BIBLE: I Corinthians Chapter 15 – Headline “Truth and the Resurrections”

Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.

The Risen Christ, Faith’s Reality

Reality is rarely what it seems to be. Reality is what God says it is.

Lies have to be invented, but Truth just is – always has been – always will be without mar or blemish, polished and perfect.

Reality is nothing man creates. It eliminates fake news, opinions, rumors, revisionist history, culture, speculation, religions and judgments.

There is only one truth … forever.

Pilate asked Jesus “What is Truth?”

  • John 18:37 Pilate therefore said to Him, “Are You a king then?” Jesus answered, “You say rightly that I am a king. For this cause I was born, and for this cause I have come into the world, that I should bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice.”
  • John 18:38 Pilate said to Him, “What is truth?” And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them, “I find no fault in Him at all.”
  • John 14:6 Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.

The Truth is one singular truth. The Way is one singular Way. The Life is one singular resource for Life.

No one can find a truth, a way, or life without Jesus.

If they try – they will discover a lie, lost in a desert of desolation, and death.

Truth is the Word of God and Jesus fulfills the Word of God.

  • John 1:1 [The Eternal Word] In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

Paul (the writer of I and II Corinthians) spells out the Gospel (Good News) and it is Truth: Read On…

I Corinthians 15:1 Moreover, brethren, I declare to you the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received and in which you stand,
I Corinthians 15:by which also you are saved, if you hold fast that word which I preached to you—unless you believed in vain.
I Corinthians 15:For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures,
  • The Gospel
  1. Christ died for our sins
I Corinthians 15:and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures,

The Gospel

  1. Christ died for our sins
  2. He was buried
  3. And He rose again the third day
I Corinthians 15:and that He was seen by Cephas (Peter, the disciple), then by the twelve.
I Corinthians 15:After that He was seen by over five hundred brethren at once, of whom the greater part remain to the present, but some have fallen asleep (died).
  • He appeared to over 500 brethren all at once.
I Corinthians 15:After that He was seen by James, then by all the apostles.
I Corinthians 15:Then last of all He was seen by me also, as by one born out of due time.
  • Paul saw Jesus after Jesus had ascended to heaven.  That is why he says he was born out of due time. Acts 9:4-8
  • Acts 9:4 Then he fell to the ground, and heard a voice saying to him, “Saul (Paul), Saul (Paul), why are you persecuting Me?”
  • Acts 9:8 Then Saul (Paul) arose from the ground, and when his eyes were opened he saw no one. But they led him by the hand and brought him into Damascus.
I Corinthians 15:For I am the least of the apostles, who am not worthy to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.
I Corinthians 15:10 But by the grace of God I am what I am, and His grace toward me was not in vain; but I labored more abundantly than they all, yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.
I Corinthians 15:11 Therefore, whether it was I or they, so we preach and so you believed.

The Risen Christ, Our Hope

I Corinthians 15:12 Now if Christ is preached that He has been raised from the dead, how do some among you say that there is no resurrection of the dead?
I Corinthians 15:13 But if there is no resurrection of the dead, then Christ is not risen.
I Corinthians 15:14 And if Christ is not risen, then our preaching is empty and your faith is also empty.
I Corinthians 15:15 Yes, and we are found false witnesses of God, because we have testified of God that He raised up Christ, whom He did not raise up—if in fact the dead do not rise.
I Corinthians 15:16 For if the dead do not rise, then Christ is not risen.
I Corinthians 15:17 And if Christ is not risen, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins!
I Corinthians 15:18 Then also those who have fallen asleep (died) in Christ have perished.
I Corinthians 15:19 If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men the most pitiable.

The Last Enemy Destroyed

I Corinthians 15:20 But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep (died).
I Corinthians 15:21 For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead.
I Corinthians 15:22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive.
  • @ TYPE ALERT
  • In studying the “Types” the two comparative words “AS” and “SO” are forcibly called to our attention. The word “AS” is used for the “Type,” and the word “SO” for the Antitype. The first is historic; the second is prophetic.
  • AS The historic Adam, SO the prophetic Christ.
I Corinthians 15:23 But each one in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, afterward those who are Christ’s at His coming.
I Corinthians 15:24 Then comes the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God the Father, when He puts an end to all rule and all authority and power.
I Corinthians 15:25 For He must reign till He has put all enemies under His feet.
I Corinthians 15:26 The last enemy that will be destroyed is death.
I Corinthians 15:27 For “He has put all things under His feet.” But when He says “all things are put under Him,it is evident that He who put all things under Him is excepted.
I Corinthians 15:28 Now when all things are made subject to Him, then the Son Himself will also be subject to Him who put all things under Him, that God may be all in all.
  • Note: As far as I know, this verse is the summation of ALL events. It is the very last event to be documented and revealed.
  • What does it mean that God may be all in all?
    • Review Genesis 1:1: How can Jesus be both with God and God?
  • We know God is ONE from  Deuteronomy 6:4 “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God (‘Elohiym), the Lord (Yĕhovah) is ONE!”
  • Like Deut 6:4 the plural of God, Elohiym, is also used in Genesis 1:1.
    • If God is ONE why is He a plural noun? It seems to contradict itself!
  • There is a pattern in man’s world called “cell division”, or mitosis; it is when a cell duplicates all of its contents, including its chromosomes, and splits to form identical cells. Even in cell division, cells take on different roles.
    • John 1:1-2 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God.
      • Note: The Word became flesh, pointing to a person, Jesus Christ, who was both with God, and yet is God.
  • Colossians 1:19 For it pleased the Father that in Him (Jesus) all the fullness (spiritual DNA of God) should dwell,
    • The roles of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are all different although they have identical DNA.
  • God made everything from His own Divine Light.
    • John 1:5 This is the message which we have heard from Him and declare to you, that God is light and in Him is no darkness at all.
    • Light reveals the Truth of Reality, whether it’s a physical object seen by the eye, or an invisible, spiritual thought which hides in the darkness of the nature of fallen man.
    • Science has already proven mass can be converted into energy by splitting the atom.
      • Einstein’s equation E=MC2 converts mass (an atom) into energy which was used to invent the Atomic Bomb.
      • Science has already converted an enormous amount of energy into a minute amount of mass. Light is energy.
  • It makes sense to believe God created the universe from His own light. Light has all the necessary elements to create a universe: Energy, heat, time, space (distance), and matter.
  • Furthermore; light is a constant, regardless of the relativity of space and time.
  • (Disclaimer: This is not to say that light is God because God is a personality who is the essence of divine Light.)
  • These statements do not depend on science to explain God’s existence, because we believe by faith things which cannot be understood by human understanding. However; it does help to see the existence of God through the eyes in the patterns of His own creation.
  • Scripture uses the word “God is light” in John 1:5 and Jesus “the Lamb is its light” in Rev 21:23
  • Rev 21:23 The city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it, for the glory of God illuminated it (the new Jerusalem). The Lamb is its light.
  • Like an embryo, the body of Christ will one day be complete, with Christ as the head of the body described in Ephesian 1:10,” that in the dispensation of the fullness of the times He might gather together in ONE all things in Christ, both which are in heaven and which are on earth—in Him.”
  • Therefore; I Corinthians 15:28 describes the very last act of the future: “Now when all things are made subject to Him, then the Son Himself will also be subject to Him (the Father) who put all things under Him (the Son), that God may be all in all (ONE).”
  • Speculation: At some point, the Light will retract with the inclusion of the body of Christ.
  • 1 Corinthians 13:12 For now we see in a mirror, dimly, but then face to face. Now I know in part, but then I shall know just as I also am known.

Effects of Denying the Resurrection

I Corinthians 15:29 Otherwise, what will they do who are baptized for the dead, if the dead do not rise at all? Why then are they baptized for the dead?
I Corinthians 15:30 And why do we stand in jeopardy (danger) every hour?
I Corinthians 15:31 I affirm, by the boasting in you which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily.
I Corinthians 15:32 If, in the manner of men, I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantage is it to me? If the dead do not rise, “Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die!”
I Corinthians 15:33 Do not be deceived: “Evil company corrupts good habits.”
  • Spend time with sinners as long as you are affecting them and they are not infecting you.
I Corinthians 15:34 Awake to righteousness, and do not sin; for some do not have the knowledge of God. I speak this to your shame.
  • As fallen beings, being dead in our sins means being asleep to righteousness.

A Glorious Body

I Corinthians 15:35 But someone will say, “How are the dead raised up? And with what body do they come?”
I Corinthians 15:36 Foolish one, what you sow is not made alive unless it dies.
  • Note: When a seed dies, it loses its “sheath”, or external covering. That which comes out of the ground is something regenerated to something new.
  • The resurrection is compared to a seed, and many resurrections are called a harvest. There are two harvests: The first harvest is the harvest of the fruit, and the second harvest is the harvest of the weeds. The first harvest is those who have bore the fruit of righteousness. The second harvest is those who have bore the fruit of damnation.
  • The first harvest begins with the first fruit, the first head of wheat which has blossomed in the field. Then other stalks are added and these are a sheaf. Next Is the main harvest when almost all the wheat is gathered and bundled. The final part of the harvest is the gleanings.
  • How do these reflect God’s harvest?
  • After Jesus’ resurrection He was the “First Fruit”, and He rose from the dead exactly on the Jewish Feast “First Fruits”.
    • 1 Corinthians 15:20 But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.
  • When the tombs were opened after Jesus’ resurrection and some of the Saints were raised, together they are the wave offering; the sheaf of wheat stalks. These were celebrated from the time the Hebrews entered the Promised Land not knowing they were prophetic.
  • In our future there will be a prophetic main harvest at the rapture and resurrections described in I Corinthians 15:23 and illustrated by the Jewish “Feast of Trumpets” (Rosh-Hashanah when the last 10 of 100 trumps are blown.)
  • 1 Corinthians 15:23 But each one in his own order: Christ the first fruits, afterward those who are Christ’s at His coming.
  • I Thessalonians 4:16-17 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord.
  • Daniel 12:13 KJV But go thou thy way till the end be: for thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot at the end of the days.
  • Note: For Daniel to “stand in thy lot” is a military term, to wait for his turn: the Main Harvest.
I Corinthians 15:37 And what you sow, you do not sow that body that shall be, but mere grain—perhaps wheat or some other grain.
I Corinthians 15:38 But God gives it a body as He pleases, and to each seed its own body.
I Corinthians 15:39 All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of animals, another of fish, and another of birds.
I Corinthians 15:40 There are also celestial (heavenly) bodies and terrestrial (earthly) bodies; but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another.
I Corinthians 15:41 There is one glory of the sun, another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars; for one star differs from another star in glory.
I Corinthians 15:42 So also is the resurrection of the dead. The body is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruption.
I Corinthians 15:43 It is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory. It is sown in weakness, it is raised in power.
I Corinthians 15:44 It is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.
I Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, “The first man Adam became a living being.” The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.
  • NOTE: Adam was the first man. Jesus is called the last Adam.
  • Jesus is called the Son of God. Adam also is called the son of God in the genealogies of Jesus.

                                Luke 3:38 …the son of Adam, the son of God.

I Corinthians 15:46 However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural, and afterward the spiritual.
  • Note: There are many occasions in scriptures when the second son supersedes the first, (whether in blessings or birthrights) possibly as a pattern based on Jesus, the spiritual, superseding the natural, Adam. Such examples include Esau and Jacob , and the sons of Joseph, Ephraim over his older brother Manasseh.
  • Genesis 27:36 And Esau said, “Is he not rightly named Jacob? For he has supplanted me these two times. He took away my birthright, and now look, he has taken away my blessing!” And he said, “Have you not reserved a blessing for me?”
  • Genesis 48:20 So he blessed them that day, saying, “By you Israel will bless, saying, ‘May God make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh!’ ” And thus he set Ephraim before Manasseh.
I Corinthians 15:47 The first man (Adam) was of the earth, made of dust (clay); the second Man (Jesus) is the Lord from heaven.
ADAM: 1st Man JESUS: 2nd Man 
Of the earth Lord from heaven 
Made of clay Spiritual 
Corruption Non-corruptible 
Sinful Sinless 
Lawless Lord of the Law 
Living Being Life Giving Spirit 
Temporary Eternal 
I Corinthians 15:48 As was the (earthly) man of dust, so also are those who are made of dust; and as is the heavenly Man, so also are those who are heavenly.
I Corinthians 15:49 And as we have borne the image of the man of dust, we (let us also bear)  shall also bear the image of the heavenly Man.
  • Jesus is the example of having this glorified body.

Our Final Victory

I Corinthians 15:50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does corruption inherit incorruption.
I Corinthians 15:51 Behold, I tell you a mystery (a hidden truth): We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed—
I Corinthians 15:52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

► How long is “the twinkling of an eye”?  How long is “now”? It is instantaneous.

► What is the “last trumpet”?

  • The last trumpet refers to the sounding of the trumpet 100 times leading up to Rosh Hashanah (the Jewish Feasts of Trumpets). The last 10 are sounded on the day of Rosh Hashanah, and Paul says that when the last trumpet is sounded the dead in Christ will be raised incorruptible and the living in Christ will meet the Lord IN THE AIR. At Christ’s return, his foot will step on the Mount of Olives and the mountain will be split in half.

► The last trumpet is the Rapture and the Main Resurrection.

  • The Resurrections of believers are all called “the first resurrection”.
    • Jesus was the first to be raised from the dead never to die again on firstfruits.
    • Then certain tombs of the saints were opened also on firstfruits.
    • In the future: Believers will be raised on Rosh Hashanah represented by the Feast of Trumpets and the “last trump”. This is the “main harvest”.
    • Finally, the gleanings of resurrections of tribulation saints is represented by The Day of Atonement at the end of the tribulation (Daniel’s 70th week).

I Corinthians 15:53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.
I Corinthians 15:54 So when this corruptible has put on incorruption, and this mortal has put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written: “Death is swallowed up in victory.”
I Corinthians 15:55 “O Death, where is your sting?
O Hades, where is your victory?”
I Corinthians 15:56 The sting of death is sin, and the strength of sin is the law.

See Topic: Law and Grace

I Corinthians 15:57 But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.
I Corinthians 15:58 Therefore, my beloved brethren, be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that your labor is not in vain in the Lord.
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