:9 ; Acts 23:35 ), “palace” (Phil 1:13 ). This is properly a military word. It denotes
1) the general’s tent or headquarters;
2) the governor’s residence, as in Acts 23:35 (RSV, “palace”); and
3) the praetorian guard (See PALACE), or the camp or quarters of the praetorian cohorts ( Acts 28:16 ), the imperial guards in immediate attendance on the emperor, who was “praetor” or commander-in-chief.

“Where are You from?” What a strange question Was he concerned there were armies from this other kingdom, on their way to rescue Jesus?

John 19:10 Then Pilate said to Him, “Are You not speaking to me? Do You not know that I have power (authority) to crucify You, and power to release You?”

Someday in the future, at the Great White Throne Judgment, Pilate will be standing before Jesus who has all power and all authority to send him to the lake of fire or to a heavenly eternity. At that time Pilate will thoroughly see the “Kingdom of God” and know who Jesus is: not just a king but the King of Kings, not just a man, but the redeemer of men, not, as Pilate imagined, another Roman “god”, but the one and the only true God.

History notes that Pilate and Herod Antipas were not on good terms, but after Jesus death, they became friends.

John 19:11 Jesus answered, “You could have no power at all against Me unless it had been given you from above. Therefore the one who delivered Me to you has the greater sin.”

At the Great White Throne Judgment will Jesus say of Pilate, “I find no fault with him”? I don’t think so. Jesus said Pilate has the lesser sin than those who delivered Him over to Pilate. Pilate was not without his own sin, and his friendship with Herod would indicate there was no repentance after the fact.

John 19:12 From then on Pilate sought to release Him, but the Jews cried out, saying, “If you let this Man go, you are not Caesar’s friend. Whoever makes himself a king speaks against Caesar.”

The leaders of the Jews have now chosen Caesar to be their king, an abomination against the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. They chose Caesar, their Roman enemy, over Jesus.

The leaders included the priests and the High Priest who knew scripture:

  • Deuteronomy 17:15 you shall surely set a king over you whom the Lord your God chooses; one from among your brethren you shall set as king over you; you may not set a foreigner over you, who is not your brother.

A foreigner is a gentile, a non-Jewish person. Herod also was not Jewish but a descendant of Esau. Yet, the Herodians supported him, believing he was the promised Messiah because he built their temple on a more magnificent scale. Even today there are Jews who believe that the man who builds the third temple will be their Messiah, and that man may very well be the Antichrist.

John 19:13 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus out and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha.
John 19:14 Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold your King!”

►The phrase “and about the sixth hour” does not refer to the time of day, but rather to the amount of time that had passed from the initial arrest of Jesus till the time the Jews cried out, “crucify him”.

►It was the preparation day of the Passover, the same day the Passover lamb is slaughtered. Therefore Passover is the following day. Passover is considered a Sabbath, a Holy Convocation.  The next day was not Saturday, it was Wednesday.

►The woman went to the tomb on the first day of the week, (Sunday). According to Leviticus 23:9-14 First Fruits (Jesus’ Resurrection) and the Wave Offering (Certain tombs of the saints were opened) fall on the day after the Sabbath following Passover, (Sunday).

John 19:15 But they cried out, “Away with Him, away with Him! Crucify Him!”
Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?”
The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar!”

The Jews are now blackmailing Pilate.

NOTE: They have no king but Caesar and they are the priests of God?  That is blasphemy, the very blasphemy for which they accused Jesus.

  • Psalm 2:7-8 “I will declare the decree: The Lord has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have begotten You. Ask of Me, and I will give You the nations for Your inheritance, and the ends of the earth for Your possession.
  • Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given; and the government (kingship) will be upon His shoulder. and His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
John 19:16 Then he (Pilate) delivered Him to them to be crucified. Then they took Jesus and led Him away.
Time2:00 am
TypeJewish preliminary examination
AuthorityAnnas, ex-high priest of the Jews
ScriptureJohn 18:13-23
AccusationsPre-trial trumped-up charges. General questions, nothing specific
LegalityIllegal because it was an unauthorized inquiry held at night at the residence of Annas. Prejudice. No specific charges. Violent.
ResultsPurpose was to gain evidence for the trial. “Guilty” of irreverence. Taken to Caiaphas
Time3:30 am
AuthorityCaiaphas, current high priest with members of the Sanhedrin
ScriptureMatt 26-56-68, Mk 14:53-65, John 18:24
AccusationsBlasphemy, claimed to be the Messiah and the Son of God.
LegalityIllegal because it was held at night at the residence of Caiaphas. Perjured witnesses could not agree. Violence.
ResultsGuilty of blasphemy by common consent. Sent to the Sanhedrin.
Time6:00 am
AuthoritySanhedrin (Jewish ruling authorities)
ScriptureLuke 22:66-71
AccusationsCharged with blasphemy; claimed to be the Son of God. Rome is not interested in blasphemy.
LegalityFormal trial to confirm capital sentence of the illegal night trial. Put Jesus under oath. Caiaphas made each member of Sanhedrin accredited witnesses.
ResultsDeclared guilty of blasphemy by Sanhedrin. Sent to Roman Governor Pilate for legal sentence of death.
Time6:30 am
TypeRoman civil trial
AuthorityPilate, Governor of Judea at official residence (first time)
ScriptureMatt 27:1-2, 11-14, Mark 15:2-5, Luke 23:1-7, John 18:28-38
AccusationsAccused Him of treason, a capital offense in Rome
LegalityIllegal, yet held even though found innocent by Pilate. No defense attorney. Violent.
ResultsInnocent, John 18:38. It should have ended the trial, but sent to Herod Antipas. Mob overruled Pilate.
5At Herod Antipas
Time7:00 am
TypeRoman Civil Trial
AuthorityHerod Antipas, Governor of Galilee
ScriptureLuke 23:8-12
AccusationsNo accusation. Mock trial. Mob violence
LegalityIllegal because there are no grounds. Mockery in courtroom. Violence. No defense attorney.
ResultsMistreated and mocked, returned to Pilate without decision by Herod.
Time7:30 am
TypeRoman civil trial
AuthorityPilate, Governor of Judea (second time)
ScriptureMatt 27:15-26, Mark 15:6-15, Luke 23:13-25, John 18:39, 19:16
AccusationsTreason, Bargain with mob, put on trial with Barabbas.
LegalityIllegal because Pilate had no proof of guilt, allowed innocent man to be condemned.
ResultsFound innocent, but Pilate bowed to political pressure of the Jewish leaders.
AuthorityYou are the Judge
ScriptureThe entire bible
AccusationsJesus Christ is Lord and Savior
LegalityThe decision is legal and eternally binding
ResultsWhat will you do with Jesus?
The Seven Trials of Jesus

NOTE: There were three Jewish Trials and three Roman Trials. Jesus was declared guilty at all of the Jewish Trials. Jesus was declared innocent at all of the Roman Trials.

The King on a Cross

John 19:17 And He, bearing His cross, went out to a place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha,

When God brought the Hebrews out of Egypt there is a little verse which seems to be prophetic of the Passover of the future when Jesus is crucified and again when Jesus will return – then the tables are turned. They pierced Him, they wanted to break His bones, now He is going to have His vengeance:

  • Numbers 24:8 “God brings him out of Egypt (the world); He has strength like a wild ox; He shall consume the nations, his enemies; He shall break THEIR bones And pierce THEM with His arrows.
  • Psalm 110:6 He shall judge among the nations, He shall fill the places with dead bodies, He shall execute the heads of many countries.
  • Isaiah 30:30 The Lord will cause His glorious voice to be heard, And show the Descent of His arm, With the indignation of His anger And the flame of a devouring fire, With scattering, tempest, and hailstones.
John 19:18 where they crucified Him, and two others with Him, one on either side, and Jesus in the center.

There were two thieves (sinners) crucified with Jesus, one on each side.

The mother of James and John had asked Jesus, when you come into your kingdom…allow one son to sit on Your right hand and one at Your left hand. If Jesus had granted her request, they would have been crucified in the place of the two thieves.

Instead, Jesus answered her with a question. Are they able to be baptized with the same baptism He was to be baptized with?

Jesus’ baptism was a baptism of death. Jesus had a baptism of water with John the baptizer and He is about to have a baptism of blood.  Life comes through the water and the blood.

But they did not understand what He was saying, so they responded that they could indeed.

All believers are told to die to themselves. This is the baptism of death; to serve God instead of one’s own selfish desires.

John 19:19 Now Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross. And the writing was:
John 19:20 Then many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city (Jerusalem); and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.

NOTE: Criminals had their crime posted on their crosses for all to see. Since Jesus was innocent of any crime, Pilate posted not a crime, but a truth. Pilate posted a prophecy.

“Hebrew was the theological language; Greek, the intellectual language; Latin, the political language. Let those who view things theologically; let those who view things intellectually; let those who view things politically know this: Jesus is King.” (Courson)

Theological LanguageIntellectual LanguagePolitical Language
Three Languages Above the Cross
John 19:21 Therefore the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but, ‘He said, “I am the King of the Jews.” ’ ”
John 19:22 Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”
John 19:23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His garments and made four parts, to each soldier a part, and also the tunic. Now the tunic was without seam, woven from the top in one piece.
  • To each soldier a part … and the tunic. This suggests the company of four soldiers gambling for his clothing.
  • Jesus is the seamless Son of God.
  • Like the four parts of His garment, there are four parts to Jesus’ identity (See chart below) King of kings, High Priest, Kinsman Redeemer, Prince of Peace.


John 19:24 They said therefore among themselves, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be,” that the Scripture might be fulfilled which says:
“They divided My garments among them,
And for My clothing they cast lots.”
  • Psalm 22:18 They divide My garments among them, And for My clothing they cast lots.
Therefore the soldiers did these things.

There was a garrison of soldiers, but four soldiers who gambled for His tunic; only one of them took possession of Jesus’ tunic. Which one? Was it the soldier who pierced his side with a spear? Were they the same soldiers who had mocked and beat Him? How will they feel and what will they think when they find out Jesus IS the Son of God at the Great White Throne Judgment.

Behold Your Mother

John 19:25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus 1) His mother, and 2) His mother’s sister, 3) Mary the wife of Clopas, and 4) Mary Magdalene.
  1. Mary, Jesus’ mother
  2. Mary’s (Jesus’ mother’s) sister
  3. Mary, the wife of Clopas (of the Abiudite lineage to the throne of David). Clopas and Ptolas are twins, the sons of Jacob ben Mattan from his 1st marriage to Eucharia. Jacob ben Mattan’s 2nd wife was Cleopatra of Jerusalem. Joseph the carpenter is the son of the union of Jacob ben Mattan and Cleopatra of Jerusalem. Therefore; Clopas and Ptolas are half brothers of Joseph the carpenter, the legal father of Jesus.
  4. And Mary Magdalene
  • Salome (peaceful) The wife of Zebedee, (Matthew 27:56; Mark 15:40) and probably the sister of Mary the mother of Jesus, to whom reference is made in John 19:25. The only events recorded of Salome are that she preferred a request on behalf of her two sons for seats of honor in the kingdom of heaven, (Matthew 20:20) that she attended at the crucifixion of Jesus, (Mark 15:40) and that she visited his sepulchre.
    Smith’s Bible Dictionary
John 19:26 When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved (John, the author of this gospel) standing by, He said to His mother, “Woman, behold your son!”

Peter and the other apostles are nowhere to be found …only John. Four Marys and John were at the cross with Jesus. Mary had biological sons but none of them were at the cross. Therefore; in taking care of His mother, Jesus wanted John to take the role of his son.

Was it too dangerous for them to be present? Remember, in John chapter seven they tried to set Jesus up to be killed. For whatever reason: Jesus wanted his mother to be taken care of by John.

John 19:27 Then He said to the disciple, “Behold your mother!” And from that hour that disciple (John) took her to his own home.

There is also no mention of Joseph.

Joseph is mentioned at numerous times during the early childhood of Jesus, but is last mentioned when Jesus was twelve years old. At that age, Jesus had stayed behind at the temple while His parents searched for Him for three days (Luke 2:41-50).

Since Joseph is not mentioned during the public ministry of Jesus, most scholars assume Joseph died sometime between the twelve-year-old temple account (approximately 12 AD) and when Jesus began His public ministry around 30 AD at “about thirty years of age” (Luke 3:23). For example, early in His ministry, Jesus is noted at a family wedding where Mary is mentioned, but not Joseph (John 2:1-12).

It Is Finished

John 19:28 After this, Jesus, knowing (seeing) that all things were now accomplished, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, “I thirst!”

What was accomplished? Did the last sin of the last person who had ever lived or ever will live be satisfied? Did Jesus feel it and know it? At that point he then could declare “done”?

There would be no further sacrifices. No further a veil separating men from the presence of God. No further accusations made by Satan against those who accepted His blood. Satan’s power was broken, the chains against the saints (believers) were broken … all because Jesus’ heart was broken.

And yet…there is still a further Jewish agenda waiting in the future: Daniel’s 70th week, the tribulation, when all Jews will come to know who their Savior is. There will be another “it is finished” in the book of Revelation:

  • Daniel 9:24 “Seventy weeks are determined for your people and for your holy city, To finish the transgression, To make an end of sins, To make reconciliation for iniquity, To bring in everlasting righteousness, To seal up vision and prophecy, And to anoint the Most Holy.
  • Revelation 10:7 but in the days of the sounding of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, the mystery of God would be finished, as He declared to His servants the prophets.

“It is finished”
“An ocean of meaning in a drop of language. ~Charles Spurgeon”

John 19:29 Now a vessel full of sour wine was sitting there; and they filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on hyssop, and put it to His mouth.
  1. Didn’t Jesus refuse to drink sour wine a few hours earlier?
  • “And when they had come to a place called Golgotha, that is to say, Place of a Skull, they gave Him sour wine mingled with gall to drink. But when He had tasted it, He would not drink” (Matthew 27:33-34).

2. Why did Jesus drink the latter sour wine but not the former?

He refused the former sour wine because it contained “gall,” intended as a crude anesthetic for the spikes the Romans were about to drive through His wrists and feet. This time however; they dipped it in hyssop even as Moses instructed for the Passover lamb in Egypt:

  • “Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Pick out and take lambs for yourselves according to your families, and kill the Passover lamb. And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. And none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning. For the LORD will pass through to strike the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the LORD will pass over the door and not allow the destroyer to come into your houses to strike you” (Exodus 12:21-23).

Every detail of Jesus’ crucifixion was prophesied in the Old Testament among the books of scripture ranging from ~1400 BC to ~400 BC.

John 19:30 So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished! And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.

It is finished, the Judgment is over, nothing is left but ashes; the ashes of the Red Heifer.

►It started at the third hour and ended at the ninth hour for a total of six hours. Jesus “worked” for six hours, declared “It is finished” and then He rested.

Gen2:1It is finishedSix DaysCreation finishedMan and earth createdSabbath
John 19:30It is finishedSix HoursCross finishedMan recreatedSleep (Death)
Rev 10:7It is finishedSix Thousand Years by the 6th AngelCurse is finishedMan and earth restored: (The mystery of God)Millennium
Chart: It is Finished

Jesus Dies on the Cross

The crucifixion began at the third hour (9:00 am) and ended at the ninth hour (3:00 pm)

  • Mark 15:25 Now it was the third hour (9:00 am), and they crucified Him.
  • Mark 15:33 Now when the sixth hour (noon) had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. 34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is translated, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”

“It is finished!” on Jesus’ part. Now we are to take up His cross and follow Him. The gospel is not finished.

  • Mark 10:21 Go your way, sell whatever you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, take up the cross, and follow Me.

Reference verse:

  • Revelation 21:6 And He said to me, “It is done (finished)! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. I will give of the fountain of the water of life freely to him who thirsts.

Jesus’ Side Is Pierced

John 19:31 Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.


  • Preparation Day: The preparation day cannot be Passover because Passover was considered a day of rest in which no work was to be done. Passover begins the seven days of unleavened bread.
  • “In Israel, Jews cease working for the duration of the festival. In most other places, Orthodox Jews celebrate the first two and last two days of the festival by ceasing all manual labor, but they may do work during the days in between. Reform Jews actively celebrate only the first and last days of their seven-day-long Passover.”

Conclusion: the Preparation Day is Nissan 14 when the lamb is killed before Passover. The next day, Passover, is considered a Sabbath.

Jesus rode into Jerusalem on the day the Passover lamb was selected for sacrifice. Like the Passover lamb, He was examined for three days by the chief priests for a spot or blemish (in His teachings).  Jesus was killed on Passover Preparation, the same day the lamb in Egypt was killed and its blood put on the doorposts to keep the angel of death away. He rose on First Fruits signifying the first of those resurrected from the grave. Then, the Spirit was given on Pentecost.

On First Fruits there was also a Wave Offering. Jesus was the first to rise from the dead never to die again. Immediately afterwards several tombs of the saints were opened; they go into the city to appear to many. Together, with Jesus, these are the “stalks of grain” of the wave offering.

Note: The First-Fruit and Wave Offering are both parts of a harvest. A harvest, throughout scripture, represents resurrections.

Passover, First Fruits, and Pentecost are Spring Festivals. The Spring Festivals represent the events of Jesus during his first presence on earth. Each event was fulfilled on the exact same day as the festival.

What does this say about the autumn festivals of Rosh Hashanah (the Feast of Trumpets), Yom Kippur (The Day of Atonement), and Shabbat (The Festival of Booths) that have not yet been fulfilled? They are reserved for Jesus’ second “advent”. There are more resurrections to come.

Whether symbolic or literal they portray many prophetic events: Rosh Hashanah fits the scriptural Rapture and main Resurrections when the Grace age believers are raised. It appears to be the main harvest. It lasts for two of the the first ten days of the High Holy Days (“The Days of AWE”). A trumpet is sounded 90 times from the beginning of the month to the end of the month, until Rosh Hashanah when the trumpet is sounded 10 times more. The last trump of the last ten is the last trump of I Corinthians 15:52

  • 1 Corinthians 15:52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

Immediately following Rosh Hashanah are seven days of affliction to match the Seven Year Tribulation. By Jewish tradition, Jews are to afflict themselves in preparation for the last day, the Day of Atonement, or Yom Kippur.

In scripture, the seven year tribulation focuses on God preparing the Jews for recognizing their Messiah at His Return, preparing them for their Atonement.

  • The word “tribulation” means “thrashing”. The thrashing of wheat is to separate the wheat from the chaff. It is as though God is taking the Jews to the woodshed and giving them the thrashing of their lives.
  • Jerusalem was purchased by King David as a “threshing floor”.

Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement also called The Day of Return which immediately follows the days of affliction. It is the last day of the ten High Holy Days. A few interesting facts: In modern day Jewish thought it is the day the Jews are to repent and return to God. Scripturally, it is the day God returns to them. This is the day when the High Priest enters the Holy of Holies to place the blood on the altar. Jesus is our High Priest. It is the day when Jesus returns with the saints and angels. It is the day when the Jews, in their affliction recognize their Messiah, and the day when Jesus fights for the Jews. It is Armageddon.

  • Matthew 24:21 (The seven year tribulation) For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be.

Note: Not even the Holocaust would be comparable.

Verses concerning prophetic events relating to Jesus’ Return:

John 19:32 Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who was crucified with Him.

They had to hurry up and die.

John 19:33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs.

@Prophecy fulfillment alert
* Psalm 34:20 He guards all his bones; Not one of them is broken.

John 19:34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.


  • 1 John 5:6 [The Certainty of God’s Witness] This is He who came by water and blood—Jesus Christ; not only by water, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit who bears witness, because the Spirit is truth.
  • 1 John 5:8 And there are three that bear witness on earth: The Spirit, the water, and the blood; and these three agree as one. 
John 19:35 And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you may believe.
John 19:36 For these things were done that the Scripture should be fulfilled, “Not one of His bones shall be broken.”
John 19:37 And again another Scripture says, “They shall look on Him whom they pierced.”
  • Zechariah 12:10 [Mourning for the Pierced One] “And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn.

Jesus was the firstborn. He was Mary’s firstborn. He was God’s only son. He was the firstborn from the dead never to die again. He died the same day (although many years apart) as the Pharaoh’s firstborn son.

  • Revelation 1:5 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler over the kings of the earth. To Him who loved us and washed us from our sins in His own blood,

Zechariah 12:10 is postulated to happen in the future at Christ’s second coming, literally or prophetically on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, also called the Day of Return. The Jews will mourn for him in their affliction of the tribulation.

  • Hosea 5:15 I will return again to My place (seated at the right hand of the Father) Till they acknowledge their offense (The nation killed Him). Then they will seek My face; In their affliction (tribulation) they will earnestly seek Me.”

Jesus Buried in Joseph’s Tomb

John 19:38 After this, Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly, for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took the body of Jesus.  

There is evidence that Joseph of Arimathea was related to Jesus through Mary’s lineage, being the son of Mary’s grandfather Matthat ha-David (-Thrice) through Matthat’s second wife Rachel of Arimathea (Thrice referring to his being married three times). Matthat is number seventy four in the genealogical line of the Messiah in Luke. He is also called Mattat ben Levi, “Nasi” (prince) in the Rhesaite line to the throne of David.  

The Decurion, Joseph of Arimathea, was a metal merchant magnate who controlled tin mines in Cornwell, England. Reports claimed he went to England to spread the gospel after Jesus’ death. This would make sense given his occupation and wealth.

Decurion means the head of a decury of ten men and/or a member of the senate of an ancient Roman colony or municipality.

William of Malmesbury mentions Joseph’s (of Arimathea) going to Britain in one passage of his Chronicle of the English Kings, written in the 1120s. He says Philip the Apostle sent twelve Christians to Britain, one of whom was his dearest friend, Joseph of Arimathea. William does not mention Joseph by name again, but he mentions the twelve evangelists generally. He claims that Glastonbury Abbey was founded by them; Glastonbury would be associated specifically with Joseph in later literature.

Ruins of Glastonbury Abbey

See: Genealogy of Jesus

John 19:39 And Nicodemus, who at first came to Jesus by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds.
  1. The myrrh and aloes would be for Jesus’ death. Aloe Vera is typically used for healing. The meaning of myrrh is “bitter”. Myrrh is the dried resin from the myrrh tree. When the resin is harvested, lateral cuts are made on the trunk or branches. An aromatic gum resin exudes from the wounds. When the resin is exposed to the air, the gum hardens forming irregular shaped yellow or brown globules. The globules smell pleasant but have a bitter taste. It is used for incense and probably was used to cover the decaying smell of a dead person. Jesus however, did not undergo decay. His death was simply anointed with perfume. Remember that Mary Magdalene poured costly perfume on Jesus in Bethany prior to his last week in Jerusalem.
  2. If you are looking for the tomb Jesus died in, look for the remnant of Myrrh. When He rose from the dead, He would have left it behind with His grave clothes.
John 19:40 Then they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in strips of linen with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury.

Linen is symbolic of righteousness. The saints are given robes of linen in the book of Revelation:

  • Revelation 15:6 And out of the temple came the seven angels having the seven plagues, clothed in pure bright linen, and having their chests girded with golden bands.
  • Revelation 19:8 And to her it was granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.
John 19:41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid.
John 19:42 So there they laid Jesus, because of the Jews’ Preparation Day, for the tomb was nearby.

                He who created the garden was buried in it.
                → The tomb had always been nearby the place of crucifixion.
→ This was Joseph of Arimathea’s tomb.

Since Joseph of Arimathea was a metal merchant (he owned tin mines) in England, after Jesus’ death he spread the gospel to England.

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