Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
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What should I learn from this chapter?
- This chapter is a mix of prophecy at end times, the prophecy toward Babylon taking Jerusalem and the prophecy of the end of the Babylonian king, Belshazzar. All of which have much in common. History repeats itself.
Seventy Years of Desolation
Jeremiah 25:1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah (which was the first year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon),
- Daniel’s first year of captivity was also the first year of Nebuchadnezzar inheriting the Babylonian throne from his father who died while Nebuchadnezzar was in the process of taking Daniel and his friends to Babylon. They were in Damascus when the news reached Nebuchadnezzar. He left the captives to his troops while he and a handful of men rode across the desert to reach Babylon. When Daniel arrived in Babylon Nebuchadnezzar was king.
- 605 BC
Jeremiah 25:2 which Jeremiah the prophet spoke to all the people of Judah and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying:
Jeremiah 25:3 “From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, even to this day, this is the twenty-third year in which the word of the Lord has come to me; and I have spoken to you, rising early and speaking, but you have not listened.
- The thirteenth year of Josiah’s reign is 628 BC.
Jeremiah 25:4 And the Lord has sent to you all His servants the prophets, rising early and sending them, but you have not listened nor inclined your ear to hear.
Jeremiah 25:5 They said, ‘Repent now everyone of his evil way and his evil doings, and dwell in the land that the Lord has given to you and your fathers forever and ever.
Jeremiah 25:6 Do not go after other gods to serve them and worship them, and do not provoke Me to anger with the works of your hands; and I will not harm you.’
Jeremiah 25:7 Yet you have not listened to Me,” says the Lord, “that you might provoke Me to anger with the works of your hands to your own hurt.
Jeremiah 25:8 “Therefore thus says the Lord of hosts: ‘Because you have not heard My words,
Jeremiah 25:9 behold, I will send and take all the families of the north,’ says the Lord, ‘and Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, My servant, and will bring them against this land, against its inhabitants, and against these nations all around, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, a hissing, and perpetual desolations.
Jeremiah 25:10 Moreover I will take from them (Lit. cause to perish from them) the voice of mirth and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones and the light of the lamp.
- Revelation 18:23 The light of a lamp shall not shine in you anymore, and the voice of bridegroom and bride shall not be heard in you anymore. For your merchants were the great men of the earth, for by your sorcery all the nations were deceived.
Jeremiah 25:11 And this whole land shall be a desolation and an astonishment, and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.
- Daniel will discover this, Jeremiah’s scroll, and his prophecies.
- Daniel 9:2 in the first year of his reign I, Daniel, understood by the books the number of the years specified by the word of the Lord through Jeremiah the prophet, that He would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem.
Jeremiah 25:12 ‘Then it will come to pass, when seventy years are completed, that I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation, the land of the Chaldeans, for their iniquity,’ says the Lord; ‘and I will make it a perpetual desolation.
- See Daniel chapter 5 for the descriptive fulfillment of this verse.
- Note: Beginning 605 BC 2 Kin. 24:1 and ending 535 BC Ezra 1:1 … 70 years
Jeremiah 25:13 So I will bring on that land all My words which I have pronounced against it, all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah has prophesied concerning all the nations.
Jeremiah 25:14 (For many nations and great kings shall be served by them also; and I will repay them according to their deeds and according to the works of their own hands.)’ ”
Judgment on the Nations
Jeremiah 25:15 For thus says the Lord God of Israel to me: “Take this wine cup of fury (wrath) from My hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send you, to drink it.
Jeremiah 25:16 And they will drink and stagger and go mad because of the sword that I will send among them.”
- Psalm 60:3
You have shown Your people hard things; You have made us drink the wine of confusion.
- Lamentations 3:15
He has filled me with bitterness, He has made me drink wormwood.
- Revelation 14:8 And another angel followed, saying, “Babylon (Jerusalem) is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.” See Notes in Revelation chapter 14.
Jeremiah 25:17 Then I took the cup from the Lord’s hand, and made all the nations drink, to whom the Lord had sent me:
Jeremiah 25:18 Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, its kings and its princes, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, a hissing, and a curse, as it is this day;
Jeremiah 25:19 Pharaoh king of Egypt, his servants, his princes, and all his people;
Jeremiah 25:20 all the mixed multitude, all the kings of the land of Uz, all the kings of the land of the Philistines (namely, Ashkelon, Gaza, Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod);
Jeremiah 25:21 Edom, Moab, and the people of Ammon;
Jeremiah 25:22 all the kings of Tyre, all the kings of Sidon, and the kings of the coastlands which are across the sea;
Jeremiah 25:23 Dedan, Tema, Buz, and all who are in the farthest corners;
Jeremiah 25:24 all the kings of Arabia and all the kings of the mixed multitude who dwell in the desert;
Jeremiah 25:25 all the kings of Zimri, all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes;
Jeremiah 25:26 all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another; and all the kingdoms of the world which are on the face of the earth.
Also the king of Sheshach (A code word for Babylon, Jer. 51:41) shall drink after them.
|Jeremiah 25:19||Pharaoh king of Egypt|
|Jeremiah 25:20||Ashkelon, of the land of the Philistines|
|Jeremiah 25:20||Gaza, of the land of the Philistines|
|Jeremiah 25:20||Ekron, of the land of the Philistines|
|Jeremiah 25:20||Ashdod, of the land of the Philistines|
|Jeremiah 25:20||Kings of the land of Uz|
|Jeremiah 25:20||All the mixed multitude|
|Jeremiah 25:21||The people of Ammon|
|Jeremiah 25:22||The kings of Tyre,|
|Jeremiah 25:22||All the kings of Sidon,|
|Jeremiah 25:22||The kings of the coastlands which are across the sea;|
|Jeremiah 25:23||All who are in the farthest corners;|
|Jeremiah 25:24||The kings of Arabia|
|Jeremiah 25:24||Kings of the mixed multitude who dwell in the desert|
|Jeremiah 25:25||The kings of Zimri|
|Jeremiah 25:25||All the kings of Elam|
|Jeremiah 25:25||All the kings of the Medes|
|Jeremiah 25:26||All the kings of the north, far and near, one with another|
|Jeremiah 25:26||All the kingdoms of the world which are on the face of the earth|
|Jeremiah 25:26||The king of Sheshach (A code word for Babylon, Jer. 51:41)|
- Compare with Isaiah 21?
Jeremiah 25:27 “Therefore you shall say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: “Drink, be drunk, and vomit! Fall and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you.” ’
- History repeats itself:
- Nebuchadnezzar will conquer Judah.
- Belteshazzar’s feast when Cyrus conquered Babylon.
- The Antichrist and Armageddon.
Jeremiah 25:28 And it shall be, if they refuse to take the cup from your hand to drink, then you shall say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord of hosts: “You shall certainly drink!
Jeremiah 25:29 For behold, I begin to bring calamity on the city which is called by My name, and should you be utterly unpunished? You shall not be unpunished, for I will call for a sword on all the inhabitants of the earth,” says the Lord of hosts.’
Jeremiah 25:30 “Therefore prophesy against them all these words, and say to them:
‘The Lord will roar from on high,
And utter His voice from His holy habitation;
He will roar mightily against His fold.
He will give a shout, as those who tread the grapes,
Against all the inhabitants of the earth.
- Revelation 14:18 “Thrust in your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, for her grapes are fully ripe.” 19 So the angel thrust his sickle into the earth and gathered the vine of the earth, and threw it into the great winepress of the wrath of God. 20 And the winepress was trampled outside the city, and blood came out of the winepress, up to the horses’ bridles, for one thousand six hundred furlongs.
Jeremiah 25:31 A noise will come to the ends of the earth—
For the Lord has a controversy with the nations;
He will plead His case with all flesh.
He will give those who are wicked to the sword,’ says the Lord.”
Jeremiah 25:32 Thus says the Lord of hosts:
“Behold, disaster shall go forth
From nation to nation,
And a great whirlwind shall be raised up
From the farthest parts of the earth.
- Isaiah 21:1 The burden (oracle) against the Wilderness of the Sea.
As whirlwinds in the South pass through,
So it comes from the desert, from a terrible land.
Jeremiah 25:33 And at that day the slain of the Lord shall be from one end of the earth even to the other end of the earth. They shall not be lamented, or gathered, or buried; they shall become refuse on the ground.
- Ezekiel 39:1-12 prophesy against Gog, and say …I will turn you around and lead you on, bringing you up from the far north, and bring you against the mountains of Israel … Then I will knock the bow out of your left hand, and cause the arrows to fall out of your right hand. I will give Gog a burial place there in Israel, the valley of those who pass by east of the sea; and it will obstruct travelers, because there they will bury Gog and all his multitude. Therefore they will call it the Valley of Hamon Gog. For seven months the house of Israel will be burying them, in order to cleanse the land.
- There are reasons to argue that Gog is the Antichrist. See Topic: The Antichrist
Note: “the bow” is symbolic of a covenant (treaty). The Antichrists rides into the seven year tribulation on a white horse with a bow (seven year peace treaty) in his hands. He breaks the peace treaty and betrays the Jews in the middle of the tribulation.
Jeremiah 25:34 “Wail, shepherds, and cry!
Roll about in the ashes,
You leaders of the flock!
For the days of your slaughter and your dispersions are fulfilled;
You shall fall like a precious vessel.
Jeremiah 25:35 And the shepherds will have no way to flee (Or no refuge), nor the leaders of the flock to escape.
- The last king of Judah, Zedekiah, was captured and blinded after he watched Nebuchadnezzar slaughter his family.
- A projection of the attack on Jerusalem in Isaiah 21 during the tribulation and the Antichrist.
- As spoken of by Jesus in Matthew 24
Matthew 24:15-16 “Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’ spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place” (whoever reads, let him understand), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.