Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
- The comparison between Jonah and Jesus is pregnant with similarities:
possibly also including a Passover. Was Jonah thrown into the sea on a literal (instead of just a “symbolic”) Passover as the sacrifice? Did he actually spend 3 days and 3 nights after Passover in the belly of the death just as Jesus had? If so the story of Jonah would line up with Jesus’ week of crucifixion.
- Jesus’ crucifixion week
- Jonah’s Prayer and God’s Answer
Jonah 2:1 Then Jonah prayed to the LORD (Yᵊhōvâ) his God (elohim)
- It took Jonah being thrown into the sea before he turned TO the LORD instead of AWAY from the LORD. Jonah acknowledges that his God is THE God.
from the sea monster’s belly.
- Not a fish; not a whale (a mammal), but rather a reptile, a serpent in the sea.
- Isaiah 27:1 In that day the Lord with His severe sword, great and strong, Will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, Leviathan that twisted serpent; And He will slay the reptile that is in the sea.
- The sea monster in Jonah is literal but has a parallel message as being Satan.
- Revelation 20:2
He laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years;
- Revelation 20:2
- According to Job chapter fourteen, The sea monster is the king over the children of pride whose heart is as hard as a mill stone. He is called Leviathan, Satan, the Devil, the serpent in the Garden of Eden, the dragon in the book of Revelation, etc. He is always called a reptile. Satan who swims in the sea of people, stirs up the waves of trouble, causing the waters to fret, stew, storm and boil.
- The sea monster is the “god of this world” who rules over the nations of peoples, rising and falling with his own stormy waves.
Jonah 2:2 And he (Jonah) said: “I cried out to the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) because of my affliction,
- It is the affliction of being swallowed alive (after the sacrifice of being thrown overboard).
Like Jonah, the affliction of Jesus (after his sacrifice of crucifixion and betrayal).
Like Jonah and Jesus, the affliction of the Jews wandering in the wilderness (after the Exodus.)
- ALL of which occur after their sacrifice (Passover). (See verse three below).
Jonah 2:2 And He answered me “Out of the belly of Sheol (the place of the dead) I cried, And You heard my voice.
- Jonah calls the Sea Monster’s belly “the belly of Sheol (the dead)”. Sheol is where Jesus went when He died (swallowed).
- Jonah is also like Israel during the tribulation. At Jesus’ return the Jews cry out to Him in their affliction. They also will Pass Over from death to life; He who is the Passover Lamb, slain from the foundation of the earth; He who is Salvation will save them from being annihilated by the Antichrist.
Jonah 2:3 For You cast me into the deep, into the heart of the seas
- Jesus also called His burial the heart of the earth.
Jonah 2:3 And the floods surrounded me;
All Your billows and Your waves PASSed OVER me.
- Interesting wording: “Pass (ed) Over” Billows and waves are threatening; alerts of a coming storm, that which can sink a man into death.
- Within a sea of people there is always the Sea Monster (Leviathan/Satan) who stirs up the mire of pride that leads to death. All a man can do is call out for Salvation (Jesus), giving them a “Passover” from death to life.
If Jonah spent 3 days and 3 nights in the heart of the sea monster like Jesus did in the heart of the earth, it’s possible it was an actual day of Passover when Jonah was sacrificed by being thrown into the sea.
Jonah 2:4 Then I said, ‘I have been cast out of Your sight;
- “My God, My God, Why have you forsaken me?” Like Jonah – so Jesus.
- Matthew 27:46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” that is, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”
- Psalm 22:1 My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?
Why are You so far from helping Me,
- The Hebrew form, as Eloi, Eloi, etc., is the Syro-Chaldaic (the common language in use by the Jews in the time of Christ) of the first words of Psalm 22; they mean “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me”.
- Psalm 22:1 My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?
Jonah 2:Yet I will look again toward Your holy temple.’
- For Jonah, it is the temple in Jerusalem. For Jesus it is the temple in heaven.
Jonah 2:5 The waters surrounded me, even to my soul;
The deep (death) closed around me;
Weeds (a crown of thorns) were wrapped around my head.
- Jonah’s experience in the sea compares to Jesus’ experience in His crucifixion.
- Water, throughout scripture is highly symbolic of a sea of people.
- Jesus was surrounded by the waters of death: People who are spiritually dead. Those who mocked Him, spit on Him, and crucified Him.
- Both Jonah and Jesus: Weeds were wrapped around their heads.
- Jesus had a crown of thorns wrapped around His head. Thorns are weeds.
- Weeds/Thorns symbolize the curse given to man from creation at the fall of Adam:
- Genesis 3:18a Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you.
- See: Crown of Thorns for more information
Jonah 2:6 I went down to the moorings (foundations or bases) of the mountains;
- Deuteronomy 32:22 For a fire is kindled in My anger, And shall burn to the lowest hell (Sheol); It shall consume the earth with her increase, And set on fire the foundations of the mountains.
- The spiritual foundations (moorings) of God with man is “Passover”: the salvation of man in the midst of death. The first Passover was when the Son of God, as the Lamb of God, made a covenant of death. Jesus agreed to be slain, even before the worlds were made.
- Revelation 13:8 All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.
- The Jewish temple was built on Mount Moriah where Abraham offered Isaac on the day of Passover even before the feast of Passover was instituted during the Exodus. We also know Jesus was crucified on Passover. Each event (Isaac, Exodus, Crucifixion) were Passovers where the salvation of God was exhibited when life overcame death.
Jonah represents both death and resurrection; Passover.
The serpent (sea monster) is always present.
- The root meaning of the word “Leviathan” (sea serpent) means “to be tied to”:
a primitive root; properly, to twine, i.e. (by implication) to unite.
- To be united, tied together is called “Quantum Entanglement” in Physics. God is known by the worlds he made (physics). Read: About Quantum Study Bible Read: Demons and Angels, God and Man, Evil and Sin: Quantum Entanglement.
- Are we tied to Satan?
- The root meaning of the word “Leviathan” (sea serpent) means “to be tied to”: to (inter) twine, i.e. to unite.
- Believers in the power of Jesus’ blood on the cross, His identity as the Son of God, born by a virgin, and His resurrection from the dead – untie believers from ANY captivity to Satan; that twisted, poisonous manipulating liar!
- We are “Free Indeed!” This is the good news “The Gospel”.
- Jonah was swallowed by the Serpent who swam in the Sea of people even as sea weeds wrapped themselves around his head like a crown of thorns pulling him down farther and farther into the deep as the billows and waves PASSed OVER him. When he cried out to God whom he had spurned, he was puked up by that filthy Sea Serpent, untied, and resurrected onto the shores of a gentile city to preach the good news.
- Jonah escaped death when the PASS OVER death brought him to life; released from becoming one with the Serpent.
- (PS: the literal meaning of Leviathan is “mourning”. Not to be confused with Jesus who is the “morning” star.)
The earth with its bars closed behind me forever; Yet You have brought up my life from the pit, O LORD (Yahweh), my God (elohim).
- Like Jonah-So Jesus: The earth with its bars of death closed behind Jesus forever; Yet He was brought up from the pit of the grave (resurrected).
Jesus went down to Sheol, the pit/grave at His death.
- Ephesians 4:9 What does “he ascended” mean except that He (Jesus) also descended to the lower, earthly regions?
- Jonah was raised up (regurgitated/resurrected) on the third day.
- As Jonah-So the Jews (dead for 2,000 years, revived on the third day of 1,000 years)
- Hosea 6:2 After two days He will revive us (the Jews); On the third day (the 1,000 year millennium, He will raise us up, That we may live in His sight.
As Jonah-So Jesus:
- Mark 9:31 For He taught His disciples and said to them, “The Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of men, and they will kill Him. And after He is killed, He will rise the third day.”
Jonah 2:7 “When my soul fainted within me, I remembered the LORD (Yᵊhōvâ);
- Personal Application: Why does our soul have to faint within us before we remember God?
And my prayer went up to You, into Your holy temple.
- The temple in heaven is the template by which the Jewish Temple on earth was made according to God’s instructions.
- Ezekiel 43:10-12 “Son of man, describe the temple to the house of Israel, that they may be ashamed of their iniquities; and let them measure the pattern. 11 And if they are ashamed of all that they have done, make known to them the design of the temple and its arrangement, its exits and its entrances, its entire design and all its ordinances, all its forms and all its laws. Write it down in their sight, so that they may keep its whole design and all its ordinances, and perform them. 12 This is the law of the temple: The whole area surrounding the mountaintop is most holy. Behold, this is the law of the temple.*
- Revelation 15:5 After these things I looked, and behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened.
Jonah 2:8 “Those who regard worthless idols forsake their own Mercy (Or: Lovingkindness).
- Worthless idols are worthless “gods” which will never deliver the idolater the desires of his heart – but the worthless ‘god’ WILL deliver the idolater into hell; not on the power of the idol, but by the choice of the idolater to refuse the one TRUE GOD.
- Romans 15:9 and that the Gentiles might glorify God for His mercy, as it is written: “For this reason I will confess to You among the Gentiles, And sing to Your name.” (The quotation is from Psalm 18 which describes Jesus Himself giving praise among the Gentiles.)
- Jude 1:21 keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.
- 1Ki 8:23 And he said, LORD God of Israel, there is no God like thee, in heaven above, or on earth beneath, who keeps covenant and mercy H2617 with your servants that walk before you with all their heart:
There’s no such thing as a spiritual vacuum. If you turn your back on God – You get Satan.
Jonah 2:9 But I will sacrifice to You. With the voice (song) of thanksgiving; I will pay (fulfill) what I have vowed.
- Like Jonah-So Jesus: Jesus made a vow before creation that He would sacrifice Himself as a slain Lamb to redeem men from the captivity of sin, because the Godhead knew that man would sin. With God, there are no surprises.
- A vow is an oath, a covenant. Jesus fulfilled what He vowed with a song of thanksgiving.
- Hebrews 12:2 looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
- “Glorify me in your presence with the glory I had with you before the world began” (John 17:5).
Salvation (Yeshua) is of the LORD (Jehovah/Yehova).”
- “Salvation” Jonah 2:9
h3444 yᵊšûʿâ (Yeshua) Jesus
Jesus’ name literally means salvation.
Jesus is the Greek version of the Hebrew name “Yeshua” which means “Salvation”.
- Note: Jesus compared His own events with Jonah.
- Matthew 12:40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
Jonah 2:10 So the LORD (Yᵊhōvâ) spoke to the sea monster (Leviathan), and it vomited (resurrected) Jonah onto (a dry place) dry land.
- The Leviathan, sea monster, typifies Satan:
- Isaiah 27:1 – Israel Will Be Restored – that day the Lord with His severe sword, great and strong, Will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, Leviathan that twisted serpent; And He will slay the reptile that is in the sea (of people)
- The LORD spoke to the sea monster.
- By His Word the heavens and the earth were created.
- Ps 29 Give unto the Lord, O you mighty ones, Give unto the Lord glory and strength. Give unto the Lord the glory due to His name; Worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness. The voice of the Lord is over the waters; The God of glory thunders; The Lord is over many waters.
- Jonah was vomited, or resurrected, on the beach head of the Gentile nations who repented, prophetic of the way the Gentiles will repent after Jesus’ death. The land of Ninevah was a dry spiritual place, devoid of Godly understanding.
- Luke 11:30 For as Jonah became a sign to the Ninevites, so also the Son of Man will be to this generation.