Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
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- About the title: A Rock, or Stone is symbolic of Jesus. The Pharisees wanted Him dead; stone cold dead! They were not about to relent from their aspiration – they came up with an ingenious retort as Pilate tries to save Jesus “We have no king but Caesar!” they shout. If Pilate does not accept their request he will be accused of not supporting Caesar and he too could be crucified. Pilate must succumb to their demands. Consequently, the blood of Jesus is now on the hands of the leaders of the Jews as well as their descendants. They were sentenced by God to be wanderers among the gentile nations until the time of the end, the last generation which began May 15th 1948 when Israel, a nation, was born in just one day.
The Pharisees Aspiration: Betray and Arrest Jesus in Gethsemane
John 18:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, He went out with His disciples over the Brook Kidron, where there was a garden, which He and His disciples entered.
John 18:2 And Judas, who betrayed Him, also knew the place; for Jesus often met there with His disciples.
John 18:3 Then Judas, having received a detachment of troops, and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons.
John 18:4 Jesus therefore, knowing all things that would come upon Him, went forward and said to them, “Whom are you seeking?”
John 18:5 They answered Him, “Jesus of Nazareth (Literally: the Nazarene)”
Jesus said to them, “I AM.” And Judas, who betrayed Him, also stood with them.
John 18:6 Now when He said to them, “I AM,” they drew back and fell to the ground.
John 18:7 Then He asked them again, “Whom are you seeking?”
And they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.”
John 18:8 Jesus answered, “I have told you that I AM. Therefore, if you seek Me, let these go their way,”
John 18:9 that the saying might be fulfilled which He spoke, “Of those whom You gave Me I have lost none.”
John 18:10 Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant’s name was Malchus.
Luke 22:51 But Jesus answered and said, “Permit even this.” And He touched his ear and healed him.
John 18:11 So Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword into the sheath. Shall I not drink the cup which My Father has given Me?”
Before the High Priest
John 18:12 Then the detachment of troops and the captain and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound Him.
John 18:13 And they led Him away to Annas first, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas who was high priest that year.
John 18:14 Now it was Caiaphas who advised the Jews that it was expedient (advantageous) that one man should die for the people.
- Caiaphas spoke prophetically. It was Caiaphas’ father’s will for Jesus to die for the nation. It was also God the Father’s will that Jesus would die for the nation.
Peter Denies Jesus
John 18:15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another (the other) disciple (ie: John). Now that disciple was known to the high priest, and (John) went with Jesus into the courtyard of the high priest.
John 18:16 But Peter stood at the door outside. Then the other disciple (John), who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to her who kept the door, and brought Peter in.
John 18:17 Then the servant girl who kept the door said to Peter, “You are not also one of this Man’s disciples, are you?”
John 18:18 Now the servants and officers who had made a fire of coals stood there, for it was cold, and they warmed themselves. And Peter stood with them and warmed himself.
Jesus Questioned by the High Priest
John 18:19 The high priest then asked Jesus about His disciples and His doctrine.
John 18:20 Jesus answered him, “I spoke openly to the world. I always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where the Jews always meet (all the Jews meet), and in secret I have said nothing.
John 18:21 Why do you ask Me? Ask those who have heard Me what I said to them. Indeed they know what I said.”
John 18:22 And when He had said these things, one of the officers who stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand (Lit. gave Jesus a slap), saying, “Do You answer the high priest like that?”
John 18:23 Jesus answered him, “If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil; but if well, why do you strike Me?”
John 18:24 Then Annas sent Him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.
Peter Denies Twice More
John 18:25 Now Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. Therefore they said to him, “You are not also one of His disciples, are you?”
He denied it and said, “I am not!”
John 18:26 One of the servants of the high priest, a relative of him whose ear Peter cut off (Malchus), said, “Did I not see you in the garden with Him?”
John 18:27 Peter then denied again; and immediately a rooster crowed.
In Pilate’s Court
John 18:28 Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the Praetorium, and it was early morning. But they themselves did not go into the [The governor’s headquarters] Praetorium, lest they should be defiled, but that they might eat the Passover.
John 18:29 Pilate then went out to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this Man?”
- Science claimed there existed no such man as Pilate and that it was part of the “Biblical Myths”. However; a stone was discovered with Pilate’s inscription on it confirming the place, the time, and his title.
- Even as this stone is dedicated to “the honorable gods”, the Pharisees were dedicated to seeing Jesus dead using Pilate to do their dirty work.
John 18:30 They answered and said to him, “If He were not an evildoer (a criminal), we would not have delivered Him up to you.”
John 18:31 Then Pilate said to them, “You take Him and judge Him according to your law.”
Therefore the Jews said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death,”
John 18:32 that the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled which He spoke, signifying by what death He would die.
John 18:33 Then Pilate entered the Praetorium (The governor’s headquarters) again, called Jesus, and said to Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?”
John 18:34 Jesus answered him, “Are you speaking for yourself about this, or did others tell you this concerning Me?”
John 18:35 Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered You to me. What have You done?”
John 18:36 Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, My servants would fight, so that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now My kingdom is not from here.”
John 18:37 Pilate therefore said to Him, “Are You a king then?”
Jesus answered, “You say rightly that I am a king. For this cause I was born, and for this cause I have come into the world, that I should bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice.”
John 18:38 Pilate said to Him, “What is truth?” And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them, “I find no fault in Him at all.
Taking the Place of Barabbas