BIBLE: John Chapter 13

Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.

Jesus Washes the Disciples’ Feet

John 13:1 Now before the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour had come that He should depart from this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end.

Jesus protected those He loved:

  • He protected the woman who was caught in adultery by revealing the hypocrisy of the men.
  • He protected His mother of the same accusation because they did not believe Jesus was born of the Holy Spirit.
  • He protected Peter by keeping him from being crucified with Him when Peter cut off the servant of the High Priest’s ear and Jesus healed the ear.
  • He protected the servant of the High Priest by healing him, otherwise he would not be able to serve in the temple having a disfigurement.
  • He protected His mother when He asked his disciple John to take care of her.
  • He will protect us if we trust Him.
John 13:2 And supper being ended, the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray Him,
John 13:3 Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come from God and was going to God,
John 13:4 rose from supper and laid aside His garments, took a towel and girded Himself.
John 13:5 After that, He poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel with which He was girded.
John 13:6 Then He came to Simon Peter. And Peter said to Him, “Lord, are You washing my feet?”
John 13:7 Jesus answered and said to him, “What I am doing you do not understand now, but you will know after this.”
John 13:8 Peter said to Him, “You shall never wash my feet!”
Jesus answered him, “If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me.”
John 13:9 Simon Peter said to Him, “Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head!”
John 13:10 Jesus said to him, “He who is bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you.”
John 13:11 For He knew who would betray Him; therefore He said, “You are not all clean.”
John 13:12 So when He had washed their feet, taken His garments, and sat down again, He said to them, “Do you know (understand) what I have done to you?
John 13:13 You call Me Teacher and Lord, and you say well, for so I am.
John 13:14 If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet.

In the nine branched Menorah the middle candle is called the “servant candle”. It is used to light the other candles. It is also elevated to remind men that Jesus was not only the “Son of Man” but also the “Son of God”. This is a picture of the greatest in heaven being “the servant of all”.

  • Mark 9:35 And He sat down, called the twelve, and said to them, “If anyone desires to be first, he shall be last of all and servant of all.”
The Hanukkiah (Hanukkah Menorah) | My Jewish Learning
John 13:15 For I have given you an example, that you should do as I have done to you.
John 13:16 Most assuredly, I say to you, a servant is not greater than his master; nor is he who is sent greater than he who sent him.
John 13:17 If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them.

Jesus Identifies His Betrayer

John 13:18 “I do not speak concerning all of you. I know whom I have chosen; but that the Scripture may be fulfilled, ‘He who eats bread with Me has lifted up his heel against Me.’
John 13:19 Now I tell you before it comes, that when it does come to pass, you may believe that I am He.
John 13:20 Most assuredly, I say to you, he who receives whomever I send receives Me; and he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me.”
John 13:21 When Jesus had said these things, He was troubled in spirit, and testified and said, “Most assuredly, I say to you, one of you will betray Me.”
John 13:22 Then the disciples looked at one another, perplexed about whom He spoke.
John 13:23 Now there was [reclining] leaning on Jesus’ bosom one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved.
John 13:24 Simon Peter therefore motioned to him to ask who it was of whom He spoke.
John 13:25 Then, leaning back on Jesus’ breast, he said to Him, “Lord, who is it?”
John 13:26 Jesus answered, “It is he to whom I shall give a piece of bread when I have dipped it.” And having dipped the bread, He gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.
John 13:27 Now after the piece of bread, Satan entered him. Then Jesus said to him, “What you do, do quickly.”
John 13:28 But no one at the table knew for what reason He said this to him.
John 13:29 For some thought, because Judas had the money box, that Jesus had said to him, “Buy those things we need for the feast,” or that he should give something to the poor.
John 13:30 Having received the piece of bread, he then went out immediately. And it was night.

Judas disappeared into the night. The Greek root word for night is to disappear. Like a vapor Judas’ soul faded and disappeared into the darkness of the night. He went from being a disciple of Jesus to being a servant of Satan.

The Greek word for night is nyx G3571
Metaphorically, it means 1) the time of death 2) the time of sin and shame 3) the time of moral stupidity and darkness 4) the time when the weary and drunkenness give themselves up to slumber.

Jesus said He was the Light, the Truth, the Way, and the Life.

When Judas left Jesus he went into the darkness of sin and shame, moral stupidity, and death. He went into darkness, lies, abandonment and death.

The Hebrew word of night is laylah H3915
Properly It means (from the same as luwl); a twist (away of the light), i.e. Night; figuratively, it means adversity – the midnight season.

When Judas left Jesus he was a twist away from the Light and a twist away from Truth. Satan first indwelt him and then left him twisting and turning, swaying in the breeze, hanging from a rope.

►Judas went into the night.

How easy it is for man to go into the night. Adam went into the night and the consequences for all mankind since Adam has been death.

But Jesus came as the Light into the darkness so that men may have the choice of Light over darkness.

To choose darkness is to choose moral and spiritual blindness, to trip over the tombstones of the law and fall into the pit of legalism over love.

But Judas went into the night.

►Darkness cannot invade the light.

If a door to a dark room is opened, the light rushes into the darkness, but the darkness will not rush into the light. Instead, all the darkness can do is hide and cower behind objects becoming nothing more than shadows always crawling and slithering away from the light.

But Judas went into the light.

From a duplicate John 13:

►Judas disappeared into the night (Greek: nyx G3571) (Hebrew: laylah H3915)

Greek word for night: from a root meaning ‘to disappear’

Metaphore: 1) the time of death 2) the time for deeds of sin and shame, 3) the time of moral stupidity and darkness, 4) the time when the weary and also the drunken give themselves up to slumber.

Hebrew word for night: from the same as luwl; properly, a twist (away of the light), i.e. Night; figuratively, adversity — mid-night (season).

►When Judas went out into the darkness he left Jesus behind.

Anytime you leave the Light – you go into the darkness, a place of sin and shame.

When you leave the Truth – you go into the place of lies, ending in moral stupidity and darkness.

 When you leave the Way – you fall into the ditch, where the weary and drunken give themselves to stupor.

When you leave He who is the Life – you enter the gateway of death.

►When Judas went out into the night, he was a twist away from the light.

Judas went to Jesus’ adversaries, indwelt by Satan, the monster in the sea of people who causes the sea boil.

Another definition of Leviathan the Sea Monster, Satan, the devil, is wreath: to twist and coil.

When Judas went out into the night, he was indwelt by Satan, twisting he turned, hanging in the breeze; his gateway to death and eternal damnation.

►There is darkness, and there is Light.

When the door is opened into a dark room, the Light invades the darkness. The darkness cannot invade light; it only hovers behind objects to become nothing more than meaningless shadows.

God has no shadows of turning or twisting. There are no shades of grey with God. He is absolute white powerful light.

When you leave the light, you choose blindness. Even a slight twist of the light of truth will lead a man astray, and the longer a man stays on that path, the farther away from light he gets until he is utterly and completely lost.

The darkness and the light are both choices. To leave one is to embrace the other. To embrace one is to leave the other. There are no spiritual vacuums. When you leave Jesus, the Light, you automatically get Satan, the darkness.

The New Commandment

John 13:31 So, when he had gone out, Jesus said, “Now the Son of Man is glorified, and God is glorified in Him.
John 13:32 If God is glorified in Him, God will also glorify Him in Himself, and glorify Him immediately.
John 13:33 Little children, I shall be with you a little while longer. You will seek Me; and as I said to the Jews, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come,’ so now I say to you.
John 13:34 A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another.
John 13:35 By this all will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another.”

Jesus is reiterating the second greatest commandment.

  • Matthew 22:35 Then one of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him, and saying, 36 “Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?” 37 Jesus said to him, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ 38 This is the first and great commandment. 39 And the second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ 40 On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.”

Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial

John 13:36 Simon Peter said to Him, “Lord, where are You going?”
Jesus answered him, “Where I am going you cannot follow Me now, but you shall follow Me afterward.”
John 13:37 Peter said to Him, “Lord, why can I not follow You now? I will lay down my life for Your sake.”
John 13:38 Jesus answered him, “Will you lay down your life for My sake? Most assuredly, I say to you, the rooster shall not crow till you have denied Me three times.
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