Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
Haggai’s prophesies in Chapters 1 and 2: Time to rebuild the temple
|DATE: (2nd year of Darius the Mede) 537 BC||VERSE|
|1st Elul (6th month)||Haggai 1:1|
|24th Elul (6th month)||Haggai 1:15|
|21st Tishrei (7th month)||Haggai 2:1|
|24th Kislev (9th month)||Haggai 2:10|
See Timeline 501 BC – 770 BC Click on Pop Up Headline. Scroll down to 537 BC
The Coming Glory of God’s House
Haggai 2:1 In the seventh month (Tishrei), on the twenty-first of the month, the word of the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) came (Lit. by the hand of) by Haggai the prophet, saying:
- 21st Tishrei 537 BC
- Haggai – Prophet
Zerubbabel (son of Shealtiel) – Governor of Judah
Joshua (son of Jehozadak) – High Priest
Haggai 2:2 “Speak now to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and to the remnant of the people, saying:
- Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel is the lineage of Jesus in the books of Matthew and Luke:
Haggai 2:3 ‘Who is left among you who saw this temple (Lit. house) in its former glory? And how do you see it now? In comparison with it, is this not in your eyes as nothing?
- Those who are still alive beginning with Daniel and his friends from 605 BC.
Haggai 2:4 Yet now be strong, Zerubbabel,’ says the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ); ‘and be strong, Joshua, son of Jehozadak, the high priest; and be strong, all you people of the land,’ says the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ), ‘and work; for I am with you,’ says the Lord of hosts (Yᵊhōvâ ṣāḇā’).
Haggai 2:5 ‘According to the word that I covenanted with you when you came out of Egypt, so My Spirit remains among you; do not fear!’
Haggai 2:6 “For thus says the Lord of hosts (Yᵊhōvâ ṣāḇā’): ‘Once more (it is a little while) I will shake heaven and earth, the sea and dry land;
- God shook the sea and dry land, the heavens and the earth to take the Hebrews out of Egypt.
Haggai 2:7 and I will shake all nations, and they shall come to the Desire of All Nations (Or desire of all nations), and I will fill this temple (Lit. house) with glory,’ says the Lord of hosts (Yᵊhōvâ ṣāḇā’).
Haggai 2:8 ‘The silver is Mine, and the gold is Mine,’ says the Lord of hosts (Yᵊhōvâ ṣāḇā’).
Haggai 2:9 ‘The glory of this latter temple (Lit. house) shall be greater than the former,’ says the Lord of hosts (Yᵊhōvâ ṣāḇā’). ‘And in this place I will give peace,’ says the Lord of hosts (Yᵊhōvâ ṣāḇā’).”
The People Are Defiled
Haggai 2:10 On the twenty-fourth day of the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, the word of the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) came by Haggai the prophet, saying,
- 24th Kislev 537 BC
Haggai 2:11 “Thus says the Lord of hosts (Yᵊhōvâ ṣāḇā’): ‘Now, ask the priests concerning the law, saying,
Haggai 2:12 “If one carries holy meat in the fold of his garment, and with the edge he touches bread or stew, wine or oil, or any food, will it become holy?” ’ ”
Then the priests answered and said, “No.”
Haggai 2:13 And Haggai said, “If one who is unclean because of a dead body touches any of these, will it be unclean?”
So the priests answered and said, “It shall be unclean.”
Haggai 2:14 Then Haggai answered and said, “ ‘So is this people, and so is this nation before Me,’ says the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ), ‘and so is every work of their hands; and what they offer there is unclean.
Haggai 2:15 ‘And now, carefully consider from this day forward: from before stone was laid upon stone in the temple of the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ)—
Haggai 2:16 since those days, when one came to a heap of twenty ephahs, there were but ten; when one came to the wine vat to draw out fifty baths from the press, there were but twenty.
Haggai 2:17 I struck you with blight and mildew and hail in all the labors of your hands; yet you did not turn to Me,’ says the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ).
Haggai 2:18 ‘Consider now from this day forward, from the twenty-fourth day of the ninth month, from the day that the foundation of the Lord’s (Yᵊhōvâ) temple was laid—consider it:
- 24th Kislev 537 BC
Haggai 2:19 Is the seed still in the barn? As yet the vine, the fig tree, the pomegranate, and the olive tree have not yielded fruit. But from this day I will bless you.’ ”
- Grain is symbolic of the Jewish Old Covenant
New wine is symbolic of the Gentile New Covenant
Oil is symbolic of the Holy Spirit which brings life
- What is the pomegranate? The root meaning is to rise (literally or figuratively):—exalt, get (oneself) up, lift up (self), mount up. H7426 ramam
Zerubbabel Chosen as a Signet
Haggai 2:20 And again the word of the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) came to Haggai on the twenty-fourth day of the month, saying,
Haggai 2:21 “Speak to Zerubbabel, governor of Judah, saying:
‘I will shake heaven and earth.
Haggai 2:22 I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms;
I will destroy the strength of the Gentile kingdoms.
I will overthrow the chariots
And those who ride in them;
The horses and their riders shall come down,
Every one by the sword of his brother.
Haggai 2:23 ‘In that day,’ says the Lord of hosts (Yᵊhōvâ ṣāḇā’), ‘I will take you, Zerubbabel My servant, the son of Shealtiel,’ says the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ), ‘and will make you like a signet ring; for I have chosen you,’ says the Lord of hosts (Yᵊhōvâ ṣāḇā’).”
- Like Josiah, like Cyrus, Zerubbabel was called out by name.
|Josiah||1 Kings 13:2||II Kings 23|
|Cyrus||Isaiah 44:28||2 Chronicles 36:23|
|Zerubbabel||Haggai 2:23||Zechariah 4:9|