BIBLE: II Samuel Chapter 22 – Headline “El is Yehova” []

Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.

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II Samuel 22

  • The experiences of David are prophetically compared to the experiences of Jesus.

Praise for God’s Deliverance

II Samuel 22:1 Then David spoke to the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) the words of this song, on the day when the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) had delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul.

II Samuel 22:And he said:

“The Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer;
II Samuel 22:The God (‘ĕlōhîm) of my strength, in whom I will trust;

  • Trust is impossible if you don’t know who you’re trusting.
  • Elohim is the plural Godhead, but Yᵊhōvâ is singular; therefore Yᵊhōvâ is one part of the Godhead.

My shield and the horn (Strength) of my salvation (yēšaʿ),
My stronghold and my refuge;
My Savior (yāšaʿ), You save me from violence.

  • h3468 yēša From יָשַׁע (H3467) A broad place, to be open and free. It is the Hebrew name of Jesus (Yeshua) in the New Testament.

II Samuel 22:I will call upon the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ), who is worthy to be praised;
So shall I be saved from my enemies.

  • Who or what are our enemies? Lies, Pride, Death, Satan, Fear, Satan’s Demons.

II Samuel 22:“When the waves of death surrounded me,
The floods of ungodliness made me afraid (Or overwhelmed me).

  • Metaphorically, like David, like Jonah, and like Jesus:
    • Jesus compared His death and resurrection to Jonah.
      • Jonah 2:3
        For You cast me into the deep,
        Into the heart of the seas,
        And the floods surrounded me;
        All Your billows and Your waves passed over me.

II Samuel 22:The sorrows of Sheol surrounded me;
The snares of death confronted me.

  • Reference verse:
    Psalm 18:5 The sorrows of Sheol surrounded me; The snares of death confronted me.
  • Jesus compared His death and resurrection to Jonah:
    • Matthew 12:39 But He answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
    • Jonah 2:2 And he said: “I cried out to the Lord because of my affliction, And He answered me. “Out of the belly of Sheol I cried, And You heard my voice.

II Samuel 22:In my distress I called upon the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ),
And cried out to my God (‘ĕlōhîm);
He heard my voice from His temple,
And my cry entered His ears.

  • Like David, also Jesus: Luke 23:46 And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, “Father, ‘into Your hands I commit My spirit.’ ” Having said this, He breathed His last.

II Samuel 22:“Then the earth shook and trembled;
The foundations of heaven (hills or mountains, kingdoms, kingdom of heaven) quaked and were shaken,
Because He was angry.

II Samuel 22:Smoke went up from His nostrils,
And devouring fire from His mouth;
Coals (stones) were kindled by it.

  • Like a snorting Bull.
  • Fire is symbolic of the judgment of God. Fire is an “atoning” agent.
  • Other stones (believers) are kindled by God’s Stone, Jesus, by the flames of the Spirit.

II Samuel 22:10 He bowed the heavens also, and came down
With darkness under His feet.

  • A “bow” is symbolic of an oath or covenant ie: God’s covenant with man.
    • God’s covenant with Noah was a Rain-Bow.
    • The Antichrist’s Peace Treat with Israel is a “bow” when he rides into the tribulation on a white horse and carrying a “bow”.
  • Darkness is that place which man cannot see, which is why men are called “blind”, but even the darkness is Light to God because He knows ALL and sees ALL. God reveals His Light as He will to those He will. He shares His secrets, wisdom, and understanding with those who seek after Him.
    • Matthew 13:12 For whoever has, to him more will be given, and he will have abundance; but whoever does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him.


II Samuel 22:11 He rode upon a cherub, and flew;
And He was seen (flew) (cf. Ps. 18:10) (spoke with power) upon the wings of the wind (symbolic of the Holy Spirit).

  • Cherub: It is represented in ancient Middle Eastern art as a lion or bull with eagles’ wings and a human face.
  • Cherub: A messenger of God.

II Samuel 22:12 He made darkness canopies around Him,
Dark waters and thick clouds of the skies.

  • A veil between God and man like the veil in the Jewish temple. The veil of the sky which will be ripped in two by Jesus, as the second person of the Godhead, returning to earth, now dwelling “with” man.

II Samuel 22:13 From the brightness before Him
Coals of fire were kindled.

  • Isaiah 6:6 Then one of the seraphim flew to me, having in his hand a live coal (literally, Stone; metaphorically, Jesus) which he had taken with the tongs from the altar. And he touched my mouth with it, and said: “Behold, this (stone of fire, glowing Stone) has touched your lips; Your iniquity is taken away, And your sin purged (atoned for).”
  • See topic: Jesus as a Stone and a Rock

II Samuel 22:14 “The Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) thundered from heaven,
And the Most High (ʿelyôn) uttered His voice.

  • Whenever scripture uses lightning, thunder, noises, and quakes (verse 8) it is a sign of God’s presence. In Revelation, each case describes Jesus’ return to earth.

II Samuel 22:15 He sent out arrows and scattered them;
Lightning bolts, and He vanquished them.

II Samuel 22:16 Then the channels of the sea were seen,
The foundations of the world were uncovered,
At the rebuke of the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ),
At the blast of the breath of His nostrils.

  • To uncover the foundations of the world is to see creation from its beginning.
  • God asked Job
    • Job 38:4 “Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding.
      To which Job replied
      Job 42:5 “I have heard of You by the hearing of the ear, But now my eye sees You.”
      Did God take Job and show him the creation from the beginning?

II Samuel 22:17 “He sent from above, He took me,
He drew me out of many waters (of people).

II Samuel 22:18 He delivered me from my strong enemy,
From those who hated me;
For they were too strong for me.

II Samuel 22:19 They confronted me in the day of my calamity,
But the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) was my support.

II Samuel 22:20 He also brought me out into a broad place;
He delivered me because He delighted in me.

  • A “broad place” is a reference to freedom and it is also the name of Jesus. See verse three.
    • h3468 yēša From יָשַׁע (H3467) A broad place, to be open and free. It is the Hebrew name of Jesus (Yeshua) in the New Testament. It means “salvation”, “savior”, “deliverer”, “liberator”, “avenger”, “defender”, and “victor”.
  • The beach head where the millions of Jews and their animals felt trapped by the Red Sea, where the pharaoh of Egypt and his army bore down on them, had to have been “a broad place”. Every last Hebrew was saved. Every last Egyptian was lost.

II Samuel 22:21 “The Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) rewarded me according to my righteousness;
According to the cleanness of my hands
He has recompensed me.

II Samuel 22:22 For I have kept the ways of the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ),
And have not wickedly departed from my God (‘ĕlōhîm).

II Samuel 22:23 For all His judgments were before me;
And as for His statutes, I did not depart from them.

II Samuel 22:24 I was also blameless before Him,
And I kept myself from my iniquity.

II Samuel 22:25 Therefore the Lord (‘ĕlōhîm) has recompensed (rewarded) me according to my righteousness,
According to my cleanness in His eyes (the cleanness of my hands in His sight) (cross ref: Ps. 18:24); (my cleanness before His word).

II Samuel 22:26 “With the merciful You will show Yourself merciful;
With a blameless man You will show Yourself blameless;

II Samuel 22:27 With the pure You will show Yourself pure;
And with the devious You will show Yourself shrewd.

  • Be as innocent as a dove, as astute as a serpent.

II Samuel 22:28 You will save the humble (afflicted) people;
But Your eyes are on the haughty, that You may bring them down.

II Samuel 22:29 “For You are my lamp, O Lord (Yᵊhōvâ);
The Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) shall enlighten my darkness.

  • “lamp” is symbolic of the “Word of God” giving light and revealing the many facets of God’s hidden wisdom.

II Samuel 22:30 For by You I can run against a troop;
By my God (‘ĕlōhîm) I can leap over a wall.

II Samuel 22:31 As for God (‘ēl), His way is perfect;
The word of the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) is proven;
He is a shield to all who trust in Him.

II Samuel 22:32 “For who is God (‘ēl), except the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ)?
And who is a Rock, except our God (‘ĕlōhîm)?

Yᵊhōvâ (singular) is ‘ēl (singular), and with the Holy spirit they are ĕlōhîm (plural: The Trinity, ie The Godhead)

Yᵊhōvâ is ‘ēl

II Samuel 22:32

II Samuel 22:33 God (‘ēl) ; (His) is my strength and power (It is God who arms me with strength) ; (It is God who sustains me with strength),
And He makes my (His) way; (perfect).

  • (cross ref Ps. 18:32-33)

II Samuel 22:34 He makes my (His) feet like the feet of deer,
And sets me on my high places.

II Samuel 22:35 He teaches my hands to make war (Lit. for the war),
So that my arms can bend a bow (covenant) of bronze.

  • A “bow” in Hebrew is literally a covenant, oath, treaty, pact.
    “Rain” is literally a teacher, the faithful Rain is the Messiah.
    A “Rainbow” which God made with Noah literally means “The Messiah’s Covenant”.

II Samuel 22:36 “You have also given me the shield (covering) of Your Salvation (yēša: Yeshua; Jesus);
Your gentleness has made me great.

II Samuel 22:37 You enlarged (made into a broad place yēša) my path under me;
So my feet did not slip.

II Samuel 22:38 “I have pursued my enemies and destroyed them;
Neither did I turn back again till they were destroyed.

  • Isaiah 27:1 Israel Will Be Restored – In that day (Jesus’ return) the Lord with His severe sword, great and strong, Will punish Leviathan (the Antichrist indwelt by Satan) the fleeing serpent, Leviathan that twisted serpent (from the Garden of Eden); And He will slay the reptile that is in the sea (of people).

II Samuel 22:39 And I have destroyed them and wounded them,
So that they could not rise;
They have fallen under my feet.

II Samuel 22:40 For You have armed me with strength for the battle;
You have subdued under me (Lit. caused to bow down) those who rose against me.

II Samuel 22:41 You have also given me the necks (given me victory over) of my enemies,
So that I destroyed those who hated me.

II Samuel 22:42 They looked, but there was none to save;
Even to the Lord (Yᵊhōvâ), but He did not answer them.

II Samuel 22:43 Then I beat them as fine as the dust of the earth;
I trod them like dirt in the streets,
And I spread (scattered) them out.

II Samuel 22:44 “You have also delivered me from the strivings (contentions) of my people;
You have kept me as the head of the nations.

A people I have not known shall serve me.

  • When Jesus rules on earth He will rule over all gentile nations who will serve Him.

II Samuel 22:45 The foreigners submit to me;
As soon as they hear, they obey me.

II Samuel 22:46 The foreigners fade away, And come frightened (gird themselves-prepare themselves for their judgment) from their hideouts.

  • Isaiah 33:14 The sinners in Zion are afraid; Fearfulness has seized the hypocrites: “Who among us shall dwell with the devouring fire? Who among us shall dwell with everlasting burnings?”
    • At Jesus’ return, gentiles have taken Jerusalem where the Antichrist rules. These gentiles are the “sinners in Zion”.
  • Revelation 6:15-17 And the kings of the earth, the great men, the rich men, the commanders, the mighty men, every slave and every free man, hid themselves in the caves and in the rocks of the mountains,And said to the mountains and rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of Him who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb! 17 For the great day of His wrath has come, and who is able to stand?”
  • (cross reference Ps. 18:45)

II Samuel 22:47 “The Lord (Yᵊhōvâ) lives!
Blessed be my Rock!
Let God (‘ĕlōhîm) be exalted,
The Rock of my salvation!

II Samuel 22:48 It is God (‘ēl) who avenges me,
And subdues the peoples under me;

II Samuel 22:49 He delivers me from my enemies.
You also lift me up above those who rise against me;
You have delivered me from the violent man.

  • The violent man: he who is like the coming Antichrist.

II Samuel 22:50 Therefore I will give thanks to You, O Lord (Yᵊhōvâ), among the Gentiles,
And sing praises to Your name.

II Samuel 22:51 He is the Tower of Salvation to His king,
And shows mercy to His anointed,
To David and his descendants forevermore.”

  • David’s descendant is David’s Creator, Jesus.

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