Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
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- This is a culmination of all Genesis’ 25 chapters: Hebrew words, Timeline, Birthright, Elder and Younger, and genealogy.
Abraham and Keturah
Genesis 25:1 Abraham again took a wife, and her name was Keturah.
- When God adds a Hebrew letter “H” to both Abram and Sara’s name, they become fertile! The letter “H” in Hebrew means “BEHOLD! (Something Supernatural)”.
Genesis 25:2 And she bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah.
Genesis 25:3 Jokshan begot Sheba and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim.
Genesis 25:4 And the sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abidah, and Eldaah. All these were the children of Keturah.
Genesis 25:5 And Abraham gave all that he had to Isaac.
- God gave all He had to His Son.
Genesis 25:6 But Abraham gave gifts to the sons of the concubines which Abraham had; and while he was still living he sent them eastward, away from Isaac his son, to the country of the east.
- To be sent East is not a good thing. For example: Cain was sent East of Eden to Nod.
- However; to come from the East is a good thing. For example: The three kings came from the East.
Abraham’s Death and Burial
Genesis 25:7 This is the sum of the years of Abraham’s life which he lived: one hundred and seventy-five years.
Genesis 25:8 Then Abraham breathed his last and died in a good old age, an old man and full of years, and was gathered to his people.
- To be gathered is to be put with others of the same sort/type/classification/brand/character/family etc.
Genesis 25:9 And his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite,
Genesis 25:10 the field which Abraham purchased from the sons of Heth. There Abraham was buried, and Sarah his wife.
Genesis 25:11 And it came to pass, after the death of Abraham, that God (‘ĕlōhîm) blessed his son Isaac. And Isaac dwelt at Beer Lahai Roi.
The Families of Ishmael and Isaac
Genesis 25:12 Now this is the genealogy of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s maidservant, bore to Abraham.
Genesis 25:13 And these were the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their generations: The firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,
Genesis 25:14 Mishma, Dumah, Massa,
Genesis 25:15 Hadar, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah.
Genesis 25:16 These were the sons of Ishmael and these were their names, by their towns and their settlements, twelve princes according to their nations.
Genesis 25:17 These were the years of the life of Ishmael: one hundred and thirty-seven years; and he breathed his last and died, and was gathered to his people.
Genesis 25:18 (They dwelt from Havilah as far as Shur, which is east of Egypt as you go toward Assyria.) He died in the presence of all his brethren.
Genesis 25:19 This is the genealogy of Isaac, Abraham’s son. Abraham begot Isaac.
- Isaac was born 1891 BC – one year after Abraham’s circumcision.
- Isaac was born from a circumcised father. Circumcision is a God given ritual of cleanliness which represents the cutting away of worldliness, ie the flesh. The flesh profits nothing.
- Isaac was set-apart as holy to the Lord. He was the first born and the son of promise.
Genesis 25:20 Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah as wife, the daughter of Bethuel the Syrian of Padan Aram, the sister of Laban the Syrian.
- Isaac was forty years old when he married Rebekah. Forty means “Time for a Change”
See Topic: Numbers and their Symbolism.
- See Timeline: Notable Events
Genesis 25:21 Now Isaac pleaded with the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) for his wife, because she was barren; and the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) granted his plea, and Rebekah his wife conceived.
- The womb is imagined as a closed chamber, one to which only God holds the key. For a child (girl or boy) to be born—and perhaps even for the man’s seed to enter—God must turn the key and unlock the door.”
Genesis 25:22 But the children struggled together within her; and she said, “If all is well, why am I like this?” So she went to inquire of the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ).
Genesis 25:23 And the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) said to her:
“Two nations (the Arabs and the Jews) are in your womb, two peoples shall be separated from your body; One people shall be stronger than the other, and the older (Esau, the Arabs) shall serve the younger (Jacob, the Jews).”
- Two means “there is another”.
- Jacob represents the spiritual.
- Esau represents worldliness and sin.
- God “loved/esteemed” Jacob but God “hated/disregarded” Esau.
- In Jewish thought Jacob was light but Esau was heavy. In the scales of God sin is heavy.
Genesis 25:24 So when her days were fulfilled for her to give birth, indeed there were twins in her womb.
Genesis 25:25 And the first came out red. He was like a hairy garment all over; so they called his name Esau.
- Esau’s name is called “Edom” because of his redness from the name “Adam” who was made from the red earth
- The word “hairy” is the definition of demons, terror, or something demonic.
- Mount Seir means horror, storms, and whirlwinds.
- The color red is symbolic of sin and redemption, the story of God’s plan for man, ie the Gospel.
From the blood of Abel by Cain’s murderous heart to the blood of Jesus in order to redeem man from sin.
- From the red dragon, Satan, to the slain Lamb, Jesus.
- Red clay is pottery and men are compared to broken and/or marred pottery.
- dam” = red blood/wine
- A-“dam” or A-“dom”= the first man made from the (red) ground
- E-“dam” or E-“dom” = A red man
- A-“dam”-ah or E-“dom”-ah= the (red) earth
Genesis 25:26 Afterward his brother (Jacob) came out, and his hand took hold of Esau’s heel; so his name was called Jacob (supplanter). Isaac was sixty years old when she bore them.
- A pattern of the younger replacing the elder is carried on throughout scripture. “The first is swallowed up by the second.”
Genesis 25:27 So the boys grew. And Esau was a skillful hunter, a man of the field; but Jacob was a mild man, dwelling in tents.
- The field is symbolic of “the world”, “worldly” or “worldliness” in its temporal nature.
Genesis 25:28 And Isaac loved Esau because he ate of his game, but Rebekah loved Jacob.
- Husband, in scripture represent the body while the wife represents the spirit. Together, they become “one” entity.
Esau Sells His Birthright
Genesis 25:29 Now Jacob cooked a stew; and Esau came in from the field (hunting), and he was weary.
Genesis 25:30 And Esau said to Jacob, “Please feed me with that same red stew, for I am weary.” Therefore his name was called Edom (literally, red).
Genesis 25:31 But Jacob said, “Sell me your birthright as of this day.”
- The birthright belongs to the first born male.
- The first born male is consecrated. Consecrate: Set apart: holy – He belongs to God.
Genesis 25:32 And Esau said, “Look, I am about to die; so what is this birthright to me?”
- Words create. God created with His mouth. Man, in God’s image, creates his world with the things he speaks.
Genesis 25:33 Then Jacob said, “Swear to me as of this day.”
So he swore to him, and sold his birthright to Jacob.
Genesis 25:34 And Jacob gave Esau bread and stew of (red) lentils; then he ate and drank, arose, and went his way (he didn’t give it a second thought). Thus Esau despised his birthright.
- The root meaning of “Stew” is “pride”.
- The definition of a demoniac is someone whose appetite has taken them over.
- The definition of a fool is one who doesn’t understand the value of one thing over another.
- A birthright is akin to one’s salvation. See: Genesis 25 – Birthright