Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
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The Command to Build God’s House
Haggai 1: 1 In the second year of King Darius (537 BC), in the sixth month (Elul), on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) came by Haggai the prophet to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, saying,
1st Elul 537 BC
- Haggai – Prophet
- Zerubbabel (son of Shealtiel) – Governor of Judah
- Joshua (son of Jehozadak) – High Priest
- Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel is the lineage of Jesus in the books of Matthew and Luke:
Haggai 1: 2 “Thus speaks the Lord of hosts (Yᵊhōvâ ṣāḇā’), saying: ‘This people says, “The time has not come, the time that the Lord’s (Yᵊhōvâ) house should be built.” ’ ”
- It should have happened.
Haggai 1: 3 Then the word of the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) came by Haggai the prophet, saying,
Haggai 1: 4 “Is it time for you yourselves to dwell in your paneled houses, and this (God’s) temple (Lit. house) to lie in ruins?”
Haggai 1: 5 Now therefore, thus says the Lord of hosts (Yᵊhōvâ ṣāḇā’): “Consider your ways!
Haggai 1:6 “You have sown much, and bring in little;
You eat, but do not have enough;
You drink, but you are not filled with drink;
You clothe yourselves, but no one is warm;
And he who earns wages,
Earns wages to put into a bag with holes.”
- What personal application can be made from Haggai 1:6?
- God doesn’t honor those who do not honor Him.
Haggai 1: 7 Thus says the Lord of hosts (Yᵊhōvâ ṣāḇā’): “Consider your ways!
Haggai 1: 8 Go up to the mountains and bring wood and build the temple (Lit. house), that I may take pleasure in it and be glorified,” says the Lord.
Haggai 1: 9 “You looked for much, but indeed it came to little; and when you brought it home, I blew it away. Why?” says the Lord of hosts (Yᵊhōvâ ṣāḇā’). “Because of My house that is in ruins, while every one of you runs to his own house.
Haggai 1: 10 Therefore the heavens above you withhold the dew, and the earth withholds its fruit.
Haggai 1: 11 For I called for a drought on the land and the mountains, on the grain and the new wine and the oil, on whatever the ground brings forth, on men and livestock, and on all the labor of your hands.”
- Grain is symbolic of the Jewish Old Covenant
- New wine is symbolic of the Gentile New Covenant
- Oil is symbolic of the Holy Spirit which brings life
The People’s Obedience
Haggai 1:12 Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, with all the remnant of the people, obeyed the voice of the Lord their God (Yᵊhōvâ ‘ĕlōhîm), and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the Lord their God (Yᵊhōvâ ‘ĕlōhîm) had sent him; and the people feared the presence of the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ).
Haggai 1:13 Then Haggai, the Lord’s (Yᵊhōvâ) messenger, spoke the Lord’s (Yᵊhōvâ) message to the people, saying, “I am with you, says the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ).”
Haggai 1:14 So the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people; and they came and worked on the house (temple) of the Lord of hosts(Yᵊhōvâ ṣāḇā’), their God (‘ĕlōhîm),
Haggai 1:15 on the twenty-fourth day of the sixth month, in the second year of King Darius.
- Work began 24th Elul 537 BC.
- The same year Daniel was put in the Lion’s Den. Daniel has been in captivity for 68 years. Daniel is ~83 years old.
- 537 BC: 50 years since the Temple has been destroyed.
- Chapter 1 of Haggai begins on the 1st of Elul and ends the 24th of the same month.
|DATE (2nd year of Darius the Mede) 537 BC||VERSE|
|1st Elul (6th month)||Haggai 1:1|
|24th Elul (6th month)||Haggai 1:15|
|21st Tishrei (7th month)||Haggai 2:1|
|24th Kislev (9th month)||Haggai 2:10|