Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
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What should I learn from this chapter?
- The difference between the Levites and the sons of Aaron
- Information on the Menorah
- The ages acceptable to work in the tabernacle
- The first born males
- The wave offering of the levites
Arrangement of the Lamps
Numbers 8:1 And the Lord (THE VOICE FROM THE MERCY SEAT between the two cherubim) spoke to Moses, saying:
- See Numbers chapter 7:89 the voice from the mercy seat is Jesus.
Numbers 8:2 “Speak to Aaron, and say to him, ‘When you arrange the lamps, the seven lamps shall give light in front of the lampstand.’
- The menorah: One lampstand with seven lights.
Numbers 8:3 And Aaron did so; he arranged the lamps to face toward the front of the lampstand, as the Lord commanded Moses.
Numbers 8:4 Now this workmanship of the lampstand was hammered gold; from its shaft to its flowers it was hammered work. According to the pattern which the Lord had shown Moses, so he made the lampstand.
- The making of the menorah has many references to Jesus, including it being hammered (beaten). See topic: The Menorah
Cleansing and Dedication of the Levites
Numbers 8:5 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
Numbers 8:6 “Take the Levites from among the children of Israel and cleanse them ceremonially.
Numbers 8:7 Thus you shall do to them to cleanse them: Sprinkle water of purification on them, and let them shave all their body, and let them wash their clothes, and so make themselves clean.
- This is in contrast to a Nazirite like Samson who did not drink wine or cut his hair.
Numbers 8:8 Then let them take a young bull with its grain offering of fine flour mixed with oil, and you shall take another young bull as a sin offering.
Numbers 8:9 And you shall bring the Levites before the tabernacle of meeting, and you shall gather together the whole congregation of the children of Israel.
Numbers 8:10 So you shall bring the Levites before the Lord, and the children of Israel shall lay their hands on the Levites;
Numbers 8:11 and Aaron shall offer the Levites before the Lord like a wave offering from the children of Israel, that they may perform the work of the Lord.
Numbers 8:12 Then the Levites shall lay their hands on the heads of the young bulls, and you shall offer one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering to the Lord, to make atonement for the Levites.
Numbers 8:13 “And you shall stand the Levites before Aaron and his sons, and then offer them like a wave offering to the Lord.
See Topic: The Wave and Sheaf Offering
Numbers 8:14 Thus you shall separate the Levites from among the children of Israel, and the Levites shall be Mine.
Numbers 8:15 After that the Levites shall go in to service the tabernacle of meeting. So you shall cleanse them and offer them like a wave offering.
Numbers 8:16 For they are wholly given to Me from among the children of Israel; I have taken them for Myself instead of all who open the womb, the firstborn of all the children of Israel.
Numbers 8:17 For all the firstborn among the children of Israel are Mine, both man and beast; on the day that I struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt I sanctified them to Myself.
The firstborn males of man and beast are sanctified to God.
A first born male in a family gets the largest part of the family inheritance and blessing.
See: Esau and Jacob.
A first born male with the birthright represents one’s salvation to the Lord. For this reason Esau, who sold his birthright to his brother Jacob for a bowl of stew, as scripture says, was loathsome to God:
- Romans 9:13 As it is written, “Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.”
Numbers 8:18 I have taken the Levites instead of all the firstborn of the children of Israel.
Numbers 8:19 And I have given the Levites as a gift to Aaron and his sons from among the children of Israel, to do the work for the children of Israel in the tabernacle of meeting, and to make atonement for the children of Israel, that there be no plague among the children of Israel when the children of Israel come near the sanctuary.”
- the Tribe of Levi is one of the tribes of Israel, traditionally descended from Levi, son of Jacob.
- Aaron was Moses’ brother. The sons of Aaron (the descendants of Aaron), was the first kohen gadol (high priest) of Israel, and were designated as the priestly class, the Kohanim.
- There is a connection between atonement and the lack of a plague.
Numbers 8:20 Thus Moses and Aaron and all the congregation of the children of Israel did to the Levites; according to all that the Lord commanded Moses concerning the Levites, so the children of Israel did to them.
Numbers 8:21 And the Levites purified themselves and washed their clothes; then Aaron presented them like a wave offering before the Lord, and Aaron made atonement for them to cleanse them.
Numbers 8:22 After that the Levites went in to do their work in the tabernacle of meeting before Aaron and his sons; as the Lord commanded Moses concerning the Levites, so they did to them.
Numbers 8:23 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
Numbers 8:24 “This is what pertains to the Levites: From twenty-five years old and above one may enter to perform service in the work of the tabernacle of meeting;
Numbers25 and at the age of fifty years they must cease performing this work, and shall work no more.
Numbers 8:26 They may minister with their brethren in the tabernacle of meeting, to attend to needs, but they themselves shall do no work. Thus you shall do to the Levites regarding their duties.”
- To perform service in the tabernacle they were between 25 and 50 yrs old . They were allowed to work 25 years before they retired at 50.
- See Topic: Numbers and their Symbolism