BIBLE: Luke Chapter 8 – Headline “A Dying Maze of Two Amazed Twelves”

Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.

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Luke 8

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Luke 8:1 Now it came to pass, afterward, that He went through every city and village, preaching and bringing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God (proclaiming the good news). And the twelve were with Him,
  • Jesus’ twelve disciples represent Jewish Governmental Perfection.
Luke 8:and certain women who had been healed of evil spirits and (sicknesses) infirmities—Mary called Magdalene, out of whom had come seven demons,
Luke 8:and Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod’s steward, and Susanna, and many others who provided for (them, or …) Him from their (possessions) substance.

                NOTE: The meaning of the name “Chuza” is “seer” or “prophet”.

The Parable of the Sower

Luke 8:And when a great multitude had gathered, and they had come to Him from every city, He spoke by a parable:
Luke 8:“A sower went out to sow his seed. And as he sowed, some fell by the wayside; and it was trampled down, and the birds of the air devoured it.
Luke 8:Some fell on rock; and as soon as it sprang up, it withered away because it lacked moisture.
Luke 8:And some fell among thorns, and the thorns sprang up with it and choked it.
Luke 8:But others fell on good ground, sprang up, and yielded (Lit. fruit) a crop a hundredfold.” When He had said these things He cried, “He who has ears to hear, let him hear!”

The Purpose of Parables

Luke 8:Then His disciples asked Him, saying, “What does this parable mean?”
Luke 8:10 And He said, “To you it has been given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God (secret or hidden truths), but to the rest it is given in parables, that …
‘Seeing they may not see,
And hearing they may not understand.’
  • When man rejects the Words of God, he can no longer be trusted with “Truth”; therefore, his ears are dulled and his eyes are covered with fog such that he believes and acts in a way on a reality that doesn’t really exist except as the lure of the Serpent’s lies.
  • Speaking in Parables is like Jesus telling those He healed not to tell anyone. They wouldn’t believe it anyway and it would put them in danger.
  • I would rather be the slave of God under His rule than be given the freedom of immorality by Satan. Satan’s “freedom” leads to death and destruction but being God’s slave is to be released from Satan’s captivity.

The Parable of the Sower Explained

Luke 8:11 “Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God.
  • The Word of God is Jesus. John 1:1
    The seed is the Gospel.
Luke 8:12 Those by the wayside are the ones who hear; then the devil (likened to the birds) comes and takes away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved.
  • Those who are under conviction, but delays to act on that conviction.
Luke 8:13 But the ones on the rock are those who, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, who believe for a while and in time of (testing) temptation fall away.
  • It’s one thing to throw oneself on Jesus in the joy of discovery. It’s another to put down roots by studying, gathering, and sharing the Word of God. The first is taking, the second is giving.
Luke 8:14 Now the ones that fell among thorns are those who, when they have heard, go out and are choked with cares, riches, and pleasures of life, and bring no fruit to maturity.
  • It fell upon ground in which seeds of thorns were lying hidden
  • “Thorns” G173 – akantha
    Root Word (Etymology) – Probably from the same as G188
    • a point
    • extremity, climax, acme, highest degree
    • the present time
Luke 8:15 But the ones that fell on the good ground are those who, having heard the word with a noble and good heart, keep it and bear fruit with patience (endurance).
  • The fruits of the Spirit:
    • Galatians 5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness,
    • Ephesians 5:9 for the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness, righteousness, and truth

The Parable of the Revealed Light

Luke 8:16 “No one, when he has lit a lamp, covers it with a vessel or puts it under a bed, but sets it on a lampstand, that those who enter may see the light.
Luke 8:17 For nothing is secret that will not be revealed, nor anything hidden that will not be known and come to light.
Luke 8:18 Therefore take heed how you hear. For whoever has, to him more will be given; and whoever does not have, even what he seems to have (thinks that he has) will be taken from him.”
  • God’s Word consists of “revelations” hidden in His darkness which man cannot see with sinful eyes. When the Spirit allows (moves) a man to see one of God’s revelations but that man rejects that Truth, then no further revelation is given until there is a repentance of sin and a turnaround of respect, honor, and esteem.

Jesus’ Mother and Brothers Come to Him

Luke 8:19 Then His mother and brothers came to Him, and could not approach Him because of the crowd.
  • A continuing unanswered mystery: Why were they there? What did they want? Are the brothers resisting His ministry like they did in John 7?
Luke 8:20 And it was told Him by some, who said, “Your mother and Your brothers are standing outside, desiring to see You.”
Luke 8:21 But He answered and said to them, “My mother and My brothers are these who hear the word of God and do it.”
  • We know from John 7 Jesus’ brothers did not believe in Jesus.
  • If not, what did they believe about their mother?
  • Only His mother was at the cross.
  • Jesus told His disciple John “Behold YOUR mother!” (an obvious dismissal of His brothers.)

Wind and Wave Obey Jesus

  • Parallel Gospels: Mark 4:37
Luke 8:22 Now it happened, on a certain day, that He got into a boat with His disciples. And He said to them, “Let us cross over to the other side of the lake.” And they launched out.
Luke 8:23 But as they sailed He fell asleep. And a windstorm came down on the lake, and they were filling with water, and were in (danger) jeopardy.
Luke 8:24 And they came to Him and awoke Him, saying, “Master, Master, we are perishing!”
Then He arose and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water. And they ceased, and there was a calm.
Luke 8:25 But He said to them, “Where is your faith?”
And they were afraid, and marveled, saying to one another, “Who can this be? For He commands even the winds and water, and they obey Him!”
  • Reference verse:
    • Mark 4:37 And a great windstorm arose, and the waves beat into the boat, so that it was already filling.

A Demon-Possessed Man Healed

Luke 8:26 Then they sailed to the country of the (Gerasenes) Gadarenes, which is opposite Galilee.
  • The meaning of Gadarenes = “reward at the end”
Luke 8:27 And when He stepped out on the land, there met Him a certain man from the city who had demons for a long time. And he wore no clothes, nor did he live in a house but in the tombs.
Luke 8:28 When he saw Jesus, he cried out, fell down before Him, and with a loud voice said, “What have I to do with You, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I beg You, do not torment me!”
Luke 8:29 For He had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For it had often seized him, and he was kept under guard, bound with chains and shackles; and he broke the bonds and was driven by the demon into the wilderness.
Luke 8:30 Jesus asked him, saying, “What is your name?”
And he said, “Legion,” because many demons had entered him.
Luke 8:31 And they begged Him that He would not command them to go out into the abyss.
  • the “Abyss” g12 abyssos
    bottomless pit, deep, bottomless,the immeasurable depth.
    Of Orcus (a very deep gulf or chasm in the lowest parts of the earth for the dead of both God and the dragon-Satan)
    Also the place of the demons
  • akin to “Chasm” G5490 – chasma
    Luke 16:26 And besides all this, between us and you a great chasm has been set in place, so that those who want to go from here to you cannot, nor can anyone cross over from there to us.’
  • Comment: It appears the abyss of this verse (applying to the demons) is the same place the rich man (of the rich man and Lazarus) went when he died which is called “torments”.
  • Comment: When Jesus died He told one of the two thieves on the cross that that thief would be with Him in “Paradise” (Luke 23:43), also called “Abraham’s Bosom” (Luke 16:22). One could conclude that the “other” thief ended up in the same place as the rich man, “torments”.
  • Comment: “Paradise” in Jewish thought is called “gan-eden”, or the Garden of Eden.
  • Comment: It appears, prior to Jesus’ resurrection, all souls upon death went to Sheol (the place of the dead), that Sheol had two parts; Abrahams’ Bosom and Torments separated by a Chasm, in which the demons were held there in the Abyss (the Bottomless Pit) separating the two.
Luke 8:32 Now a herd of many swine was feeding there on the mountain. So they begged Him that He would permit them to enter them. And He permitted them.
Luke 8:33 Then the demons went out of the man and entered the swine, and the herd ran violently down the steep place into the lake and drowned.
Luke 8:34 When those who fed them saw what had happened, they fled and told it in the city and in the country.
Luke 8:35 Then they went out to see what had happened, and came to Jesus, and found the man from whom the demons had departed, sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed and in his right mind. And they were afraid.
Luke 8:36 They also who had seen it told them by what means he who had been demon-possessed was (delivered) healed.
Luke 8:37 Then the whole multitude of the surrounding region of the (Gerasenes) Gadarenes asked Him to depart from them, for they were seized with great fear. And He got into the boat and returned.
Luke 8:38 Now the man from whom the demons had departed begged Him that he might be with Him. But Jesus sent him away, saying,
Luke 8:39 “Return to your own house, and tell what great things God has done for you.” And he went his way and proclaimed throughout the whole city what great things Jesus had done for him.
  • Note: Jesus told him to tell others what God did for him, then he went away proclaiming what great things Jesus had done for him. Evidently He believed, as I do, that Jesus IS God, the second person of the Godhead.
  • Reference: Isaiah 9:6
    For unto us a Child is born,
    Unto us a Son is given;
    And the government will be upon His shoulder
    And His name will be called
    Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God,
    Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
  • Reference: John 20:28
    And Thomas answered and said to Him (Jesus), “My Lord and my God!”
  • Reference: John 14:9
    Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you so long, and yet you have not known Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; so how can you say, ‘Show us the Father’?
  • Reference: John 2:19
    Jesus answered and said to them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.”
    (Note: Jesus was speaking of His body; He raised Himself from the dead)
  • Reference: Act 4:10
    “let it be known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead, by Him this man stands here before you whole.
    (Note: If God raised Jesus from the dead and Jesus raised Himself from the dead, then Jesus is God)

A Girl Restored to Life and a Woman Healed

Luke 8:40 So it was, when Jesus returned, that the multitude welcomed Him, for they were all waiting for Him.
  • Jesus had crossed “over” to find one unnamed demon-possessed man.
  • The word “Hebrew” means “to cross over”.
  • In Egypt the Jews were saved from the angel of death when there was blood of a lamb on their doorposts. It is celebrated as “Pass-over”.
  • The demon possessed man “Crossed-over” from death to life when he encountered Jesus.
  • Jesus then returned to the place from whence He came.
  • In the same way, Jesus crossed over to come to earth from heaven. He looks for the one lamb who went astray, and when He redeems the lamb, He departs and returns to heaven from whence He came.
Luke 8:41 And behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue. And he fell down at Jesus’ feet and begged Him to come to his house,
  • The meaning of Jairus’ name G2383 – iairos
    • Jairus = One “whom God enlightens”
  • Jairus is about to be “enlightened” when it comes to Jesus. (Just a “healer” or someone far far greater?)
Luke 8:42 for he had an only daughter about twelve years of age, and she was dying.
  • Twelve is the number of Jewish Governmental Perfection:
    • There are twelve Jewish tribes
    • Jesus had twelve disciples
    • Jairus was a ruler of the synagogue
  • Jairus’ daughter, about twelve years of age, is dying: symbolic of the Jewish nation.
But as He went, the multitudes thronged Him.
Luke 8:43 Now a woman, having a flow of blood for twelve years, who had spent all her livelihood on physicians and could not be healed by any,
  • This woman whom Jesus called “daughter” is Jewish. She also is dying since she could not be healed. There is a portion of the nation who will be immediately healed because of those who have faith in Jesus.
Luke 8:44 came from behind and touched the border of His garment. And immediately her flow of blood stopped.
  • Note: The border of His garment is the hem.
    (g2899 kraspedon, the extremity or prominent part of a thing, hem, edge, skirt, margin)
    In the NT it is a little appendage hanging down from the edge of the mantle or cloak, made of twisted wool: a tassel, tuft: the Jews had such appendages attached to their mantles to remind them of the law (the authority of the law).
  • Note the hem of the High Priest’s garment: Exo 28:33
    “And upon its hem you shall make pomegranates of blue, purple, and scarlet, all around its hem, and bells of gold between them all around:
  • “The high priest thus proclaimed on his entrance into the holiest, that he had come from the world below, from whence some of the very ornaments of his garments had been obtained.” ~ Henry William Soltau
  • Note: The hem of a garment represents authority from above (the fringe of a garment). Jesus is declaring his presence in the world below from the holiest heavens above.
  • Sample verses of the hem:
    • Mat 9:20 And suddenly, a woman who had a flow of blood for twelve years came from behind and touched the hem of His garment.
    • Mat 14:36 and begged Him that they might only touch the hem of His garment. And as many as touched it were made perfectly well.
    • Mar 6:56 Wherever He entered, into villages, cities, or the country, they laid the sick in the marketplaces, and begged Him that they might just touch the hem of His garment. And as many as touched Him were made well.
    • Eze 16:8 “When I passed by you again and looked upon you, indeed your time was the time of love; so I spread My wing ie: kanaph h3671 (skirt, extremity, edge, border) over you and covered your nakedness. Yes, I swore an oath to you and entered into a covenant (a wedding contract..on Mount Sinai) with you, and you became Mine,” says the Lord GOD.
    • Zec 8:23c“Thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘In those days ten men from every language of the nations shall grasp the sleeve (kanaph h3671 skirt, extremity, edge, border) of a Jewish man, saying, “Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is with you.” ’ ”
Luke 8:45 And Jesus said, “Who touched Me?”
When all denied it, Peter and those with him said, “Master, the multitudes throng and press You, and You say, ‘Who touched Me?’ ”
  • Why did so many press against Jesus, but it was she who was healed?
    1. She touched Him with the intention of being healed.
    2. She knew what she wanted.
    3. She believed He was the one who could deliver it.
    4. She correctly understood His identity and power.
    5. It took faith to milk the power from He who is the Authority of the Heavens.
Luke 8:46 But Jesus said, “Somebody touched Me, for I perceived power going out from Me.”
Luke 8:47 Now when the woman saw that she was not hidden, she came trembling; and falling down before Him, she declared to Him in the presence of all the people the reason she had touched Him and how she was healed immediately.
  • Note: since she had an issue of blood for twelve years, it would mean she was unclean for twelve years and was not allowed to be touched, or allowed to touch anyone. She had to be hidden for twelve years. 
  • Reference Verses:
    • Lam 4:14 They wandered blind in the streets; They have defiled themselves with blood, So that no one would touch their garments.
    • Lev 15:25 ‘If a woman has a discharge of blood for many days, other than at the time of her customary impurity, or if it runs beyond her usual time of impurity, all the days of her unclean discharge shall be as the days of her customary impurity. She shall be unclean.
      • Note: She would not be allowed to have relations with her husband.
    • Lev 15:33 ‘and for her who is indisposed because of her customary impurity, and for one who has a discharge, either man or woman, and for him who lies with her who is unclean.’ 
Luke 8:48 And He said to her, “Daughter, be of good cheer; your faith has made you well. Go in peace.”
  • Note: Why didn’t Jesus confront her for touching him?
    • Why? Because, an unclean thing cannot make Jesus unclean although for a normal man it would make that man unclean. Jesus is the Lord of the Sabbath, the Lord of the Harvest, the Lord over all creation, the Son of God, without spot or blemish, perfectly pure, perfectly sinless. Only Jesus can make something unclean clean.
    • Note: Jesus rose people from the dead (corpses), He healed people from all kinds of diseases including leprosy (he stayed at Simon the leper’s house).
    • Act 22:16 ‘And now why are you waiting? Arise and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on the name of the Lord.’
Luke 8:49 While He was still speaking, someone came from the ruler of the synagogue’s house, saying to him, “Your daughter is dead. Do not trouble the Teacher.”
  • Jairus’ daughter is dead, prophetic of what is to come for Israel.
Luke 8:50 But when Jesus heard it, He answered him, saying, “Do not be afraid; only believe, and she will be made well.”
  • The only way for the daughter to be brought back to life is with believing in the words of Jesus.
Luke 8:51 When He came into the house, He permitted no one to go in except Peter, James, and John, and the father and mother of the girl.
  • The “house” is symbolic of the “house of Judah”. Only those who believed were allowed to “enter” (even as it will be in the Kingdom of heaven).
Luke 8:52 Now all wept and mourned for her; but He said, “Do not weep; she is not dead, but sleeping.”
  • Historically, The nation is scattered, persecuted, her bones are very dry, there is no hope.
  • Why did Jesus say she was sleeping instead of saying she was dead?
    • Because sleep is a euphemism for death: Jesus knows there is life after death. People tend to believe death is permanent. Jesus knows death is temporary: there will be a time when all people are awaken (resurrected) and come forth from their graves to be judged at the Great White Throne Judgment.
  • The Sadducees of Jesus’ day did not believe in a resurrection.
Luke 8:53 And they ridiculed Him, knowing that she was dead.
  • The “they” who ridiculed Him were those who Jesus let inside: Peter, James, and John, and the father and mother of the girl. The same who believed Jesus could heal, could not believe He could raise from the dead.
Luke 8:54 But He put them all outside, took her by the hand and called, saying, “Little girl, arise.”
  • Jesus had to put them ALL outside in order to perform the miracle.
  • “Little nation, arise” Judah, aka Israel became a nation in 1948. Her bones came back to life and she stood on her feet.
  • She still does not have her spirit-until at the end of her tribulation.
Luke 8:55 Then her spirit returned, and she arose immediately. And He commanded that she be given something to eat.
  • After the end of her tribulation, she recognizes her Messiah (deliverer and redeemer) and her spirit returns.
Luke 8:56 And her parents were astonished, but He charged them to tell no one what had happened.
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